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Publication numberUS2999665 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 12, 1961
Filing dateJun 2, 1958
Priority dateJun 2, 1958
Publication numberUS 2999665 A, US 2999665A, US-A-2999665, US2999665 A, US2999665A
InventorsAlbert Ericson Sidney, Wheeler Parrott Henry
Original AssigneeBassick Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking arrangement for swivel chair structure
US 2999665 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 12, 1961 s. A. ERICSON ETAL 2,999,665

LOCKING ARRANGEMENT FOR SWIVEL CHAIR STRUCTURE Filed June 2, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I S /O H w i ff I I x 2/ H I 76 I $3852 p 12, 1961 's.A. ERIQSON ETAL 2,999,665

U "rm LOCKING ARRANGEMENT FOR SWIVEL CHAIR STRUCTURE Filed June 2, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent C 2,999,665 LOCKING ARRANGEMENT FOR SWIVEL CHAIR STRUCTURE Sidney Albert Ericsou, Bridgeport, and Henry Wheeler Parrott, Shelton, Conn., assignors to The Bassick Company, Bridgeport, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed June 2, 1958, Ser. No. 739,426 8 Claims. (Cl. 248-405) This invention relates to swivel chair structures of the type in which a screw post for supporting the chair seat is adapted to be raised and lowered by rotation of a nut associated with the chair base, and in particular to an improved arrangement for locking the chair seat to the base support member.

In the past, swivel chair structures have incorporated arrangements for raising and lowering the seat with respect to the base which have included means for locking the base to the chairseat While allowing free and easy adjustment of the seat height after the seat and base have been assembled. One such arrangement for locking the seat to the base is shown in United States Patent.2,251,- 841-Walter F. Herold. However, the prior arrangements have been found to be rather bulky and cumbersome and require a rather lengthy manual operation to assemble the two units, in some cases necessitating the use of a screwdriver or similar tool to rotate a locking screw a sufficient number of turns to lock the two unit together. In addition the esthetic appearance of the structure has been marred by the inclusion of unsightly irregularities in the masking shields surrounding the height adjusting means. The present invention incorporates improved locking means, eliminating the disadvantages of the prior art structures.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a locking arrangement for a swivel chair structure which locks automatically when the chair seat and base sections are assembled by sliding them together.

It is another object of our invention to reduce greatly the time required for assembling and locking an adjustable swivel chair structure.

It is a further object of this invention to provide such a locking arrangement for a swivel chair structure which includes no moving parts which may become loosened during extended use and which requires but a single operation to assemble.

In accordance with one form of this invention, there is provided on the conventional height adjustment nut of a swivel chair a plurality of longitudinally extending locking springs which have inwardly curved portions adapted to engage a flange member rigidly attached to the base of the chair. Longitudinal movement of the chair seat, screw post and the adjusting nut with respect to the base causes the flat spring members to deflect outwardly, thus locating the spring members within or with out a flange member.

Further objects and advantages of our invention'will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and the features of novelty which characterize our invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of the specification.

For a better understanding of this invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view partially in section of the assembled chair structure;

FIGURE 2 is a front elevation view of the height adjustment nut and its supporting structure, partially in section;

FIGURE 3 is a bottom view of the height adjustment nut. and the intermediate cup member;

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FIGURE 4 is a sectional view of the assembly shown in FIGURE 3 taken along lines 4-4;

FIGURE 5 isa front elevation view, partially in section, of the tubular hub assembly;

FIGURE 6 is a top view of the J washer as positioned on the screw post;

FIGURE 7 is a front view partially in section of th washer shown in FIGURE 6.

Referring now to FIGURE 1 of the drawing, there is shown a swivel chair structure including a chair seat or member 10 which is supported upon the chair base or member 11 by means of screw post 12. The screw post 12 is provided at its upper end with a suitable support or frame member 13 by means of which the chair seat 10 is supported, usually for tilting movement about a horizontal axis, controlled by a suitable counter-balancing means. The means by which the seat is tilted, forms no part of the present invention and it is not considered necessary to illustrate in detail the means connecting the support member 13 with the chair seat 10.

A tubular hub assembly 14, shown in detail in FIG- URE 5, is rigidly secured to the chair base 11 and is' adapted to receive the screw post 12 and support this post by means of a pair of sleeve bearings 15 and 16. These sleeve bearings are spaced as indicated to effect proper positioning of the screw post within the tubular hub assembly while at the same time permitting the screw post to move longitudinally as well as to rotate easily within the tubular hub assembly. In order to retain the lower sleeve bearing 15 within the tubular'hub assembly 14, there is provided a pair ofprojections 17 and 18 on either side of the bearing 15 which function to prevent axial movement of the sleeve bearing. The upper bearing 16 is prevented from moving in an axial direction by having at its upper extremity an outwardly projecting flange section 19 which is adapted to seat upon a similarly outwardly projecting end portion or rim 20 of the tubular hub assembly 14.

In order to adjust the height of the chair'seat, there is provided a suitable adjusting nut 21, as indicated in detail in FIGURE 2, having on its inner periphery screw threads 22 which engage threads 23 onthe screw post. To enable the user to more easily adjust the height of the chair seat, a generally tubular member or handwheel 24 is rigidly attached to the height-adjusting nut 21 by means of an intermediate cup support member 25. The tubular member 24 extends upwardly and has its upper end open so as allow it to surround the lower portion of the frame member 13 and present a pleasant appearance to the viewer by substantially masking the operating elements of the height adjustment structure.

To insure that the chair remains permanently stationed at the desired height, a washer 26, which is conventionally known as a J washer, is positioned between the upper bearing 16 and the height adjustment nut 21. The J washer shown in detail in FIGURES 6 and 7 is positioned on the screw post 12 by means of a key tongue 27 which occupies a cooperating key way 28 formed within screw post 12. This arrangement allows the specially formed J washer to move axially but is restrained from rotative movement with respect to the screw post 12. Thus, whenever the chair is revolved, the J washer turns while the chair base remains stationary. To insure that the height of the chair remains constant when it is revolved, four embossings 29 are provided on the J washer which cooperate and nest in mating indentations 30 which are struck in the lower face of the adjusting nut 21 as indicated in FIGURE 3.

In the operation of the height-adjusting mechanism of the chair, the nut 21 is rotated by manipulation of the upwardly extending rotatable adjustable tubular member or handwheel 24. This member provides a relatively large ai-e'a fer grasping by the hand so that the rotation of "the nut can be very readil'y'eifected. Durin this operation, the adjusting nut "21 is revolved about the J washer 26 whereby the four indents 30 of. nut 21 move enter the embossed secuens 29 f the washer and wh n the desired height is att ed the hilt will fiild ifs sea: ithi when turned or when the fchairis r volving. x v I i If the height of the ch'a'iris increased surneienuy, there Wiiiild be a tendency to expose the iureadeape'r'tien 23 of the screw post 12 adjacent the lower end. "of frame iiieriiber 1-3. To prevent an otherwise unsightly appear- .ance there isattached to the screw post 12 an inverted me er 3l liaviiig adia-meter somewhat less than thehiarneter' 6f the adjustin tubular member '24, The-"masking 'efiect provided 'by the eurer tubular 24 is therefore completed by the use of ine er 30 the screw threads'oi the post 12 will not be visible n the semen andordinary adjusted positions offtlie chair. I M

'lh'e present invention isdirect'ed to an improved atrsngement for locking the chair seat to the base member erre'r esseelmy er the ewe pens, while allowing free height adjustment er the seatin the manner outlined above. To provide an automatic locking arrangement, a pair 'e'i spring locking members or fingers 32 are rigidly at- -tach'ed 'to the intermediate cup member 25 as indicated in 2, vl ith one endco'upled to the height-ad- ;unr 'nut21, y being securely held within slot 33. The slot 33 holds both the end portions of the locking spring members 32 as well and the intermediate cup member 'fiat spring locking members 32 are formed so t ateae' na portion lies adjacent the u per surface of the intermediate cup niember 2 5, the intermediate cu member being slotted at 34 to allow a portion of the neg member re pass through the intermediate, esp member 25 at this point, presenting a relatively rigid cantilever support for the spring locking member 32. While fie slot 3 isv formed in the intermediate cup-member 25 to allow the spring members to be rigidly secured re the adjusting an and the intermediate m member, any suitable arrangement for rigidly securing the end portion of the spring members to the intermerliate cup member means may be utilized; The spring ,le ghig member 32 s indicated in Prounas 2 and 4 is fiormed so that the upper portion follows the inner surface er the intermediate cup membe while the interportion {extends a generally vertical direction, but tapers inwardlyat a slight angle to provide a biasing force Q-At the outer extremity of the leaking --m err rbe1' 32, there is formed a generally rounded, in-

diretd flange-engaging portion 35. The usag engagingportiqn 35 has itsfupper contact surface 36 tormedt a rs it l s' r e. t ra ed h longitudinal axis of the chair than its lower contact sur- 993 e r r r r H f The pair of flat, flexible locking spring members 32 en-gage a flange portion 38 of the tubular hub assembly 14 S P e y qckrtn th r the ss a d e .s ai seat. As shown in FIGURE 5, the flange p ortionfis comprises two spaced discs 39 and 40 hose outwardly directed lip portions are turned away from each other at an angle of approximately 60? with the vertical axis. in the embodiment shown in FIGURE 5, the discs are spaced apart and secured to the tubular'hub assembly by means of a cylindrical member '41. While the arrangem'ent shown "for rigidly securing, the flange "assemblyjto thetu'bular hub assembly includes the use "of rim and ridge 42 formed in the tubular hub assembly, any conventional method ma be 'er'nployed.

During the assembly of the chair structure, the chair seat portion including the height adjustment nut and the screw post are suitably loweredwithiii the base -1 1 elg' th rofitided portion 35 er the flat locking spring fiieinberfir i'neni ers 32 to en age tue nang assembl as; While there is shown a pair er spring locking 4 v members for locking the seat to the base, any suitable number may be employed.

The lower contact surface 37 of the locking spring will slide over the edge of the upper disc 39 of the flange assembly 38 with relatively little efliort since the lower contact surface Q7 makes approximately a 30 angle with the disc edge. Iii addition, assembly of the two units is facilitated since the locking springmen bers $2 arese; cured in cantilever fashion, and contact is made between 'the'fiange assembly 38 and the lower contact surface 37 of the locking spring members 3'2durin'g assembly, while contact is made between the upper contact surface 36 and the flangeassembly during disassembly and there- ;feremueh closer to the rigidly secured end of the locki'n'g spring member. In like manner, it require additional force to disassemble the two units, since the upper contact surface 36 is at a greater angle with respect to the edge of the .dise portion 39 0f the flange assembly. As indicated in FIGURE :2, this angle is approximately 60 with respect to the longitudinal axis of the chair.

it "will also be understood that the force of gravity acts tofai'd' assembly to oppose disassembly er the k se and base. After the spring member 32 has passed the flange assembly 38, the upper portion of the chair will seat -upon the base since the adjusting 'nut coiitactsth'e J washer and the J washer is supported by the upper bearirig lfi, Thus, the spring members 32 and the flangi' do not support the chair seat but only serve as a clamping arrangement tor preventing the chair seat fronibeing pulled from the base portion unless suffic'ient p ssure is exerted. In this regard, the present improved afran'gemerit allows the chair seat to be disconnected from the base member by merely placing the users foot upon the base member or a p'ontion thereof and exert- 'suificent upward force upon the chair seat s'ufiineat to disengage the "spring member or members 32 from the flange assembly 38. i i v eThe i proved structure herein disclosed is quite simple ean'be manufactured at relatively low cost. The appearance of the structure is also "greatly enhanced since-thereis in the present structure opening through an adjustment screw protrudes or through which a tool may be inserted to reach the conventional'adjusting screw previously used. (In additiomfconsiderable time an; besav'ed during the shipping operation or whenever the requires disassembly. v i 7 While I have sliov yn a single embodiment f v v'e'ntion, it will be understood that the inven'ti ceptible to many other embodiments and 'that various changes the organiz tion 'ithe partsjand in the d t' ails oi the construction may be made without de'pai ting from-the principles of the invention or the seepe or i seam- What is claimed is 4 v 1. Adeviee to; locking a swivelch'aiii seat to achair base of "the type including a screw pes haying an upper ponies conned to saidfcjhai'r seat having 'alower portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and manipulatable tor rotation for raising and lowan, the i1'np'roverneiit comprising: a r idly seemed to said base and least V '8 'ing member attaehed to said nutand adapted to y eldabiy engage said flange member in locking relation, whereby said chair seat is locked to said chair ea e;

2-. device for locking a swivel chair-seat to a chair base of the type including -a screw post connected to said chair "seat and having a portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and manipulatable for rotation for raising and lowering the screw pen, the

im rovement comprising; a flange member rigidly secured and adapted to engage said flange member in locking relation, said flexible spring member being formed to include a downward projecting portion terminating in a generally rounded inwardly projecting end portion and adapted to slide over said outwardly projecting lip portion of said flange member to engage said flange member in locking relation whereby said chair seat is locked to said chair base.

3. A device for locking a swivel chair seat to a chair base of the type including a screw post connected to said chair seat and having a portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and manipulatable for rotation for raising and lowering the screw post, the improvement comprising; a flange member rigidly secured to said chair base, said flange member including at its upper extremity an outwardly projecting lip portion, at least one flexible spring member attached to said nut, said flexible spring member being formed to include a downwardly projecting portion terminating in a generally rounded inwardly projecting end portion, said rounded inwardly projecting end portion being formed with one of its two contact surfaces at a greater angle with respect to the longitudinal axis of said screw post than the other of its contact surfaces, whereby said flexible spring member requires less pressure to slide over said outwardly projecting lip portion of said flange member in one direction than the other, said flexible spring member adapted to engage said flange member in locking relation whereby said chair seat is locked to said chair base.

4. The device as claimed in claim 2 wherein said outwardly projecting lip portion of said flange member is bent upwards towards said chair seat at an angle of approximately 60 with the longitudinal axis of said screw post.

5. A device as claimed in claim 2 wherein said rounded inwardly projecting end portion of said flexible spring member is formed so as to provide an upper contact surface at an angle of approximately 60 with the longitudinal axis of said screw post and a lower contact surface at angle of approximately 30 with the same axis, whereby greater pressure is required when disengaging said flexible spring members from said flange member than is required when engaging said member.

6. A device for locking a chair seat to a chair base of the type including a screw post having an upper portion connected to said chair seat and having a lower portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and manipulatable for rotation for raising and lowering the screw post, the improvement comprising; a flange member rigidly secured to said chair base and formed with a projecting lip portion, at least one spring member attached to said nut and adapted to engage said flange member in locking relation, said spring member being formed to include a downwardly projecting portion adapted to slide over said lip portion of said flange member to engage said flange member in locking relation whereby said chair seat is locked to said chair base.

7. A device for locking a chair seat to a chair base of type including a screw post having an upper portion connected to said chair seat and having a lower portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and coupled to said screw post to raise and lower the screw post through manual rotation of said nut, the improvement comprising; at least one spring member, a coupling member including a spring mating element, one of said members being rigidly secured to said chair base and the other member being movable along the longitudinal axis of said post responsive to rotation of said nut, said spring member being formed to include a longitudinally projecting portion to engage said spring mating element in locking relation whereby said chair seat is locked to said base.

8. A device for locking a chair seat to a chair base of the type including a screw post having an upper portion connected to said chair seat and having a lower portion operating in said base, a nut supported from said base and coupled to said screw post to raise and lower the screw post through manual rotation of said nut, the improvement comprising; a coupling member rigidly secured to said chair base and including a spring mating element, at least one spring member movable along the longitudinal axis of said post in response to the rotation of said nut, said spring member being formed to include a downwardly projecting portion which engages said spring mating element in locking relation whereby said chair seat is locked to said chair base.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 229,761 Seymour July 6, 1880 1,873,054 Sheldrick Aug. 23, 1932 2,713,386 Holtz July 18, 1955 2,755,846 Shepherdson July 24, 1956 UNI ED STATES PATENT eTTTeE CERTIFICATE 0F COREQTN Patent No, 2,999,665 September l2 1961 Sidney Albert Ericson et a1.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patentrequiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 4 line 62, before "base" insert chain--g column 5, line 40, before "angle" insert an Signed and sealed this 16th day of January 1962.

(SEAL) Attest:

ERNEST W. SWIDERT DAVID L. men

Attesting ()fficer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US229761 *Apr 22, 1880Jul 6, 1880 seymour
US1873054 *Sep 20, 1930Aug 23, 1932Collier Key Worth CompanyChair iron
US2713386 *Feb 19, 1954Jul 19, 1955 Holtz
US2755846 *May 18, 1953Jul 24, 1956Hardy A NorvillArticle of furniture
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3161396 *Sep 5, 1963Dec 15, 1964Collier Keyworth CompanySwivel chair support construction
US3169744 *Jan 22, 1963Feb 16, 1965Prec Metal WorkersChair height adjustment means
US3391893 *Feb 14, 1966Jul 9, 1968Frank Doerner & Sons LtdThrust bearing for a swivel chair
US3439893 *Nov 16, 1966Apr 22, 1969Shaw Walker CoChair base
US3778014 *Jul 26, 1971Dec 11, 1973All Steel Equipment IncChair base swivel arrangement
US4030749 *Dec 15, 1975Jun 21, 1977Mount Royal Transportation Equipment Ltd.Diesel cab seat assembly
US4181280 *Mar 8, 1978Jan 1, 1980Faultless-Doerner Manufacturing Inc.Bell assembly for a chair support
US4253632 *Sep 11, 1978Mar 3, 1981Frank DoernerBase portion for tiltable chair
US4285488 *Mar 20, 1979Aug 25, 1981Hoover Universal, Inc.Height adjusting mechanism for a swivel chair
US4493469 *Jan 19, 1983Jan 15, 1985Mohasco CorporationHeight adjustment control arrangement
Classifications
U.S. Classification248/405
International ClassificationA47C3/20, A47C3/24
Cooperative ClassificationA47C3/24
European ClassificationA47C3/24