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Publication numberUS3002235 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 3, 1961
Filing dateJan 5, 1959
Priority dateJan 5, 1959
Publication numberUS 3002235 A, US 3002235A, US-A-3002235, US3002235 A, US3002235A
InventorsFountain James L
Original AssigneeFacade Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Prefabricated structural modules
US 3002235 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 3, 1961 J. L..FOUNTA|N 3,002,235

PREFABRICATED STRUCTURAL MODULES Filed Jan. 5, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG.!

Oct. 3, 1961 J- L. FOUNTAIN PREFABRICATED STRUCTURAL MODULES Filed Jan. 5, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 3,002,235 PREFABRICATED STRUCTURAL MODULES James L. Fountain, Dallas, Tex., assigior to Facade, Inc., Dallas, Tex., a corporation of Texas Filed Jan. 5, 1959, Ser. No. 784,944 7 Claims. (Cl. 20-11) The invention relates to a modular unit for forming multipanel structures, and more particularly, to a prefabricated, readily integratable panel.

Contemporary construction employs increasing amounts of glass areas as well as solid pre-cast or preformed structural units. However, there is lacking, prior to the present invention, glaze-type units which may be prefabricated, having as their ultimate purpose, the sup port of panels such as glass, porcelain, or other structural sheets. Applicants have provided a new structural unit completely prefabricated, wherein it may readily be interconnected to form a multi-panel wall or other structure.

More particularly, in accordance with one aspect of the invention, there is provided a modular unit which comprises a rectangular frame forming an inner bay having a peripheral stop adapted to receive a panel in a zone of intermediate depth in the frame. One'edge of the frame is provided with a coupling flange extending away from the frame in a plane parallel to the plane of the stop, and adjacent to a first side of the frame. The edge of the frame opposite to the first edge has a flanged coupling member extending away from the frame in a plane parallel to the plane of said stop, but adjacent to the side of the frame opposite to said first side.

Further, in accordance with the present invention, a support is provided for securing said flange coupling member to complementary units of adjacent frames to form structural rigid tubes, each pair of tubes thus formed supporting a structural sheet secured against the support therein.

In a more specific aspect of the invention, an extruded metal section, preferably of aluminum, is employed to form a frame. The metal section, of given thickness, is provided with a stop and a lock receiving means on one face thereof. A flange is provided, extending away from said face at one edge thereof in a direction opposite to said stop. A coupling rib is setback from the other edge of a distance equal to said thickness, to provide a bearing surface. Similarly, said coupling flange is provided with a longitudinal rib extending the length thereof to provide a bearing surface set back from the edge of the coupling flange a distance equal to' said thickness. An opposite side of said frame is formed by an extrusion having a stop and lock receiving means on one face thereof and a coupling flange extending from the face opposite to said stop, the widths of said coupling flange and of said second face being less than the width of the coupling flange and face of said first extrusion respectively, by a amount equal to said thickness.

For a more complete understanding of the present invention and for a further description thereof, reference may now be had to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is an isometric view of three modular units adapted to be coupled together;

FIG. 2 is a cross-section taken along lines 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a right hand terminal unit;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a left hand terminal unit;

nited States Patent 6 ice FIG. 5 is a vertical wall section embodying the present invention; a

FIG. 6 is a horizontal sectional view of a Wall embodying the present invention, and

FIG. 7 is a modification of the invention.

Referring now toFIG. 1, there is illustrated the upper portion of a first modular unit 10 coupled to a second modular unit 11. Modular .unit 11 is positioned as to receive and to be coupled to a third modular unit 12. In unit 11, the left hand vertical member or jamb 13 is an extruded metal section having an exposed surface on which there is formed a stop which is in the form of a channel-shaped rib 14, extending perpendicularly from the exposed face of jamb 13. There also is provided a lock receiving rib 15 which extends the length of jamb'13, spaced from stop 14. A coupling flange 16, forming an integral part of the extruded section, extends perpendicularly from the exposed face of jamb 13 in a direction opposite the stop 14. Flange 16 is provided With'a rib 17 which extends the length of the jamb and is set back from the edge of flange 16 a distance equal to the thickness of the flange. In a similar manner, a rib 18 is provided at the opposite edge of the extrusion, the face of the rib 18 being parallel to the face of flange 16 and set back from the extremity of the extrusion a distance equal to the metal wall thickness.

The side of unit 11 opposite the jamb 13 is formed by a second extrusion 20 which for the purpose of the present description will be termed complementary with respect to jamb 13. More particularly, jamb Ztl is provided with a stop 21 extending from the exposed face thereof in the direction of jamb 13, and is also provided with a lock receiving rib 22. Jarnb 20 is also provided with a coupling flange 23 which extends away from the exposed face of jamb 20 in a direction opposite stop 21, and for a distance equal to the width of the complementary flange 16 minus the metal wall thickness. Thus the jamb 20 is positioned adjacent to jamb 13 of unit 10 with the inside edge of jamb 20 in contact with the inner surface of flange 16', and also with the surface of the rib 17. The extremity of the coupling flange 23 contacts the surface of the rib 18' and the edge of jamb 13". lambs 20 and 13' are secured in the illustrated positions by rivets 24 which extend through and are set in ribs 17 and 18'. A horizontal header member 25 has a cross-section the same as jamb 20. Member 25 is suitably shaped at each end thereof, as by punching to permit stops 14 and 21 and lock ribs 15 and 22 to nest therein. The contact or abutting zones between member 25 and jamb 20 are welded as indicated by the shaded area 27. Welding preferably is accomplished using an arc, shielded by an inert gas such as helium to assure fusion of the metals forming the jamb 20 and horizontal member 25. A similar weld secures horizontal member 25 to jamb 13. Zones between each jamb and horizontal member wherein a continuous Weld cannot be made, preferably will be filled with a suitable caulking compound to assure water-tight construction.

It is to be understood that the other horizontal sill members (not shown, but which complete a given frame) may comprise extrusions having the same cross-section as jamb 20, 'and/ or complementary thereto.

It will be recognized that jamb 13 has the same cross- 1 section as the right hand member shown in detail in FIG.

2. Corresponding partshave been identified with like reference characters. As viewed in FIG. 2, section 13 has an L-configuration (shown reversed) While section Patented Oct. 3, 1961 bar of section 20, have dimensions complementary to those of the stern and bar of section 13. It will be seen from FIG. 2 that a pane of glass 30 may be secured in position against stop 14 by a: snap lock channel 31. Stop 14 is provided with a rib 32 to provide a point of contact for the glass 30. A positioning or lock rib 33 on snap lock channel 31 is registered in a groove in the rib 15, so that pressure applied to the'channel 31 in the direction of the arrow 34 will force tip 35 behind the beveled edge of rib 15. The space 36-may be filled with a suitable caulking compound or, alternatively, the edge of the glass 30 may be encased in a rubber channel so that, combined with the pressure applied by channel 31, a fluid-type seal is effected between-the' glass 30-and' the jamb 13. Rivets 37 and 38 of the sel f settingtype, secure jamb 13 to jamb 20 so that, together," they form a rigid tube.

Referring again to FIG. 1, it will be noted that module units and 11 are inter-lockedwhereas unit His-positioned to be moved lateraly into place, the illustration representing the relationship of parts as viewed from'the inside of the wall being formed. Construction is such that jamb 40 of unit 12 maybe moved along direction represented by line 41 to set modular unit 12 in position so that jamb 40 can be secured to jamb 1'3, to-form a part of the rigid modular wall structure comprised of units 10 and 11. Horizontal member 25 illustrated in FIG. 3 may be secured to an extruded angle 45' having the same thickness of section as member 25, and having widths the same as the face of jamb 20 and flange 25 of jamb 20,- respectively. By using the combination shown in FIG. 3, a smooth top is provided for each modular unit. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the angle section 45' forms a flat cap for section 10. Cap 45 is formed at each end to receive stop 46 and lock rib 47, and is Welded along the lines of contact therebetween.

It will be recognized that the structure shown in FIG. 3 may also be employed to form the terminal jamb of a modular wall formed by a number of units. Similarly, the combination shown in FIG. 4 may be employed to form the terminal jamb at the opposite end of the same modular wall. Note, however, that. the. angle. unit 50 is provided with ribs 51 and 5,2 and is. adapted to receive and be connected to jamb units such. as jamb 20 in. FIG. 2. In FIG. 4 the snap lock unit: 31 is, shown diSCOIl? nected from the glass stop.

In FIG. 5, there is illustrated a vertical section through a wall which is capped at, the ceiling by a section such as, section 13. The rib 17 bears against the face. of the wall 55 and when suitably caulked, provides a. moisture-proof.

bond. Horizontal members56 and 57 have. sections the same as jambs 13 and 29. The unit at. the level of the floor 58 is a channel having suitable glassv stops 60 and 61. A floor seal is provided by caulking compound in the zone 62. Alternatively, the floor unit may be. a section with a coupling flange extending down over the edge of.

the floor, generally, in the same manner as the ceiling connection.

In FIG. 6 a horizontal section of a wall showing two difierent modes for finishing the terminal sections is shown. On the right hand end a smooth tubular finish is provided for contact with the wall 63, the unit being the same as shown in FIG. 3. At the left hand end an eX-. trusion 64 is employed where a coupling flange 65 is adapted to extend over the edge of the opening in the walland to contact the outer face 66 of the wall. Unit 64 and 65 corresponds with section 13 of FIG. 2.

In FIG. 7 there is illustrated a modification of the invention in which the angle-sections have the same configuration. For purpose of simplicity, certain details of the sections have been omitted, showing only the relationship between the edges, thereof. Provision is made for securing two angle-sections together to form a rectangular tube by riveting along a single line adjacent tov one corner of the tube.

More particularly, a first angle-section 70 is provided having an L-cross-section. A rib 71 extends the length of the strip, located adjacent to the tip of the bar 72, but set back therefrom a distance equal to the Wall thickness. The edge of the stem 73 is of the form of a U- shaped channel. A second angle-section 75 is provided having a 7-cross-section. A rib 76 integral with section 75 and carried by bar 77 is adapted to nest in U- channel 74. In similar manner a second U-channel, integral with section 75, is adapted to receive rib 71. Thus the only visible joints in any completed tube will be along the sides adjacent to opposite corners and will not appear on the faces (bars 72 and 77) of the tube. A single course of rivets, such as rivet 79, may be suficient to secure sections 70 and 75 together Where it is desirable to eliminate rivets on one side of a given wall or panel. However, two rows of rivets may be employed, the rows being located adjacent to opposite cornersof the tube. It will be recognized that the sections 70 and 75 are identical, except that the stops (not shown) will provide a bearing surface facing the same direction on opposite sides of any given tube.

Having described the invention, it should be appreciated that complete walls or partitions may be prefabricated, fusion welded, and, if desired, glazed before leaving the shop. It has been found preferable, from the standpoint of weight involved, to transport the modules, after fabrication, to a job site before glazing. The units may be secured successively along the length of a wall. Being light of weight, they require a minimum of manpower and in effect permit substitution of machine time in a fabricating. shop for manpower otherwise utilized at a job site. The units: are. particularly adapted to store fronts or units of height such that the jambs can be extruded in. single units. However, modules may be stacked one above the. other if desired, one jamb and one horizontal member being moved into contact with complementary members as. each module is added.

By providing extrusions, coupling. one to the other, and havingmeans for coupling them together at points on opposite SldBSlOf the plane in which the structural panel is located, complete fabrication is permitted and results in a rigid structure, water-proof in nature, when completely assembled.

Having described the invention in connection with certain modificationsthereof, it will be understood that other modifications may now suggest themselves to those skilled in the art and it is intended to cover such modifications as fall within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a wall structure the combination which comprises a pair of frames each of which has sides of integrally preformed elongated elements each having a jamb member and a facing strip disposed at an angle to said jamb member withheader members interconnecting the upper ends of the elongated elements of each said pair and sill members secured to the lower ends of each of the ele ments of said pair, each said jamb member having confronting faces and aid sill member having a surface facing a surface on said header member each of said frames having a panel stop extending around the inner periphery thereof on the confronting jamb faces of the jamb members thereof and on the confronting surfaces of said header members and said sill members, said elongated elements in each of said frames being alternately oriented with the said facing strips thereof positioned on opposite sides of the plane of. said panel stop, a bearing rib formed on the inner surface of each said facing strip along a line set back from the free edges of said facing strips a distance equal the thickness of the free edge of said jamb members extending from said inner surface toward the plane of said panel stops and means extending through adjacent sides of said" pair offrames to interlock them withthe freeedges of said jamb members bearing on the surface of the bearing ribs to form a rigid aooasas supporting tube at the boundary between said pair of frames.

2. In a structural system in which a 'pair of panels are to be supported in a common plane on bearing surfaces of peripheral stops in a pair of adjacent modular units the combination which comprises an integrally preformed L-shaped member having a first facing plate and a first jamb plate, which first jamb plate supports one side of a first of said stops with the plane of the bearing surface therof perpendicular to said first jamb plate, an integrally preformed 7-shaped member having a second facing plate and a second jamb plate, which second jamb plate supports one side of the second of said stops with the plane of the bearing surface thereof perpendicular to said second jamb plate and coincident with the plane of the bearing surface of said first stop, supporting ribs on the innner surfaces of said facing plates set back from the free edges thereof a distance equal to the thickness of the free edges of said jamb plates and extending away from said inner surfaces parallel to the planes of said jamb plates, and means for securing said ribs to said free edges of said jamb plates to form an intermediate tubular support between said panels.

3. In a structural system in which a pair of panels are to be supported in a common plane on bearing surfaces of peripheral stops in a pair of adjacent modular units the combination which comprises an integrally preformed L-shaped member having a first facing plate and a first jamb plate, which first jam plate supports one side of a first of said stops with the plane of the bearing surface thereof perpendicular to said first jamb plate, an integrally preformed 7-shaped member having a second facing plate and a second jamb plate, which second jamb plate supports one side of the second of said stops with the plane of the bearing surface thereof perpendicular to said second jamb plate and coincident with the plane of the bearing surface of said first stop, and supporting ribs extending along the inner surfaces of said facing plates set back from the free edges thereof a distance equal to the thickness of the free edges of said jamb plates and extending away from said inner surfaces parallel to the planes of said jamb plates whereby said ribs may support and be secured to said free edges of said jamb plates to form intermediate tubular support between said panels.

4. Frame construction for the sections of a multisectional wall, each section, comprising a header member, a sill member and two side elements secured at the upper and lower ends thereof to said header member and said sill member, respectively, said side elements being of complementary dimensions and each having an inner jamb face, a panel stop means extending around the inside perimeter of said section on the confronting surfaces of said header member and said sill member and extending along each said inner jamb face of said side elements, said stop means having panel supporting surfaces lying in a plane parallel to but intermediate the edges of said elements, each side element provided with an integrally preformed jamb member and a facing member extending at an angle to said jamb member, the facing members each having an outer face parallel to said plane of said stop with one said outer face positioned on one side and at one edge of said section and the other said outer face positioned on the other side and at the other edge of said section, and structure on said side elements for interlocking said section to adjacent sections of said wall secured thereto including fastening means engaging each said side element along the edges of both of said jamb member and said facing member.

5. Frame construction for the sections of a multisectional wall, each section comprising a header member, a sill member and two side elements secured at the upper and lower ends thereof to said header member and said sill member, respectively, said side elements being of complementary dimensions and each having an inner jamb face, a panel stop means extending around the inside perimeter of said section on the confronting surfaces of 6 said header member and said sill member and extending along each said inner jamb face of said side elements to provide panel supporting surfaces lying in a plane parallel to but intermediate the edges of said elements, each side element provided with an integrally preformed jamb member and a facing member extending at an angle to said jambmember, the facing members each having an outer face parallel to said plane of said stop with one said outer face positioned on one side and at one edge of said section and the other said outer face positioned on the other side and at the other edge of said section, and structures on said side elements including upstanding ribs formed on inner faces of said facing members and extending toward and perpendicular with respect to said plane of said panel stop and rooted on said facing members at points spaced from the edges of said facing members a distance approximately equal to the thickness of the edges of said jamb members for providing a bearing and positioning surface for the edges of jamb members of adjacent sections of said wall and adapted to be secured thereto by means extending through said jamb members.

6. Frame construction for the sections of a multisectional wall, each section comprising a header member, a sill member and two side elements secured at the upper and lower ends thereof to said header member and said sill member, respectively, a panel stop means extending around the inside perimeter of said section on the confronting surfaces of said header member and said sill member and extending along confronting jamb faces of said side elements to provide panel supporting surfaces lying in a plane parallel to but intermediate the edges of said elements, each side element comprising an integrally preformed jamb member and a facing member extending at an angle to said jamb member, the facing members each having an outer face parallel to said plane of said stop with one said outer face positioned on one side and at one edge of said section and the other said outer face positioned on the other side and at the other edge of said section, and structure on said side elements for connecting said section to adjacent sections of said wall including an upstanding rib rooted on the inner face of each of said facing member at points set back from the edges thereof a distance approximately equal the thickness of the edge of said jamb member, and a second rib structure extending perpendicular to said plane of said stop along the lengths of said jamb members and rooted therein adjacent the edges thereof but spaced from the inner surfaces of said jamb members distances equal the thickeness of said upstanding ribs for forming channels adjacent the edges of said jamb members to receive and secure upstanding ribs on facing members of'adjacent sections of said wall.

7. Construction for a multisectional wall, each section comprising a header member, a sill member and two side elements secured at the upper and lower ends thereof to said header member and said sill member, respectively, said side elements being of complementary dimensions and each having an inner jamb face, a panel stop means extending around the inside perimeter of said section on the confronting surfaces of said header member and said sill member and extending along said inner jamb faces of said side elements to provide panel supporting surfaces lying in a plane parallel to but intermediate the edges of said elements, each side element comprising an integrally preformed jamb member and a facing member at an angle to said jamb member, the facing members each having an outer face parallel to said plane of said stop with one said outer face positioned on one side and at one edge of said section and the other said outer face positioned on the other side and at the other edge of said section, and structure including edge supporting ribs on each of said side elements for interlocking sections of said wall by fastening means extending through each said jamb member with the edge of the jamb members at each junction between sections maintained in predetermined positional relation with respect to the edge ofv eachfacing. member FOREIGN PATENTS by Said ribs- 729,672 France July 29; 1932 References Cited. in. the. file of this patent OTHER REFERENCES UNITED STATES PATENTS Catalog entitled Designing with Aluminum Extru- 2,765,057 Stiefvater Oct. 2, 1956 sions, by Reynolds Metal Co. 1950.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2765057 *Jun 29, 1955Oct 2, 1956Kawneer CoFrame and sash construction
FR729672A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3197932 *Jun 27, 1960Aug 3, 1965Advancecraft Aluminum Ind IncBuilding partition structure
US3276831 *Aug 16, 1963Oct 4, 1966Brunswick CorpFurniture assembly
US3310926 *Apr 8, 1964Mar 28, 1967Air Entpr IncPanel construction
US3339334 *Mar 5, 1964Sep 5, 1967Damian Rowan EdmundBar sections
US4016688 *May 27, 1975Apr 12, 1977Fmc CorporationExtensible crane boom structure
US4576502 *Jan 16, 1984Mar 18, 1986Bancroft Joseph CExtruded metal corner construction
US4747248 *May 14, 1987May 31, 1988Philips Industries Inc.Corner construction for extruded frame components
US7128302Aug 12, 2004Oct 31, 2006York International CorporationVibrationally isolated support construction for an air handling unit
US7334377Aug 12, 2004Feb 26, 2008Johnson Controls Technology CompanyRaceway construction for an air handing unit
US7338400Aug 12, 2004Mar 4, 2008Johnson Controls Technology CompanyMotor belt tensioning construction for an air handling unit
US20050034390 *Aug 12, 2004Feb 17, 2005York International CorporationRaceway construction for an air handling unit
US20050035265 *Aug 12, 2004Feb 17, 2005York International CorporationVibrationally isolated support construction for an air handling unit
US20050037878 *Aug 12, 2004Feb 17, 2005York International CorporationMotor belt tensioning construction for an air handling unit
US20050055917 *Aug 12, 2004Mar 17, 2005York International CorporationCorner assembly construction for an air handling unit
US20050055918 *Aug 12, 2004Mar 17, 2005York International CorporationRoof panel construction for an air handling unit
US20050055919 *Aug 12, 2004Mar 17, 2005York International CorporationPanel construction for an air handling unit
US20050084324 *Aug 12, 2004Apr 21, 2005York International CorporationCorner cap member construction for an air handling unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/773
International ClassificationE04B1/02, E06B1/16, E06B1/12, E04B1/08
Cooperative ClassificationE06B1/16, E04B1/08
European ClassificationE04B1/08, E06B1/16