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Publication numberUS3003046 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 3, 1961
Filing dateOct 26, 1959
Priority dateOct 26, 1959
Publication numberUS 3003046 A, US 3003046A, US-A-3003046, US3003046 A, US3003046A
InventorsDe Torre John
Original AssigneeFed Pacific Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circuit breaker
US 3003046 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 3, 1961 J. DE TORRE 3,003,046

cmcun BREAKER Filed Oct. 26, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 14 NVENTOR F |G 2 JOHN DETORRE BY @sm 7 ATTORNEY Oct. 3, 1961 J. DE TORRE 3,003,046

CIRCUIT BREAKER Filed Oct. 26. 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. 3

INVENTOR JOHN DETORRE ATTORNEY Un t dt=1t$ M fQ7 1 3,003,046 CIRCUIT BREAKER John DeTorre,Westlield, NJ assignor to Federal Pacific Electric Company, a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 26,1959, Ser. No. 848,572

12Claims. (Cl. 200-153) This invention relates generally to a circuit breaker and, moreparticularly, to a circuit breaker having improved operating mechanism. The circuit ,breaker is manually operable to open or close the circuit and is automatically operable to open the circuit upon the occurrence of an overload or short circuit condition.

One object of the present invention is the provision of improved circuit breaker operating mechanism which obviates the possibility of binding in an inoperative condition under prescribed conditions, i.e. when the breaker is tripped on overload or short circuit conditions and the operating handle is forcibly held in the on position. Under these prescribed conditions it was heretofore possible for a wedging action to take place between the re- 3,003,046 Patented 1 ice circuit breaker 10 comprising a casing 12 of molded insulating material divided into three compartments A,

B and C corresponding to the three poles of the breaker.

The casing 12 includes a base 14 on which the components of the breaker mechanism are mounted and a cover 16 which is secured to the base and cooperates therewith to form an enclosing housing for the breaker mechanism.

The circuit breaker is provided at each pole with an associated pair. of stationary and movable contacts 18 and 20, respectively, the contact 18 being carried by conductor 22 which is suitably secured to base 14 and the contact'20 being carried by the moving contact member 24. The moving contact assembly for the several poles is the same, except in the respects to be described in detail hereinafter, and accordingly the moving contact assembly for the center pole B only will be now described.

,The moving contact member 24, which is formed of a good conducting material, has an upwardly turned outer end 26 which defines an arc runner. Fixedly secured to the upperv surface of contact member 24 and upstanding therefrom is an angle. bracket 28 having a T-shaped slot leasable cradle and the operating lever resulting in binding of the operating mechanism. Pursuant to the above object of the present invention a novel arrangement and organization of the operating mechanism is provided which limits the extent ofatoggle movement tending. to straighten the same. 3

Another important object and feature of the present invention is the provision of an improved operating mechanism of the aforenoted character in which the contact membercarriers are completely 'free to move to their full open position on breaker tripping. to. thereby eliminate the possibility of failure to interrupt a short-circuit are, there being eliminated .a frictional engagement betweenthe releasable cradle-and the toggle mechanism that characterized certain priorart devices asthe mechanism thereof shifted from the full on position to the tripped" position, There is a complete" absence ofrestraint of the toggle mechanism of the present invention on the eontactarms as the lattermovein an opening direction to thereby permit freeand full'opening of the contact arms whenrequired. 0 x

Another feature of the present invention pursuant to the aforenoted construction, resides in the inherent strengthening of the center contact arm carrier, in a multipole application with the operating mechanism disposed at the center pole. This construction is of substantial advantage in rendering the center pole dimensionally and structurally more symmetrical relative to the outside poles.

circuit breaker operating mechanism which is eminently suitablein the accomplishment of the intended purposes herein. 1 1 L The illustrative embodiment of the invention, which has been outlined above as incorporating certain novel features forming part of the invention, is more fully described in the remainder of this specification, from which further novel features and objects and advantages will become apparent.- In the following description reference is made to theaccompanying drawings forming part of this disclosure, in which drawings:

FIGJI is a fragmentary vertical longitudinal sectional view through the center pole of a three-pole circuit breaker formed accordingto the present invention, the breaker being shown inthe on or closed position;

FIG. 2 isa .view similar to FIG. 1 with the breaker shown in the tripped open position; and

FIG. 3 is a top plan view thereof, taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1.

r to the drawings, there isshown athree-pole I 30 through which extends the T-shaped end portion 32 of the contact member carrier 34.

Secured to the base 14 is a generally U-shaped frame 36 which supports the operating mechanism 62 of the breaker, said frame pivotally mounting carrier 34 at pivot 38. The carrier 34 is channel shaped and'includes depending flanges 40 which mount a transverse pin 41. A coil spring 42 is compressed between the part 44 of carrier 34 and the base 28" of the angle bracket 28 to provide the requisite contact pressure in the closed position of the breaker. An angle bracket 46 is secured to the underside of the contact member 24 by rivets 48, said bracket having an olfset portion 49 which'in conjunction with the contact member defines a slot 50 for the transverse pin 41. .Thus the portion 49 extends beneath the pin 41. One end of a flexible conductor 52 is electrically and mechanically connected to the contact member 24 with the opposite endthereof being in circuit with a terminal (not shown) at the right hand end of the breaker.

The movable contact members 24 are rigidly interconnected forconjoint movement by a tie bar.54 enclosed ininsulation 56 which extends across all of the'poles of the breaker through thecompartment barriers 58. The tie bar 54 is suitably secured to the contact members by coupling brackets 60. The coupled contact members are pivotallymovable between circuit open andfclosed" positions by the operating mechanism 62, nowto, be described, which is disposed at the center pole and sup ported by frame 36. i

The operating mechanism 62 is of the overcenter spring quick make and break type and comprises a U- shaped actuating member 64 having legs 65 which are pivotally mounted on frame 36 by pivot pins 66. The operating mechanism is of the trip-free type so that the contacts of the breaker will automatically open on overload conditions irrespective of the position of handle 100. The toggle includes a knee pin 68 which interconnects the pair of links 70 and the T-shaped toggle member 72 which extends through a slot 74 in the contact member carrier, said toggle member being pivotally secured to the contact member carrier by pin 41. The toggle links 70 at the opposite end are pivotally connected to a releasable cradle 76 by pivot pin 78, the cradle being pivotally mounted on a shaft 80 carried by frame 36. A

pair of tension springs 82 extend under tension between 8 gated slot 90 in part 84 and being pinned in position by pin 92 and the fitting 88 being engaged on pin 68.

The cradle 76 includes a latch part 4 which is normally in latched engagement with a latch an of the trip mechanism which normally serves to restrain the pivoted cradle 76 in latched position. The trip mechanism is operable in response to an overload on any of the circuits controlled by the breaker to effect release of the cradle and thus automatically open all of the movable contacts of the breaker.

An insulating actuating handle 100 is suitably secured to the actuating member 64, said handle projecting through the opening 102 of the cover for accessibility thereat. The actuating member 64 is provided with a depending portion '67 for engaging and resetting the cradle to the latched position by operating handle movement in the opening direction. The carrier 34- includes a dished out portion 35 which accommodates the pivoted end portion 37 of the cradle. The upper surface of carrier '34 engages tube 81, integral with the cradle, for limiting open movement of the contact carriers. On circuit closing movement of the handle res and member 64, the latter tensions springs 82 of the toggle 70, 72. On overcentering of the toggle the contact members are actuated to closed position as shown in FIG. 1, and overcentering of the toggle is limited by stop 98. Actually this stopcould be eliminated, instead of relying on shoulder 74' to act as a stop for the lower toggle link 72 for limiting the overcentering of the toggle, and such is within present contemplation. On circuit opening movement of the handle,the toggle collapses at the knee 68 to move the contact carriers to circuit open position.

In'the circuit closed condition, the release of the cradle for rotation by the tripping mechanism 98 results in the collapse of'the toggle and movement-of the contact members to open position to thereby open the contacts at all of the poles of the breaker, as shown in FIG. 2. More particularly, pursuant to the present invention, the slot 7 4 in the contact member carrier for the extension therethrough of toggle member 72 has a shoulder 74 defined by said slot whichcooperates with the arcuate edge portion 72 of member 72 to-determine the disposition of the toggle 'in the tripped position thereof. The slot 74 is of minimal dimension to provide for the extension there- -through of member 72 and to define the stop 74' therefor.

Thus stop 74 limits the extent to which the toggle can straighten when thebreakeris tripped, the linkage including the carrier 34-, toggle 70, 72 and the cradle 76'being 'all'restrained in-a predetermined position when the carfrier reaches the full open position shown in FIG. 2. In the tripped position of the linkage the springs 82 are "under tension and retain the handle 100 in the prescribed tripped position.

Heretofore when the breaker Was tripped on overload or short circuit'conditions and the handle 100 was forcibly held in the on position, it was possible for a wedging action to take place between the upper arcuate edge 76 of the upwardly pivoting cradle 76 and the underneath surface 84' of the part 84 of the actuating member, resulting in binding of the operating mechanism. Pursuant to the presentinvention, this possibility of binding of the operating mechanismis obviated as stop 74 positively limits the extent of toggle straightening and defines the tripped position of knee pin 68 as shown in FIG. 2.

The contact member carriers 34, 34' are completely free to move to their full open position on breaker tripping to thereby eliminate the possibility of failure to interrupt a short-circuit arc, there being no frictional-engagement between the cradle and the toggle linkage as the mechanism shifts from the on position to the tripped position. Thus there is no possible restraint against the free opening of the contact member carriers When required and at the same time the carrier associated with the operating mechanism performs the aforedescribed positioning of the linkage thereof on tripping.

As aforenoted, the slot 74 is of minimal dimension and is of substantially lesser dimension than that heretofore used in structures of this same general type to thereby substantially increase the strength of the contact carrier 34. The outer pole contact carriers 34' correspond to the carrier 34 except that the former are not provided with a slot 74. The carriers 34' are thus free of slots and consequently can apply firm contact closing pressure to the springs 42 and any structural weakening of the carrier 34 is herein minimized with minimal effect on reducing the contact pressure at the center pole. The strengthening of the center pole carrier 34 is advantageous in rendering the same dimensionally and constructionally more symmetrical in relation to the outside pole carriers 34, this effect being especially noticeable at the instant of contact engagement during a closing operation and prior to actual build-up of contact pressures.

Various additional modifications of the above embodiment of the invention willreadily occur to those skilled in the art, and therefore the invention should be broadly construed in accordance with its full spirit and scope.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a circuit breaker, contact means relatively movable between open and closed positions, a contact device movable to open and closed positions to open and close said contact means, operating mechanism for said device comprising an actuating member movable to said positions, a releasable cradle operable on release to effect movement of said contact device to open position, and a toggle operatively associated with said cradle and contact device, said toggle including a link connected by a pivot to said device, an overcenter spring operable 'by said actuating member to operate said toggle andthereby move said contact device to said positions, and means providing for the inter-engagement of said toggle and contact device on the release of said cradle to said open position to maintain said toggle in a predetermined position, said 'interengagement means being spaced from said pivot.

2. In a circuit breaker, a supporting frame, contact structure movable to open and closed positions, and operating mechanism therefor mounted in said frame, said mechanism comprising a toggle operable .to actuate said contact structure to open and closed positions, said toggle including a link connected by a pivot to said structure, an actuating member movable to said'positions, an overcenter spring operable by said actuating member to operate said toggle, and a releasable member operable on release to efiect movement of said contact structure to open position independent of actuating member position, said toggle and contact structure having interengageable means spaced from said pivot to maintain said operating mechanism in a predetermined relation with said spring under tension.

3. In a circuit breaker, contact means relativelymovable between open and closed positions, a contact device movable to open and closed positions to open'and close said contact means, operating mechanism for said device comprising an actuating member movable to said positions, areleasable cradle operable on release to effect movement of said contact device to open position, and'a toggle operatively associated with said cradle andcontact device, an overcenter spring operable by said actuating member to operate said toggle and thereby'move said contact device to said positions, said contact device being slotted for the extensiontherethrough of said'toggle, said slot defining a shoulder at one end thereof, and said toggle and shoulder engaging on-the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said toggle inn-predetermined position.

4. In a circuit breaker, a supporting frame,-contact structure movable to open and closed positions, :andop- 'erating :mechanism therefor mounted in said iframe, said mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said contact structuretoopen and, closed positions, an actuating' member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring operable by said actuating member to operate said toggle, and a releasable member operable on release to effect movement of said contact structure to open posi: tion independent of actuating member position, said toggle and contact structure having interengageable' means to maintain said operating mechanism in a predetermined relation with said spring under tension, said contact structure having a slot for the extension therethrough of said toggle, said interengageablemeans comprising a shoulder defined at one, end of said slot and a companion confronting edgeportion of said toggle.

g5. Ina circuit breaker, contact means relatively movable between open and closed positions, a contactldevice movable toop'en and closed positions to open and close saidcontact means, operating mechanism for said device comprising an actuating member movable to said'posi tions, a releasable cradleoperable on release to effect movement of said contact'device to open position, and a toggle operatively associated with, said cradle and-contact device, an overcenter spring operable by said actuating member to operate said toggle, and thereby move said contact device to said positions, said contact device being slotted for the extension therethrough of said toggle, said slot defining ashoulder atone end, thereof, and saidtoggle comprising upper and lower toggle members interconnected by a knee pin, said lower toggle member engaging said shoulder on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said toggle in a predetermined position withsaid spring tensioned. V

6. In a circuit breaker, a supporting frame, stationary contact means, movable contact means comprising a contact carrier mounting a contact member relatively movable with respect to said stationary contact means to open and closed positions, and operating mechanism for said movable contact means mounted in said frame, said operating mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said movable contact means to open and closed positions, said toggle comprising upper aud'lowert toggle linkage interconnected by a knee pin, an actuating member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring extending between said knee pin and actuating member and operable by the latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle operable on release to effect movement of said movable contact means to open position, said contact carrier having a slot of predetermined dimension for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a shoulder at one end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open positionto maintain said linkage in a predetermined position.

7. In a circuit breaker, a supporting frame, stationary contact means, movable contact means comprising a contact carrier mounting a contact member relatively movable with respect to said stationary contact means to open and closed positions, and operating mechanism for said movable contact means mounted in said frame, said operating mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said movable contact means to open and closed positions, said toggle comprising upper and lower toggle linkage interconnected by a knee pin, an actuating member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring extending between said knee pin and actuating member and operable by the latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle operable on release to effect movement of said movable contact means to open position, said contact carrier having a slot of predetermined dimension for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a shoulder at one end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said linkage in a predetermined position and said spring under predetermined tension, said cradle and toggle linkage being free of engagement as the operating mechanism 6 shifts from the on position to said open position on the release of said cradle. V

. 8. Ina circuit breaker, a supporting frame, contact structure movable to open and closed positions, and operating mechanism therefor mounted in said frame, said mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said contact structure to open and closed positions, toggle including a link connected by a pivot to said structure, an actuating member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring operable by said actuating member to'operate said toggle, and a releasable member operable on releaseto etfectmovement of said, contact structure to open position independent of actuating member position, said toggle and contact structure having interengageable means spaced from said pivot to maintain said operating mechanism in a predetermined relation on the release of said releasable member, the latter and said toggle being free of engagement as said operating mechanism shifts from the closed position to said open position on the release of said releasable member. l I

9. In a circuit breaker, a supporting frame, station contact means, movable contact means comprising a contact carrier mounting a contact member relatively movable with respect to said stationary contact means to open ble by the latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle mounted in said frame and pivotally connected to said upper toggle linkage, said cradle being operable on release to effect movement of said movable contact means to open position, said contact carrier having a slot of predetermined dimension for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a shoulder at one, end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said linkage in a predetermined position.

10. In a-circuit breaker, a supporting frame, stationary contact means, movable contact means comprising a con tact carrier mounting a contact member relatively movable with respect to said stationary contact means to open and closed positions, and operating mechanism for said movable contact means mounted in said frame, said operating mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said movable contact means to open and closed positions, said toggle comprising upper and lower toggle linkage interconnected by a knee pin, an actuating member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring extending between said knee pin and actuating member and operable by the'latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle operable on release to effect movement of said movable contact means to open position, said contact carrier having a slot of predetermined dimension for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a shoulder at one end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said linkage in a predetermined position, and an actuating handle connected to said actuating member for moving in said frame for actuating said coupled contact carriers to said positions, said operating mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said coupled contact carriers to said positions, said toggle comprising upper and lower toggle linkage interconnected by a knee pin, an actuating member movable to said positions, an overcenter spring "extending between said knee pin and actuating member "and operable by the latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle operable on release to 'efiect movement of said coupled contact carriers to open position, the contactcarrier'at said one pole having a slot of predetermined dimension for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a stop at one end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said linkage in a predetermined position with said-spring under predetermined tension.

12. "In a multi-pole circuit breaker having at each pole stationary and movable contact means, the latter comprising a contact carrier mounting a contact member relatively movable with respect to said stationary contact means to open and closed positions, said contact carriers being rigidly coupled for conjoint movement with respect to their companion stationary contact means, a supporting frame at one pole, and operating mechanism mounted in said frame for actuating said coupled contact carriers to said positions, said operating mechanism comprising a toggle operable to actuate said coupled contact carriers to said positions, said toggle comprising upper and lower toggle linkage interconnected by a knee pin, an actuating member movable to :said positions, an 'overcenter spring extending between said knee pin and actuating member and operable by the latter to actuate said toggle, and a releasable cradle'operable on release to eflect movement of said coupled-contact carriers to open-position, the contact carrier at said one pole having a slot of predetermined dimension 'for the extension therethrough of said lower toggle linkage, said slot defining a stop at one end thereof for the engagement of said lower toggle linkage thereagainst on the release of said cradle to open position to maintain said linkage in a predetermined position with said spring under predetermined tension, the circuit breaker being a three-pole unit with said one pole being the center pole thereof, the contact carriers at the outer poles being free of said slot but otherwise being similar to-the contact carrier at the center pole to provide a series of contact carriers that are essentially dimensionally and structurally symmetrical.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,459,629 Dorfman et al. J an. 18, v1949 2,769,066 Cellerini Oct. 30, 1956 2,821,596 Bites ,et al. Jan. 28, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2459629 *Aug 10, 1945Jan 18, 1949Westinghouse Electric CorpCircuit breaker
US2769066 *Feb 2, 1953Oct 30, 1956Westinghouse Electric CorpCircuit interrupters
US2821596 *Jun 21, 1954Jan 28, 1958Westinghouse Electric CorpTrip device for circuit breakers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3158716 *Jul 17, 1962Nov 24, 1964Gen ElectricElectric circuit breaker
US3158717 *Jul 18, 1962Nov 24, 1964Gen ElectricElectric circuit breaker including stop means for limiting movement of a toggle linkage
US3171922 *Nov 30, 1962Mar 2, 1965Gen ElectricCircuit breaker with releasable cam type mechanism
US3171929 *Dec 31, 1962Mar 2, 1965Gen ElectricCircuit breaker with releasable cam type mechanism
US3217130 *Jul 27, 1962Nov 9, 1965Ite Circuit Breaker LtdCircuit interrupter casing and base
US3246097 *Sep 27, 1963Apr 12, 1966Westinghouse Electric CorpCircuit breaker
US3600539 *Sep 17, 1969Aug 17, 1971Westinghouse Electric CorpMultipole circuit interrupter
US4024366 *Apr 5, 1976May 17, 1977Siemens AktiengesellschaftToggle lever switching mechanism for an automatic switching apparatus including a low-voltage tripping device
US4144427 *Jul 20, 1977Mar 13, 1979Gould Inc.Anti-rebound and contact kicker means for circuit breaker
US4297555 *May 14, 1980Oct 27, 1981Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaMovable contact arm assembly
US4588878 *Nov 16, 1984May 13, 1986General Electric CompanyMolded case circuit breaker with reduced contact mounts
US4650944 *Jul 18, 1985Mar 17, 1987Westinghouse Electric Corp.Molded case circuit breaker with an improved operating mechanism having a pivot-transfer trip-free linkage
US4855549 *Nov 15, 1988Aug 8, 1989Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaCircuit breaker
US5302785 *Mar 18, 1993Apr 12, 1994General Electric CompanyMolded case circuit breaker operating mechanism crossbar assembly
US5302788 *Jul 29, 1993Apr 12, 1994Eaton CorporationMolded case circuit breaker having trapezoidally shaped shaft
EP0209054A2 *Jul 8, 1986Jan 21, 1987Westinghouse Electric CorporationMolded case circuit breaker
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/401, 337/70
International ClassificationH01H71/52, H01H71/10
Cooperative ClassificationH01H71/525
European ClassificationH01H71/52B6