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Publication numberUS3003434 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 10, 1961
Filing dateJul 29, 1960
Priority dateJul 29, 1960
Publication numberUS 3003434 A, US 3003434A, US-A-3003434, US3003434 A, US3003434A
InventorsDeodat Clejan
Original AssigneeGen Am Transport
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Railway cars for transporting road semi-trailers
US 3003434 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 10, 1961 FIG. 2

D. CLEJAN RAILWAY CARS FOR TRANSPORTING ROAD SEMI-TRAILERS Filed July 29, 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 JNVENTOR.

I BY

DEODAT CLEJAN ATT' Oct. 10, 1961 D. CLEJAN RAILWAY CARS FOR TRANSPORTING ROAD Filed July 29, 1960 FIG. 3

SEMI-TRAILERS 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VENTOR. DEODAT CLEJAN awe? 7 in! Oct. 10, 196 D. CLEJAN 3,003,434

RAILWAY CARS FOR TRANSPORTING ROAD SEMI-TRAILERS Filed July 29, 1960 i 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIG 4 INVENTOR:

DEODAT CLEJAN Oct. 10,1961 D. CLEJAN 3,003,434

I RAILWAY CARS FOR TRANSPORTING ROAD SEMI-TRAILERS Filed July 29, 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIG? INVENTOR. DEODAT CLEJAN 6 6M @2 ATT 'Y United States Patent 3,0tl3,434 RAILWAY CARS FDR TRANSFORTRNG ROAD SEMI-TRAILERS Deodat Clejan, Chicago, 111., assignor to General American Transportation Corporation, Chicago, 111., a cor poration of New York Filed July 29, 1960, Ser. No. 46,175 9 Claims. (Cl. 105-368) The present invention relates to freight transportation systems, and more particularly to railway cars for transporting road semi-trailers.

In a freight transportation system of the character mentioned, a railway car is provided that includes a frame upon which a road semi-trailer is mounted for transportation upon the railway car. Also the railway car comprises a hitch including a base plate mounted upon the frame and a fifth-Wheel mechanism and expansiblecontractible structure interconnecting the base plate and the fifth-wheel mechanism, the structure mounting the fifth-wheel mechanism for selective movements between storage and erected positions with respect to the frame. More particularly, the structure is expansible to move the fifth-wheel mechanism from its storage position into its erected position, and is contractible to move the fifthwheel mechanism from its erected position into its storage position. The fifth-Wheel mechanism in its storage position is disposed closely adjacent to the top of the frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, both carried on the top of the frame; and the fifth-wheel mechanism in its erected position is disposed well above the top of the frame and adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of the frame. Moreover, the fifth-Wheel mechanism is selectively operative to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported thereby in its erected position. Furthermore, the hitch comprises an actuating shaft rotatably mounted upon the base plate, the shaft being rotatable in one direction to expand the structure, so as to move the fifth-wheel mechanism from its storage position into its erected position, and the shaft being rotatable in the opposite direction to contract the structure, so as to move the fifth-wheel mechanism from its erected position into its storage position.

In the freight transportation system, at the terminals at which the semi-trailers are loaded and unloaded with respect to the railway cars, there are provided suitable pneumatic torque Wrenches, together with the usual pneumatic appurtenances; whereby the shafts for selectively actuating the various hitches may be readily rotated in the required directions in the selective actuations of the hitches between the storage and erected positions thereof, as required in the loading and unloading operations mentioned.

While this arrangement is entirely satisfactory at relatively large well-equipped freight terminals, the difiiculty is encountered at relatively small freight terminals that there are no pneumatic wrenches, or other power accessories, that may be used for the purpose of selectively rotating the actuating shafts of the hitches, as required in the loading and unloading operations. Accordingly at the relatively small freight terminals, the shafts mentioned must be manually operated; which, of course, is exceedingly difiicult work and very time-consuming, thereby rendering the loading and unloading of semi-trailers upon the railway cars at the relatively small freight terminals substantially more expensive and time-consuming than are desirable.

Accordingly, it is the general object of the present invention to provide in a railway car that is adapted for transporting a road serni trailer, both a bitch that is selec- "ice 2 tively movable between storage and erected positions with respect to the frame of the railway car and road tractor operated mechanism for selectively actuating the hitch between its storage and erected positions.

Another object of the invention is to provide a railway car of the character noted, wherein the road tractor operated mechanism mentioned is essentially in the forni of a tread-mill that is adapted removably to support the drive Wheels of the road tractor in a supported position upon thef rame of the railway car, whereby selectiverota tions of the drive wheels of the road tractor in opposite directions effect selective operations of the treadmill and the consequent selective movements of the hitch carried by the railway car between its storage and erected positions.

A further object of the invention is to provide in a railway car, a semi-trailer hitch that is selectively operative between storage and erected positions, and also selfcontained road tractor operated mechanism for selectively actuating the hitch between its storage and erected positions, wherein the actuating mechanism may be selectively operated in a ready manner by the tractor driver incident to leading or unloading of the road semi-trailer with respect to the railway car, and Without the performance by the driver of operations that are foreign to the usual mode required in the driving of the tractor.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a railway car of the character described that is of improved and simplified construction and arrangement.

Further features of the invention pertain to the particular arrangement of the elements of the freight transportation system and of the elements of the railway car; whereby the above-outlined and additional operating features thereof are attained.

The invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with further objects and advantages thereof, will best be understood by reference to the following specification, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary side elevatiorm view of a freight transportation system embodying the present invention, and more particularly of a railway car comprising a frame carrying a foldable semi-trailer hitch having storage and erected positions and also carrying a tread-mill for selectively operating the hitch between its two positions, the hitch being illustrated in its storage position, and also illustrating the support upon the top of the frame of both a road semi-trailer and a road tractor;

FIG. 2 is another fragmentary side elevational view of the railway car, similar to 'FIG. 1, and illustrating the hitch in its erected position supporting the front end of the cooperating road semi-trailer, and also illustrating the drive Wheels of the road tractor in driving relation with the cooperating tread-mill;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view .of the immediate portion of the railway car, illustrating the cooperation between the hitch and the tread-mill and the associated deck also carried by the frame of the railway car;

FIG. 4 is a further enlarged fragmentary longitudinal sectional view of the intermediate portion of the railway car of FIG. 3; 7

FIG. 5 is a still further enlarged fragmentary plan view of the intermediate portion of the railway .car of FIGS. 3 and 4;

FIG. 6 is a greatly enlarged side elevational view of one of the lock mechanisms incorporated in the treadmill, this iew being taken in the direction of the arrows along the line 6--6 in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a still further enlarged lateral sectional view bodying the features of the present invention essentially comprises a railway car 100 provided with an elongated frame 101 supported at the opposite ends thereof by a pair of trucks 102 of standard rail gauge that cooperate with an associated railway track 20 also of standard rail gauge. The railway car 100 is especially designed to transport road semi-trailers and is normally arranged to transport two such road semi-trailers adjacent to the opposite ends thereof, one such road semi- "trailer being indicated at 30 on the right-hand end of the railway car 100,'as illustrated. As explained more fully hereinafter, the road semi-trailers 30 are selectively loaded and unloaded with respect to the railway car 100, utilizing a road tractor 50, the road tractor 50 being illustrated in a supported position adjacent to the intermediate portion of the railway car 100.

The road semi-trailer 30 comprises a chassis or frame '31 carrying adjacent to the rear thereof road wheels 32,

and carrying adjacent to the front end thereof a depend ing king pin 33. Also, the chassis 31 of the road semitrailer 30 carries a front landing gear 34 disposed rearwardly of the king pin 33, and mounted for selective movements between a raised position, as shown in FIG.

-1, and a lowered position, as shown in FIG. 2.

The road tractor 50 comprises a chassis 51 carrying front steering wheels 52 adjacent to the front end there- 'of and rear drive wheels 53 and 53' adjacent to the rear 'end thereof, dual rear wheels being illustrated, each of the outer rear wheels being designated 53 and each of the inner rear wheels being designated 53'. Also, the chassis '51 of the road tractor 50 carries adjacent to the rear end thereof a fifth-wheel mechanism 54 that is adapted selectively to couple and to uncouple the king pin 33 of the road semi-trailer 30, in the usual manner. Moreover, the road tractor 50 comprises the usual motor facility, as well as a drivers cab 55 containing the usual controller for selectively controlling the driving of the drive wheels 53 and 53' in forward and reverse directions and for selectively governing the operation of the fifth-wheel mechanism 54 in a conventional manner.

Referring now to FIGS. 3, 7 and 8, the frame 101 of the railway car 100 comprises a longitudinally extending center sill 103, a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart side sills 104, and a pair of laterally extending and longitudinally spaced-apart end sills, not shown. The center sill 103 is of composite con struction, including a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart I-beams 105 that are secured together by upper and lower tie plates 106 and 107, respectively; whereby the center sill 103 is of box-like form. Further, the frame 101 comprises a plurality of laterally extending and longitudinally spaced-apart body beams 108, connecting together the center sill 103 and the side sills 104. Also, the frame 101 comprises a pair of Iongitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart deck sills 109 respectively disposed on opposite sides of the I-beams 105 of the center sill 103 and supported on top of the body beams 108, the deck sills 109 being in the form of H-sections. Further, the frame 101 comprises a plurality of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart deck sills 110 respectively disposed between the deck sills 109 and the side sills 104 and supported on top of the body beams 108, the deck sills 110 being in the form of Z-sections. Of course, the elements 104. 105, 106, 107, 108, 109 and 110 are formed of steel and are suitably secured together, as by welding, in order to provide the composite rigid frame 101. Of t e r lway car 100.

4 Further, the frame 101 of the railway car carries a pair of longitudinally spaced-apart semi-trailer hitches 120, each of which is adapted to support the front end of one of the corresponding adjacent one of the road semi-trailers 30; and as best shown in FIGS. 3, 4, 7 and 8, the hitch illustrated essentially comprises a longitudinally extending base plate 121 that is directly carried in supported position upon the top tie plate 106 of the center sill 103 and removably secured in place by a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart substantially L-shaped members 122 that are respectively secured, as by welding, to the inner sides of the deck sills 109, as best shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. The opposite sides of the base plate 121 may be removably secured to the members 122 by removable screws, indicated at 123 in FIG. 8. Also, the hitch 120 comprises a block 124, a fifth-wheel mechanism 125, a standard 126 and a strut 127, as best shown in FIG. 4. More particularly, the block 124 is slidably mounted upon the base plate 121 for longitudinal movements with respect thereto; the lower end of the standard 126 is pivotally connected to the block 124 by an associated pivot pin, as indicated at 128; and the upper end of the standard 126 is pivotally connected to the central portion of the fifth-wheel mechanism by an associated pivot pin, as indicated at 129. The rear end of the base plate 121 carries upstanding structure, indicated at 130; the lower end of the strut 126 is pivotally connected to the structure 130 by an associated pivot pin, as indicated at 131; and the upper end of the strut 127 is pivotally connected to the central portion of the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 by the pivot pin 129. In the arrangement, the strut 127 is of composite construction, including a lower cylinder member 132 and an upper piston member 133 that are arranged in telescopic relation with respect to each other for sliding movements therebetween; whereby it is the lower end of the cylinder member 132 that is connected by the pivot pin 131 to the structure 130, and it is the upper end of the piston 133 that is connected by the pivot pin 129 to the fifthwheel mechanism 125. The inner end of the piston 133 arranged within the hollow cylinder 132 comprises a head 134 slidably engaging the interior wall of the hollow piston 132 and cooperates with a pair of compression springs 135 and 136 disposed on opposite sides of the head 134 and respectively cooperating with the opposite ends of the cylinder 132; all for a purpose more fully explained hereinafter. Further, the central portion of the base plate 121 carries a rotatably mounted actuating shaft 141 that is journaled for rotation in either direction upon longitudinally spaced-apart bearing structures 142 carried upon the top of the base plate 121; and the rear portion of the actuating shaft 141 is threaded to provide a screw, as indicated at 143; which screw 143 cooperates with nut structure, not shown, carried by the block 124.

Considering now the general mode of operation of the hitch 126, it is noted that it has storage and erected positions with respect to the frame 101 of the railway car 100. More particularly, when the hitch 120 occupie its storage position, the standard 126 and the strut 127 occupy a folded or contracted position, so that the fifth- Wheel mechanism 125 is disposed closely adjacent to the top of the center sill 103 and in non-interfering relation with movements of the road semi-trailer 3i? and the road tractor 50, when they occupy their supported positions upon the top of the frame 101, as shown in FIG. 1. On the other hand, when the hitch 129 occupies it erected position, the standard 126 and the strut 127 occupy an unfolded or expanded position, so that the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 is disposed Well above the top of the center sill 103 and adapted to support the front end of the associated road semi-trailer 30 carried on the top of the frame 101, as shown in FIG. 2. a More particularly, and referring to FIG. 4, when the actuating shaft 141 is rotated in the clockwise direction. as viewed from the front thereof toward the hitch 120,

in the bearings 142, the screw 143 moves the block 124 forwardly away from the structure 130; which forward sliding movement of the block 124 upon the base plate 121 moves the hitch 120 from its storage position of FIG. 1 into its erected position of FIG. 2. More particularly, the forward movement of the block 124 pivots the standard 126 out from under the strut 127, with the result that the standard 126 is moved from a substantially horizontal position disposed closely adjacent to the center sill 103 into an upstanding position, as shown in FIG, 4; whereby the strut 127 is also upwardly pivoted about the structure 130, and the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 i elevated into the erected position of FIGS. 2 and 4; whereby the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 in its elevated position is adapted to support the front end of the associated road semi-trailer 30. Furthermore, the fifth-Wheel mechanism 125 in its erected position is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin 33 carried by the front end of the supported road semi-trailer 30, in the usual manner. In passing, it is mentioned that the structural details of the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 are altogether conventional and have not been illustrated in detail, in the interest of brevity.

On the other hand, when the actuating shaft 141 is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, as viewed from the front thereof toward the hitch 120, in the bearings 142, the screw 143 moves the block 124 rearwardly toward the structure 130; which rearward sliding movement of the block 124 upon the base plate 121 moves the hitch 120 from its erected position of FIG. 2 into its. storage position of FIG. 1. More particularly, the rearward movement of the block 124 pivots the standard 126 back under the strut 127, with the result that the standard 126 is moved from its upstanding position, as shown in FIG. 4, into its substantially horizontal position disposed closely adjacent to the center sill 103; whereby the strut 127 is also downwardly pivoted about the structure 130, and the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 is lowered into the storage position of FIG. 1.

When the hitch 120 occupies its erected position of FIGS. 2 and 4 and the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 is operated to latch in place the associated king pin 33 of the supported cooperating road semi-trailer 30, the front end of the road semi-trailer 311 is, of course, supported by the hitch 121) in its erected position, while the rear end of the road semi-trailer 311 is supported upon the frame 101 by the rear road wheels 32, as explained more fully hereinafter. Also, it is noted that during normal operation of the railway car 1110', the hitch 125 provides shock-absorption to the connected road semi-trailer 30 by virtue of the arrangement of the compression springs 135 and 136 housed in the strut 127. More particularly, during such normal operation of the railway car 160, the road semi-trailer 30 in its mounted position upon the hitch 120 in its erected position is capable of limited longitudinal movements with respect to the railway car 160; and specifically, the longitudinal movements mentioned of the road semi-trailer 30 are transmitted to the fifth-wheel mechanism 125, thereby to cause the standard 126 in its upstanding position of FIG. 4 to pivot foreand-aft about the pivot pin 128 with respect to the block 124; whereby the strut 127 is alternately expanded and contracted. More particularly, expansion of the piston 133 with respect to the cylinder 132 of the strut 127 effects compression of the spring 136, while contraction of the piston 133 with respect to the cylinder 132 of the strut 127 effects compression of the spring 135. Accordingly, the longitudinal movements of the road semitrailer 30 are shocked or damped in the strut 127 by the action of the springs 135 and 136. Moreover, the springs 135 and 136 acting upon the head 134 carried by the piston133 of the strut 127 cooperate to maintain the standard 126 in its upstanding position, as illustrated in FIG. 4, when the railway car 100 is at rest.

p Further, the railway car 100 comprises, as best shown in FIGS. 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8, a hollow substantially T-shaped structure including a longitudinally extending stem 151 mounted upon the center sill 103 and a laterally extending head 152 mounted mutually upon the center sill 103, the side sills 104 and the deck sills 109 and 110. The hollow structure 150 is of composite construction and includes a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart stem members 153 of L-section positioned on opposite sides of the center sill 103 and directly supported respectively on the tops of the deck sills 109, as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 7. Also, the hollow structure 150 includes a laterally extending head member 154 of L-section positioned between the side sills 104 and on top of the elements 106, 101i and 110, as best shown in FIGS. 3, 5 and 7. Also, the hollow structure 150 includes two laterally extending head members 155 of L- section positioned rearwardly of the head member 154 and projecting laterally outwardly from the intermediate portions of the stem members 153, as best shown in FIG. 3, as well as a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart head members 156 of L-section respectively positioned adjacent to the side sills 104 and respectively joining together the outer ends of the head member 154 and the adjacent outer ends of the head members 155. Finally, the hollow structure 150 includes a laterally extending stem member 157 of L-section joining together the rear ends of the stem members 153 and positioned directly upon the top tie plate 106 of the center sill 103.

The two members 153, the single member 154, the two members 155, the two members 156 and the single member 157 are formed of steel and are rigidly secured together, so that the structure 1511 as a. whole, may be placed and removed with respect to the frame 101 of the railway car 100; moreover, in the composite structure 151 there is defined the longitudinally extending open box 161 in the stem 151 of the structure 150, and also the two laterally spaced-apart open boxes 162 in the head 152 of the structure 150. The structure 150 in its entirety is supported upon the frame 101 of the railway car 100, so that the hitch 126 in its entirety is arranged in the box 161111 the stem 151 and so that the head 152 of the structure 150 is disposed forwardly of the hitch 120, as

clearly shown in FIGS. 3 and 5; and furthermore, the structure 150 carries a treadmill 17d arranged in the boxes 162 in the head 152.

More particularly, the tread-mill 1711 comprises front and rear laterally extending and longitudinally spacedapart shafts 171 and 1'72 that are suitably journaled in bearings carried by the stern members 153 and by bearings 1'74 carried by the head members 156; whereby each of the shafts 171 and 172 is mounted for rotation in either direction upon the head 152 of the structure 1511. The opposite ends of the front shaft 171 carry a pair of outer rollers 175 and a pair of inner rollers 175' arranged in the two laterally spaced-apart boxes 162 provided in the head 152 of the structure 156; and likewise, the opposite ends of the rear shaft 172 carry a pair of outer rollers 176 and a pair of inner rollers 176 ar-- ranged in the two laterally spaced-apart boxes 162 provided in the head 152 of the structure 150. In the arrangement, the two rollers 175 and 175' disposed in each of the boxes 162 are separated laterally from each other by an associated bearing 177 that is supported upon the adjacent deck sill 110, as shown in FIG. 5; likewise, the two rollers 176 and 176 disposed in each of the boxes 162 are separated laterally from each other by an associated bearing 178 that is supported upon the adjacent deck sill 110, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 7. Accordingly, in the arrangement, in each of the boxes 162, the outer rollers 1'75 and 176 are arranged in longitudinal alignment wtih each other and are adapted to engage and to support the outer road wheel 53 of the road tractor 50, and the inner rollers 175' and 176' are arranged in longitudinal alignment with each other and are adapted to engage and to support the inner road wheel 53' of the road tractor 50; all as indicated in FIG. 7. In order to improve the frictional contact between the rollers 176 and 176' and the supported road wheels 53 and 53 of the road tractor 50, the outer surfaces of the rollers 176 and 176 are serrated or knurled, as indicated in FIG. 7.

The rear shaft 172 has rigidly aifixed thereto a beveled gear 181 that is arranged to mesh a beveled gear 182 that is rigidly secured to the extreme front end of the actuating shaft 141, as shown in FIG. 5. Moreover, the upper portion of the stem 151 and the intermediate portion of the head 152 of the composite structure 150 is provided with a cover plate 133 that may be suitably secured in place by screws, indicated at 184 in FIG. 5.

Also the structure 156 carries lock mechanism for the purpose of selectively locking the shafts 171 and 172 against rotation in either direction; and as illustrated in FIGS. and 6, the arrangement comprises two locking pawls 185 and 186 that are respectively carried by the lower head member 156, as shown in FIG. 5, and arranged to cooperate with two ratchet wheels 187 and 188 respectively rigidly secured tothe outer ends of the respective shafts 171 and 172. As shown in FIG. 6, the locking pawl 185 is pivotally mounted upon a pivot pin 189 and carried by the head member 156 and arranged selectively to lock the associated ratchet wheel 187 that is rigidly secured to the extreme outer end of the shaft 171 by a key 190. In FIG. 6, the locking pawl 185 is shown in solid lines in its locking position with respect to the ratchet wheel 187 and is illustrated in dotted lines in its unlocking position with respect to the ratchet wheel 187.

Accordingly, it will be understood that the tread-mill 170 is adapted removably to support the rear drive wheels 53 and 53 of the road tractor 50 and selectively to trap the road drive wheels 53 and 53' in supported positions between the rollers 175, 176 and 175', 176' depending upon the positions of the locking pawls 185 and 186 with respect to the associated ratchet wheels 187 and 188. More particularly. when the locking pawls 185 and 186 occupy their locking positions with respect to their ratchet wheels 187 and 183, the shafts 171 and 172 are locked against rotation in either direction; whereby it will be understood that the rear drive wheels 53 and 53 of the road tractor 50 may readily roll along the frame 101 of the railway car 109 and across the rollers 175, 176 and 175', 176 without being trapped in the tread-mill 170. On the other hand, when the locking pawls 185 and 186 occupy their unlocking positions with respect to their ratchet Wheels 187 and 138, the shafts 171 'and 172 are unlocked for rotation in either direction; whereby it will be understood that the rear drive wheels 53 and 53' of the road tractor 50 will fall into trapped relation with respect to the rollers 175, 176 and 175', 176' incident to movement of the road tractor 50 along the frame 101 of the railway car 1%; whereby in this case, the drive wheels 53 and 53 are supported in the tread-mill 170 in frictional engagements with the rollers 175, 176 and 175', 176.

Considering now the operation of the tread-mill 176, when the supported drive wheels 53 and 53 of the road tractor 50 are rotated in the forward direction, the rollers 175, 176 and 175', 176 in frictional engagement therewith are rotated in the reverse direction; and conversely, when the supported drive wheels 53 and 53' of the road tractor 50 are rotated in the reverse direction, lers 175, 176 and 175, 176 in frictional engagement ment therewith are rotated in the forward direction. Rotation of the rollers 176 and 176' in the clockwise direction, as viewed from the lower side rail 104 in FIG. 5, effects corresponding rotation of the beveled gear 181 carried by the rear shaft 172 and the consequent rotation of the actuating shaft 141 in the clockwise direction, as viewed from the front end thereof in FIG. 5; on the other hand, rotation of the rollers 176 and 176 in the counterclockwise direction effects corresponding rotation 8 of the beveled gear 181 carried bythe rear shaft 172 and the consequent rotation of the actuating shaft 141 in the counterclockwise direction. As previously explained, clockwise rotation of the actuating shaft 141 effects movement of the hitch from its storage position of FIG. 1 into its erected position of FIG. 2, while counterclockwise rotation of the actuating shaft 141 effects movement of the hitch 120 from its erected position of FIG. 2 into its storage position of FIG. 1.

Accordingly, it will be understood that when the rear drive wheels 53 and 53' of the road tractor 50 occupy their supported and trapped positions in the tread-mill 170, selective rotations of the drive wheels 53 and 53' in opposite directions effect selective operations of the hitch 120 between its storage and erected positions, as explained above.

Continuing now with the construction and arrangement of the railway car 100 and referring particularly to FIGS. 3 and 8, it is noted that the frame 101 supports a composite deck arranged in upper and lower sections 195 and 196, as shown in FIG. 3. More particularly, each of the deck sections 195 and .196 comprises a plurality of individual floor timbers extending laterally across the cooperating deck sills 109 and 110, the individual floor timbers being disposed in longitudinally spaced-apart relation. The outer end of each of the deck timbers is carried by a longitudinally extending deck member 197 that is rigidly secured to the adjacent side sill 104, as best shown in FIG. 8; while the inner end of each of the deck timbers is spaced outwardly a short distance from the adjacent edge of the top tie plate 106 of the center sill 103, as shown in FIG. 8. In the arrangement, the top of the structure is disposed slightly above the plane of the top of the deck sections 195 and 196; whereby four inclined ramps 198 are carried upon the adjacent portions of the deck sections 195 and 196 and arranged on either side of the opposite arms of the head 152 of the composite structure 150, as shown in FIG. 3, thereby to accommodate the transfer or transition of the road wheels 32 of the semi-trailer 30 and the road wheels 52 and 53, 53 of the road tractor 50 across the tread-mill 1711.

Considering now the loading of the road semi-trailer 30 upon the railway car 100, the road semi-trailer 30 is coupled in the usual manner to the fifth-wheel mechanism 54 of the road tractor 5t}, and the road semi-trailer 30 and the road tractor 50 are backed as a unit across an associated ramp, not shown, onto the left-hand end of the railway car 109 and thence onto the right-hand end thereof, as shown in FIG. 1. At this time, it may be assumed that the shafts 171 and 172 of the tread-mill occupy their locked positions, so as to prevent trapping of the road wheels 32 of the road semi-trailer 30 and the rear drive wheels 53 and 53' of the road tractor 50 in the tread-mill 170, as previously explained. Furthermore, at this time, it is, of course, assumed that the hitch 120 occupies its storage position of FIG. 1 and that the front landing gear 34 of the road semi-trailer 30 occupies its upper position, as illustrated in FIG. 1. In the loading operation, the semi-trailer 30 is backed longitudinally along the deck sections and 196 carried by the frame 101 of the railway car 100 with the road wheels 32 supported thereby and across the tread-mill 170 and into the position, as shown in FIG. 1; whereupon the front landing gear 34 of the road semi-trailer 30 is operated into its lowered position, indicated by the broken line in FIG. 1, so as to support the front end of the road semi-trailer 30 independently of the fifth-wheel mechanism 54 carried by the rear end of the road tractor 50. Also, at this time, the king pin 33 carried by the front end of the road semitrailer 39 is disposed longitudinally of the railway car 100, so that when the hitch 120 is actuated into its erected position of FIG. 2, the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 thereof will engage the king pin 33. At this time, the fifth-wheel mechanism 54 is actuated to release the king pin 33 and sgeoe taa.

the road tractor 50" is driven-forwardly along -the railway car liliiinto its position of FIG. 2, so that the road wheels SSand 53' thereof are trapped in the tread-mill 170'. The locking mechanisms associated with the shafts 17-1 and 172 are operated into their unlocking positions, and the rear drive wheels 53' and 53 of the road tractor 50 are operated in the forward direction, so as to operate the tread-mill 170' in order to cause the hitch 120 to he actuated from its storage position of FIG. 1 into its erected position of FIG. 2; whereby the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 of the hitch 120 is operated into supporting relation with respect to the front end of the road semi-trailer 30 and to'receive and to latch in placethe king pin 33 carried by the front end of theroad semi-trailer 30.- At this time, the front landing gear 34 is operated intoits: upper position and the locking mechanisms are returned into their locking positions with respect to-theassociated-shafts 17-1 and 1'72; whereupon the rear drive wheels 5'3 and 53. of theroad' tractor 50 may he'rotatcd in the forward direc tion; so as to drive the road tractor 50 out of trapped relation with respect to the treadmill 170, with the result that the road tractor 150 may then be driven forwardly longitudinally along the deck sections 195 and 196' and off of theleft-hand end of the railway car 100 and across the connecting ramp back into the terminal yard, in" an obvious manner.

Considering now the unloading of the'roa'd semi-trailer 30 from the railway car 100, the front landing gear 34 ofjtlie road semi-trailer is operated into its lower position in order to support the: front end thereof independently of the hitch- 120 and the fifth-wheel mechanism 125 is operated: to release the king pin 33-carriedby the front end of the road semi-trailer. Then the: road tractor 50 is backed onto the leftend of? the railway car 100 and longitudinally therealong into the position' ofFIG. 2 At this time; the drive wheels 53 and 5-3 of the road tractor 50 are trapped in the tread-mill1-70 and the-locking m'ec'hanisms are operated to unlockthe shafts 1'71 and 172. At this time, the drive wheels 53 and 53' ofthe' road tractor 50 are rotated in the reverse direction in order to operate the tread-mill 1 70 so asto move the hitch 120 from its erected: position of FIG. 2 into itsstorage position of'FlG; 1; whereby the front end of'the road semitrailer 30 is then supported by the front landing gear 34. The locking mechanisms associated with the shafts 171 and L72 of the tread-mill 170 are returned into their locked positions, and further rearward rotations of the drive wheels 5-3 and 53' are effected, so that theroad tractor 50 is backed out of the tread-mill 170,- witlr the result that the fifth-wheel mechanism 54 is positioned below and in supporting relation with respect tothe front end of the road semi trailer 30'. Moreover; the fifthwheel mechanism 5'4 is actuated to latch the king pin 33' in: place. At this time, the front landing gear 34 is returned into its upper position; whereby the support of the front end of the road semi-trailer 30 is through the fifth=wheel mechanism 54 carried on the rear end ofthe road'tractor- 50; The road tractor 50 is'then driven forwardly off of the left-hand end of the railway car 100; drawing the coupled road semi-trailer 30 therewith; whereupon the road tractor 50 and the roadsemi-trailer 3W are moved across the adjacent ramp and into the assoeiatcd terminal yard; in an obvious manner.

In these operations, it is noted that a plurality of the railway cars 1.00 are normally loaded and unloaded in a coupled string; whereby it will be understood that suitable bridging structures, not shown, are provided between the deck sections 195' and 196 at the adjacent coupled ends of the railway cars so as to accommodate longitudinal rolling movements of the road tractor 50' and the road semi trailers 30 longitudinally along the coupled railway cars 100 Moreover, the string of railway cars 100 are always loaded from the rear of the string toward the front thereof, and each railway car is normally loaded with two of the road semi-trailers: 30. In the loading of each railway car 1%; one'of the road semi-trailerslltl is first loaded upon therear end thereof and then another of the roadsemitrailers 30- isloaded upon the front end thereof. Moreover, it willbe understood that in each of the railway cars 100, eachof the hitches 120 normally occupies its storage position until use thereof is to be made in supporting the front end of the cooperating road semitrailer 30; which arrangement of the hitches 120 in their storage positions is necessary in order to prevent interference with the longitudinal tralfic along the coupled railway carsof the road semi-trailers 3t? and the road tractor 50.

Furthermore, it will be understood that each of the two hitches carried by each of the railway cars 100' maybe readily operated in the manner previously explained by the associated one of the tread-mills 170, utilizing the very road tractor. 5:! that isv employed in the loading of the road semi-trailers 30 upon the railway car: 100 whereby no other auxiliary equipment whatsoever: is required, for the selective operation of the: two: hitches; carried: by the railway car 106 between their storageand erected positions astrequireiby virtue of the provision of the two respectively associated tread-- mills 170 that are. directly carried by the frame 101; i

of; the railway car 100. Moreover, these tread-mills 170 maybe selectively operated by the driver of the road tractor 50 in. a straightforward and. simple manner that is; in no Way, dissimilar to the normal driving opera tions involved. in the driving of the road tractor 504. Accordingly, the loading and unloading of the railway car. may be readily elfected at a small freight terminal and at a railway siding in a ready manner, with-- out the necessity of auxiliary equipment of any kind.

In viewof the foregoing, it is apparent that therehasbeen' provided a railway car that is especially adapted for the. transportation of road semi-trailers and that incorporates improved road tractor operated mechanism for selectively actuating the road semi-trailer hitches: carried by the railway car, as required, in the loading and unloading of; the road semi-trailers with respect tothe railway car.

While there has been described what is at present considered to bethe preferred embodiment of the insvention, it will be understood that various modifications. may be made therein, and it is intended to cover in the appended: claims all such modifications as fall with in the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

l. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road. tractor, a hitch mounted upon said frame for. movements between storage and erected positions with respect thereto, said hitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and. in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said hitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being, adapted to support the front end of. a road semitrailer carried on the top of' said frame, said. hitch including a fifth-wheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in. its erected position, a tread-mill mechanism mounted upon saidframe and oriented. laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a roller adapted frictionally to engage the drive wheels of the supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse ro-- tati'ons of the drive Wheels of the supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to said roller, and actuating mechanism operatively connected between said roller and said hitch for selectively moving said hitch between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism being responsive to rotation of said roller in one direction to move said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to move said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

2. The railway car set forth in claim 1, and further comprising means for selectively locking said roller against rotation, thereby to accommodate ready passage of the drive wheels of a supported road tractor longitudinally along the top of said frame and across said tread-mill mechanism without rotation of said roller in its locked position.

3. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodatae longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, a hitch mounted upon said frame for movements between storage and erected positions with respect thereto, said bitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said hitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said hitch including a fifthwheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in its erected position, a tread-mill mechanism mounted upon said frame and oriented laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a pair of laterally extending and longitudinally spaced-apart rollers adapted to trap therebetween the drive wheels of a supported road tractor incident to longitudinal movement thereof along the top of said frame and across said tread-mill mechanism, locking mechanism cooperating with said rollers and having locked and unlocked positions, said locking mechanism in its locked position restraining said rollers against Iotation so as to accommodate ready passage of the drive wheels of a supported road tractor longitudinally along the top of said frame Without rotation of said rollers, said locking mechanism in its unlocked position releasing said rollers for rotation by the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to one of said rollers, and actuating mechanism operatively connected between said one roller and said hitch for selectively moving said hitch between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism being responsive to rotation of said roller in one direction to move said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to move said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

4. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, a hitch mounted upon said frame for movements between storage and erected positions with respect thereto, said bitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semitrailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said hitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said hitch including a fifthwheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in its erected position, said hitch also including actuating mechanism for selectively moving the same between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism including a rotatably mounted shaft that is rotatable in one direction to effect movement of said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and that is rotatable in the other direction to effect movement of said hitch from its erected position into its storage position, a tread-mill mechanism mounted upon said frame and oriented laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a roller adapted frictionally to engage the drive wheels of the supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the drive wheels of the supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to said roller, and a drive connection between said roller and said shaft, whereby rotation of said roller in a given direction effects rotation of said shaft in said one direction and the consequent movement of said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and rotation of said roller in the opposite direc tion elfects rotation of said shaft in sm'd other direction and the consequent movement of said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

5. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, said frame including a longitudinally extending center sill and a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart side sills, a hitch mounted upon said center sill for movements between storage and erected positions with respect thereto, said hitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said hitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said hitch including a fifth-wheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in its erected position, a tread-mill mechanism mounted mutually upon said center sill and upon said side sills and oriented laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a roller adapted frictionally to engage the drive wheels of the supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the drive wheels of the supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to said roller, and actuating mechanism operatively connected between said roller and said hitch for selectively moving said hitch between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism being responsive to rotation of said roller in one direction to move said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to move said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

6. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, said frame including a longitudinally extending center sill and a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart side sills, a hollow substantially T-shaped structure including a longitudinally extending stem mounted upon said center sill and a laterally extending head mounted mutually upon said center sill and upon said side sills, a hitch arranged in the stem of said structure and mounted upon said center sill for movements between storage and erected positions with respect to said center sill, said hitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semiatrailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said bitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said hitch including a fifth-wheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in its erected position, a pair of laterally extending and longitudinally spaced-apart rollers arranged in the head of said structure and journalled for rotation thereupon, said rollers being adapted to trap therebetween the drive wheels of a supported road tractor incident to longitudinal movement thereof along the top of said frame and across said rollers, locking mechanism cooperating with said rollers and having locked and unlocked positions, said locking mechanism in its locked position restraining said rollers against rotation so as to accommodate ready passage of the drive wheels of a supported road tractor longitudinally along the top of said :frame Without rotation of said rollers, said locking mechanism in its unlocked position releasing said rollers for rotation by the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to one of said rollers, and actuating mechanism arranged in the stern of said structure and operatively connected between said one roller and said hitch for selectively moving said hitch between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism being responsive to rotation of said roller in one direction to move said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to move said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

7. A railway car for transporting a road semietrailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, said frame including a longitudinally extending center sill and a pair of longitudinally extending and laterally spaced-apart side sills, a hollow substantially T-shaped structure including a longitudinally extending stem mounted upon said center sill and a laterally extending head mounted mutually upon said center sill and upon said side sills, a deck provided on the top of said frame and generally surrounding said structure and adapted directly to support the road wheels of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor carried upon the top of said frame, a hitch arranged in the stern of said structure and mounted upon said center sill for movements between storage and erected positions with respect to said center sill, said hitch in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said hitch in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said hitch including a fifth-wheel mechanism that is adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported by said hitch in its erected position, a pair of laterally extending and longitudinally spaced-apart rollers arranged in the head of said structure and journalled for rotation thereupon, said rollers being adapted to trap therebetween the drive wheels of a supported road tractor incident to longitudinal movement thereof along the top of said frame and across said rollers, the upper surface of the head of said structure being disposed in a plane positioned somewhat above the plane of said deck, two laterally spaced-apart pairs of ramps carried by said deck and respectively cooperating with the opposite sides of the head of said structure and accommodating the support of the road wheels of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor incident to transfer thereof between said deck and said rollers, locking mechanism cooperating with said rollers and having locked and unlocked positions, said locking mechanism in its locked position restraining said rollers against rotation so as to accommodate ready passage of the drive wheels of a supported road tractor longitudinally along the top of said frame without rotation of said rollers, said locking mechanism in its unlocked position releasing said rollers for rotation by the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the trapped drive wheels of a supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to one of said rollers, and actuating mechanism arranged in the stem of said structure and operatively connected between said one roller and said hitch for selectively moving said hitch between its storage and erected positions, said actuating mechanism being responsive to rotation of said roller in one direction to move said hitch from its storage position into its erected position and responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to move said hitch from its erected position into its storage position.

8. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, a hitch including a base plate mounted upon said frame, said hitch also including a fifth-wheel mechanism and vertically movable structure interconmeeting said base plate and said fifth-wheel mechanism, said structure mounting said fifith-wheel mechanism for selective movements between storage and erected positions with respect to said frame, raising of said structure effecting movement of said fifth-wheel mechanism from its storage position into its erected position and lowering of said structure elfecting movement of said fifth-wheel mechanism from its erected position into its storage position, said fifth-wheel mechanism in its storage position being disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, said fifth-wheel mechanism in its erected position being disposed well above the top of said frame and being adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said fifthwheel mechanism being adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported thereby in its erected position, a treadmill mechanism mounted upon said frame and oriented laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a roller adapted frictionally to engage the drive wheels of the supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the drive wheels of the supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to said roller, and actuating mechanism operatively connected between said roller and said structure for selectively raising and lowering said structure, said actuating mechanism being responsive to ro tation of said roller in one direction to raise said structure and being responsive to rotation of said roller in the opposite direction to lower said structure.

9. A railway car for transporting a road semi-trailer; said railway car comprising a longitudinally extending 15 a frame adapted to support and to accommodate longitudinal movements therealong of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor, a hitch including a base plate mounted upon said frame and a block mounted for longitudinal sliding movements upon said base plate, said hitch also including a fifth-wheel mechanism and a strut and a standard, the lower end of said strut being pivotally connected to said base plate rearwardly of said block and the upper end of said strut being pivotally connected to said fifth-wheel mechanism, the lower end of said standard being pivotally connected to said block and the upper end of said standard being pivotally connected to said fifth-wheel mechanism, rearward sliding movement of said block upon said base plate effecting folding of said strut and said standard toward said base plate with the consequent movement of said fifth-wheel mechanism into a storage position disposed closely adjacent to the top of said frame and in non-interfering relation with movements of a road semi-trailer and of a road tractor both carried on the top of said frame, forward sliding movement of said block upon said base plate effecting unfolding of said strut and said standard away from said base plate with the consequent movement of said fifthwheel mechanism into an erected position disposed well above the top of said frame and adapted to support the front end of a road semi-trailer carried on the top of said frame, said fifth-wheel mechanism being adapted selectively to latch and to release the king pin carried by the front end of a road semi-trailer supported thereby in its erected position, said hitch also including a longitudinally extending shaft rotatably mounted upon said base plate, said shaft including a screw-section disposed in threaded engagement with nut-structure carried by said block, whereby rotation of said shaft in one direction imparts forward sliding movement to said block upon said base plate with the resulting movement of said fifth-wheel mechanism from its storage position into its erected position and rotation of said shaft in the opposite direction imparts rearward sliding movement to said block upon said base plate with the resulting movement of said fifthwheel mechanism from its erected position into its storage position, a tread-mill mechanism mounted upon said frame and oriented laterally thereon so that it is adapted removably to support the drive wheels of a road tractor carried on the top of said frame, said tread-mill mechanism including a roller adapted frictionally to engage the drive wheels of the supported road tractor, whereby selective forward and reverse rotations of the drive wheels of the supported road tractor impart respectively corresponding reverse and forward rotations to said roller, and a drive connection between said roller and said shaft, whereby rotation of said roller in one direction rotates said shaft in said one direction and rotation of said roller in the opposite direction rotates said shaft in said opposite direction.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US3189306 *Jul 2, 1962Jun 15, 1965Pullman IncFifth wheel stand elevating mechanism
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Classifications
U.S. Classification410/60, 410/61, 410/63
International ClassificationB61D3/18, B61D3/00, B61D45/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61D3/184, B61D45/005
European ClassificationB61D3/18B2, B61D45/00B3B