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Publication numberUS3004720 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1961
Filing dateSep 21, 1959
Priority dateSep 24, 1958
Also published asDE1101859B
Publication numberUS 3004720 A, US 3004720A, US-A-3004720, US3004720 A, US3004720A
InventorsKnapp Heinrich, Steinke Leo
Original AssigneeBosch Gmbh Robert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuel injection valve arrangement
US 3004720 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 17, 1961 H, K P ETAL 3,004,720

FUEL INJECTION VALVE ARRANGEMENT Filed Sept. 21, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 F/G. I /3 5 17 I6 Oct. 17, 1961 H. KNAPP ETAL, 3,004,720

FUEL INJECTION VALVE ARRANGEMENT Filed Sept. 21, 1959 lq 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 292 I & 19/

United States Patent 3,004,720 FUEL-INJECTION VALVE ARRANGEMENT Heinrich Knapp and Leo Steinke, Stuttgart, Germany,

assignors to Robert Bosch G.m.b.H., Stuttgart, Germany Filed Sept. 21, 1959, Ser. No. 841,081 Claims priority, application Germany Sept. 24, 1958 13 Claims. (Cl. 239-585) The present invention relates'to a fuel injection valve arrangement, and more particularly to a fuel injection valve including a needle valve means operated by the movable armature of an electromagnetic means.

It is important for the proper operation of a fuel injection valve that the movements of the valve needle to and from the position closing the discharge duct takes very little time, and that the mass of the movable parts is as small as possible. Furthermore, his very desirable that a very tight closure of the discharge duct is obtained by the movable valve means, and that such closure is maintained until the commencement of the following fuel injection, since otherwise the amount of injected fuel varies.

The known valve arrangements do not obtain a reliable closure of the discharge duct by the movable valve means, since the valve means does not fit perfectly on the valve seat, particularly after the valve seats are Worn due to the sharp impacts of the valve means on the valve seat. Furthermore, in the valve arrangements of the prior art, the impact of the valve means on the valve seat is sometimes so sharp that the valve means bounces back and the valve is again opened and closed which results in inaccuracies regarding the injection time, the amount of injected fuel, and fuel consumption.

It is one object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages of the valve arrangements according to the prior art, and to provide a valve arrangement, particularly suited for fuel injection arrangements, in which the valve tightly closes even after extended use.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a valve arrangement in which the valve means cannot bounce back from the valve seat.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a needle valve means capable of tightly closing a valve seat with which it is not exactly aligned.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a valve arrangement in which a needle valve means is dampened by movement of a portion thereof in a chamber containing a liquid, such as liquid fuel.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a fuel injection arrangement including a plurality of injection valves and including means for equalizing the pressure of the liquid fuel in each of the fuel injection valves.

A further object is to provide a light valve means which is operated by a strong magnetic flux.

A still further object is to provide an adjustable and removable armature for electro magnetic means which operate the valve means.

With these objects in view, the present invention mainly consists in a valve arrangement which is advantageously used in a fuel injection system for a combustion engine, and comprises valve body means including a discharge portion formed with a discharge duct; valve means mounted in the valve body means for movement to and from a closing position engaging a valve seat for closing the discharge duct; a movable actuating member, for example a magnetizable armature; a resilient member, preferably consisting of a thermoplastic synthetic material and connecting the actuating member with the valve means for movement therewith; and operating means, such as electromagnetic means, for reciprocating the actuating armature member. Since the resilient member is provided between the armature member and the valve means, the impact of the valve means on the valve seat is cushioned by the resilient member, and furthermore, the resilient member permits a transverse movement of the valve member into a position fully engaging the valve seat for closing the discharge duct.

In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the resilient member is a tubular block connecting a tubular armature member with a needle valve means and consisting of a polyamide, such as nylon.

Preferably, a chamber for the liquid fuel which is controlled by the valve means is provided in the valve body, and the valve means has a portion projecting into the chamber and being dampened by the liquid fuel therein. The damping chamber communicates with a throttling duct through which the liquid fuel is pressed during movement of the needle valve means to the closing position.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a fuel injection arrangement for a combustion engine;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a valve arrangement according to one embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view illustrating a modified valve arrangement according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIG. 1, a six cylinder combustion engine 10 has six spark plugs 1 1, each of which is connected by a cable 12 to a distributor including a rotary contact arm 13 and six stationary contacts 14. A cable 1'5 connects the shaft of the distributor arm 13 with a high voltage generator 17 which produces a spark impulse for each cycle of the combustion engine. Distributor arm 13 is connected by shaft 16 to the crank shaft, not illustrated, of the combustion engine.- Each cylinder of the combustion engine is provided in a known manner with an inlet valve communicating with branch pipes of a common air inlet 20 terminating inan air filter 39.

An injection valve 21 is located in each branch pipe, and such injection valves 21 are either of the type illustrated in FIG. 2, or of the type illustrated in FIG. 3. In both embodiments, an electromagnetic winding 22, and 122, respectively, is provided which has one terminal con nected to mass, and an insulated terminal 26. Terminals 26 are connected through resistors 27 to a common conductive line connected to a transistor 28.

The emitter electrode E of the transistor is connected to a battery 29 whose other terminal is connected to mass. The base electrode B of transistor 28 is connected to an impulse generator 30 which produces electric impulses in rapid succession, as schematically indicated at 31. The impulses render the normally non-conductive transistor 28 conductive, so that it opens permitting current from battery 29 to pass simultaneously through resistors 27, and the electromagnetic windings 22 (122) of all six injection valves 21. Since the valves illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 remain open as long as the electromagnetic windings are energized, the fuel amounts injected into the combustion engine are the greater, the longer the impulses of the impulse generator 30 last.

An electronic control device 32 is provided for varying the length of the impulses in accordance with the fuel requirements of the combustion engine 10. The control device 32, which is not an object of the present invention, includes electrical means which are mechanically connected by linkages 3'3, and 34, respectively, with the crank shaft of the combustion engine 10, and with the 'gas pedal 35 by which the operator controls the combustion engine. The control device 32 includes other .means, not illustrated, for influencing the time periods of the impulses in accordance with the barometric pressure, the temperature of the cooling water of'the combustion engine, and with the air temperature.

Each injection valve 21 is connected by one of the fuel supply tubes 36 to a container 37 for liquid fuel in which the fuel is maintained under substantially constant pressure by a pump 38, driven from the combustion engine as schematically indicated in FIG. 1.

Every time a valve 21 opens, fuel is injected onto the plate of the respective Valve of the combustion engine, and is admixed to'the air entering the respective cylinder and supplied by air inlet'pipe 20.

Referring now to the valve arrangement illustrated in FIG. 2, a fuel injection valve 21 has valve body means 24 in which a needle 'valve means 55 is provided for opening and closing the discharge duct 65 which communicates with one of the cylinders of the combustion engine. The inlet'means 50 is provided with thread, and is adapted to be connected to one of the fuel sup-ply tubes 36. An electromagnetic winding 22 is secured to the valve body, and has one terminal 23 soldered at 25 to the valve body 24, and another terminal 26 insulated by a tubular insulating member from the valve'body and passing out of the valve body to be connected to a resistor 27, as described above.

The tubular stationary core member 51 is partly located in the inlet portion 50, and partly within the winding 22. A spring 51m urges core member 51 against a screw 51b so that the position of core member 51 is determined. A conduit 51c passes through member 51, and an inner flange 51d projects into conduit 51c. Longitudinal slots 89 prevent the development of circumferential currents in the tubular core member 51. The needle valve means 55 has a conical frontend cooperating with a valve-seat on a nozzle member 57 which is held on a threaded portion '60 of the valve body by a threaded member 56. Nozzle member 57 has a flange "58, and a sealing ring 62 is provided between the .threaded -member 56 and flange 58. Flange '58 abuts against a shoulder 59 in the threaded part 60 of the valve'body 24.

Nozzle member "57 has on its front end a conical recess 63 into which discharge duct 65 opens. Discharge duct 65 is as short as possible so that only very little liquid fuel remains in the nozzle at'the closing of the valve by needle valve means 55. A larger bore 68 is connected by conical here with discharge duct '65, and forms a circular'edge with-the flat surface 71 whichis one wall of an annular chamber 70 surrounding-the head of needle valve means 55. A tubulararmature-member 54 is located in the -valve body-24 and is coaxial with the stationary'core-member -1 and with thehollow needle valve means 55. Armature member '54 is provided with slots 90 to prevent the development of circumferential currents. The tubular armature member 54 is fixedly securedto theneedle valVemeansSS by-a resilient member-82which is located between the overlapping portions of members 54 and 55.. Three annular .groovest81 are formed in the outer surface of valve :means .55 and are filled with matching annular ridges of resilient member 80, the annular ridges having projecting parts locatedin several bores 82 which are distributed about the circumference of armature member 54.

In accordance with the present inventiomthe :resilient member 82 consists 'of athermoplastic material,.for example a pol-yamide, and preferably nylon. This material is injection molded to form "asresilientand .sealing connection between :members .54 and 55. The :passage 55a in valve means :55 has atport 7 6 .opening intochamber 70 and communicating atits rear ;end with the conduit 54a inxarmaturemember 514 :and with conduitzS 1cfin-.cor.e

member 51. iConsequently, liquid :fue lzpasses through:

inlet means 50, core member 51, armature member 5'4,

"needle'valve means 5'5 and port 76 into chamber 70 from where it is discharged through discharge duct 65 when valve means 55 is retracted from the illustrated closing position in which it engages valve seat 68. A spring 75 in the core member-51 abuts against the rear end of the valve means, 55 and against the inner shoulder 51d of member .51 to urge armature :member 54 and needle valve means 55 into the closing position.

An annular nut '86 is screwed onto the threaded portion '85 of nozzle member 57 and has a flange 87 whose inner edge surrounds needlevalve means 55. Nut 86, portion and needle valve means 55 form a chamber 87a which is filled with fuel during the operation of the valve. Needle valve means 55 has an outer flange 84 located in chamber 871:. Flange 84 and flange 87 are spaced aselected distance so that the rearward, opening movement of needle valve means 55 is stopped by engagement of the flanges before the rear end of armature member 54 can engage the forward end of core member 51, which :may causethe two members to adhere to each other due to magnetizing.

The above described embodiment of the present invention operates as follows: When transistor 28 supplies to winding 22 a magnetizing current, an electromagnetic field is produced,'and attracts armaturemember54 against the action of spring 75 so that the actuated armature member 54 moves towardthe stationary core 51. The needle valve means 55 is "fixedly connected by the resilient member 82"t0'the movable actuating-member 54, and consequently valve member55 is retracted from valve seat 68 so that the fuel, which is supplied under pressure by 'pump 38, passes through tubes 36, and the conduits formed'by members '51, 54 and '55 into chamber 70 and from there through the discharge duct 65 and the outlet 63. The needle valve means 55 remains in open position, determined by flanges 84' and 87, until the impulse supplied by impulse generator 30 terminates. As soon as the impulse, which has a steep rear flank, ends and transistor 28 becomes non-conductive, the -magnetizing current in theelectromagnetic winding 22 terminates, and actuating armature '54 returns with needle valve means 55 'under the action ofspring 75 to the closing position of the needle valve means '55.

While the stroke of the armature and needle valve means 'is small, nevertheless *there is a tendency of the needle "to bounce back when engaging the valve seat which consists of hardstee'l. This is mainly due to the fact'that the closing movement takes place at very high speed. Such bouncing back would cause an unintended opening of the discharge duct-65 and a second'uncontrolled injection of fuel.

This undesirable effect is prevented by the resilient member82 according-to thepresent-invention which elastically compensates the forces developed when needle valve means 55 is thrown against the valve seat, and bouncing "back *is prevented.

The hand impacts of the valve means 55 on the valve seat atrefurther'dampened by the'liquid in chamber 87a which dampens'the movements of-flange 84, and thereby of needle valve means 55. Parts in the valve shown in F163 which correspond to parts described in detail with reference -'to FIG. 2, are indicated'by the same reference numerals'towhihl'OOis added. For example, the valve body-means isindicated-at 24in FIG. 2, and at 124 in FIG. 3. However, the construction of FIG. 3 has several improvements as compared with-theconstruction of FIG. 2.

.In'the valveillustrated in FIG. 2, the actuating armature member 54 is separated by a gap from the bore in the valve. body means ldyand the movable member 54, 8t), 55 is guided only by a cylindrical surface inportion Siengaging needle valve means 55.

.In theconstruction of FIG. 3, the.movable armature member 15.4.is slidably guided .in-atubular brass sleeve 140 which is mounted in valve body means 124. The needle valve-means 155 is not guided, but passes through a bore 143 in an inward flange 142 of member 140. An annular throttling duct 190 is formed between flange 142 and portion 192 of needle valve means 155, and connects a space 170 in the valve body means 124 with a space 191 formed within member'140 by the armature member 154 and by a ring 152 adjacent the resilient thermoplastic member 180. The valve seat 168 is formed in a ring 144 which is clamped by member 156 against a sealing ring 162 and a shoulder in valve body means 124.

The operation of the valve means illustrated in FIG. '3

corresponds to the operation described with reference to the embodiment of FIG. 2. A rebound of valve means 155 is prevented by the resilient member 180 which is located between the actuating armature 154, and the needle valve means 155. Furthermore, liquid fuel in chambers 1'70 and 191 is displaced during movement of the needle valve means, and forced through the throttling duct 1% whereby the movement of the needle valve means 155 is dampened.

Since only actuating armature member 154 is guided, and needle valve means 155 is not guided, needle valve means 155 can perform a slight transverse movement due to the provision of the resilient member 180. In the event that needle valve means 155 is not exactly aligned with valve seat 168, the conical surface of needle valve means 155 will be slightly displaced upon engaging valve seat 168, and assume a position engaging the entire circumference of valve seat 168 to tightly close the discharge duct 165.

In the embodiment of FIG. 3, the inlet means 150 is threadedly connected to a member 200 with which fuel supply tube 36 is connected. A filter means 149 including a bag 195 consisting of filter material, and an attaching portion 196 is provided in the inlet conduit. Clamping members 147, 148 of a holding member 146 are secured to the filter bag. A resiliently deformable gasfilled container part 145 is tightly fitted into a groove of holding member 146. Part 145 is a bubble-like element consisting of thermoplastic material, which is compressed when the pressure in the inlet means 150 increases. Since elements 145 are provided in all inlet means of the valves 21 illustrated in FIG. 1, they serve as equalizing means for equalizing the pressure in the several valves, and prevent, together with pressure vessel 145, that pressure waves develop in the liquid fuel due to the fact that the fuel supply tubes 36 are of different lengths. The permeable filter means 149 also reduces such pressure waves since the liquid is forced through the filter. It is desirable to prevent pressure waves in the fuel, since such pressure Waves may produce differences between the fuel amount injected by the several valves into the cylinders, although the opening and closing times are exactly the same in all valves.

It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of valve arrangements differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in a fuel injection valve having a valve needle means including a resilient portion, his not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifica-I tions and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will sofully reveal the gist of the present inventionthat others. can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features, that from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.

6 i What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. Valve arrangement comprising, in combination, valve body means including a discharge portion formed with a discharge duct and chamber means including a chamber having a valve seat and communicating withsaid dis-,

charge duct, said valve body means including an inlet means for a liquid, and being spaced from said discharge duct; elongated needle valve meansmounted in said valve body means for movement to and from a closing position engaging said valve seat for closing said discharge duct, said elongated needle valve means being formed with a longitudinal passage terminating in a port opening into said chamber means; a tubular actuating member movably mounted in said valve body means and having an inner conduit connecting said inlet means with said passage; a resilient block member having transverse projec tions connecting said tubular actuating member with said valve means for movement therewith; and operating means for reciprocating said actuating member to move said needle valve means to and from said closing position whereby the impact of said needle valve means on said valve seat is cushioned by said resilient block member.

2. Valve arrangement comprising, in combination, valve body means including a discharge portion formed with a discharge duct and chamber means including a chamber having a valve seat and communicating with said discharge duct, said valve body means including an inlet means for a liquid and being spaced from said discharge duct; elongated needle valve means mounted in said valve body means for movement to and from a closing position engaging said valve seat for closing said discharge duct, said elongated needle valve means being formed with a longitudinal passage terminating in a port opening into said chamber means; a tubular actuating member movably mounted in said valve body means, said actuating member consisting of magnetizable material and having an inner conduit connecting said inlet means with said passage; a resilient block member having transverse projections connecting said tubular actuating member with said valve means for movement therewith; and electromagnetic operating means fixedly secured to said valve body means and at least partly enveloping said actuating member for reciprocating said actuating member to move said needle valve means toand from said closing position whereby the impact of said needle valve means on said valve seat. is cushioned by said resilient block member.

3. Valve arrangement comprising, in combination,

vformed with a longitudinal passage terminating in a port opening into said chamber means; a tubular actuating member movably mounted in said valve body means and having an inner conduit connecting said inlet means with said passage, said tubular actuating member having a portion surrounding a portion of said elongated valve means; a resilient block member located between said portions of said tubular actuating member and of said valve means fixedly connected to and in sealing engage ment with the same, said resilient block member consisting of a thermoplastic synthetic material and having transverse projections connecting said tubular actuating member with said valve means for movement therewith; and operating means for reciprocating said actuating member to move said needle valve means to and from said closing position whereby the impact of said needle valve means 7 on: said valve seat is cushioned by said resilient block member.

1 4; Valve arrangement comprising, in combination, valve body meansincludingadischarge portion formed with-a dischargeduct andchamber means including a chamber havingta valve seat andcommunicating with said discharge duct, said valve body means including an inlet-means for a liquid and being spaced from said discharge duct; elongated needle valve meansmounted in saidvalve body means for movement to and from a closing position engaging said valve seat for closing said discharge duct, said elongated needle valve means being formed with a longitudinal passage terminating in a port opening into said: chamber means, said valve means having a portion located in said chamber means so that movement of said needle valve means'is dampened by liquid insaid chamber means; a tubular actuating member movably' mounted in said valve body means, said actuating member consisting ofrnagnetizable materialand having an inner conduit connecting said inlet means with said passage; a resilient block member having transverse projections connecting said tubular actuating member with said" valve means for movement therewith; and electromagnetic op'eratingm'eans fixedly secured to said valve body means and at least partly enveloping said actuating whereby the impact of'said needle 'valve'rneans on said valve seat'is cushioned by said resilient block member."

5. A valve arrangement as set forth in claim 4, wherein said valve body means is formed with a throttling duct opening into'said chamber means so that liquid 'is forced through said throttling duct during movement of said valve means.

6. Fuel injection arrangementcomprising; in combination, a plurality of fuel supply'tub'es for supplying liquid fuel; and a'plurali-ty of valves, each valve comprising a valve body means including aninlet means, said inlet means being respectively connnected to said fuel supply tubes, each valve body means having chamber means and'inclu-ding a discharge portion formed with a discharge duct'and with a valve seat communicating with'said discharge duct; each valve furthercomprising an equalizing means in said inlet means forequalizing pressure variations of liquid supplied by said fuel supply means into saidinlet means; elongated needle valve means mounted insaid valve body'means' for movement to and from a closing position engaging said valve seat for closing 'said discharge duct, said elongated needle valve means being formed with a longitudinal passage terminating in a port opening into said chamber means; a tubular actuating member movably mounted in said valve body means and h'avinggan inner conduit connecting said inlet means with said passage; a resilient block member havingtransverse projections connecting said tubular actuating member with said valve means for movement therewith; and'operating.

means for reciprocating said'actuating member to move said needle valve means to' and from said closing position whereby the impact of 'saidneedle valve means on said valve seat is cushioned by said resilient block'member.

7. Fuel injection arrangement comprising, in combination, a plurality of fuel supply tubes for supplying liquid fuel; a plurality of valves, each'valve comprising a valve body means including an inlet means, said inlet means; being respectively connected to said-fuel supply tubes,- each valve body means having chamber. means and including a t discharge portion formed'with a discharge duct and with' avalve seat communicating 'withsaid discharge ductyeach valve further comprising a closed deformable container located in said inlet means, andgas-in said container for equalizing pressure variations of liquid supplied by said fuel supply means into said inlet means; elongated needle valve means mounted in saidvalve body means for movement to and from a closingposition engaging saidvalve seat for closing said'discharge duct, elongated needle member for reciprocating said actuating member to move said needle valve'means to and from said closing position and from said closing position whereby the impact of said needle valve means onsaid vmve seat is cushioned by said resilient block member. I

8. A-fuel injection arrangement as set forth in claim 7, and including filter-means located in each of said inlet means of said valve body means.

9. An arrangement as set forth in claim 8, wherein said filter means includes a bag of filter material; wherein said fuel supply means open into the interior of each bag so that liquid fuel passes through said bags into the respective inlet means; wherein'each filter means'is securedto the respective valve body means; and wherein each deformable container is secured to the respective filter bag and supported by the same; j

1-0. Fuel injection arrangement comprising, in combination, a plurality of fuel supply tubes for supplying liquid fuel; and a plurality of valves, each valve comprising a valve'body means including an inlet means, said inlet means being respectively connected to said fuel supply tubes, each valve body means 'having'chamber means and including a discharge-portion formed with a discharge duct and with a valve seat communicating with said discharge duct, and a valve means movable to and from a position engaging said valve seat, eachvalve further comprising a deformable gas-filled and thereby resiliently compressible closed container located in said inlet means for equalizing pressure variations 'of liquid supplied by said fuel supply means into said inlet means.

11. A valve arrangement comprising, in combination, valve body means including a hollow main .body portion having a bore, aninlet portion formed with an inlet bore communicating with and aligned with said bore of said hollow main body portion, and a discharge portion formed with a small chamber and with a discharge duct communicating with the interior of said main body portion and having a valve seat; electromagnetic winding means located in said interior of said hollow valve body portion and including a-wall defining an inner space; an armature member partly located in said innerspace and having a portion located in said bore of said main body portion and in said inlet bore and being slidably mounted in the same, said armature member having an inner passage communicating with said inlet bore, and an oblique surface located in said inlet bore; an adjusting screw means passing through said inlet portion with said inlet bore and engaging said oblique surface for adjusting the position of said armature member; spring means abutting said armature member and said valve body'means for urging said armature member against said screw means; a movable actuating member located in said inner space and forming a gap with said arm'ature'member surrounded by said winding means, said gap being adjustable by adjustment 7 said valve member having a passage communicating with said passages and a duct connecting said last-mentioned passage with said small chamber.

12. A valve arrangement as set forth in claim 11 wherein said armature member is slidably mounted in said bore of said main body portion andin said inlet bore so as to be removable from'said valve body means through said inlet bore when said adjusting screw means is retracted from said inlet bore.

13. A valve arrangement, comprising, in combination, valve body means including a hollow main body portion having a bore, an inlet portion formed with an inlet bore communicating with and aligned with said bore of said hollow main body portion, and a discharge portion formed with a small chamber and with a discharge duct communieating with the interior of said main body portion and having a valve seat; electromagnetic winding means located in said interior of said hollow valve body portion and including a wall defining an inner space; an armature member partly located in said inner space and having a portion located in said bore of said main body portion and in said inlet bore, said armature member having an inner passage communicating with said inlet bore; a movable actuating member located in said inner space and forming a gap with said armature member surrounded by said winding means, said actuating member having a passage connecting said passage with said chamber and discharge duct; and a valve member secured to said actuating member and being movable with the same to and from a closing position engaging said valve means for closing said discharge a duct, said valve member having a passage communicating with said passages and a duct connecting said last-mentioned passage with said small chamber.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3247833 *Dec 2, 1963Apr 26, 1966Ass Eng LtdFuel injection valves
US3251184 *Jun 18, 1963May 17, 1966Marquardt CorpVariable-thrust rocket engine
US3259323 *Mar 23, 1964Jul 5, 1966Paper Converting Machine CoAdhesive-applying apparatus
US3407793 *Apr 17, 1967Oct 29, 1968Bosch Gmbh RobertElectronic controller for diesel engines
US3450353 *Sep 26, 1967Jun 17, 1969Bosch Gmbh RobertElectromagnetically actuated fuel injection valve for internal combustion engines
US3465732 *Oct 19, 1967Sep 9, 1969Physics Int CoPiezoelectric control valve
US3481542 *Feb 23, 1968Dec 2, 1969Sopromi Soc Proc Modern InjectSafety device for electromagnetic fuel-injection spray nozzles for internal combustion engines
US3662987 *Feb 24, 1970May 16, 1972Bosch Gmbh RobertInjector valve
US3669361 *Jul 9, 1970Jun 13, 1972Sopromi Soc Proc Modern InjectElectromagnetic fuel injectors for internal combustion engines
US3678904 *Jul 17, 1970Jul 25, 1972Bosch Gmbh RobertElectrically controlled fuel injection arrangements
US3738578 *Oct 4, 1971Jun 12, 1973Gen Motors CorpPermanent magnet armature valve
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US3942485 *Dec 26, 1973Mar 9, 1976Hitachi, Ltd.Fuel injection apparatus
US3942759 *Sep 24, 1973Mar 9, 1976Robert Bosch GmbhMagnetically-actuated membrane valve
US4027850 *Sep 5, 1975Jun 7, 1977Peter Paul Electronics Co., Inc.Solenoid valve
US4221192 *Jun 26, 1978Sep 9, 1980Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Fuel injector and common rail fuel supply system
US5236173 *Mar 11, 1992Aug 17, 1993Siemens Automotive L.P.Electrically operated valve assembly
US7044400Sep 3, 2002May 16, 2006Siemens Diesel Systems TechnologySolenoid end cap assembly with flat surface
US7407120 *Nov 21, 2003Aug 5, 2008Jack FrenchAdjustable racing injector
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Classifications
U.S. Classification239/585.5, 239/533.3, 251/129.4, 239/590.3, 417/540
International ClassificationF02M51/08, F02D41/30, F02D41/32
Cooperative ClassificationF02D41/32, F02D41/30
European ClassificationF02D41/30, F02D41/32