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Publication numberUS3005171 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1961
Filing dateAug 19, 1960
Priority dateAug 19, 1960
Publication numberUS 3005171 A, US 3005171A, US-A-3005171, US3005171 A, US3005171A
InventorsBeckman Paul
Original AssigneeBeckman Paul
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical resistance type thermometer
US 3005171 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


INVENTOR. Faa/ Beck/rm if ATTORN Y 3,005,171 ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE TYPE THERMOMETER Paul Beckman, Glen Olden, Pa. (944 Henrietta Ave, Huntington Valley, Pa.) Fiied Aug. 19, B60, Ser. No. 59,633 2 Claims. (Cl. 338-28) This invention relates generally to resistance type thermometers and more particularly to a thermometer of micro-miniature size.

It is an object of my invention to provide an improved electrical resistance thermometer whose principles of construction are such that it can be effectively made in a simple and rugged mannepi i micro-miniature size, and, notwithstanding such minute size, will nevertheless record a broad range of temperatures.

It is another object of my invention to provide an improved electrical resistance type thermometer of extremely small size that will accurately produce an electrical resistance change in response to temperature completely independent of strain.

Other objects and advantages will be more apparent to those skilled in the art from the following description of the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a greatly enlarged elevational view of my improved resistance thermometer;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of PEG. 2; and

FIG. 4 illustrates an application, among many possible others, in which my thermometer is inserted in a turbine blade.

As shown in the drawings my invention consists of an elongated body or bulb 1 preferably circular in crosssection and made of high temperature electrical insulation material such, for example, as alpha alumina or beryllia oxide. This bulb is preferably about .033 in diameter and .500" long although both of these dimensions may be smaller. The bulb is provided with two holes 2 and 3 extending lengthwise thereof substantially parallel to the bulb axis. A temperature sensitive electrical resistance element 4 of any usual and well-known material, whose electrical resistance varies with temperature through an adequate temperature range, extends through these holes in a loop formation and has its two ends suitably secured to connections 5 and 6. The reversing end of the filament is sealed by a suitable insulating cap 7 while the lead ends are similarly sealed by an insulating cap 8. Leads 9 of any suitable length extend from the thermometer. The bulb material 1, is preferably beryllia because of its very high thermal conductivity approximating metal aluminum and the temperature sensitive resistance element 4 is preferably .0002 to .001 in diameter, thus showing the extremely minute nature of the electrical element and the miniature size of the bulb itself. The leads 9 are preferably comprised of nickel or platinum tubing normally .007 CD. or smaller and are cold swaged to the electrical resistance element 4.

p The leads are preferably anchored to the resistance bulb by mechanical friction inside the holes after which United States Patent 0" 3,005,171 Patented Oct. 17, 1961 the resistivity of pure alpha alumina or beryllia oxidaplus,

the electrical insulating chacateristics oi air space between the wires and the inside walls of each hole in the bulb, it having been noted that the resistance filament is loosely disposed within the holes 2 and 3 thereby constituting an unbonded filament.

The use of an unbonded loosely disposed filament eliminates errors that are generally introduced into conventional resistance thermometry wherein the standard methods of Winding resistance wires over insulated mandrels introduces a strain error on temperature readout because of the high strain gage factor of these materials being tightly wound on the mandrel. Consequently such wires feel the thermal coeflicient of expansionof the mandrel plus the resistance change due to stress relieving of the wire under tension.

Thus it is seen that my invention provides a construction that not only allows the thermometer to be made in extremely small sizes in the form of a bulb but also eliminates the introduction of errors by thermal effects or a change in resistance due to thermal expansion of the structure for supporting the filament.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes in details of construction and arrangement of parts may be made by thoseskilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An electrical resistance type thermometer having an elongated bulb of insulating material provided with a pair of substantially parallel holes extending continuously throughout the length of the bulb, a lead at one end of one of said holes and another lead at the corresponding end of theother of said holes, and a temperature sensitive element of electrical conducting material extending through one of said holes in spaced relation to the wall thereof and reversely crossing over the end of the bulb and back through the other of said holes in spaced relation to the wall thereof, the ends of the filament being connected to the leads at one end of the bulb. I

2. The combination set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that an insulation cap of ceramic material'embeds the cross-over portion of the filament and seals the ends of the passages adjacent to said cross-over thereby to anchor the cross-over portion of the filament.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N09 3 OO5 l7l October 17; 1961 Paul Beekman It is hereby certified that err ent requiring correction and that th corrected below.

or appears in the above numbered pate said Letters Patent should read as In the grant lines 1 to 5 for "Paul Heekman of Glen Olden Pennsylvania read Paul Beekman of Huntington Valley Pennsylvania line l2 for Paul Heckman his heirs" read Paul Beckma n his heirs in the heading to the printed specificstion lines 4 and S for "Paul Beckman Glen Olden Pa. (944 Henrietta Aveo V Huntington Valley Pao) read Paul Beckman 944 Henrietta Aves 9 Huntington Valley Pa,

Signed and sealed this 17th day of April 1962;,

( SEAL) Attest:

ESTON e, JOHNSON DAVID L. LADD Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE F l Patent No S OOS 171 October 17 1961 Paul Beckman It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

In the grant lines 1 to 3 for "Paul Heekman of Glen Olden Pennsylvania read Paul Beckman of Huntington Valley Pennsylvania line 1.2 for "Paul Heckmen his heirs read Paul Beekmam his heirs in the heading to the printed epecificatjion lines 4 and 5 for Paul Beckman Glen Olden Pa (944 Henrietta Ave, 9 Huntington Valley Pas) read Paul Beckman 944 Henrietta Avee V Huntington. Willey Pan Signed and sealed this 17th day of April 1962;

(SEAL) Attest:

ESTON e, JOHNSON DAVID L. LADD Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US834162 *Jun 16, 1906Oct 23, 1906Leeds & Northrup CoElectrical-resistance pyrometry.
US2579271 *Dec 3, 1948Dec 18, 1951Bendix Aviat CorpTemperature probe
US2721480 *Jun 22, 1950Oct 25, 1955Weston Electrical Instr CorpTemperature measuring apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3237139 *Sep 5, 1962Feb 22, 1966Rosemount Eng Co LtdHollow temperature sensor
US3286214 *Feb 3, 1964Nov 15, 1966DegussaMeasuring resistance
US3296572 *Oct 18, 1962Jan 3, 1967Rosemount Eng Co LtdStandard thermometer
US3314037 *Feb 25, 1964Apr 11, 1967Eldon Ind IncHeating element
US3427432 *Jun 10, 1966Feb 11, 1969Granville Phillips CoSublimation device
US3540284 *Oct 30, 1968Nov 17, 1970Us NavyElectrically insulated thermo-sensing unit
US3955420 *Aug 12, 1974May 11, 1976Rpr, Inc.Compact tubular temperature measuring device
US4085398 *Jun 9, 1977Apr 18, 1978Atomic Energy Of Canada LimitedThin film resistance temperature detector
US4186368 *May 30, 1978Jan 29, 1980Tektronix, Inc.Wide range, quick response temperature probe sensor
US4276536 *Sep 4, 1979Jun 30, 1981Scully Electronic Systems, Inc.Self-heating thermistor probe for low temperature applications
US4516106 *Mar 8, 1984May 7, 1985Robert Bosch GmbhTemperature sensing module
US4994780 *May 2, 1988Feb 19, 1991Fluid Components, Inc.Heated extended resistance temperature sensor, apparatus for sensing and method of making same
US5117216 *Jun 25, 1990May 26, 1992Fluid Components, Inc.Distributed RTD
US5134772 *Jun 15, 1989Aug 4, 1992Fluid Components, Inc.Method of making a U-shaped heated extended resistance temperature sensor
US5152049 *Apr 19, 1990Oct 6, 1992Fluid Components, Inc.Method of making a heated extended resistance temperature sensor
US5167153 *Jun 25, 1990Dec 1, 1992Fluid Components, Inc.Method of measuring physical phenomena using a distributed RTD
US5201223 *Aug 19, 1992Apr 13, 1993Fluid Components, Inc.Method of sensing fluid flow and level employing a heated extended resistance temperature sensor
US5438866 *Aug 22, 1994Aug 8, 1995Fluid Components, Inc.Method of making average mass flow velocity measurements employing a heated extended resistance temperature sensor
US5462359 *Oct 21, 1993Oct 31, 1995Robert Bosch GmbhTemperature probe
U.S. Classification338/28, 374/115
International ClassificationG01K7/18
Cooperative ClassificationG01K7/18
European ClassificationG01K7/18