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Publication numberUS3006110 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 31, 1961
Filing dateFeb 14, 1957
Priority dateMar 16, 1956
Publication numberUS 3006110 A, US 3006110A, US-A-3006110, US3006110 A, US3006110A
InventorsHeinz Gassner, Willy Neff
Original AssigneeRheinische Gummi & Celluloid
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Eyelid device for a doll
US 3006110 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 31, 1961 w. NEFF ET'AL 3,006,110

EYELID DEVICE FOR A DOLL Filed Feb. 14, 1957 atet 3,%6,ll Fatented Get. 31, 1961 3,006,110 EYELID DEVECE FOR A DOLL Willy Naif, Oftersheim, Baden, and Heinz Gassner,

Mannheim-Neuostheim, Germany, assignors to Rlreinische Gummiand Celluloid-Fabrik, Mannheim-Necktirau, Germany Filed Feb. 14, 1957, Ser. No. 640,097 Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 16, 1%6

Claims. (Cl. 46-156) The present invention relates to an eyelid device for a doll or the like, and more particularly to an eyelid device in which the lid is movable to cover or close the eye.

In the prior art, dolls were made with closing eyes; however, in such dolls, closing of the eyes was due to turning of the eyeball so that a flesh painted portion would show to simulate a closed eye. Such dolls were not lifelike and because the eyes were movable, children usually pushed the eyes from the sockets into the head so that the toy was no longer serviceable.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an eyelid device for a doll or similar articles which avoids the disadvantages inherent in the construction of dolls according to the prior art.

It is another object of the invention to provide an eyelid device which closely simulates the natural eye by closing over the eyeball.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a lid device which is simple and inexpensive.

It is still another object of the invention to provide an eyelid device which is easily assembly into the face portion of a doll or similar item.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide an eyelid device which is sturdy and long-wearing even when made from less costly materials.

It is still another object of the invention to provide a doll having a pair of eyelid devices which are movable independently of each other.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a unitary eyeball and movable eyelid device which can be easily mounted on the doll face.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a unitary eyeball and movable eyelid device which can be manufactured as a unit separately of the doll and can be fitted and mounted on a doll face with a minimum of assembly operations.

With the above objects in view the present invention mainly consists in an eyelid device for use with a doll face comprising a lid member adapted to simulate an eyelid, a weight member connected with said eyelid member, and means securing and mounting said members on a doll face in such a manner that the eyeball and the lid member are movable relative to each other.

According to the present invention the eyeball member and the weight member are pivotally connected to each other before being mounted on a recessed eyesocket of the doll face.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of a specific embodiment when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side view partly in section of a doll face according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side view partly in section of an eyelid device according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side view partly in section of a doll face and eyelid device according to the present invention showing the eye open;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side view partly in section of a doll face and eyelid device as shown in FIG. 3 but showing the eye closed; and

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary front view of a doll face according to the present invention.

In the present invention, a recessed eyesocket portion is provided for the doll face member 1. The eyesocket portion, as can be seen particularly in FIGS. 1 and 5, includes an arcuate first wall portion 16a, extending transversely inwardly from forehead portion 1a of the face member 1 which is spaced a selected distance from the cheekbone portion 1b of the face member 1.

The eyesocket portion also includes a second wall por tion 16b, inclined to and extending outwardly from the portion 16a, and a third wall portion 16c extending inwardly from the portion 16b and being generally parallel to the forehead portion 1a.

An elongated cutout 19 is formed in the portions 16b and and a pair of openings 27 are formed in the portion Me on either side of the cutout 19.

The eyelid device, as can be seen in FIG. 2, has an arcuate eyelid portion 17 at one end, a projecting or mounting portion 25 adjacent the portion 17, a weighting portion 18 at the other end, and eyelashes 20 connected to the eyelid portion 17.

The eyeball member 21 has a straight back portion as shown in FIG. 2. A backing plate member 2'2 having a projecting or mounting portion 24 and a pair of pins 26 on one face, and prongs 23 on the other face at the upper rim thereof, is connected to the back of the eyeball member 21, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. The connection may be maintained by means of an adhesive substance. The prongs 23 engage the upper rim of the eyeball member 21 to position it securely against the backing plate member 22. Prong means may be sufficient to maintain the eyeball 21 in place since the lower rim of the latter, as shown in FIG. 8, sits in the recess between the socket portion 16c and the cheekbone portion 1b.

The backing plate member 22 and the eyelid device are pivotally connected to each other by the projecting or mounting portions '24 and 25 respectively. Pin means are fitted into bores 24a and 25a respectively of the projecting portions 24 and 25 to maintain the pivotal connection. The projecting portion 24 may advantageously be formed as a pair of projections which would be located on either side of the projecting portion 25.

When the backing plate member 22 with the eyeball member 21 connected thereto is positioned with the projecting portion 24 pivotally connected to the projecting portion 25, the pins 26 enter the openings "27 in the wall portion 16c and fixedly mount the plate member 22 with respect to the wall portion 160, as is shown in FIGS. 3 and 4.

The eyeball member 21, the backing plate member 23 and the eyelid device can be pre-assembled into a unitary structure which is then set into the cutout 19 of the eyesocket so that the eyelid portion 17 is outwardly of the eyesocket and the weighting portion 18 is inwardly thereof.

The eyelid portion 17, in one position, is wholly within the recess of the eyesocket, leaving the eyeball member 21 completely uncovered, as in FIG. 3.

In another position, the eyelid portion 17 moves forward of the eyesocket and is completely in the space between the forehead portion la and the cheekbone portion 11) to cover the eyeball member 21 completely, as shown in FIG. 4.

The forehead portion 1a and the cheekbone portion 1b are spaced apart a selected distance and the eyelid portion 17 is of a length greater than this distance so that when the doll is in a horizontal position the lid 17 covers eyeball member 21 completely.

It is also of advantage to have the selected distance interrelated with the length of the wall portion 16a and the eyelid portion 17.

The arcuate configuration of the wall portion 16a of the eyesocket is advantageously related to that of the eyelid portion 17 so that the latter is completely with drawn as shown in PEG. 3 while the eyeball member 21 is uncovered in upright position of the doll.

The length and width of the cutout 19 where it extends through the Wall portion 16b of the eyesocket is chosen so that free and smooth pivotal movement of the eyelid device is possible to and from successive positions.

Similarly, the dimensions of the cutout 19 where it extends through the wall portion 160 of the eyesocket are chosen to permit substantial support of the backing plate member 22 and the eyelid device for pivotal movement of the latter with respect to the former, and to achieve proper counterbalancing effect of the weighting portion 18 in the various positions of the doll.

The portion 1% of the eyesocket portion, adjacent the cutout 19, serves as stop means for the eyelid device in the extreme positions thereof.

It will be understood that each of the elements described above, or two or more together, may also find a useful application in other types of toys differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in an eyelid device for use with a doll face, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made without departing in any way from the spirit of the present invention.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features which, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In a doll, in combination, a doll face having a forehead portion and an eyesocket portion, said eyesocket portion having a first wall portion extending transversely inwardly from said forehead portion, a second wall portion inclined to said first and extending outwardly therefrom, a third wall portion substantially normal to said first and extending inwardly from said second, said second and third wall portions being formed with a cutout substantially transverse to said first wall portion and said third wall portion being formed with a pair of openings one at either side of said cutout; an eyeball member located in said socket portion and having a projecting portion projecting inwardly into said cutout and a pair of pins engaged respectively in said openings and fixing said eyeball to said socket portion; an eyelid device having an eyelid portion, a projecting intermediate portion and an elongated weighting portion, said eyelid device having the projecting portion thereof pivotally connected to the projecting portion of said eyeball member inwardly of said eyesocket portion and having the eyelid portion located outwardly of said eyesocket portion and said weighting portion located inwardly of said eyesocket portion whereby said weighting portion counterbalances said eyelid portion so that said eyelid portion assumes a plurality of successive positions relative said eyeball member for covering and uncovering said eyeball member when said doll face is turned about a horizontal axis, said intermediate portion and said elongated weighting portion of said eyelid device having a thickness smaller than the width of said cutout so that said portions may pass through said cutout during the insertion of the eyeball and eyelid in the eyesocket,

2. In a doll, in combination, a doll face having a forehead portion and an eyesocket portion, said eyesocket portion having a first wall portion extending transversely inwardly from said forehead portion, a second wall portion inclined to said first and extending outwardly therefrom, a third wall portion substantially normal to said first and extending inwardly from said second, said second and third wall portions being formed with a cutout substantially transverse to said first wall portion and said third wall portion being formed with a pair of openings one at either side of said cutout; an eyeball member; a backing plate member fixed to said eyeball member, said plate member being located in said eyesocket portion and having a projecting portion projecting inwardly into said cutout and a pair of pins engaged respectively in said openings and fixing said plate member to said socket portion; an eyelid device having an eyelid portion, a projecting intermediate portion and an elongated weighting portion, said eyelid device having the projecting portion thereof pivotally connected to the projecting portion of said plate member inwardly of said eyesocket portion, and having the eyelid portion located outwardly of said eyesocket portion and said weighting portion located inwardly of said eyesocket portion whereby said weighting portion countcrbalances said eyelid portion so that said eyelid portion assumes a plurality of successive positions relative said eyeball member for completely covering and completely uncovering said eyeball member when said doll face is turned about a horizontal axis, said intermediate portion and said elongated weighting portion of said eyelid device having a thickness smaller than the width of said cutout so that said portions may pass through said cutout during the insertion of the eyeball and eyelid in the eyesocket.

3. In a. doll, in combination, a doll face having a forehead portion and an eyesocket portion, said eyesocket portion having a first Wall portion extending transversely inwardly from said forehead portion, a second wall portion inclined to said first and extending outwardly therefrom, a. third wall portion substantially normal to said first and extending inwardly from said second, said second and third wall portions being formed with a cutout substantially transverse to said first wall portion and said third wall portion being formed with a pair of openings one at either side of said cutout; an eyeball member; a backing plate member fixed to said eyeball member, said plate member being located in said eyesocket portion and having a projecting portion projecting inwardly into sa d cutout and a pair of pins engaged respectively in said openings and fixing said plate member to said socket por tion, said backing plate member including prong means at least at said edge thereof spaced from said pair of pins for engaging said eyeball member to position the latter with respect to said backing plate member; an eyelid device having an eyelid portion, a projecting intermediate portion and an elongated weighting portion, said eyelid device having the projecting portion thereof p1votal- 1y connected to the projecting portion of said plate member inwardly of said eyesocket portion, and having the eyelid portion located outwardly of said eyesocket portion and said weighting portion located inwardly of said eye socket portion whereby said weighting portion counterbalances said eyelid portion so that said eyelid portion assumes a plurality of successive positions relative said eyeball member for completely covering and completely uncovering said eyeball member when said doll face is turned about a horizontal axis, said intermediate portion and said elongated weighting portion of said eyelid device having a thickness smaller than the width. of said cutout so that said portions may pass through. said cutout during the insertion of the eyeball and eyelid in the eyesocket.

4. In a doll, in combination, a doll face having a fore head portion and an eyesocket portion, said eyesocketportion having a first wall portion of arcuate configuration extending transversely inwardly from said forehead portion, a second Wall portion inclined to said first and extending outwardly therefrom, a third Wall portion substantially normal to said first and extending inwardly from said second, said second and third Wall portions being formed with a cutout substantially transverse to said first wall portion and said third wall portion being formed with a pair of openings one at either side of said cutout; an eyeball member; a backing plate member adhesively fixed to said eyeball member, said plate member being located in said eyesocket portion and having a projecting portion projecting inwardly into said cutout and a pair of pins engaged respectively in said openings and fixing said plate member to said third wall portion of said socket portion, said backing plate member including prong means at least at said edge thereof spaced from said pair of pins for engaging said eyeball member to position the latter with respect to said backing plate member; an eyelid device having an eyelid portion of arcuate configuration corresponding to that of said first wall portion of said eyesocket portion, a projecting intermediate portion and an elongated Weighting portion, said eyelid device having the projecting portion thereof pivotally connected to the projecting portion of said plate member inwardly of said eyesocket portion, and having the eyelid portion located outwardly of said eyesocket portion and said Weighting portion located inwardly of said eyesocket portion whereby said weighting portion counterbalances said eyelid portion so that said eyelid portion assumes a plurality of successive positions relative said eyeball member for completely covering and completely uncovering said eyeball member when said doll face is turned about a horizontal axis, said intermediate portion and said elongated weighting portion of said eyelid device having a thickness smaller than the width of said cutout so that said portions may pass through said cutout during the insertion of the eyeball and eyelid in the eyesocket.

5. In combination with a hollow dolls head having a front face, a pair of eyesockets formed in said front face and having each a rear Wall spaced from said front face, each of said rear walls being formed with a slot extending in longitudinal direction of the head through said rear wall; a pair of eyeballs respectively located in said sockets and having each a front surface spaced from said rear wall and a rear surface facing said rear wall; a pair of lid members extending respectively in transverse direction of said eyeballs and being movable between an open position in which said lid members are located above said front surfaces of said eyeballs and a closed position in which said lid members are located in front of said front surfaces of said eyeballs, respectively; a pair of elongated weight means projecting substantially normal to said lid members from the rear edges thereof, said Weight means having a thickness smaller than the Width of said slots and eXtending substantially in a plane of symmetry of said lid members, respectively, and having each intermediate the ends thereof a pivoting portion adjacent said rear faces of said eyeballs, respectively; and combined supporting and pivoting means connected to said pivoting portion of said weight means and supporting said Weight means turnably about an axis normal to said plane of symmetry, said combined supporting and pivoting means including bearing means fastened to said rear wall and said eyeballs and having each a portion projecting through said slots, respectively, and pivoting means connecting said pivoting portion of said elongated weight means to said projecting portions of said bearing means, respectively, so that when said dolls head is turned about an axis parallel to said turning axis said lid members will move between said open and closed positions thereof to uncover and cover said front surfaces of said eyeballs, respectively, and whereby said combined supporting and pivoting means may be assembled with said weight means and said eyeballs before inserting said weight means through said slots in said rear walls of said eyesockets.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,408,794 Aronson Mar. 7, 1922 2,115,169 Hutnikow Apr. 26, 1938 2,696,064 Wolfe et al. Dec. 7, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 626,901 Great Britain July 22, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1408794 *Feb 11, 1920Mar 7, 1922Aronson Louis VMechanical eye
US2115169 *Jul 26, 1934Apr 26, 1938Karl Ohlbaum & Son IncDoll's head and eyes therefor
US2696064 *May 3, 1951Dec 7, 1954Margon CorpEye assembly for use in dolls' heads
GB626901A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3086318 *Nov 22, 1961Apr 23, 1963Dollac CorpDoll eye having movable lid
US5782669 *Sep 27, 1996Jul 21, 1998Trendmasters, Inc.Eye assembly for a stuffed toy or the like
US7744442Jun 7, 2007Jun 29, 2010Mattel, Inc.Dolls with alterable facial features
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/342
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40
European ClassificationA63H3/40