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Publication numberUS3007358 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 7, 1961
Filing dateAug 13, 1959
Priority dateAug 13, 1959
Publication numberUS 3007358 A, US 3007358A, US-A-3007358, US3007358 A, US3007358A
InventorsVogl Alexander J, Vogl Hugh W
Original AssigneeWilton Tool Mfg Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Universal turret vises
US 3007358 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 7, 1961 A. J. voGl. ETAL UNIVERSAL TURRET VISES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 13, 1959 l IHN /fv vE/v Tons 0g Z W 'W09 Z ZA Tron/vn c/Z Zxan deftly Nov. 7, 1961 A. J. vocal. ETAL UNIVERSAL TURRET vxsEs 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 13, 1959 /NVE/vro S Z O #fag/7. w09 Z BY United States Patent 3,007,358 UNIVERSAL TURRET VISES Alexander J. Vogl, Glenview, Ill., and Hugh W. Vogl,

Delray Beach, Fla., assignors to Wilton Tool Manufacturing Co., Inc., Schiller Park, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Filed Aug. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 833,435 4 Claims. (Cl. 269-78) Our invention is directed to novel bench tools and more particularly to a novel swivel bench vise having two separate pairs of jaws, each pair of said jaws being of different size, and having novel means for selectively positioning said jaws in desired varying directions and positions, and having deep set openings providing means for holding anvils and other tools in usable position.

It is an important object of our invention to provide a rotatable quick acting screw-operated bench vise having a rotatable quick acting and/or screw operated body and having two tiltable spaced apart stationary jaws extending in opposite directions and having a screw-movable mounting sleeve and body, and two oppositely directed movable jaws, said movable jaws and said stationary jaws being of diierent size and shape; and having manual means for selectively positioning and holding said body and said movable jaw mounting means in any one of several positions relative to the supporting means of the vise.

It is a further object of our invention to provide a quick acting multi-purpose turret vise having the novel features recited in the foregoing paragraph and in which the movable portion of the vise also has a projecting anvil which has anvil holes or bores therein to facilitate the mounting of pins, cutters, anvils and other metal working tools and which has a quick-acting slidable screw cooperating With a movable and rockable nut having external cam faces, said nut having partial internal threads, and having spring means thereon to transmit rotative motion from said screw to said nut, and to cause rocking and shifting movement of said nut into meshing engagement with said screw or out of said meshing engagement to. permit manually actuated longitudinal sliding movement of said screw to thereby quickly set the movable jaws into desired positions and thereby reduce the amount of rotation of said screw necessary to secure and clamp work articles.

It is a further important object of our invention to provide a multi-purpose vise having at least two stationary jaws and two cooperating movable jaws, and releasable means for tilting and rotating said vise to thereby'position either set of jaws in the desired direction to facilitate performance of either woodworking or metal working operations, and certain of which jaws include a metal holding socket and means for selectively positioning the same, said metal holding socket being adapted to releasably hold either metal forming anvils or metal forming and cutting tools, and which has novel means for selectively quickly sliding the screw and movable jaw longitudinally and which means includes a rockable nut having partial internal threads' and external cam faces whereby rotation of the screw in one direction will engage said threads'and rotation of said screw in the opposite direction will disengage said threads and permit sliding movement and quick positioningof said screw and the movable jaws. l

A further object of our invention is the provision of a multi-purpose vise adapted for metal working, woodworking, or for holding a pipe or round objects and having the structural features recited in the foregoing paragraph and which includes a rockable nut having partial intern-al threads and exterior camfaces and yspring means on said nut to transmit rotative motion from said screw to said ICC nut, said screw and the movable jaws being selectively quickly longitudinally slidable.

On the drawings:

FIG. l is a partial cross sectional view on a vertical plane, with parts broken away, of our novel adjustable multi-purpose vise, and illustrating its normal attachment to a bench.

FIG. 2 is a front elevational View thereof.

FIG. 3 is a top plan View of our novel vise, illustrating a portion thereof in dotted lines in its normal position below the edge portion of a bench.

FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view taken on a vertical plane indicated by line 4-4 of FIG. l.

FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of our vise, with parts broken away, illustrating it in inverted position and with the shorter jaws extending upwardly, and illustrating one of the recesses in the shorter jaw for reception of individual forming tools.

FIG. 6 is a top plan view, with parts broken away, illustrating our novel vise with the relatively short and wider jaws extending upwardly.

FIG. 7 is an enlarged perspective view of two typical metal forming tools which are adapted to be removable, seated in the recesses of the shorter jaw.

FIG. 8 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken on line 8-8 of FIG. 8 and illustrating the automatically adjustable cam-bearing nut in which the threaded spindle is mounted and which nut is threadingly engaged only upon certain movements.

FIG. 9 is an enlarged cross sectional view of the clamping device with the rotatable body mounting sleeve, and with the adjustable screw-engaging nut in a non-engaging position permitting the screw to slide through said nut.

As shown on the drawings:

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 4, numeral 10 designates a passaged body :having an integral hub portion 11, there being an upper and a lower horizontal passage extending through the same. The exterior of the hub portion 11 is defined by an annular bearing face.

Numeral 12 designates an annular metal clamp having passaged mounting ears 13 extending in opposite directions. Said mounting ears are adapted to be secured to the under face of bench or table 14 by threaded lag screws 15'.

The normally lower portion of the curved arms of the clamp 12 terminate in apertured extensions 16, and in said apertures is mounted a'bolt 17 on which is threaded a rotatable arm 18, as shown in FIG. 4.

A radially extending lug 19 is formed integral with the exterior of the clamp 12 and extends horizontally, and second integral lug 20 is formed on the opposite side of clamp 12 and extends transversely as shown at the left of FIG. 4.

Formed integral with the rotatable body 10 is a relatively long radially extending jaw 21, Whose upper end is recessed and which has secured thereon a suitable gripping block 22.

Formed integral with the body 10 and extending diametrically opposite to the elongated jaw 21 is a relatively shorter and relatively wide jaw 23 which has secured thereon a suitable gripping block 24. Said jaw 23 is relatively wide as illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4, 5, and 6, with a substantial end portion of said jaw extending transversely substantially beyond the body of the vise.

The retractable and movable jaw means comprise a passaged' jaw member 25, having a relatively long radially extending jaw 26 integral therewith, and which has mounted thereon a suitable gripping block 26a which c0- Operates with gripping block 22. l

Formed integral with jaw member 2S is a relatively shorter and relatively wide jaw 27 which extends diametrically to jaw 26. A gripping block is secured on the end of jaw 27.

Jaw member 25 has a bore in which is mounted by means of a pin a slidable and rotatable shaft 29. Shaft 29 is slidable in the lower passage of body and also in the apertured back plate 30 which is suitably secured on the rear annular end of the clamp 12, as shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 5. Said shaft acts to guide the respective jaws in their separating and retracting movement.

The hub portion 11 of body 10 has a relatively large recess 31, which recess is rounded in its lower portion as illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9, and partially defined by shoulders 32 on opposite sides thereof, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9.

Workably and rockably mounted in recess 31 is an elongated oating nut 33 which has radially projecting teeth 34 and which has exterior cam faces 33a adjacent said teeth. Said nut 33 has a plurality of internal partial or half threads 35 on one side of its longitudinal passage. Said nut has a radial passage in which is mounted a movable plug 36 which is normally pressed inwardly by a metal leaf spring 37, the one end of said spring being secured by a pin to one end portion of said nut, as illustrated in FIG. 1.

Reference numeral 38 designates an elongated threaded spindle or screw which has its forward portion reduced and journalled in the transverse passage of the movable hub member 25, and said reduced portion has secured thereon a transversely passaged head 39 by means of a suitable rivet. A slidable handle 40 is slidably mounted in the passage of head 39, as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6.

Said screw 38 is journalled and also slidable in the longitudinal passage of the body 10 and extends through the passage of the nut 33, and through an aperture in the back plate 30, as illustrated in FIG. 1.

When the screw 38 is rotated clockwise, the rotative motion, by means of friction, is transmitted to the spring pressed plug 36 to thereby cause the rockable nut 33 to move clockwise until the right hand tooth 34 strikes the shoulder 32, this causing the said nut to irst slide transversely (to the left in FIG. 8) to cause meshing engagement between the partial threads 35 and the threads of said screw. The continued clockwise rotation of said screw will cause a closing movement of the two outer movable jaws to thereby engage whatever work pieces or articles are being gripped.

When it is desired to release the article being gripped, left hand, or counter clockwise rotation of the screw is effected, which causes the nut 33 to rock a short distance in counter clockwise movement to a position such as i1lustrated in FIG. 9, this causing the said nut 33 to shift to the right due to the engagement of cam face 33a to cause disengagement between the partial internal threads of said nut and the .threads of said screw. As the transverse diameter of the passage through the nut 33 is greater than the diameter of the screw 38, said screw 38 may be quickly and easily slid longitudinally and at the same time the movable jaws will open and move outwardly, or will move in wardly according to the direction of said movement.

When a new article or Work piece is to be clamped, the operator will longitudinally slide the screw 38 inwardly until the selected particular jaw engages the work piece, and thereupon the operator will begin clockwise rotation of the said screw by operation of handle 40 to cause the nut 33 to shift transversely to the position illustrated in FIG. 8, in which there is a meshing engagement between the partial threads of said nut 33 and the threads of screw 38.

The relatively longer jaws 21 and 26 have inwardly opening toothed recessesV 42` which oppose each other, as illustrated in FIG. 1, and which are adapted for gripping and holding pipe or other round objects.

When the vise is releasably positioned in the position illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 with the relatively long radially extending jaws upward, said jaws are adapted to bc used for numerous holding and gripping uses of relatively large objects in various shop uses, and where it is advantageous that the work pieces be held substantially above the work bench.

In the varying positions of the vise, there are many uses, especially in woodworking where it is desirable to grip and hold a relatively long object in vertical position, and which object extends substantially below the Work bench and some times to the floor. Such relatively long or vertical objects may be quickly and easily gripped and held by the transversely projecting portions of the relatively wider jaws 23 and 27, so that the upper portion of such gripped objects will extend above the work bench.

Referring to FIGS. 1, 2, 5, and 6, reference numeral 43 designates an integral extension of the movable jaw member 25 which is slightly shorter than the movable jaw Z7.

Numeral 44 designates a relative deep bore or recess formed in the movable jaw 27 and partially defined by the extension 43. Said recess is adapted to receive any one of a plurality of shank-bearing anvil or metal forming tools 45, one of which is illustrated at the left of FIG. 7.

The Wall defining said bore, well, or recess 44 preferably has a small leaf spring 46 secured by a pin therein, as illustrated in FIG. 5. Said spring 46 is adapted to normally press against the side of the shank of a metal forming -tool to hold same in proper position during the impacts and stresses imparted to the anvil or metal forming tool, one of which is illustrated in FIG. 7.

A second substantially rectangular well or recess 48 is formed in the relatively wider movable jaw 27, as illustrated in FIG. 6, in which various shank-bearing metal forming anvils or tools 45 and 49, as illustrated in FIG. 7, may be mounted.

It will be understood that the operator may selectively position said vise in the desired position by loosening of the arm 18 and rotating the vise to position the desired jaws in either upward or diagonally extending directions, and then retightening the clamping arm 18 which tightens the clamp about the angular bearing face of the body 10 to hold said vise in the desired position. As shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 4, and 6 the relatively wide jaw 27 has a projecting lug or stud 50 formed integral with its corner portion. When the vise is rotated with the longer jaws upward, the lug 50 engages lug 19 to act as a stop `and to limit the rotative movement of the vise to 18() degrees. When the vise is rotated to position the shorter and wider jaws upwardly, the lug 50 acts as a stop to limit the rotative movement to degrees and it is engaged lby -lug 20 on the clamp, as illustrated in FIG. 6.

By similar releasing and reclamping movement, the vise may be inverted to the opposite position, such as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6 to meet the requirements of the particular work being performed, and to present a rigid holding means for insertable individual anvils or metal forming tools, such as illustrated in FIG. 7.

While the foregoing specification sets forth the invention in specific terms, it is to be understood that numerous changes in the shape, size and materials may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter and it is contemplated that various changes may `be made in the embodiment of the invention herein specifically described without departing from or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention or any features thereof, and nothing herein shall be construed as limitations upon the invention, its concept or structural embodiment as to the whole or any part thereof except as defined in the appended claims.

We claim:

l. In a quick acting, adjustable multi-purpose turret vise; an elongated passaged body having an integral bearing sleeve; manually adjustable stationary means for releasably holding said body in desired position; a guide shaft extending in said body; a pair of oppositely extending jaws integral with said body, said body and said jaws being rotatable to selectively position said jaws; said body having a transversely extending recess partially deined by two sp-aced apart upwardly facing shoulders; a rockable passaged nut having arcuate cam faces and having a pair of diametrically opposite radially extending teeth, one of said teeth being adapted to engage one of said shoulders to canse shifting of said nut; said nut having partial internal threads; a passaged movable jaw member having oppositely extending integral jaws thereon; a manual screw extending through said movable jaw member and through said rockab-le nut; the passage of said nut being of greater diameter than said screw; the rotation of said screw in one direction being adapted to mesh said screw with the partial threads of said nut; the opposite rotation of said screw being adapted to transversely shift said nut to disengage said screw; said disengagement of said nut with said screw providing for longitudinal sliding movement of said screw Iand of s-aid movable jaws.

2. In combination, an adjustable turret vise as recited in claim 1 and having a movable plug mounted in said nut `and spring means connected to said nut and adapted to press said plug to move said nut into meshing engagement with said screw.

3. In a vise, a passaged body having integral radial jaws and an internal enlarged recess; a pair of passaged oppositely extending movable jaws; a screw extending through said movable jaws and through said body; said recess having `a rounded face land an inwardly projecting shoulder; a cam faced nut movable in said recess and having partial internal threads; a radial tooth on said nut; said cam face of said nut engaging said rounded face of said recess; a movable plug on said nut; a spring on said nut and normally pressing said plug inwardly; the rotation of said screw in one direction being adapted to rock said nut to engage said tooth with said shoulder to shift said nut transversely into meshing engagement with said screw; the rotation of said screw in the opposite direction being adapted to rock and shift said nut out of meshing engagement with said screw.

4. In an adjustable turret vise having a longitudinally passaged body, said body having an enlarged inwardly opening recess therein, said vise having a plurality of radially extending stationary jaws and having radially extending movab-le jaws and having Va screw journalled on said movable jaws; said body having inwardly facing shoulders partially defining said recess; a rockable nut movable in said recess and having a cam face and having a radially extending tooth, said tooth being adapted to engage one of said shoulders to cause said nut to shift and to engage its internal threads with said screw; the rotation of said screw in the opposite direction being adapted to cause said caml face to engage said recess to shift said nut transversely and o-ut of engagement with said screw.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 76,584 Barnes Apr. 14, 1868 785,010 Lindgren Mar. 14, 1905 899,779 Yost Sept. 29, 1908 1,383,658 Olivier July 5, 1921 1,769,398 Swinden July 1, 1930 1,794,614 Hochrnan Mar. 3, 1931 1,890,114 Fulton Dec. 6, 1932 2,430,458 Farrell Nov. 11, 1947 2,463,263 Gordon Mar. 1, 1949 2,832,395 Fisher Apr. 29, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 5,188 Great Britain 1910

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Referenced by
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US4723453 *Feb 26, 1987Feb 9, 1988Kannapan Srikanth MEccentric differential screw actuating, torque multiplying and speed changing device
US5282392 *Jan 29, 1992Feb 1, 1994Chaolai FanSynchro-clutching screw-and-nut mechanism
US6957808Jul 3, 2002Oct 25, 2005Wmh Tool Group, Inc.Apparatus for securing a workpiece
US7017898Feb 26, 2003Mar 28, 2006Wmh Tool Group, Inc.Apparatus for securing a workpiece
US7066457Jan 21, 2003Jun 27, 2006Wmh Tool Group, Inc.Apparatus for securing a workpiece
US7798478Feb 23, 2005Sep 21, 2010Walter Meier (Manufacturing) Inc.Parallel clamp and accessories therefor
US8282088Jul 23, 2010Oct 9, 2012Walter Meier (Manufacturing) Inc.Parallel clamp and accessories therefor
US9321151 *Dec 27, 2013Apr 26, 2016Guojue YanApparatus and method for mechanical vice
US20040140602 *Jan 21, 2003Jul 22, 2004Gerritsen John T.Apparatus for securing a workpiece
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US20150183093 *Dec 27, 2013Jul 2, 2015Guojue YanApparatus and method for mechanical vice
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EP0508569A1 *Feb 11, 1992Oct 14, 1992Chaolai FanSynchro-clutching screw-and-nut mechanism
EP1884317A1 *Aug 5, 2006Feb 6, 2008Brockhaus HEUER GmbHVice with quick adjustment of the mobile jaw
U.S. Classification269/78, 74/424.78, 269/268, 269/189
International ClassificationB25B1/12, B25B1/22, B25B1/24, B25B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B1/2478, B25B1/22, B25B1/125
European ClassificationB25B1/12B, B25B1/24B7, B25B1/22