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Publication numberUS3009023 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 14, 1961
Filing dateMay 8, 1959
Priority dateMay 8, 1959
Publication numberUS 3009023 A, US 3009023A, US-A-3009023, US3009023 A, US3009023A
InventorsRuth Edward S
Original AssigneeGamewell Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Telephone-equipped alarm box
US 3009023 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 14, 1961 E. s. RUTH TELEPHONE-EQUIPPED ALARM BOX Filed May 8, 1959 l INVENTOR. EDWARD S. RUTH MMZMMSMM ,.1 l l Il l l l 1 l l l 1 l l l l l I l l l li nuunu Alu ATTORN EYS 3,009,023 TELEPHGNE-EQUIPPED ALARM BOX Edward S. Ruth, Wellesley Hills, Mass., assigner, by

mesme assignments, to The Gamewell Company, Newton, Mass., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 8, 1959, Ser. No. 812,042 7 Claims. (Cl. 179-100) This invention relates generally to combination telephone communication and tire alarm boxes, and more particularly to a novel and improved casing assembly for such boxes.

`In municipalities, tire alarm boxes are located at various strategic points so that anyone observing a fire may promptly report the location thereof to the tire department by operating an automatic alarm signal transmitter. The strategic location of tire alarm boxes could be utilized as well for the location of civil defense, police, or emergency telephones in order to provide protection against emergencies other than re. Furthermore, if such telephones were actually housed within the hre alarm boxes, the resulting economy in terms of cost and maintenance can be easily visualized.

As a general rule, the casing for a conventional lire alarm box is provided with a door on the front thereof for access to, and adjustment or maintenance of, the signal transmitter. For reasons of security, this door is locked to seal the portion of the casing containing the signal transmitter, and a separate pull handle is provided on the door for gaining access to a hook, lever or handle which can be pulled down for otherwise operated to initiate action of the transmitter. ln order to provide for storage of a police or emergency telephone in the same casing with such a transmitter, it would be necessary to provide some means for independent access to the telephone. lnasinuch as tire alarm boxes are most often exposed to the weather, it is also necessary that the casing and means providing access to the signal transmitter and the telephone be constructed to prevent damage thereto by water or other foreign matter blown into the box by heavy winds or carried into the box by capillary action through notches, cracks, joints, or the like.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a novel and improved lire alarm box having means for accommodating a telephone and having means for providing independent access to the telephone while at the same time providing protection of the signal transmitter and phone within the box from weather damage caused by water or other foreign matter entering the box.

it is another object to provide a tire alarm box casing of simple construction having means for locking the compartment for the signal transmitter to prevent access from the space occupied by the telephone.

A further object is to provide means to insure that the telephone is properly cradled in its compartment when not in use.

The manner in which the foregoing and other objects are achieved in a preferred embodiment of this invention wiil be apparent from a consideration of the following description thereof taken in connection with the accompanying drawings illustrating the same, in which:

FIG. 1 is a front View in perspective of a lire alarm box embodying this invention;

FlG. 2v is an enlarged perspective view of the box of FIG. l, with the front cover portion opened; and

FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial elevation in section of a portion of the casing of the box of FIG. l.

With reference to the drawings, there is shown a lire alarm box having a casing or housing provided with a pivoted door 12 closing the front of the casing. The door 12 comprises an upper section or door 14 provided along one side edge with integral hinge knuckles co- 3,009,023 Patented Nov. 14, 1961 operating with mating knuckles integral with one side wall of the casing, and with a hinge pin inserted through the door and side wall knuckles to pivotally mount the door 14 for horizontal swinging movement. 'Ihe door 14 further comprises a lower section or door 16 pivotally mounted on the same side wall of the casing as the upper door 14 by means of knuckles on the door and casing side wall cooperating with the pin mounting the upper door. As shown in FIGS. l and 2, the upper door 14 is provided with a lock 17 for securing the door closed, while the lower door 16 is not provided with any locking means but rather is provided with a magnetic catch comprising a magnet 123 carried by the lower door 16, as shown in FIG. 2, and a magnet strike 19 carried by the top door 14. Obviously, the location of elements of the magnetic catch could be reversed and, further, the xed one of these elements, if desired, could be located on a lixed wall of the casing. A spring 20 urges the lower door 14 toward closed position, and a handle 21 is provided on the lower door to facilitate opening thereof. As can be seen in FIG. 3, the handle lits closely within a boss 22 provided on the lower door, and the handle is further provided with a shaft 23 extending into the lower door and eccentrically of the boss. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, a screw or other suitable means anchors the handle shaft to the lower door. By this manner of mounting, the handle may not be removed simply by rotating the same, because rotation of the handle is precluded by the eccentric relationship of the shaft and handle. Therefore, to remove the handle, certain tools will be necessary, thus reducing the possibility of theft of the handle. While no locking means are shown in the embodiment of FIG. 2, it will be obvious that a lock similar to the lock 17 may be provided for the lower door when it is desired that the door be opened only by certain authorized personnel, as for example police or civil defense personnel.

As shown in FIG. 2, signal transmitting means 24 are disposed within the casing in a compartment 25 generally in registry with the upper door 14. The signal transmitter 24 is of a suitable type for sending signals to a central location in response to actuation of a starting mechanism in the transmitter. These signals are, of course, coded to provide an indication of the speciic location of the box from which the signals originate. As is conventional, the signal transmitter is provided with a lever 26 for actuating the starting mechanism of the transmitter, which lever is engageable by a pull 28 mounted on the upper door 14. The pull extends through an opening in the door 14; Iand when the door 14 is in closed position and the pull 2S is depressed, the pull will engage the lever 26 to actuate the starting mechanism. T he usual pull guard or cover 30 is pivotally mounted on the door 14 and shields the pull from the weather and unintentional or inadvertent depression.

As shown in FIG. 2, a cradle 32 is mounted in the casing in a compartment 33 adjacent the bottom wall thereof and is adapted to support a telephone 34. The telephone is located generally in registry with the bottom door 16, although, as will be apparent from FIG. 2, the upper edge` of the door 16 is disposed sufficiently above the hand grip of the phone so that when the door is opened there will be ample room for a person to insert his hand and grasp the phone. Correspondingly, the juncture between the bottom of the top door 14 and the top of the bottom door 16 lies in the region of the signal transmitter compartment 25 ofthe box.

The spring 20 maintains the lower door 16 irrnly closed to prevent entrance of rain or the like along the sides and bottom ofthe door 16. Also, means are provided for preventing entrance of Walter and the like between the bottom and ltop edges of the doors 14 and 16. In accordance with the invention, and as will be apparent from FIGS. 2 and 3, the upper door 14 is provided along its lower edge with a generally triangular molding portion 35 having a front face 36 inclined downwardly and away from the door 14 and an undercut bottom surface 38 which is generally an extension of the bottom surface of the door 14 and which joins the inclined surface 36 in a sharp edge. Accordingly, heavy or beating rains engaging the front face of the door 14 will tend to shoot oif the sloping front edge 36 of the bottom molding on the door. The sharp edge between the surfaces 36 and '33 of the molding tends to cause water which does not shoot oif the molding to form in droplets and fall from the sharp edge of the molding. The door 14 is further provided with a horizontally extending ledge or wall 40 along the bottom thereof and extending rearwardly and inwardly of the casing to form generally a continuation of the bottom of the molding 35. The ledge 40 terminates in a depending lip or flange 42 extending along the rear edge of the wall 4t). As will be apparent from FIG. 3, the bottom surface of the ledge 4) and outer surface of the lip 42 cooperate to form a recess or pocket in which is received a rearwardly extending lip 44 extending along and from the top edge of the lower door 16. It is preferred that the top surface of the lip 44 and the bottom surface of the ledge 4i) be spaced closely together so that any water entering the space between the ledge 40 and lip 44 tends to be held within this space by capillary action rather than flowing through the space and into the casing. The lip 42 extends downwmdly beyond the lower edge of the lip 44 and passes closely adjacent the rearward edge of the lip 44 so as to tend to reduce the effect of any winds blowing into the space between the ledge 40 and lip 44.

As best shown in FIG. 3, a sheet metal drip guard 46 is carried by the upper door 14 and includes a at base 48 mounted on a boss or web 50 integral with the upper door and disposed above the ledge 40. The base of the drip guard extends fully across the ledge 40 and in overlying engagement with the rear surface of the lip 42. Drainage grooves 52 are provided in the rear surface of the lip 42 to permit passage of water from the upper surface of the ledge 40 and between the drip guard base 48 and the lip 42. The base of the drip guard terminates at its lower end in an inclined portion 54 sloping downwardly and forwardly toward the door 16 and terminating at its lower end closely adjacent the rear surface of the lower door. As apparent from FIG. 3, the sloping portion of the drip guard passes under the bottom edge of the lip 42 and the rear surface of lip 44. Further, it is preferred that the forwardmost edge of the sloping portion disposed next adjacent the lower door 16 be provided with a sharp edge 55 for a reason which will be apparent hereinafter.

A sheet metal hand guard 56 is also carried by the top door 14 and includes a flat base 58 overlying the base 48 of the drip guard and mounted to the boss 50 by the same means as is the drip guard base 48. The base 58 of the hand guard extends fully across the ledge 40 and at its lower end terminates at an inclined guard portion 60 sloping downwardly and rearwardly of the lower door or inwardly of the casing to form a common wall between the top and bottom of the compartments 33 and 25 respectively and thus to shield the signal transmitter 24 from contact by the hand of a phone user when the lower door 16 is open and upper door 14 is in its normally locked position.

As noted above, the configuration and relative location of the ledge 40, depending lip 42, and lip 44 on the top of the lower door are such as to impede entrance of water between the doors. However, should water pass through the space between these doors, it will pass between the rear edge of the lip 44 and front surface of the flange 42 and fall onto the top surface of the inclined portion 54 of the drip guard. The water will then flow down the drip guard and olf the sharp edged lower end thereof and preferably onto the rear surface of the bottom door, whereby it will ow down the bottom door and out of the casing through suitable draining provisions. Any water gaining entrance to the casing along the upper edge of the upper door will `fall onto the top surface of the ledge 40. The projection of the base 43 of the drip guard well above the ledge 40 will trap the water on the ledge, whereby the water will ow only through the drainage grooves 52 on the lip 42 and onto the top surface of the inclined portion 54 of the drip guard. t will thus be seen that any water obtaining entrance to the casing either along the top edge of the upper door or between the doors will be carried away by the drip guard 46 rather than splashing onto the signal transmitter or telephone. Further, as should be apparent from FIGS. 2 and 3, the drip guard prevents any water from splashing onto the hand guard 56 and flowing down the hand guard and damaging the telephone. It should further be noted that with the upper door locked in position and the lower door open, if rain should be blown into the box, the generally outwardly facing surfaces of the hand guard provides a barrier between the signal transmitter and telephone to prevent rain damage Ito the signal transmitter as well as to prevent contact with the transmitter. Additionally, as will be apparent from FIG. 2, the sloping portion of the hand guard extends over the cradle 32 and is spaced therefrom a distance suiiicient for the telephone handset to be removed from and replaced on the cradle in the position shown in FIG. 2. However, the sloping portion of the hand guard is spaced suiiiciently close to the cradle to assure that if the telephone is placed in the lower cornpartment 33 in any position other than properly in the cradle, the telephone will project at least partially out of the front opening of the compartment .33 and preclude closing of the door 16. In this manner, if the telephone is not replaced properly, the user will be made aware of this fact when he finds he cannot close the door, and he will then correct the situation.

Therefore, it can be seen that there has been provided a novel and improved combination re alarm and emergency telephone box fully satisfying the aforestated objects of this invention. While the invention has been described in terms of a preferred embodiment, it will, of course, be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and alterations could be made in the specific structure shown without departing from the invention. Accordingly, the foregoing description and accompanying drawings are not to be taken in any way as limiting the invention. Rather, the invention is to be limited only by the appended claims, which shall include within their scope all structure which logically falls within the language of these claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In a combination tire alarm and emergency telephone box including a casing having an open front and a pair of pivotally mounted doors closing the front of the casing and being disposed one above the other with the bottom edge of the upper door lying closely adjacent the top edge of the lower door, fire alarm signal transmitting means disposed within the casing generally in registry with one door, and means within the casing for supporting a telephone generally in registry with the other door; means for preventing wind driven water damage to equipment within the casing including a pair of closely spaced generally horizontally extending walls on the upper and lower doors respectively and extending along the next adjacent edges of the doors and rearwardly thereof into the casing, one of said Walls terminating at its rearward edge in a lip extending generally parallel to said doors and closely adjacent and across the rearward edge of the other wall, and a drip guard carried by the door respectively associated with said one wall and including an inclined portion extending along said lip and sloping in a direction forwardly toward said lower door, said inclined portion passing under said rearward edge of said other wall and having a forwardmost edge lying closely adjacent the rear surface of said lower door.

2. In a combination fire alarm and emergency telephone box including 4a casing having an open front and a pair of pivotally mounted doors closing the front of the casing and being -disposed one `above the other with the bottom edge of the upper door lying closely adjacent the top edge of the lower door, tire alarm signal transmitting means disposed within the casing generally in registry with one door, and means within the casing for supporting a telephone generally in registry with the other door; means for preventing wind driven water damage to equipment within the casing including a pair of closely spaced generally horizontally extending walls on the upper and lower doors respectively and extending along the next adjacent edges of the doors and rearwardly thereof into the casing, one of said walls terminating at its rearward edge in a lip extending generally parallel to said doors and closely adjacent and across the rearward edge of the other wall and including an inclined portion extending along said lip and sloping in a direction forwardly toward the lower door, said inclined portion extending under said rearward edge of said other wall and having a forwardmost edge lying closely adjacent the rear surface of said lower door, and a hand guard carried by the door carrying the inclined portion for preventing access to said signal transmitting means when access to the interior of the casing is obtained by opening only the lower door, said hand guard including a portion extending generally along said one wall and sloping rearwardly thereof into the casing to form a barrier between the signal transmitting means and the telephone supporting means.

3. In a combination re alarm and emergency telephone box including a casing having an open front and a pair of pivotally mounted doors closing the front of the casing and being disposed one above the other with the bottom edge of the upper door lying closely adjacent the top edge of the lower door, tire alarm signal transmitting means -disposed within the casing generally in registry with one door, and means within the casing for supporting a telephone generally in registry with the other doo-r; means for preventing wind driven water damage to equipment within the casing including a lip along the bottom edge of the upper door having a sloping top surface extending downwardly and outwardly from the front surface of said upper door and terminating in a sharp edge formed by the juncture of said top surface with a generally horizontal surface on the bottom of said upper door, a pair of parallel closely adjacent generally horizontally extending walls on said upper and lower doors respectively and extending along the next adjacent edges of the doors and rearwardly thereof into the casing, one of said walls terminating at its rearward edge in a flange extending parallel to said doors and closely adjacent the rearward edge of the other wall, and a drip guard carried by the door respectively associated with said one of said walls and including an inclined portion extending along said flange, said inclined portion sloping in a direction forwardly toward the lower and across said rearward edge of said other wall and having a forwardmost edge lying closely adjacent the rear surface of said lower door.

4. In a combination tire alarm and emergency telephone box including a casing having an open front and a pair `of pivotally mounted doors closing the front of the casing and being disposed one above the other with the bottom edge of lthe upper door lying closely adjacent the upper edge of the lower door, tire alarm signal transmitting means disposed within the casing generally in egistry with one door, and means witln'n the casing for supporting a telephone generally in registry with the other door, and means for preventing wind driven water damage to equipment within the casing including a pair of parallel closely adjacent generally horizontally extending walls on said upper Vand lower doors respectively and extending along the next adjacent edges of the doors and rearwardly thereof into the casing, one of said walls terminating at its rearward edge in a flange extending parallel to said doors and closely adjacent the rearward edge of the other wall, and a drip guard carried by the door respectively associated with said one of said walls and including a base portion lying along the rearwardly facing surface of said flange and an inclined portion extending along said flange and sloping in a direction forwardly toward the lower door, said inclined portion passing under said rearward edge of said other wall and having `a forwardmost edge lying closely adjacent the rear surface of said lower door, and means for providing water drainage from the upper surface of said one of said walls onto the top of said inclined portion of the drip guard.

5. In a combination tire alarm and emergency telephone box including a casing having an open front and a pair of pivotally mounted doors closing the front of the casing and being disposed one above the other with the bottom edge of the upper door lying closely adjacent the upper edge of the lower door, re alarm signal transmitting means disposed within the casing generally in registry with said upper door, and telephone supporting means within the casing for supporting a telephone generally in registry with said lower door; the upper door having a ledge extending across its bottom edge and rearwardly of the upper door and into the casing, the lower door having a lip at its top edge extending across said top edge and extending closely adjacent said ledge in underlying parallel relation thereto, the ledge terminating at its rearward edge in a depending ange extending across the upper door and downwardly beyond and rearwardly of the rear edge of said lip, a drip guard carried by the upper door and including a base portion overlying the rearwardly facing surface of said depending ange and extending upwardly beyond the upper surface of said ledge, said drip guard further including an inclined portion extending along said ange and sloping from said base portion in a direction forwardly toward the lower door, said inclined portion extending under and beyond said rearward edge of said lip with the forwardmost edge of said inclined portion lying closely adjacent the rear surface of said lower door, said depending flange being provided with drainage slots in said rearwardly facing surface thereof extending laterally and downwardly of 4the flange to provide for passage of water between said rearward surface of the lip and said base portion of the drip guard, and a hand guard carried by said upper door and including a base portion overlying said base portion of the drip guard and an inclined guard portion extending across said upper door and sloping downward and inwardly of the casing to form a barrier between said telephone supporting means and signal transmitting means.

6. In a combination telephone communication and fire alarm box; a casing having an open side and defining contiguous signal transmitter and telephone compartments, a pair of doors pivotally mounted on the casing to close said open side, said doors being generally respectively opposite said compartments, a guard member mounted on the door opposite the transmitter compartment and extending inwardly of the casing when the transmitter compartment door is closed to separate said compartments and prevent access to said transmitter cornpartrnent from the telephone compartment, and independent latch means for said doors.

7. In a combination telephone communication Iand tire alarm box according to claim 6 and wherein the transmitter compartiment is disposed over the telephone compartment and a telephone cradle and a telephone handset are located within the telephone compartment; the cradle supporting the handset in a predetermined position relative to the telephone compartment door wherein the handset does not interfere with the opening and closing of the telephone compartment door, the guard member extendying over the handset and cradle in spaced relation theret0 and arranged relative to said cradle and the general plane of the door opening of the telephone compartment to engage the handset and cause the handset to be in interfering relation with the telephone compartment door When the handset is placed in the telephone compartment El in other than said predeteinined position and thus prevent the door to said telephone compartment from being closed unless the telephone is properly placed on said cradle.

References Cite-d in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2129345 *Jul 6, 1937Sep 6, 1938Cover Dual Signal Systems IncCombined fire alarm, police alarm, and intercommunicating system
US2274106 *Feb 14, 1940Feb 24, 1942Walker Electrical CompanyWeatherproof cabinet
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4169218 *Jul 31, 1978Sep 25, 1979Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedFlat panel telephone station set
US4305573 *Feb 15, 1980Dec 15, 1981Messer Griesheim GmbhFlame cutting machine control system
US5086463 *Oct 2, 1989Feb 4, 1992Vesely Kevin TVandal-resistant communications station
US5283546 *May 13, 1991Feb 1, 1994Motorola, Inc.Vandal-resistant call box
US5363436 *Nov 21, 1990Nov 8, 1994Mcmonagle Jr John JRemotely programmable, vandal-resistant voice communications unit
US5465296 *Apr 6, 1994Nov 7, 1995Mcmonagle, Jr.; John J.Remotely programmable, vandal-resistant voice communications unit
US5475750 *Apr 6, 1994Dec 12, 1995Mcmonagle, Jr.; John J.Vandal-resistant push-button actuator
US5475751 *Apr 6, 1994Dec 12, 1995Mcmonagle, Jr.; John J.Remotely programmable, vandal-resistant voice communications unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification379/37, 174/520
International ClassificationG08B25/12, H04M1/18
Cooperative ClassificationG08B25/12, H04M1/18
European ClassificationG08B25/12, H04M1/18