US 3009614 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1961 F. w. HUMPHNER WRISTBAND PILL CARRYING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 5, 1958 k? v MENTOR! ATTORNE Nov. 21, 1961 F. w. HUMPHNER 3,009,614
WRISTBAND PILL CARRYING DEVICE Filed May 5, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 /N 1 5 N TOR.
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United States Patent Ofiice Patented Nov. 21, 1961- 3,009,614 WRISTBAND PILL CARRYING DEVICE Ferdinand W. Humphner, 1201 Park Ave., River Forest, Ill.
Filed May 5, 1958, Ser. No. 733,050 6 Claims. (Cl. 224-28) This invention relates to a pill carrying device, and more specifically, to a wristband container adapted for the carrying and dispensing of capsules, tablets and the like. 1
One of the main objects of the present invention is to provide a compact pill carrying device adapted to be worn on the wrist, so that a necessary medicament is at all times readily accessible to the wearer. The invention has particular utility for persons who must have a supply of capsules or tablets immediately available to them because ofa chronic ailment or because of a condition which might manifest itself in an attack or symptomatic outbreak at any time. Another object is to provide a compact and convenient wristband pill container capable of containing pills of dilferent sizes and shapes. In this connection, it is a specific object to provide a pill container equipped with means for holding the pills in place so that they will not shift about and chip or break within the closed container. A further object is to provide a pill container and dispenser to be worn on the wrist which may be easily manipulated to expose and hold the pills for their removal. A still further object is to provide, in combination with a pill dispenser, guide means for removal of the pills one at a time. Other objects will appear as the specification proceeds.
In the drawings, FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a wristband pill carrying device embodying the present invention; FIGURE 2 is an enlarged broken perspective view of the device showing the cover in open or dispensing position; FIGURE 3 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the container with the closure member thereof in closed position; FIGURE 4 is a vertical cross-section of the structure illustrated in FIGURE 3; FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of a wristband pill carrying device comprising a second embodiment of the present invention; FIGURE 6 is an enlarged longitudinal vertical section of the device shown in FIGURE 5; FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the second embodiment showing the structure in pill dispensing condition; and FIGURE 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along line 88 of FIG- URE 6..
'In the embodiment of my invention illustrated in FIG- URE l, the numeral 10 generally designates a wristband pill carrying device comprising a wristband 11 and a container or carrier 12. While an expandable multiple link wristband is shown in the drawings, it will be understood that other types of wristbands may be used. Generally, any of the difierent types of straps or hands commonly used in connection with wrist watches may be usedincombination with the pill container of the present invention.
As shown most clearly in FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, the container 12 is elongated and is longitudinally curved to conform with the curvature of a wearers wrist. The elongated container comprises a body 13, a hinged cover or closure member 14, and a resilient liner or cushion 15.
From FIGURES 2 and 4 it will be seen that the container body 13 is channel shaped and has a generally U- shaped cross-section. The longitudinally curved bottom wall 16 and the upstanding parallel side walls 17 of the container body may be formed integrally from a single elongated sheet of metal or other suitable material. At opposite ends of the body, the side walls 17 are provided with transversely aligned apertures for receiving the laterally biased pins 18 of transverse connecting sleeves 19. As
shown in FIGURE 3, the terminal links of wristband 11 are provided with cylindrical end portions 20 which rotatably receive the connecting sleeves 19 at the opposite ends of the container body. The connecting sleeves and the concentric end portions of the terminal links substantially close the ends of the arcuate channel shaped body 13 and eliminate the need for providing the body with ends walls. However, if a more complete closure at the ends of the container body is desired, it will be understood that upstanding end walls may be provided.
Like the body 13, the elongated cover 14 is channel shaped and is provided with parallel depending side walls 21 and a longitudinally curved top wall 22. The transverse distance between the opposing inner surfaces of depending side walls 21 is substantially the same as the external width of the channel shaped body 13 so that when the cover is in closed position its side walls snugly engage the upstanding walls of the body and frictionally lock the parts in closed condition. At one end of the cover the side walls 21 are apertured to receive the ends of connecting pins 18 so that the connecting sleeve and pin assembly at one end of the container not only forms an attachment for Wristband 11 but also provides a pivotal hinge mounting for cover 14. Preferably, the covers top wall at the end opposite from the hinge connection is provided with a lip or extension 23. Since the lip projects slightly beyond the corresponding end of the container body 13, and is disposed above the adjacent end portion 20 of the wristband, a wearer desiring to open the container may easily catch lip 23 with his fingernail and swing the cover about its pivotal connection. If desired, the side walls of the cover adjacent the free end thereof may be turned slightly inwardly to increase the frictional resistance between the cover and body adjacent lip 23.
Cushion 15 lines the bottom wall of body 13 and is secured thereto by a suitable adhesive. The cushion may be formed from sponge rubber or from any other suit able resilient and deformable materials or a combination of such materials. The upper exposed surface of the resilient cushion should be relatively smooth so that pills or tablets carried within the container will not cling to the cushion when the cover is open.
In the illustration given I have shown a plurality of tablets 24 carried by the container although it will be understood that capsules or pills of diiferent shapes and sizes may also be supported within the container and dispensed therefrom. When the cover 14 is closed, tablets 24 are pressed downwardly against the resilient cushion 15 and are firmly held in place within the container. Thus, the compressed cushion coacts with the closed cover to prevent the pills from sliding about within the chamber and to prevent damage or chipping of the pills which might otherwise result if they were free to slide within the closed container. Furthermore, since the pills or tablets are held firmly in place within the container they cannot rattle and thereby distract the wearer;
When one or more tablets 24 are to be removed from the container, the wearer simply turns his wrist so that the container extends in a generally vertical direction ther than the general right angled relationship with the body 13 as illustrated in FIGURE 2.
The upstanding side walls and the open free end of the inverted open cover define a channel for supporting the exposed tablets and for facilitating their removal by the user. To remove one or more tablets, the wearer simply slides them outwardly off of the lip end of the cover with the fingers of his free hand. It will be noted that when the cover is in its fully opened or generally horizontal position (FIGURE 2) its longitudinal curvature or concave configuration, coupled with the upstanding side walls 21, serve to retain the tablets upon the inside surface of cover wall 22. It has been found that even when the container is fully opened in the manner illustrated, con siderable movement of the arm upon which the wristband is worn is permitted without fear that the tablets or pills will fall off of the cover.
From the foregoing it is believed apparent that the structure of the present invention constitutes a particularly convenient and effective device for holding and dispensing tablets and other types of pills. When the container is closed, the pills carried within the lined chamber are fully protected against breakage or damage resulting from impact forces directed against or transmitted to that container. When a wearer desires to remove one or more of the pills, the cover may be readily opened in the described manner to expose and support all of the pills so that any desired number may he slid outwardly and removed from the channel-providing cover.
In the modification illustrated in FIGURES 5 through 8 cover 25 is composed of a pair of longitudinally curved channel members 26 and 27 hingedly connected at 28 by pins or by any other suitable means. The side walls 29 of the outer cover member 26 and the corresponding side walls 30 of the inner cover member 27 both face in the same direction. The lateral dimensions of the outer cover section are greater than the corresponding dimensions of the inner member or section so that the latter section will nest within the channel defined by the former. Between the two sections may be carried an instruction sheet 31 indicating the character of the medicament within the container body 13 and setting forth the conditions of its administration. If desired, the instructions may be imprinted directly upon the outer surface of the inner cover section rather than upon a separate removable sheet. In any event, such instructions will be available to one who may not be familiar with the physical condition of the wearer and may not know what to do in an emergency. If the wearer is subject to attacks which might lead to unconsciousness, it is desirable to provide the outer surface of cover section 26 with suitable indicia indicating the utilitarian character of the wristband and also indicating 'where it may be opened to expose the pills and the instructions for their administration. For this purpose, I have shown the outer cover section provided with a cross 32 and hearts 33 representing the nature of the ailment and the character of the drug within the container. Also, the ends of the outer cover section are preferably inscribed or imprinted with letters or words 34 and 35 indicating that instructions will be exposed if one end of the cover is lifted whereas the pills will be exposed if the opposite end of that cover is lifted.
The body 13 of the container is identical to the structure already described in connection with the first embodiment shown in FIGURES 1 through 4. However, the cushion 36 in the modified structure is composed of two elements: a resilient body 37 and a smooth liner 38 which may be adhesively secured to the cushion body or, as indicated in the drawings to the bottom wall 16 of the con tainer body 13. The cushion body 37 may be formed of some compressible fibrous material such as cotton, or from rubber or any other resilient material. The outer liner 38 is preferably formed from a plastic sheet having a smooth or slick outer surface so that the pills will not cling to that liner when the cover 25 is opened. Cellophane has been found particularly effective although it will be understood that other materials having similar properties may be used.
When pills are to be dispensed from the modified structure, the entire cover (comprising sections 26 and 27) is swung into the open position illustrated in FIGURE 7 about the pivotal connection 18 between the container body and the inner section 27 of the cover. The two cover sections remain in nested condition because of the snug frictional engagement between the outer surfaces of side walls 30 and the inner surfaces of side walls 29. Thus, the pills 39 may be exposed and removed from the channel-shaped cover 25 in the same manner described in connection with the structure illustrated in FIGURES 1 through 4. It will be noted, however, that in the second embodiment I provide a pair of converging guide members 40 adjacent the free end of cover 25 to channel the pills 39 so that they may be readily dispensed one by one. In other words, the nearest ends of the guide members 40 are spaced apart a distance only slightly greater than the width of a single pill carried within the container and supported by the cover when the container is opened. It will also be noted that the guide members 40 are not as high as the side walls 29 and 30 of the cover sections and that they are even lower than the vertical dimensions of the pills 39. Consequently, a user may easily move his finger over the pills supported by the open cover and slide them towards and through the restricted opening defined by the converging guide members 40.
In other respects the construction of the second embodiment is identical to the first. Both structures provide a cover hinged at one end to the body portion of a container and with a resilient cushion mounted within that body portion for urging pills into contact with the cover when that cover is closed. Hence, the covers and cushions in both forms cooperate with the pills carried within the container bodies for preventing movement and abrasion of the pills when the containers are closed. It is to be understood that the channel members 40, as well as the two part resilient cushion 36 and indicia 32-35 may also be used in connection with a device having a cover with only a single section as illustrated in FIGURES 1 through 4.
It will also be noted that in both forms of the invention illustrated in the drawings the covers are longitudinally curved and are channel shaped. As a result, the pills tend to assume central positions upon the covers when the devices are in pill dispensing condition (FIGURES 2 and 7), thereby simplifying their removal and greatly reducing the possibility that any of the pills might drop or be inadvertently pushed from the covers. Also, the concave character of the covers facilitates the collection of pills as they drop free from the pads or cushions when the covers are opened in the manner already described. In this connection, it will be noted that the convex curvature of the pad surfaces against which the pills are normally pressed further promotes a complete transfer of all of the pills to the channel shaped covers as those covers are swung into horizontal open positions.
While I have disclosed the structure of the present invention in considerable detail for purposes of illustration, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that many of these details may be varied widely without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
1. A pill carrying device adapted to be worn on a users wrist comprising a container having a body portion and a channel-shaped cover, means attached to said container for supporting the same in a circumferentiallyextending direction upon a users wrist, said cover being hingedly connected at one end thereof to said body portion for movement between open and closed positions, stop means for limiting opening movement of said cover beyond a generally right angle position with reference to said body portion, whereby, when a user turns his wrist so that said body extends in a generally vertical direction with the hinged connection of said cover disposed at the bodys lower end, said cover when opened provides a horizontally extending trough for supporting pills in exposed condition, said cover having a smooth inner surface for slidably supporting pills and having longitudinally extending side walls terminating at the covers free end topermit pills to be slid off of said free end when said cover is in open horizontal position, and a resilient cushion secured to said body within said container for restraining movement and attrition of said pills when said cover is closed.
2. The structure of claim 1 in which said cover is longitudinally curved to provide a longitudinally concave trough for retaining pills when said cover is in horizontal Open position.
3. A pill carrying device adapted to be worn on a users wrist comprising a container having an elongated body portion and an elongated channel-shaped cover together defining a pill-carrying chamber, means attached to said container for supporting the same in a circumferentiallyextending direction upon a users wrist, said cover being hingedly connected at one end thereof to said body portion for movement between open and closed positions, stop means for limiting opening movement of said cover beyond a generally right angle position with reference to said body portion, whereby, when a user turns his wrist so that said body extends in a generally vertical direction with the hinged connection of said cover disposed at the bodys lower end, said cover when opened provides a horizontally extending trough for supporting pills in exposed condition, said cover having a smooth hard inner surface for slidably supporting pills and having longitudinally extending side walls terminating at the covers free end to permit pills to he slid off of said free end when said cover is in open horizontal position, and a resilient cushion mounted within said body portion and having a smooth pill engaging surface for urging pills into firm contact with the hard inner surface of said cover when the same is closed and thereby preventing movement and attrition of said pills within said chamber when the closed container is Worn 'by a user.
4. The structure of claim 3 in which said cushion comprises an inner resilient body and a smooth outer liner mounted thereon.
5. The structure of claim 3 in which said cover is longitudinally curved to provide a longitudinally concave trough for retaining pills when said cover is in horizontal open position.
6. A pill carrying device adapted to be Worn on a users wrist comprising a container having an elongated body portion and an elongated channel-shaped cover together defining a pill-carrying chamber, means attached to said container for supporting the same in a circumferentially-extending direction upon a users Wrist, said cover being hingedly connected at one end thereof to said body portion for movement between open and closed positions, stop means for limiting opening movement of said cover beyond a generally right angle position with reference to said body, whereby, when a user turns his Wrist so that said body extends in a generally vertical direction with the hinged connection of said cover disposed at the bodys lower end, said cover when opened provides a horizontally-extending trough for supporting pills in exposed condition, said cover having a smooth inner surface for slidably supporting pills and having longitudinally-extending side walls terminating at the covers free end to permit pills to he slid oil? of said free end when said cover is in open horizontal position, said cover also being provided on the inner surface thereof and adjacent its free end with guide means for guiding the movement of pills in single file oil? of the covers free end when said cover is in its open horizontal position, and a resilient cushion mounted within said body portion and having a smooth pill-engaging surface for urging pills into contact with the inner surface of said cover when the same is closed and thereby preventing movement and attrition of said pills within said chamber when the closed container is worn by a user.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,061,954 Bloch May 13, 1913 1,594,215 Sides July 27, 1926 1,835,793 Lurie Dec. 8, 1931 2,255,999 Kuehner Sept. 16, 1941 2,282,908 Thompson May 12, 1942 2,473,226 Sheldon June 14, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 367,017 Great Britain Feb. 15, 1932