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Publication numberUS3010193 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1961
Filing dateFeb 17, 1959
Priority dateFeb 17, 1959
Publication numberUS 3010193 A, US 3010193A, US-A-3010193, US3010193 A, US3010193A
InventorsCroall Jr Edward J, Koch Homer C, Ralph Saunders
Original AssigneeBurroughs Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Assembly tool
US 3010193 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,010,193 ASSEMBLY TOOL Edward J. Croall, Jr., Media, Homer C. Koch, Aldan, and Ralph Saunders, Upper Darby, Pa., assignors to Burroughs Corporation, Detroit,- Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed Feb. 17, 1959, Ser. No. 793,711 2 Claims. (Cl. 29--278) This invention relates generally to improvements in tools and more particularly to tools for effecting frictional engagement of components of an assembly. While the invention is not limited thereto, it finds special application for inserting miniature taper pin terminal plugs into mating receptacle terminals to effect an electrical contact connection therebetween.

One known type of tool used for effecting a connection between tapered components of the kind referred to utilizes means for delivering a high impact force to the taper pin terminal to seat it firmly in its tapered receptacle. This type of tool has not proved altogether satis factory for connecting miniature components since the impact in many cases resulted in damage to the components and loosening of other components previously connected. Y

An object of the present invention therefore isto provide an improved tool which will avoid the above mentioned (lll'fiCll-lIlGS.

Another object of the invention is to provide a tool for effecting frictional engagement between parts of an assembly by the application of a force without impact.

A further object of the invention is to provide a force applying tool for effecting frictional engagement between components of an assembly with adjustable means for varying the magnitude of the force.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide an assembly tool for seating tapered components into mating sockets whereby there is provided a greater holding power between the tapered surfaces and a more secure connection than heretofore obtained.

These and other objectives will be more fully revealed in the following detailed description of a specific embodiment of the invention when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of one form of tool constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the condition of the tool for performing an assembly operatron;

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing the tool at the completion of an assembly operation with a work driving unit shown in locked position;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 44 of FIG. 2 showing an unlocked condition of a latching device;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 3 showing the latching device in locked position; v

FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of the tool as shown in FIG. 3; 7

FIGS. 7 and 8 are enlarged sectional views taken along lines 7-7 and 88 respectively of FIG. 1;

FIG. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a work driving tip; and

FIG. 10 is an end view of the work driving tip taken in the direction of line 1010 of FIG. 9.

Considered in its broad aspects, the invention contemplates the use of a body, a work driving unit telescopically associated with the body, and means to apply a force to the work driving unit.

The preferred form of the invention is illustrated in the drawings and comprises a hollow body or handle (FIG. 2) having an opening 17 preferably of square or rectangular shape formed in its lefthand end. The opposite end of handle 15 is closed by means of a removable cap 19 threadedly secured thereto. An elongated slot 21 (FIGS. 1 and 6) extends through the wall of handle 15 into a bore 23 and receives a trigger 25 pivotally secured to the handle for movement into and out of slot 21. At the ends of slot 21, the wall of handle 15 is formed with steps 27 and 29 which serve respectively to limit themovement of trigger 25 in both directions.

A Work driving unit associated with handle 15 comprises a plunger 31 slidably received in bore 23. and a work driver 32 secured at its inner end to plunger 31 and comprising a shank 33 and a work driving tip 34.,

Shank 33 has a rectangular cross-section mating with the opening 17 (FIG. 8) and is constructed to operate as a screw thread, in this case by. being twisted helically along its longitudinal axis (FIG. 7). Each of the mutually perpendicular side surfaces of the shank 33 are therefore regarded as being helical relative to the longitudinal axis of the shank. The work driving tip 34 inoludes a shank 35 and a threaded end 37 (FIG. 1) received in a tapped hole in the outer end of shank 33. The tip 34 is preferably locked to shank 33 by means of a lock washer 39.,

: portion 41, a flange 43 at the large end of the taper, and

a flatted neck portion 45 extending from flange 43 and being secured to a lead wire 47 of an associated electrical apparatus, not shown. The shank 35 is accordingly formed with a central slot or wrench jaw 49 (FIG. 9)

which acts \as a rotary driver on the flatted neck 45, and which opens into an enlarged groove 51 in the side of shank 35.

A rectangular latch 53 is slidably received in a trans- I in circular stop shoulders 61 the face of which is formed on a radius substantially the same as bore 23. A compression spring 63 disposed between the inner end of plunger 31 and an adjusting screw 65 biases the work driving unit outwardly of handle 15 to the limit of its movement at which point plunger 31 abuts a shock absorber 67 positioned on a shoulder 69 at the outer end of bore 23, the shock absorber being formed preferably of a resilient material such as rubber.

In the operation of the tool, a taper pin terminal 40 is placed in shank 35 of the work driving tip 34 with its neck 45 in the jaw 49, and lead wire 47 extending through groove 51. FIGS. 2 and 4, the taper pin portion 41 of the terminal is inserted into a tapered receptacle or socket 71 (FIG. 3) secured to an associated electrical panel 73. Handle 15 is then pressed manually toward panel 73 with a sufficent grip on the handle to prevent it from turning angularly. This movement compresses spring 63 with its force brought to bear against flange 43 of the pin and thus seats the terminal 40 securely in the receptacle '71. As the work driving 'unit telescopically recedes into handle 15, plunger 31 will be rotated as it slides along bore 23, by reason of the helical twist of shank 33 and the shape of opening 17, until latch bolt 59 snaps into slot 21 of handle 15 (FIGS. 3 and 5), thereby to lock the work driving unit to the handle at the end of the stroke. The tool is then slipped off the terminal 40 and trigger 25 depressed to release the work driving unit to the action of With the tool in the condition as shown in the next operation. I

It is to be noted that the turning or twisting movement of shank 33 relative to handle 15 imparts to the taper pin terminal 40 and receptacle 71 a wringing fit which provides a more secure connection than previously obtained. Also, by means of the adjusting screw 65. the force of spring 63 may be varied to suit diiferent work applications.

It can now be seen that the invention provides an impactless force applying tool for effecting frictional engagement between components of an assembly and with means for varying the magnitude of the force.

While there has been disclosed a specific embodiment of the invention, it will readily occur to those skilled in the art that the invention may be constructed in a variety of forms without departing from the true spirit and scope thereof. It is to be understood therefore that the disclosed structure is the preferred embodiment of the invention and that the invention is not to be limited thereby but only by the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is: p

1. A terminal applying tool forefieeting telescopic electrical contact connection between taper pin terminals and tapered receptacles comprising, an elongated hollow handle having an axial bore, a rectangular opening at one end communicating with said bore, and an open aperture extending transversely from said bore, a plunger slidably mounted in said here, a rectangular shank slidably extending through said opening and being secured at its inner end to said plunger, said sh ank being formed helical-1y along its longitudinal axis, a work driving tip removably secured to said shank and having a longitudinal terminal receiving jaw, an elongated latch member slidably received in a transverse cavity in said plunger and adapted for radial movement relative to said bore,

' said latch member being formed to engage in said aperture when the plunger has been depressed into the handle a predetermined distance, resilient means urging said latch member outwardly of said 4 plunger, spring means biasing said plunger toward said rectangular opening, and trigger means to release the latch member from said aperture. 2. A terminal applying tool for eifecting an electrical contact connection 'between taper pin terminals and tapered receptacles comprising, an elongated hollow handle having an axial'bore, an opening at one end communicating with said bore, and an aperture extending transversely from said bore,: a plunger slidably mounted in said bore, a shank slidably extending through said opening and being secured at its inner end to said plunger, said shank having a helical surface relative to its longitudinal axis mating with a surface in said opening, a work driving tip on the outer end of said shank and having a terminal receiving jaw, a latch member carried by the plunger and adapted for substantially radial movement relative to said bore resilient means urging said latch member in said substantially radial direction against the surface of said bore so that it will engage in said aperture, when aligned therewith, when the plunger has been depressed into the handle a predetermined distance, spring means biasing said plunger toward said opening, and trigger means to release the latch member from said aperture. i

References Cited in the tile of this patent Y UNITED STATES PATENTS 80,583 Allard Aug. 4, 1868 1,445,133. Drake Feb. 13, 1933 2,212,339. Cullen Aug. 20, 1940 2,507,167 Lemmerrnan May 9, 1950 2,542,165 Brackenburg Apr. 17, 1951 2,638,806. Spielman May 19, 1953 2,833,113 Aspeek May 6, 1958 I FOREIGN PATENTS 808,217 Germany July 12, 1951 1,011,340 France June 23, 1952

Patent Citations
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US1445133 *Mar 17, 1921Feb 13, 1923Samuel H DrakeRotary scouring implement
US2212339 *Oct 27, 1936Aug 20, 1940Cullen Arthur VDevice for applying fastening means
US2507167 *Dec 20, 1946May 9, 1950Richard Lemmerman DonaldRotary impact type turning tool
US2549165 *May 5, 1947Apr 17, 1951Barnett Henry WSpark gap setting device
US2638806 *May 2, 1952May 19, 1953Spielman James FReversible impact driving screw driver and functional elements thereof
US2833173 *Jan 8, 1957May 6, 1958Reginald J AspeekRotary impact hand tool
DE808217C *Mar 8, 1949Jul 12, 1951Messerschmitt Boelkow BlohmWerkzeug, insbesondere zur Betaetigung von Schrauben
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3210832 *Apr 24, 1964Oct 12, 1965Kalen George HInsertion-removal tool
US3279044 *Dec 14, 1964Oct 18, 1966Roper Max ETip for insertion tool
US3460229 *Dec 1, 1966Aug 12, 1969Mc Donnell Douglas CorpInsertion tool and follower
US3725991 *Oct 26, 1971Apr 10, 1973Lynch LCircuit board tool
US4011647 *Dec 15, 1975Mar 15, 1977International Telephone And Telegraph CorporationElectrical connector and contacts therefor
US4501054 *Sep 29, 1983Feb 26, 1985Honeywell Information Systems Inc.Hand tool for installing compression rings on radial positioning devices
US4631817 *Mar 6, 1985Dec 30, 1986Combustion Engineering, Inc.One-piece pin insertion tool
US4708209 *Aug 12, 1985Nov 24, 1987Aspinwall Hugh MManually operated impact driver
US4928560 *Feb 2, 1989May 29, 1990Bang Kook BPower driven screw driver
US5469613 *Mar 29, 1994Nov 28, 1995Raychem CorporationTool for connecting a coaxial cable terminus to a connection jack
US5655294 *Jun 29, 1995Aug 12, 1997Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.Metal terminal insertion tool and method for inserting a metal terminal within a connector housing
US6227773 *Jan 3, 2000May 8, 2001The Boeing CompanyCompact autofeed drill and associated drilling method and apparatus
US6311392 *Oct 1, 1999Nov 6, 2001Avay Technology Corp.Telecommunication cordage fixture and insertion tool
US6381788 *Mar 5, 2001May 7, 2002Shu Te WuNailing tool capable of initially starting a connecting member with a tip
US6402759 *Dec 10, 1999Jun 11, 2002Biohorizons Implant Systems, Inc.Surgical fastener driver
US6725534 *Nov 9, 2000Apr 27, 2004Seagate Technology LlcExtraction tool with stepped interface between extraction segments and trasverse load
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US7461574Apr 27, 2004Dec 9, 2008Biomet Microfixation, LlcMultiple screw delivery apparatus
US8052691 *Nov 18, 2004Nov 8, 2011Synthes Usa, LlcSpring loaded fixation element insertion device
US9300104 *Mar 20, 2013Mar 29, 2016The Boeing CompanyElectrical contact insertion tool
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Classifications
U.S. Classification29/278, 439/863, 29/275, 81/463, 74/127, 408/124, 29/747, 29/758
International ClassificationH01R43/26
Cooperative ClassificationH01R43/26
European ClassificationH01R43/26