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Publication numberUS3014161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 19, 1961
Filing dateJun 2, 1959
Priority dateJun 2, 1959
Publication numberUS 3014161 A, US 3014161A, US-A-3014161, US3014161 A, US3014161A
InventorsZoltan Tarezy-Hornoch
Original AssigneeEldorado Electronics Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Modular construction
US 3014161 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 19, 1961 2. TARCZY-HORNOCH 3,014,161

MODULAR CONSTRUCTION Filed June 2, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ZOL rA/v Ewen-Amway INVENTOR.

1961 2. TARCZY-HORNOCH 3,014,161

MODULAR CONSTRUCTION Filed Jun 2, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 //VVE/VTOE BY A/EVS :EII5 lIII United States Patent 3,014,161 MODULAR CONSTRUCTIGN Zoltan Tarczy-Horuoch, Berkeley, Calif., assignor to Eldorado Electronics Co., Berkeley, Calitl, a corporation of California Filed June 2, 1959, Ser. No. 817,589

. 16 Claims. (Cl. 317--101} This invention relates to a modular construction and more particularly to a modular construction suitable for use with electronic and electrical apparatus.

Heretofore, a module type of construction has been utilized with individual plug-in cards having circuitry mounted thereon. However, in such modules, the cards are plugged in from the front of a cabinet or rack, making it difiicult to provide the module with conventional instruments and controls mounted on a common front panel. Also, in such modules, the cards have been provided with top and bottom guides for the side edges which usually restrict the airflow through the modules and past the cards.

In general, it is an object of the present invention to provide a modular construction which overcomes the above named disadvantages.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character that permits the use of a conventional front panel which permits integration with conventional panel and rack mounted construction.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character which is particularly adaptable for rack mounting, cabinet mounting or a selfsupporting desktop mounting.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character which makes possible a high packaging density without the use of miniaturization techniques.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which the cards or boards are slugged in or removed from the rear of the framework without disturbing the front panel.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character which has a framework which firmly supports both ends of the cards.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which the top and bottom sides of the cards are unsupported to facilitate the vertical flow of air past the cards.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which the modules can be arranged one above the other to provide a continuous closed vertical air channel which is particularly adapted for natural air cooling because of the chimney effect created, or forced air cooling.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which modules of one-half the width of the normal modules are provided to make possible the use of cards of greater width, the use of front panels of greater height, and the use of rear mounted controls.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of'the above character which greatly facilitates maintenance because of the rear access to the cards.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which the front .panel can be used for conventional purposes such as the mounting of meters, outputs, inputs, controls and the like.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which a swinging door or gate is utilized for supporting the rear ends of the, cards and in which the door in a closed position posi- 3,014,161 Patented Dec. 19, 1961 tively locks the cards in the module and in an open position holds the rear ends of the cards in place.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the abovecharacter in which the door when open is supported in a substantially horizontal position so that it can act as a shelf for extension cards to facilitate measurements and repairs.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction of the above character in which the door when close-d forms a part of the closed air channel.

Another object of the invention is to provide a modular construction or" the above character in which particularly novel means is used for supporting the rear ends of the cards.

Additional objects and features of the invention will appear from the following description in which the preferred embodiment has been set forth in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Referring to the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of a modular construction incorporating the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 22 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged view of a view shown in FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 but showing the swinging door in an open position.

FIGURE 5 is a partial perspective view of one of the corners of the modular construction.

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view, partially exploded, showing the modular construction adapted for a selfsupporting desk top mounting.

FIGURE 7 is a side elevational view of the module shown in FEGURE 6.

FIGURE 8 is a side elevational view showing two of the modules arranged one above the other.

FIGURE 9 is a side elevational view showing a module in which an extension card is being utilized.

FIGURE 10 is a side elevational view of a modular construction in which an additional half module has been utilized to permit the utilization of a card of greater width.

FIGURE 11 is an isometric view of the half module.

In general, the present invention consists of a suitable framework in which a plurality of substantially uniform cards are removably mounted. The cards are normally in alignment and lie in substantially parallel planes. Connectors are normally used for mounting one end of each or the cards because the cards normally have electrical circuitry mounted thereon. A hinged door is pivotally mounted on the rear of the framework for movement about an axis which extends at right angles to the planes of the cards. When the door is in a raised or clpsed position, the door firmly engages the rear ends of the cards to hold the cards in place. When the door is lowered, the rear ends of the cards are still held in alignment by the lower margin of the door which remains in contact with the cards. The cards containing the electrical circuitry can be readily removed without disturbing the front panel when the door is in this position.

More in particular, the modular construction consists of a framework 11. The frameworkll is comprised of a pair of side panels 12 which are each provided with in-turned top, bottom, front and rear edges 12a, 12b, 12c and 12d, respectively. Cut-outs 13 and 14 are provided in the rear end of each of the side panels at the top and bottom corners respectively.

The side panels 12 are connected by a pair of 1011 gitudinally extending angle members 16. The angle members are mounted in recesses 17 provided in the inturned top and bottom edges 1 2a and 12b and are secured therein by suitable means such as bolts 18. The angle portion of the members 16 are provided with two portions 16a and 16b with portion 16b extending at right angles to portion 16a. Portions 16a of both members 16 extend in planes which are parallel to the top and bottom edges 12a and 12b of the side panels. Portions 16b extend at right angles thereto and through slots 19 provided in the top and bottom edges 12a and 12b. Portions 160 are provided with a plurality of spaced openings (not shown) extending the length thereof which are adapted to receive grommets 22 of suitable material such as rubber.

Connectors 23 of any suitable type such as the female connectors shown are mounted between the spaced angle members 16 in any desired space relationship by suitable means such as bolts 24 extending through the grommets 22. The connectors 23 are adapted to receive the male terminals 26 or other suitable connectors carried by cards 27. The male terminals carried by the cards 27 are firmly engaged by the connectors 23, that is, they are frictionally held within the connectors. The connectors 23, the male terminals 26 and the cards 27 are substantially conventional and are well known to those skilled in the art.

The cards 27 are formed of a suitable insulating material and are adapted to have mounted thereon various types of electrical circuitry. For example, circuitry utilizing electron tubes or transistors may be utilized with or without the use of printed circuitry. By properly spacing the connectors 23 on the angle members 16, it is possible to vary the spacing between the cards removably carried thereby so that the cards can have mounted thereon any type of circuitry desired.

With the arrangement shown, it will be noted that the connectors 23 are substantially vertical and that the cards carried thereby also lie in spaced parallel vertical planes. The cards may be of any desired configuration; however, as shown, they are conventionally rectangular and are provided with relatively square top and bottom corners on their rear ends.

Means is provided for engaging the rear ends of the cards to support the rear ends of the cards and consists of a hinged member 31 which forms a door or gate. The door or member 3-1 consists of a single unitary structure which is provided with a main planar portion 31a and upper and lower inclined portions 31b and 310 which incline inwardly from the main portion 31 and which preferably have an angle of inclination substantially of .45" for a purpose hereinafter described. The door is formed with an additional portion 3101 which extends in a plane. at right angles to the plane of the portion 31a and which rides under the top edges 12a of the side panels as shown particularly in FIGURE 3 when the door is closed.

The door or member 31 is pivotally mounted on the framework 11 by suitable means such as hinges 32 which have one leaf secured to the bottom edge 12b and the other leaf secured to the inclined portion 31b of the doc? 31 by suitable means such as bolts 33. It will be noted that the hinges are mounted in such a manner that the axis upon which the door swings is at right angles to the planes of the cards 27 and is slightly forward and below the lower rear corner of each of the cards when the cards are in position for a purpose hereinafter described.

Means is provided on the angular portions 31b and 31c of the door to firmly grip the top and bottom rear corners of the cards 27 to hold the cards in place when the door is in a closed position and consists of strips 36 of a suitable resilient material such as plastic or rubber which are secured to the door by suitable means such as bolts 37. Rivets or glue may be utilized if desired. The strips are provided with spaced raised portions 38 which are provided with substantially V-shaped recesses 39. The V-shaped recesses 39 and the portions 38 are spaced in such a manner that the V-shaped recesses are in alignment with the openings in the angle members 16.

Means is provided for retaining the door member 31 in closed position and consists of conventional thumb actuated twist lock devices 41 which engage the rear edges 12d of the side panels 12.

A front panel 42 of a conventional type is shown mounted on the side panels 12 by suitable means such as screws 43.

It will be noted that a considerable amount of space is provided between the longitudinal members 16a and the front panel 42. This space is provided so that various types of controls can be mounted on the front panel if desired. As shown in FIGURE 1, the space is adequate so that the conventional type of front panel mounting may be utilized with my modular construction.

In FIGURES 6 and 7, a module of the type hereinbefore described has been adapted for desk top mounting by providiing a member 46 of suitable light material such as wood on each side of the module which is secured to the front panel by suitable means such as screws 47. Top and bottom cover plates 48 and 49 formed of suitable screen-like material such as expanded metal are secured to the wooden side pieces 46 by suitable means such as screws 51. The wooden side members 45 are provided with hand holes 52 to facilitate lifting of the desk top unit. Rubber feet 53 are provided on the bottom side of the module and serve to space the module from the desk top to facilitate circulation of air through the module.

In FIGURE 8 is shown an arrangement in which two of the modules have been arranged so that they are stacked one above the other.

In FIGURE 9 the module is being shown utilized with an extension card 56 which is provided with a female connector or receptacle 57 identical to the female connector or receptacle 23.

In FIGURES 10 and 11 there is shown a modular construction which is one-half of the height of the modular construction hereinbefore described. As shown particularly in FIGURE 11, this modular construction consists of a pair of side walls 61 and a rear wall 62. The side walls are spaced apart the same distance as the side panels 12 and are provided with inturned top and bottom edges 61a and 61b and an inturned end edge 610. The rear wall 62 is likewise provided with inturned top edge 62a and an inturned bottom edge (not shown). This half module is of the same general overall shape as the module hereinbefore described so that it can be used in conjunction with such a module.

When a module of standard size as shown in FIG- URES 1 to 5 is used with a module of a smaller size such as the half module shown in FIGURES 10 and 11, it is possible to use cards 64 which are of greater height than those shown in FIGURES 1 to 5. With such cards it is possible to use oversized tubes and other large electrical compartments. The utilization of such a half module in conjunction with a full-sized or standard module also makes possible the use of a larger front panel 66 so that large meters (see FIGURE 10) and other devices can be used.

Operation and use of the modular construction may now be briefly described. With the door 31 in its open or lowermost position. the cards 27 may be inserted and removed with case from the connectors 23. When the door is in its lowermost position, the lower rear corners of the cards are still supported by the portions 38 which serve to prevent sidewise movement of the rear ends of the cards. After the cards have all been placed in position, the door can be raised from the position shown in FIG. 4 to the position shown in FIGURE 3 in which both strips 36 engage the top and bottom rear corners of the cards 27. As soon as the door is locked in position, the rear ends of the cards are firmly held in a fixed position by the door. The front ends of the cards are held by the connectors 23 carried by the angle members 16.

Thus, it can be seen that a three point support is provided for each of the cards, one in front by the connector, and two in the rear by the door 31. Even when the door is in a position to permit removal of the cards, each of the cards is supported at at least twopoints, one in front by the connector 23, and one in the rear by the lowermost strip 36 mounted on the door 31.

The arrangement of the cards in the module as shown is particulany advantageous in that it permits relatively free flow of air upwardly through the spaced vertical cards. The bottom and top sides of each of the modules are free of any obstructions. When the modules are arranged one above the other as shown in FIGURE 8, a closed continuous air channel is provided. This particularly adapts the assembly for natural air cooling because of the chimney efi'ect created. It also adapts the assembly for forced air cooling of the vacuum or pressure type. The passage of air through the modules and past the cards is particularly facilitated because no guides or the like are provided for the top and bottom side edges of the cards.

The construction of the module is such that air cannot escape from the modules. The side walls, the front panel and the rear door of each of the modules form a closed four-sided enclosure which cooperate with the module immediately above and the module immediately below to provide a continuous channel so that the air moving into the lowermost or uppermost module is forced to pass thorugh all of the modules and cannot escape therefrom. By mounting a conventional forced air fan in the lower most module of the stacked modules, it is possible to drive air through all of the modules to cool the electronic components carried by the cards in all of the modules. In the desk top model shown in FIGURES 6 and 7, the module is provided with feet so that air can fiow freely through the perforated top and bottom covers to cool the electronic components.

The arrangement of the cards in the manner shown makes possible a high packaging density without resorting to miniaturization techniques. Different types of circuitry may be used within the same module if desired.

' For example, as shown in FIGURE 6, certain cards may contain vacuum. tube circuitry with conventional wiring, whereas others may contain transistorized circuitry. In addition, power supplies and the like may also be mounted within the modular construction merely by securing the same to the channel members 16.

.Access to the cards is facilitated by the rear door which swings open to permit free access to the cards while at the same time providing support for the rear end of the cards. As shown particularly in FIGURE 8, the door is provided with inclined portions having a 45 angle which when the door is opened causes the door to provide a substantially horizontal shelf-like surface which is firmly supported by the door immediately below. This openingof the door to the horizontal position is advantageous in that it facilitates the use of extension cards 56 because the door serves to: support the outer ends of the extension cards as shown particularly in FIGURE 9. The card which is to be tested or repaired may then be inserted in extension card 56 so that it is readily accessible to the workman.

The use of the conventional front panels on the modules permits integration of the modules with conventional rack mounted equipment.

By utilizing resilient material for the strips 36 and the grommets 22, shock mounting is provided for the cards while at the same time maintaining the cards in the desired position.

When it becomes necessary to utilize cards of a greater height than that which can be accommodated by the module, a module of reduced size such as the half module shown in FIGURE 11 is provided and secured to the frame of the full-sized or standard module. The use of this larger card permits the use of electronic components of a much greater size. The use of this half module also permits the use of a front panel of greater height so that larger instruments or control devices can be utilized if desired. The stationary rear wall 62 of the half module makes it possible to mount certain controls on the rear wall if desired. Certain controls also can be mounted on the swinging door of the standard module; however, this may be found to be undesirable since the leads leading to the controls must bend to accommodate the opening and closing of the swinging door.

It is apparent from the foregoing that I have provided a new and improved modular construction which is particularly advantageous in that it permits cards containing electrical circuitry to be readily removable for maintenance and replacement. The cards are supported in a particularly novel manner by means of a swinging door, when the door is in a closed position, and when the door is in a position to permit the removal of the cards.

I claim:

1. In a modular construction, a framework, a plurality of substantially uniform cards, means for mounting one end of each of the cards in the framework so that the cards are in alignment and lie in spaced substantially parallel planes, and a member pivotally mounted on said framework for movement about an axis which extends at right angles to the planes of the cards, said member being movable between open and closed positions whereby when said member is in a closed position it serves to hold the other ends of said cards in a relatively fixed position and when said member is in an open position it permits removal of the cards, said means for mounting one end of each of the'cards and said member constituting the sole support for said cards in said framework.

2. A modular construction as in claim 1 wherein said member is provided with means for engaging the upper and lower corners of said other ends of said cards when said member is in a closed position and wherein when said member is in an open position to permit removal of the cards, the means engaging the lower corners is still in engagement with the lower corners.

3. A modular construction as in claim lwherein said framework consists solely of a pair of spaced, parallel side panels and a pair of longitudinal members secured to the upper and lower portions of the side panels perpendicular to the side panels and intermediate the ends thereof.

4. A modular construction as in claim 1 wherein the means for mounting one end of the cards in the framework comprises a plurality of connectors together with a front panel mounted on the framework and spaced from the connectors and lying in a plane parallel to the plane of the member when the member is in a closed position, electrical devices mounted on the front panel, and means connecting the electrical devices to the connectors.

5. In a modular construction, a pair of spaced, parallel side panels, a pair of spaced longitudinal members secured to upper and lower portions of the side panels perpendicular to the side panels and intermediate the ends thereof, a plurality of substantially uniform cards,

means mounted on said pair of longitudinal members for mounting one end of each of the cards so that the cards are in alignment and lie in spaced substantially parallel planes parallel to the side panels, a door movable between open and closed positions pivotally mounted on the ends of said side panels and moving on an axis substantially at right angles to the planes of the side panels whereby when the door is in an open position, the cards can be removed, and means carried by the door for engaging the upper and lower corners of said other ends of said cards when the door is in a closed position, said door constituting with the mounting means the sole support for said cards.

6. A modular construction as in claim 5 wherein the means mounted on said pair of longitudinal members for mounting one end of each of the cards consists of a plurality of connectors, a front panel mounted on the side panels perpendicular to the side panels and spaced from the connectors, electrical devices mounted on the front panel, and means connecting the electrical devices to the connectors.

7. A modular construction as in claim wherein the axis of movement of the door is slightly below and for ward of the lower corners of said other ends of said cardsv 8. A modular construction as in claim 5 wherein said means mounted on the door and engaging the upper and lower corners of said other ends of said cards consists of strips of resilient material mounted on said door, said strips being provided with recesses whereby when said door is moved to a closed position said cards are firmly seated in said recesses, the lowermost corners of the cards remaining in engagement with the strip of material engaging the same as the door is moved between open and closed positions.

9. A modular construction as in claim 8 wherein said door is provided with upper and lower inclined portions having an angle of inclination of substantially 45, said resilient Strips being mounted on said inclined portions of the door.

10. In an assembly of the character described adapted for use with air cooling, a plurality of superposed frames, each of said frames having spaced, parallel side walls, a front panel secured to the side walls, a plurality of substantially uniform cards, mounting means for mounting one end of each of the cards in the frame so that the cards are in alignment and lie in spaced substantially parallel planes parallel to the side walls and a hinged rear door movable between open and closed positions secured to the side walls, said door when in a closed position engaging the other endsof the cards and serving to support said other ends of said cards, said mounting means and said door constituting the sole support for said cards, the side walls, the front panel and rear door of the frames forming a four-sided enclosure with open top and bottom sides, said superposed frames providing a continuous closed cooling air channel for the passage of air over the cards in said frames.

11. An assembly as in claim 10 wherein the mounting means in each frame are connectors together with electrical devices mounted on the front panel of the frame and means connecting the electrical devices to the connectors.

12. An assembly as in claim 10 wherein the door in each of said frames is provided with upper and lower inclined portions, the portions being inclined at an angle of substantially 45 so that when a door is in an open position, the lowermost inclined portion of the door is in engagement with the uppermost inclined portion of the door immediately below to thereby support the door in a substantially horizontal position.

13. In a modular construction adapted for desk top use, a pair of vertical spaced, parallel side panels, and a pair of longitudinal members secured to upper and lower portions of the side panels perpendicular to the side panels and intermediate the ends thereof, a plurality of cards, means mounted on said pair of longitudinal members for mounting one end of each of the cards so that the cards are in alignment and lie in spaced substantially vertical parallel planes, :1 door movable between open and closed positions pivotally mounted on the ends of said members and moving on an axis substantially at right angles to the planes of the side panels whereby when the door is in an open position, the cards can be removed, means carried by the door for engaging the upper and lower corners of the other end of said cards when the door is in a closed position, said door in cooperation with the mounting means constituting the sole support for said cards, a pair of side members disposed adjacent the side panels, a front panel secured to the side panels and to the side members, perforated top and bottom cover plates secured to the side members to enclose the cards, and spacing means mounted on the bottom cover plate adapted to support the framework above the surface of the desk.

14. In an assembly of the character described, a first framework consisting of a pair of spaced, parallel side panels, a pair of longitudinal members secured to the upper and lower portions of the side panels perpendicular to the side panels and intermediate the ends thereof, a plurality of cards, means mounted on said pair of longitudinal members for supporting one end of each of the cards so that the cards are in alignment and lie in spaced substantially parallel vertical planes parallel to the side panels, a door movable between open and closed positions pivotally mounted on the ends of said side members and moving on an axis substantially at right angles to the planes of the side panels, and means carried by the door for engaging the other ends of the cards, said door and the mounting means constituting the sole support for said cards, and an additional framework secured to the first named framework, said additional framework having a height substantially less than that of the first named framework and consisting of a pair of spaced side walls and a rear wall, the side walls being spaced apart the same distance as the side panels of the first named framework, and being secured to the side panels and a front panel secured to the front ends of the first and last named frameworks.

15. An assembly as in claim 14 wherein the rear wall of the last named framework is disposed inwardly from the door of the first named framework to permit opening and closing of the door.

l6. An assembly as in claim 14 wherein at least one of said cards has a portion which extends into the last named framework.

References ited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,077,160 Wilson Feb. 21, 1956 2,832,013 Pedersen Apr. 22, 1958 2,843,806 ONeill July 15, 1958 2,880,379 Stoddart Mar. 31, 1959 2,893,137 Ailing July 7, 1959 2,951,185 Buck Aug. 30, 1960 OTHER REFERENCES Electrical Design News, April 1958, p. 15.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2077160 *Jul 14, 1934Apr 13, 1937Bell Telephone Labor IncRadio transmitter
US2832013 *Nov 12, 1954Apr 22, 1958Bell Telephone Labor IncPrinted wire circuit card inter-connection apparatus
US2843806 *Apr 29, 1955Jul 15, 1958Hughes Aircraft CoCross-cooled cabinet for electrical equipment
US2880379 *Jan 10, 1955Mar 31, 1959Baird Atomic IncSupporting structure for electronic components
US2893137 *Jul 22, 1957Jul 7, 1959AllingPortable training device for electric accounting machine operators
US2951185 *Dec 28, 1956Aug 30, 1960Gen Dynamics CorpPrinted circuit subassemblies and test fixtures
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3327175 *Mar 2, 1965Jun 20, 1967Int Standard Electric CorpAssembly of printed circuit boards
US3531723 *Oct 12, 1966Sep 29, 1970Sanyo Electric CoChassis construction for television receivers using circuit boards
US4058890 *Oct 15, 1975Nov 22, 1977Hewlett-Packard CompanyMethod for mounting printed circuit boards
US4272141 *Jun 11, 1979Jun 9, 1981Frederick ElectronicsElectronic card cage interfacing assembly
US4727248 *Apr 24, 1987Feb 23, 1988Smh AlcatelOptoelectronic detector of passing objects
EP0168023A1 *Jul 9, 1985Jan 15, 1986SMH-ALCATEL Société anonyme dite:Opto-electronic device for detecting the passage of objects
Classifications
U.S. Classification361/796, 439/59, 439/206, 361/752, 439/79
International ClassificationH01R12/00, H05K7/14, H01R12/16
Cooperative ClassificationH05K7/1404, H01R23/68
European ClassificationH01R23/68, H05K7/14B2A