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Publication numberUS3014279 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1961
Filing dateNov 23, 1959
Priority dateNov 23, 1959
Publication numberUS 3014279 A, US 3014279A, US-A-3014279, US3014279 A, US3014279A
InventorsAlfred Fosdal
Original AssigneeAlfred Fosdal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dental mirror
US 3014279 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. FOSDAL DENTAL MIRROR Dec. 26, 1961 Filed. Nov. 23, 1959 ALFRED FOSDAL INVENTOR.

United States Patent 3,014,279 DENTAL MIRROR Alfred Fosdal, Rte. 4, Box 398, Medford, Oreg.

Filed Nov. 23, 1959, Ser. No. 854,815

, 5 Claims. (Cl. 32-69) Broadly considered the invention relates and is directed to improvements in dental mirrors for use by dentists .in connection with oral surgery and the treatment of been used by the dental profession for a considerable periodof time. Such an instrument has been quite satisfactory to a degree for the purpose of permitting the dentist to see portions of the patients month which ordinarily would be invisible. However, the eflicaciousness is frequently destroyed by the condensation of moisture on the surface'greatly decreasing or even eliminating visibility The problem of maintaining the reflecting surface of a dental mirror free from moisture condensation and debris when in use has long been recognized. In attempting to eliminatethese objections, various devices have hereto- .fore been proposed for keeping dental mirrors clear and free from debris while in use, but such devices have proved tobe either ineffective, inconvenient, or their use has been objectionable for other reasons. These objectionable problems have become accentuated and more aggravated with the advent of high speed drilling which requires some kind of coolant and lubricant being direct at the point of drilling to. cool the tooth surface and lubricate the high speed dental drill. The coolant may be either a con- 'tinuous or intermittent stream of water or compressed air blown at the area being drilled, but the preferred coolant T is water rather. than air.

The necessity of directinga water vapor spray or a I blast of'air at the area being drilled to cool and lubricate the high speed dental drill and to keep the tooth cool has materially aggravated the well known disadvantage of moisture condensation on the reflecting surface of the v mirror by introducing a surplusage of water thereon, the

minute droplets of; which impair clear vision or entirely eliminates it.

Many attempts have been made to solve this problem, including the direction of a fine spray'of water or compressed air over.the reflecting surface, but without clear cut success since no satisfactory method was apparent for removing from the reflecting surface the droplets of water emanating from the coolant used on the working surfaces. A temporary solution to this problem is found by dipping the dental mirror into any well known wetting agent or a detergent containing a wetting agent for the purpose of reducing the surface tension of the water used as a coolant as it strikes the reflecting surface of the mirror. However, this solution has been found to be unsatisfactory since the wetting agent into which the mirror is dipped is quickly washed away by the water,

the surface tension of which it seeks to reduce.

The quintessence of .my invention is to providea dental mirror for use in oral surgery or tooth repair having means therein for continuously insuring clearvision during its-use by a dentist in the performance of his customary duties in the oral cavity of a patient.

a on line 55 of FIG. 4;

, on line 6-6 of FIG. 4; FIG. :7 is a side elevation, partially in section, of

3,014,279 Patented Dec. 26, 1961 "ice ficient strength to materially reduce, if not entirely eliminat e, the surface tension of the water used as a coolant for the highspeed drill and oral area being worked upon by the dentist, and also having means for simultaneously removing from the reflecting surface of the mirror, the

. excess liquids and debris caused by the high speed drill,

'' other substance or combinations thereof which becomes a Wetting agent in solution and which is adapted to direct this pretreated solution over the reflecting surface of the mirror in order to act upon the water used as a coolant for the high speed drill and tooth area being worked upon as the same falls upon said reflecting surface and substantially reduce its normal surface tension.

A further object and complementary to the above adjoining object of my invention. is to provide a mirror having means therein whereby any excess of such solution and water and any debris formed during; drilling operations will be continuously removed from the reflecting surface.

Still another object of my invention is toprovide a dental mirror having substantially the same physical appearance as the present type of dental mirror, but, nevertheless, having means therein for maintaining a sharp image on the reflecting surface withoutunduly increasing its size, shape and weight.

Other objects and advantages willundoubtedly reveal themselves from the following detailed description which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which: a r I FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the dental mirror showing thepreferred embodiment of my invention; I

FIG. 2 is a side elevation, partially in section, of the preferred embodiment of my invention;

FIG. 3 is a sectional elevation taken on line 33 of FIG. 1 and substantially enlarged to show the structural features embodied in the preferred embodiment of my invention;

FIG. 4-is a perspective view, partially in section and partially broken away, of a gasket employed in the preferred embodiment of my invention showing its structural characteristics. 7

FIG. 5 is an enlarged, detailed sectional view taken FIG. .6 is an enlarged, detailed-sectional view taken another embodiment of my invention;

FIG. 8 is a top plan view of the dental in FIG. 7; I I I I 1 FIG. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation, partially in section, of some of the structural features in the preferred embodiment of my invention;

FIG. 10

mirror shown FIG. 8; and 1 The primary object of my invention is to provide a dental mirror having means therein for continuously or intermittently flushing the'reflecting surface of the mirror FIG. 11 is a sectional elevation taken on. line 11.11 of FIG. 7.

I Referring to the invention shown in FIGS. 1 through 6 and 9, the dental mirror-embodying the preferred form .of my invention consists of a circular base lhaving an orifice 2 disposed centrally therethrough. A tubular member,3-is secured to the underside of base 1 andthas one of its ends 4 ;in direct and sealed communication with -orifice.:2. Tubular member 3 is angularly disposed in relation to base 1 and assumes substantially the same appearance as any of the present typeof {dental mirrors.

-:An annular flange 5 extends upwardly from the periphery of base 1 and is an integral part thereof.

clearly shown in FIG. 1.

7 and are positioned in spaced relationship equidistant from each other. A plurality of grooves 11 are formed transversely of wall 9 and are positioned between ledges equidistant from each other. Cut-outs 12 join and as capsule 22 flows over the face of disc 13 as shown by the arrows, and contemporaneously therewith, an aspirating action is created by the suction pump attached to one of the bores in flexible member 23 resulting in the withdrawal of the water and any debris on the mirror face into passageways/14, down grooves 11, cut-outs 12, space 15, orifice 2 and tubular member 3, .as shown by the various arrows showing the direction of flow. While the flow of the water and its removal is shown as continuous, it should be obvious that various types of control may be interjected into the two lines to provide interextend from the bottom of each groove 11 to form L- shaped channelways in gasket 6.

A circular disc 13, preferably made of glass silvered on one face to provide a reflecting surface on the other face to form a mirror is mounted snugly into the gasket 6 between the top and bottom sections 7 and 8 as shown in FIG. 3. Ledges 10 are seated upon the mirror face of disc 13 and consequently such portions of the top section 7 between these ledges are held therefrom creating passageways 14 which are in direct communication with the tops of grooves 11. Furthermore, a space 15 is provided between the underside of disc 13 and base 1, when the disc is seated on bottom section 8 of gasket 6 as Thus in this manner unobstructed communication exists between the passageways 14 and orifice 2 by means of grooves 11, cut-outs 12 and space 15.

Tubular member 3 is securely encased in an elongated cylindrical jacket 16 for the greater portion of its length.

Otfset portion 17 of member 3 extends from and is positioned :in-spaced relation alongside jacket 16 as shown in FIG. 2. Sealed connections are provided between jacket 16 and the portions of member 3, which are not covered by the jacket. The diameter of jacket 16 is substantially greater than the diameter of member 3. Thus a hollow bore 17a is available throughout its length.

A second tubular member 1-8 extends throughout bore 17a and terminates in a fan -shaped neck or nozzle 19* which abuts the annular flange 5 and lies in the plane of the reflecting surface of disc 13 diametrically opposite passageways 14 leading to suction or vacuum creating apparatus for the purpose shortly to be explained. Adequate seals are provided between bore 17a and member 18 to prevent leakage therebetween. A pocket 20, in communication with member 18, is formed'in the top portion of jacket 16 as shown in FIG. 9 and a reticulated metallic basket 21 is removably fitted into pocket 20. A detergent having a wetting agent therein or any other type of wetting agent for reducing the surface tension of waterdroplets adapted for slow disintegration by water how and herein represented asa capsule 22, is placed into thebasket which insures against minuteparticles ofthe detergent-or other wetting agent entering member 18 as it is subjected to the action of the water. The essential function of such detergent or wetting agent as stated beforeis to substantially reduce or eliminate the'surface tension of the liquid passing around it" and through member 18 onto the reflecting surface of disc 13. Capsule 22 may be treated with any color, mouthwash, astringent or other suitable substance in order to please'the olfactory,

sight or taste organs of the patient being treated.

A'fiexi-bletubing 23, having a pair of separate axial bores extending from end to end therein is bifurcated at each of its ends, one furcation being fitted over tubular "'r'nem-berS, as shown at 24, and its other furcation being fitted over the top of basket 20, asshownat 75. One bore of fiexible'tubing' leads to a source of water under pressure andtheother bore to an aspirating apparatus of any .wellknowntype.

The flow of the water and its removal from the reflecting face of disc .13 is best-illustrated by theza'rrows sup -plied in the drawings- Water under pressure emanating from nozzle 19 after being treated by a wetting agent such vention shown in FIGS. 7, 8 and Ill-is substantially difierent from the preferred form although the results desired can be obtained by its use as well. The modified form consists of a mirror assembly 26 commonly employed in the dental profession. Tubular member 27, carrying water under pressure is secured to the underside of mirror assembly'ZG and is bent transversely over the end thereof so that one of its terminal ends 28 is positioned to permit water to flow over the reflecting face of the mirror assembly. The other terminal end of member 27 terminates at a pocket identical in structure heretofore described. Tubular member 29 terminates in'a nozzle 30 seated diametrically opposite end 28 of member 27 and its other end is connected by well known means to aspirating apparatus. Both of the members 27 and 29 are confined in a jacket 31. The modified embodiment functions substantially like the preferred emobiment except that the flow of the water and its removal is reversed as clearly indicated by the arrows shown in the various views of the drawings.

As the invention is susceptible to various changes in the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangements of the parts of the embodiments above set forth, without departing from its general principles, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth and described and shown in the accompanying drawing, is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense, and I claim all variations falling within the purview of the appended claims. i

I claim: v

1. A mirror for dental use comprising, a fiangedbase having an orifice disposed centrally therethrough, an annular gasket, U-shaped in cross-section, removably vdisposed within said base, said gasket having a plurality of downwardly depending narrow ledges and a plurality of L-shaped narrow channelways disposed between said ledges formed therein, a mirror member snugly mounted in said gasket in spaced relation to said flanged base and positioned therein so that the ledges are seated upon the top surface of the mirror member to thereby provide passageways for communication with the L-shaped channelways in said gasket, a water carrying tubula'nmem- -ber joined to the mirror supporting base, a fan shaped member to thereby permit the water to pass over its surface, a reticulated basket removably disposed insaid tubular member, a wetting agent deposited in said basket for treating the water p'assingth'rough the tubular member andv thereby reducing the surface tension on any water contacting the top surfaceof the mirror member,

- and a second tubular member secured-to the flanged base aincommunication with the orifice. fOrJremoVing by-aspiration, any excess Water and debris from'the top surface 2. A mirror for dentaluse comprising gt: flanged base lhaving an orifice disposed centrally therethrough, an -a'nnular gasket, .U-shaped in cross-section, removably dieposed within said base, a plurality of downwardly depending narrow ledges and a plurality of L-shaped narrow channelways disposed therebetween formed within said gasket, a mirror member snugly mounted in said gasket in spaced relation to said flanged base and positioned therein so that the ledges are seated upon the top surface of the mirror member to thereby provide passageways for communication with the L-shaped channelways in said gasket, a Water carrying member joined to the mirror supporting base, a fan shaped nozzle formed at one end of the tubular member disposed in relation to said base so that said nozzle abuts and lies in the plane of the top surface of the mirror member to thereby permit the water to pass over its surface, means disposed within the water carrying hollow member for reducing the surface tension on any water contacting the top surface of the mirror member, and a hollow member secured to the flanged base in communication with its orifice for removing by suction any excess water and debris from the top surface of the mirror member.

3. A dental mirror comprising a flanged base having an orifice disposed centrally therethrough, an annular gasket removably disposed within said base, a mirror member snugly mounted in said gasket in spaced relation to said flanged base, means formed within said gasket to permit communication between the top surface of the mirror member and the space formed between the flanged base and said mirror member, a water carrying member joined to the mirror supporting base and disposed in relation to said flanged base so that one of its ends abuts and lies in the plane of the top surface of the reflecting member to thereby permit water emanating therefrom to pass over said top surface of the mirror member, means disposed within the water carrying hollow mem her for reducing the surface tension on any water con tacting the top surface of the mirror member, and a hollow member secured to the flanged base in communication with its orifice for removing by suction any excess water from the top surface of the mirror member.

4. A dental mirror of the class described comprising, a flanged base having an orifice disposed centrally therethrough, an annular gasket removably disposed within said base, a mirror member mounted in said gasket in spaced relation to said flanged base, means formed within said gasekt for permitting communication between the top surface of said mirror member and the space between the flanged base and mirror member, a water carrying member joined to said flanged base, a nozzle secured to one end of the water carrying member and positioned in relation to said base to flush water over the top sur face of the mirror member, and a hollow member secured to the flanged base in communication with its orifice adapted to simultaneously remove by suction excess water and debris from the top surface of the mirror member.

5. A dental mirror of the class described comprising, a base having an orifice disposed centrally therethrough, an annular gasket removably disposed in said base, a mirror member mounted within said gasket and positioned therein in spaced relation to said base; means formed in said gasket adapted to provide communication between the top surface of the mirror member and the space provided between such base and said mirror member, means associated with said base for bringing water a to and spreading water over the top surface of said mirror member, means disposed within said mentioned means for pretreating the water to substantially reduce its surface tension, and means secured to said base in communication with its orifice for simultaneously removing excess water and debris from the top surface of the mirror member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,660,870 Fust Feb. 28, 1928 2,393,319 Freedman Ian.22, 1946 2,862,299 Reiter Dec. 2, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 517,203 Germany Feb. 2, 1931 366,722 Great Britain Feb. 28, 1929

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1660870 *Jun 1, 1926Feb 28, 1928Robert FustMouth mirror
US2393319 *Mar 31, 1943Jan 22, 1946Bertha FreedmanSurgical instrument
US2862299 *Jan 24, 1956Dec 2, 1958David ReiterDental mirror structure
DE517203C *Oct 12, 1927Feb 2, 1931Guenther Stock DrVorrichtung zur Reinigung der Zaehne, insbesondere zur Reinigung oder auch Massage der Mundschleimhaut, des Zahnfleisches, der Zunge usw.
GB306722A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3092910 *Mar 2, 1961Jun 11, 1963Warriner Joe FEnd instrument for dental evacuator
US3102338 *Dec 18, 1961Sep 3, 1963Warriner Joe FDental mirror and aspirator
US3151395 *Nov 13, 1961Oct 6, 1964Moniot Vincent EReflector device
US3755903 *May 8, 1972Sep 4, 1973Spinello RAnti-misting attachment for dental mirrors
US3986266 *Jun 23, 1975Oct 19, 1976Bernard Francis VellenderDental mirrors
US4400157 *May 12, 1982Aug 23, 1983Moore Charles EDental mirror assembly
US4512635 *Jan 4, 1982Apr 23, 1985Melde Chris RDental mirror apparatus
US5139420 *Sep 4, 1990Aug 18, 1992Walker William SDental mirror system
US7331785Oct 2, 2003Feb 19, 2008David CroopSelf cleaning dental mirror
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/30, 359/882
International ClassificationA61B1/24, A61B1/253
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/253
European ClassificationA61B1/253