US 3015106 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. VAN MOER jam. 2, 1962 COVERALLS Filed Sept. 18, 1958 PER A TFOPNEY5 United States Patent 3,015,106 COVERALLS Henri Van Moer, Malines, Belgium, assignor to S. A. Etablissements Van Moer, Malines, Belgium Filed Sept. 18, 1958, Ser. No. 761,897 Claims priority, application Belgium July 17, 1958 2 Claims. (Cl. 279) This invention is chiefly concerned with the technique of industrially manufacturing working garments.
Specialists are well aware of the fact that this sort of clothing must needs satisfy very particular criteria, some of which seem incompatible with each other. Indeed, such clothing must simultaneously fit well, so as to otter the greatest possible safety to the workerany loose or flapping part being able to cause accidents-and must, notwithstanding, allow the greatest possible liberty of movement to him who wears it.
This double specification presupposes a garment which is simultaneously sufficiently tight for safety purposes and sutficiently loose so as not to hinder free movement.
Chiefly, such working garments must be cheap, whilst on the other hand they should be of pleasing appearance, considering that it has been proved that the clothing of a worker has a marked influence upon his work.
The subject of the invention is a working garment which scrupulously fulfills all these conditions, being manufactured by applying an extremely simple method which will permit the setting up of a most efiicient industrial plant.
According to the invention, the apparently contradictory conditions, which call for the making up of working garments which are at the same time tight-fitting and relatively loose-fitting, yet not presenting the slightest danger, are all carried out at once by means of the rational distribution of the tightly fitting parts and of the relatively loosely fitting ones according to their particular shape and to the lay-out and adequate structure of the yokes and seams, the lot being conditioned in such way that all parts can be drawn out of a rectangular piece of cloth, with the surprising result that the loss of material is practically nil.
The method according to the invention is characterized by the fact that the sleeves as well as the front and rear portions of the upper part of the garment are made up of four elements, each composed of a yoke extended by a half sleeve, these elements then being assembled two by two by means of seams. According to the method-this lay-out permits the exclusive use, for manufacturing such working garments which satisfy the above-mentioned criteria, of rectangular pieces of material. By means of this generalized shape it becomes possible to obtain an adjoining, or practically adjoining lay-out of all the constituent parts upon the piece of material, thus reducing the cutting waste to the extreme limit.
According to the invention, the upper part of the garment can be adapted to any sort of working clothes, such as dust coats, overalls, etc.
It also becomes possible, by means of particular combinations of tight-fitting and relatively loose-fitting parts, to reduce the number of different cuts with respect to the number of sizes manufactured.
Finally, the clothes manufactured by applying the methodaccording to this invention have a truly fine aspect and contrast very favourably with the traditional shapeless and impersonal working clothes.
All particulars of the method and of'the working garments according to the invention will be more clearly understoodfrom the more detailed description hereafter, wherein reference is made to the appended drawings of which:
FIG. 1 shows a schematic front view of a working garment according to the invention;
FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of the same garment seen from the rear; j
FIG. 3 shows the characteristic lay-out of the constituent parts of the garment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, in view of the application of the method according to the invention.
FIGURES 1 and 2 show the basic parts which are characteristic of the invention, consisting of four par-ts joined two by two and making up the whole top part of the working garment. These characteristic parts are the following: a front right hand yoke 1 extended by a. halfsleeve 2; a front left hand yoke 3 extended by a halfsleeve 4; a left hand dorsal yoke 5 extended by a halfsleeve '6; a right hand dorsal yoke 7 extended by a half sleeve 8. The front part 12 is fixed to the dorsal part 7-8 by means of an upper seam 9 and a lower seam 10. The latter may be extended over the complete height of the garment. The front part 34 is attached to the dorsal part 56 by means of an upper seam 11 and a lower seam 12 which may also extend over the complete height of the garment. The two dorsal parts 5--6 and 7-8 are joined together by means of seam 13. In the front, yoke 1 is joined to the intermediate or chest part 14 by a seam 15 and yoke 3 to a chest part 16 by a seam 17. 0n the back, yokes 5 and 7 are joined to a dorsal part 19 by means of seam 18. Afo-resaid dorsal part 19 is attached to the two chest parts 14 and 16 by side seams forming an extension of seams 10 and 12 at the lower edges of the sleeve portions of the upper sections of the garment. The lower part of the garment can be made up in any desired manner, either as dust coat or in the shape of an overall or as any other desired sort of garment by mutually adapting the shape and size of abovementioned constituent parts of the upper part of the garment without changing the principle of the design which is the chief subject of the invention.
The actual method consists in starting off from a pattern on which the various constituent parts of the garment, such as have just been described, are traced out in such a disposition that the free spaces between them become extremely small, so that the waste portion after cutting out is reduced to a strict minimum.
For each garment, the material used is folded longitudinally in two, so as to be able to cut out simultaneously the right hand and left hand portions, in a manner generally well known. The chief characteristic of the method lies therein, that only rectangular, or very nearly rectangular, pieces of material are used, all other shapes such as V or star shaped patterns or any other unfolded patterns such as traditionally used, being systematically avoided, such shapes being highly detrimental to manufacturing techniques and most uneconomical.
Yet a further characteristic of the invention consists in the fact that each half-sleeve is extended by a yoke, which precisely permits the shape of all the constituent parts of the garment to be generally concentrated into a rectangular, or almost rectangular shape.
By applying this method a highly efficient industrial production can be organized, with practically no cutting waste, and the working garments thus produced have that new look cut which systematically satisfies all the abovementioned criteria for working clothing.
This invention concerns the method, as well as any clothing article whatever which is obtained by the application of same.
What I claim is:
1. In an article of clothing comprising upper, intermediate and lower parts, a pair of front upper sections each having an integral sleeve portion, a pair of rear upper sections each having an integral sleeve portion and joined together along a vertical line of stitching substantially medially of the upper part of the back of the wearer, said front and rear upper sections having upper and lower edges with the lower edges disposed along a transverse line passing substantially through the armpit areas of said sections, a pair of front intermediate sections each having an upper edge stitched to the lower edge of a respective front upper section and extending downwardly to a lower edge substantially at the waistline of the article of clothing, a rear intermediate section having an upper and lower edge with its upper edge stitched to the loweredges of said rear upper sections and extending downwardly substantially to the waistline, said front upper and intermediate sections being superposed on said rear upper and intermediate sections respectively and joined together at the upper edges of said front and rear" upper sections along a continuous curved seam line extending from the end of one sleeve to the end of the other sleeve, said sections being further joined together along adjacent edges by seam lines extending along the lower edges of the sleeve portions of said upper sections and along the side edges of said intermediate sections, and lower sections stitched to the lower edges of said intermediate sections substantially at the waistline.
2. The invention as defined in claim 1 in which the lower sections constitute a pair of trousers.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 176,969 Lasky May 2, 1876 347,888 Pusey Aug. 24, 1886 402,046 Tuch Apr. 23, 1889 1,547,457 Smith July 28, 1925 1,593,027 Montague July 20, 1926 2,330,315 Schweich Sept. 28, 1943 2,849,718 Wheelock Sept. 2, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 523,595 Italy Apr. 16, 1955