|Publication number||US3017605 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1962|
|Filing date||Dec 28, 1956|
|Priority date||Dec 28, 1956|
|Publication number||US 3017605 A, US 3017605A, US-A-3017605, US3017605 A, US3017605A|
|Inventors||Frank William H, Platz Elwood T|
|Original Assignee||Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (12), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
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Jan 16, 1962 United States Patent O M 3,017,605 f f PLUG-IN CONNECTORy Elwood T. Platz and William H. Frank, Detroit, Mich., assignors, by mesne assignments, to I-T-E Circuit Breaker Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Dec. 28, 1956,V Ser. No. 631,090 4 Claims. (Cl. 339-252) Our invention relates to a novel male plug-in connector of the bayonnet or stab type and to a novel method of manufacture of this mlaleplug-in connector.
In the past, male plug-in connectors of small size utilized spring type dcvices for obtaining contact pressure andl were diicult to manufacture. Thus, connectors of this type have usually relied on the temperof the material employed to obtain the required self-biasing effect for achieving the required contact pressure. Even this, however, has been difficult since it is usually necessary to utilize a non-ferrous type of material to achieve the desired electrical conductivity, these materials usually being relatively low in mechanical strength.
The primary object of our invention is to provide a compact, rugged and low cost connector that can bemade of rinexpensive non-ferrous metal of good conductivity which lends itself to simple manufacturing techniques and has adequate mechanical strength for providing necessary ilexibility to achieve the required mechanical contact pressure.
In essenceV our novel plug-in connector is comprised of a plurality of strands of conducting wire which vcould be of a copper alloyY material wherein a'center strand is surrounded by a plurality of eXternal strands. Each of these strands are fastened. together or joined by welding or any other desired means at specific points, the center strand beingI shorter thanthe strands surrounding the center strand. Accordingly, the central strand is placed in tension and the external strands in compression and the external strands will bow out at their center so. that the length between their two ends will be the same.
as that of the shorter center strands. Hence'the outer strands of our novel plug-in connector which areinexpensive and of a high conductivity material, may serve as self-biased spring members when inserted into va cooperating female type connector. That is to` say, since the strands are bowed outwardly, they are forced towards the center strand when being plugged into a female connector' having a diameter which is less than the diameter formed by the bowed strands and there will bemechanical stresses set up in the bowed strands causing a strong contact engagement with respect to the internal surfaces of the female connector.
One novel method by which our novel plug-in connector can be manufactured is to take a length ofspirally twisted strands which surround a central strand and to weld the strands together at predetermined lengths along the length of the bundle of strandsy to form a plurality of connectors having a length determined by the distance between the welded points. After welding, the bundle of strands may then be unravelled so that each of the strands are substantially parallel to the central strand whereby the length of the external strands will exceed the length of the center strand and therefore bow outwardly to form our novel plug-in connector. The connectors may then be cut at their welded points so as to form male connectors which can be subsequently fastened to electrical apparatus in any desiredmanner.
Accordingly, the primary object of our invention is to provide a novel male plug-in connector. g
A still further object of our invention is to provide the novel male plug-in connector which isformed of a plurality of compression stressed strands positioned about Patented Jan. 16, 1962 plurality'of strands and central strand are welded at each end with the central strand being shorter than the external strands so as to cause the external strands to bow outwardly. i
Still another object of our invention is to pro-vide a novel method of manufacture of a male plug-in connector wherein a plurality' of Strands are first wound around a center strand and are welded thereto at a first and second point and the strands are thereafter unwound whereby the strands surrounding the center strand will be forced to bow outwardly.
Another object of our invention is to provide a novel male plug-in conductor which is inexpensive and simple in construction.
A still further object of our invention is to provide a novel male connector which affords multiple contact surfaces around its circumference.'
These and other objects of our invention will become apparent when taken in connection with thedrawings and the following description in which:
FIGURE l is a side View of our novel invention. v
FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIGURE l when taken across the lines 2-2;
FIGURE 3 is a cross-.sectional View of FIGUREI when taken along the lines 3 3.
FIGURE 4 shows one application of our novel invention ina perspective view with the plug-in connector of one electrical component about to be plugged into a cooperating female connector. v
FIGURE 5 shows a side crosssectional View of a portion of FIGUREV 4 where our novel plug-in connector is sho-wn in dotted lines in a disengaged position and in solid lines in the engaged position.
FiGURE 6 is a diagram illustrating the manufacture of our novel plugfin connector. i Y
Referring now to the FIGURES 1, 2 and 3 it is seen that our novel plug-in connector is comprised of a central conducting strand 20 which is encompassed by a plurality of encompassing strands 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32, wherein the strands 22 through 32 run in a direction which is substantially parallel to the central conducting strand 20. Each ofthe strands is then. connected at a first and second axially displacedfpoint 34 and 36, respectively, byl welding or by any other desired fastening means. Strand 20, however, is constructed, as will .be seen hereinafter with reference to FIGURE 6, to have a shorter length between points 34 and 36 than atleast one of and preferably all of the encompassing strands 22 through 32. Hence, the strands 22 through 32, in View` of their longer, length, will be forced to .bow outwardly as seen in FlGUREl. i
It is to be clearly noted that while the embodiment of FIGURESt 1,k 2 and Bishow our novel invention when utilizing six encompassing strands that anyvnumber of encompassing strands could be utilized.
One application of our novel plug-in connector is set forth in FIGURE 4 where a piece of electrical apparatus schematically illustrated as block 38 has an electrical terminal 40 extending out therefrom. The electrical apparatus 38 could be any type of apparatus utilizing plug-in connectors and their terminals. A plug-in connector of the type of FIGURE 1 is fastened to the output terminal 40 at the point 34 by means of welding or any desired clamping so that the plug-in connector is rigidly fastened in electrical and mechanical contact to the terminal 40. The electrical apparatus 38 may then be connected to an associated piece of electrical apparatus or a line conductor or load conductor 44 which has an aperture 46 therein which forms a cooperating female plug-in connector.
strands 26, 28, 30, 32 as well Las the strands not shown in this figure are bowed out to an outer diameter which is determined by the difference between these encompassing strands and the length of the central conductor. When, however, they are moved to the engaged position and inserted in aperture 46 as shown in the solid View of FIGURE the strands are forced inwardly so as to set up internal stresses which operate as biasing forces to bias each individual strand into friction contact engagement with at least a portion of the inner periphery of aperture 46 to thereby form a good electrical connection between terminal 40 and terminal 44.
It is to be noted that while the plug-in connector set forth herein is a preferred embodiment, it shows the encompassing strands as being substantially parallel to the center strand. The encompassing strands could still be helical in configuration with respect to the center strand, the only limitation being that the length of the helical strand, when measured to the axis of the helix, is longer than the length of the central restraining strand which keeps the encompassing strands in their bowed position.
In manufacturing our novel plug-in connector an elongated stranded conductor 48 (FIGURE 6) which comprises a plurality of encompassing strands surrounding a central strand is positioned to be fed, as is shown in FIGURE 6, in a downwardly position so that it will first pass the welding stage indicated generally at 50 wherein a first and second electrode 52 and 54, respectively, engageeither side of stranded conductor 48 to pass a high current therethrough in any of many well known manners whereby each of the plurality of encompassing strands and the central strand will be Welded together. Thus, in FIGURE 6 points 56, 58, 60, 62 and 64 have been previously welded. The wire then moves into an untwisting stage 66 where for the case of stranded conductor 48 the conductor is unraveled in a clockwise direction so that the encompassing strands at portion 68, between welding portions 56 and 58, will be unraveled and, because of the central strand, will be forced to bow out as is seen for portion 70 which has already been unraveled. The unraveled strands then move further in a downwardly direction and into a cut-of stage 72 wherein a shear 74 is brought into engagement with welded portion 64 to cause a shearing thereof and production of a single plug-in connector of our novel invention.
It is to be noted that the mechanism utilized in either the welded stage 50, the untwisted stage 66 or the cut-off stage 72 could be of any of many well known structures and will not be set forth herein.
While FIGURE 6 sets forth a method of construction wherein the encompassing wires are untwisted at untwisting stage 66 so that the encompassing wires will lie in a direction which is Isubstantially parallel to the direction of the center strand. The wires could be untwisted to an extent where they will still form a helix, having a portion of the helix biased into contact engagement with a mating connector, without departing from our novel invention.
" If desired, the terminal conductor can be welded to 4 its respective connector at the same time the strands are welded together. Thus, in FIGURE 6 it is seen that terminal 76a is positioned between electrode '54 and stranded conductor 48 and is welded to the conductor at the same time the strands are welded together.
As a result of this process, point 58 has terminal 78 Welded thereto and similarly terminals 80, 82 and 84 have been welded at points 60, 62 and 64, respectively.
The" terminals 76, 78, 80, 82 and 84 can be advantageously used in the untwisting stage 66 if desired, since they will act as levers with one maintained stationary and the other rotated. By way of example, conductor 70 which is in the untwisting stage in FIGURE 6 could pass through any desired mechanism whereby terminal 78 is maintained stationary while terminal 80 is rotated into the plane of the drawing to the position shown to thereby untwist the outer strands of the conductor.
In the foregoing we have described our invention solely v in connection with specific illustrative embodiments thereof. Since many variations and modifications of my invention will now be obvious to those skilled in the art, I prefer to be bound not by the specific disclosures herein contained, but only by the appended claims.
` 1. A male plug-in connector adapted to be constructed from wire having a plurality of outer conducting strands helically wound about a central strand, said connector comprising a plurality of conducting strands encompassing a central strand; said plurality of conducting strands being xedly secured directly to said central strand at a rst and a second point along the axis of said connector; said central strand being of shorter length than said encompassing strands, said encompassing strands being bowed outwardly to form a cage about said central strand; the outer periphery of said cage formed about said central strand being frictionally engageable with at least a portion of the inner surface of a cooperating female type connector with said central strand comprising a reference for biasing forces urging the encompassing strands outward.
2. The male plug-in connector of claim 1 in which each of said conducting strands is of substantially uniform cross-sectional area throughout the length thereof.
3. The male plug-in connector of claim 2 in which the central strand and each of the encompassing strands are of substantially the same cross-sectional area.
4. The male plug-in connector of claim 2 in which each of the strands are of circular cross-section.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,032,847 Kleinmann et al. Mar. 3, 1936 2,036,759 Kleinmann Apr. 7, 1936 2,700,206 Gilbert Jan. 25, 1955 2,727,299 Klurnpp Dec. 20, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 217,599 Switzerland Feb. 16, 1942 331,110 Great Britain July 26, 1930
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|U.S. Classification||439/825, 29/25.42|
|International Classification||H01R13/33, H01R13/02|