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Publication numberUS3018756 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 30, 1962
Filing dateAug 7, 1958
Priority dateAug 7, 1958
Publication numberUS 3018756 A, US 3018756A, US-A-3018756, US3018756 A, US3018756A
InventorsKilham Charles O
Original AssigneeUnited Shoe Machinery Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid applying machines
US 3018756 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 30, 1962 c, o, KILHAM FLUID APPLYING MACHINES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 7, 1958 Inven 1 01 Charles 0. Kzlham By ins Azzorney Jan. 30, 1962 c. o. KILHAM 3,018,756

FLUID APPLYING MACHINES Filed Aug. 7, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 BfilhJSfi Patented Jan. 30, 1962 3,018,756 FLUID APPLYING MACHINES Charles 0. Kilham, Beverly, Mass, assignor to United Shoe Machinery Corporation, Flemington, N.J., a corporation of New Jersey Filed Aug. 7, 1958, Ser. No. 753,743 6 Claims. (Cl. 118-226) This invention relates to machines for applying fluid to sheet material, and is herein illustrated in its application to machines in which fluid is applied to porous sheet material by suitable dispensing pads. In the accompanying drawings the invention is illustrated in its application to machines intended primarly for the application of solvent to an initially flaccid heel end stitl'ener or counter in order to cause the counter to become hard or stiff after its insertion into the heel end portion of the upper. It will be understood. that the invention is not limited to the embodiment illustrated in the drawings but in its broadest aspects is applicable generally to machines for applying fluid to sheet material.

In stiffening the heel end portions of shoe uppers it is considered desirable to provide a marginal area adjacent to the top line which is resiliently flexible, at least to a degree suflicient to obviate abrasion of the heel of the wearer by penetration of the top edge at the extremity of the heel portion of the upper into the flesh at the back of the heel of the wearer during walking. In some types of shoe construction this result is achieved by so positioning the counter in the heel end portion of the upper that its top edge is spaced from the top edge of the upper sufficiently to leave a flexible margin of the upper above the counter. In other types of shoe construction this result is achieved, at least to a degree, by beveling the top margin of the counter to a thin edge in order to increase its flexibility.

It is an object of the present invention to provide the desired flexibility in the top margin at the extremity of the heel portion of the upper by providing the upper with a counter of the type which is initially flaccid and is rendered hard or stiff by the activation of a stiffening medium incorporated therein, said counter being characterized by the fact that its top marginal portion is stiffened only to a degree sufficient to give the upper stability while still aflording sufficient flexibility to permit the desired flexing of the top margin at the heel end of the upper in the wear of the shoe.

To this end it is proposed to provide a machine or device which may be employed to apply to the top margin of a counter a small charge of fluid for etfecting a partial or limited activation of a stiffening medium incorporated in the counter and to apply to the remainder of the counter a charge of activating fluid suflicient to activate the stiffening medium in that portion of the counter to a substantially greater degree.

With the above and other objects in view as will hereinafter appear the present invention contemplates the provision in a machine for applying fluid to porous sheet material of a first porous elastic dispensing pad which, in the illustrated organization, applies activating fluid, such for example as a ketone type of solvent, to all but the top margin of an initially flaccid counter impregnated with stiffening medium and a second porous elastic dispensing pad for applying activating fluid to the top margin. The two pads together define a total application area large enough to receive the largest size counter to be treated in the machine. The pads, which are of the type which dispense fluid upon compression thereof, are characterized by the fact that the first pad is a structure of high porosity capable of receiving and dispensing a major charge of fluid per unit of application area while the second pad is a structure of low porosity capable of receiving and dispensing only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area, the charge dispensed by the second pad being suflicient only to activate the stiffening medium in the top margin of the counter sufl'iciently to give said marginal portion a limited degree of stability while leaving it sufliciently flexible to permit the desired flexing of the top margin at the extremity of the heel end of the upper in the Wear of the shoe. It will be understood that the first pad constitutes the greater part of the total application area of the dispensing pads, the second pad being only wide enough to treat the top marginal portion or" the counter.

It has been found desirable in the manufacture of certain types of shoes, for example those types in which the counter itself provides the foot contacting surface at the heel end of the shoe upper, to stitch the top edge portion of the counter to the top edge portion of the shoe upper before applying activating fluid to the counter. In this type of construction it is usually desirable to obviate the flow of activating fluid into the stitches securing the counter to the upper. To this end the second dispensing pad is constructed and arranged to delineate a boundary of the fluid application area, for example by the formation of a well defined edge therein. In the operation of the machine the operator places the counter on the dispensing pads so that that edge of the second pad delineating the boundary of the application area is spaced from the stitches attaching the counter to the upper sufliciently to obviate the flow of activating fluid into said stitches.

In order to provide for the application of activating fluid to both surfaces of the counter a third dispensing pad is arranged opposite the first pad. This pad is charged with activating fluid by capillary attraction from the first pad when the pads are in mutual contact without a counter being positioned between them. Preferably, the third pad has a contacting surface of substantially the same dimensions as the first pad. The third pad is mounted in a carrier which is actuated first to bring the third pad into work engaging position and then to effect compression of the pads suflicient to effect dispensation of flucild therefrom into a counter positioned between the pa s.

In order to insure the application to the top marginal portion of the counter of a relatively small charge of fluid, thereby to effect a limited activation of the stiffening medium, it is desirable to provide an organization whereby the flow of fluid from the first pad onto the second pad is prevented. To this end, the second pad is constructed to provide an upstanding portion providing a dam for restricting the flow of fluid from the first pad.

The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the appended claims.

which is positioned between the activating pads of the machine; and

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the machine with certain parts removed therefrom and other parts broken away.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings as embodied in a machine for activating heel stilfeners or counters impregnated with a stiffening material which is rendered effective by the application thereto of a suitable activator. Referring to FIG. 2, a counter 10, preferably made of cotton sheeting, is secured to the top edge portion of a shoe upper 12 by stitches 14. The shoe illustrated in the drawings has no lining in its heel portion, the counter being coated with flocking to provide a suitable foot contacting surface. The counter is impregnated with a compound which becomes effective upon the application to the counter of a solvent or activator to harden or stiffen the counter sufficiently to give the heel portion of the upper the required rigidity. The impregnating compound is preferably cellulose nitrate and the activator is a ketone type solvent.

In the illustrated machine the solvent or activator is applied to the counter by a highly porous elastic dispensing pad 16 on which the counter is positioned as shown in FIG. 2, a relatively dense elastic dispensing pad 18 positioned in front of, and in contiguous relation to, the pad 16 and a porous elastic dispensing pad positioned above the pad 16 and arranged for movement relatively to the pad 16 first to bring the pad 20 into engagement with the pad 16 or with a counter positioned thereon and, second, to effect compression of both the pad 16 and the pad 20 thereby to effect dispensation of fluid therefrom into the counter.

As shown in FIG. 2, the pads 16 and 18 together define a total application area rectangular in shape with the pad 18 in front of the pad 16. The pad 18, which is relatively narrow, engages a portion of the counter proximate to the stitches 14 and the pad 16 engages in its entirety the portion of the counter extending downwardly from the portion treated by the pad 18. All three pads are of the type which dispense fluid upon compression of the pad. The pad 16, by virtue of its relatively high porosity, is capable of receiving, by capillary attraction, a relatively heavy charge of solvent per unit of application area, hereinafter referred to as a major charge, while the pad 18, because of its relatively low porosity, is capable of receiving by capillary attraction, only a relatively light charge of solvent per unit of application area, hereinafter referred to as a minor charge. The pad 20 is preferably of somewhat greater density than the pad 16 while substantially more porous than the pad 18. As shown in FIG. 3, the pad 18 extends above the pad 16 sufiiciently to provide a darn or barrier preventing the flow of solvent from the pad 16 or the pad 20 onto the work engaging surface of the pad 18.

The illustrated construction and arrangement of the pads 16, 18 and 20 affords a relatively high saturation of that portion of the counter engaged by the pads 16 and 20 and a relatively low degree of saturation of that portion of the counter engaged by the pad 18. By varying the degree of saturation by the solvent of different portions of the counter the degree of hardening or stiffening of the counter is varied so that the upper portion of the counter proximate to the top line of the upper is left relatively flexible but nevertheless sufficiently stable to maintain the shape of the adjacent portion of the upper While the lower portion of the counter is stiffened to a degree sufficient to render it substantially inflexible.

In order that the forward edge of the pad 18 may serve to delineate accurately the forward boundary of the application area the pad is so shaped that the upper or Work contacting surface of the pad slopes downwardly toward the pad 16 and forms an acute angle with the vertical surface forming the forward extremity of the pad 16.

In the illustrated organization the pad 16 is made of synthetic sponge material while the pad 18 is a relatively dense wool felt and the pad 20 is a relatively porous wool felt.

The pads 16 and 18 are mounted in the upper portion of a reservoir 22 (FIG. 4) on a perforated plate 24 supported by legs 26. The pad 20 is cemented to the bottom surface of a cover 28 (FIG. 1) hinged at 30 on the rear panel of the reservoir 22. The reservoir receives solvent from a container 32 (FIG. 3) mounted in inverted position on a flanged platform 34. Solvent flows by gravity from the container into a passage communicating with the reservoir and provided by an angular extension 36 of the rear wall of the reservoir. Solvent in the reservoir is maintained at a constant level by a suitable valve 38 extending downwardly from the inverted container and maintained in an open position by the engagement of the valve stem 40 with a shelf 42 fixed in the extension 36. The solvent flows freely through perforations 44 in the plate 24 and is maintained at a level such that the pads 16 and 18 are always partially immersed in the solvent. The cover 28 is normally held closed by springs 46 (FIG. 1) surrounding suitable rod-shaped links 48 and confined between collars 50 fixed to the links 48 and collars 52 slidably mounted on the links and supported on the upper surface of a bench or table 54. At its upper end each link 48 is pivoted to the rear end portion of an arcuate arm 56 fixed to the cover 28. Each link 48 extends downwardly through a slot 58 formed in the bench. The closed position of the cover is adjustably determined by the engagement of screws 60 mounted in ears 62 projecting in opposite directions from the cover 28 with ears 64 projecting in opposite directions from the end walls respectively of the reservoir 22. For swinging the cover 28 into its open position shown in FIG. 1 to permit the mounting of a counter on the pads 16 and 18 a treadle (not shown) is connected by means including a link 66 to a crossbar 68 pivoted at its ends to the lower extremities of the links 48.

In the operation of the machine the counter 10 is swung outwardly from the upper 12 into its position shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 and positioned on the pads 16 and 18, the position of the counter with relation to the forward edge of the pad 18 being determined by bringing the top edge of the upper into contacting relation to the forward wall of the reservoir 22. Thereupon the cover 28 is caused to move downwardly into its position shown in FIG. 3. The screws 60 are so adjusted that the pads 16 and 20 are compressed to the degree required to effect a proper dispensation of fluid into the counter and to effect sufficient pressure of the inner surface of the counter against the pad 20 to effect the required dispensation of solution upon the upper portion of the counter. The pressure of the inner surface of the counter against the pad 18 is determined largely by the downward force exerted on the upper 12 by the operator.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In a machine of the type in which fluid from a reservoir is applied to porous sheet material by pressing the sheet material against dispensing pads, a first porous elastic dispensing pad and a second such pad, the two pads together defining a total application area, said pads being of the type characterized by the fact that dispensation of fluid therefrom is effected by compression, the first pad being a structure of high porosity capable of receiving by capillary attraction a major charge of fluid per unit of application area and the second pad being a structure of low porosity capable of receiving by capillary attraction only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area.

2. In combination, a first porous elastic dispensing pad and a second such pad, the two pads together defining a total application area, said pads being of the type characterized by the fact that dispensation of fluid therefrom is effected by compression, the first pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction a major charge of fluid per unit of application area and the second pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area, said first pad constituting the greater part of the application area and said second pad constituting the lesser part of the application area.

3. In a machine of the type in which fluid from a reservoir is applied to porous sheet material by pressing the sheet material against dispensing pads, a first porous elastic dispensing pad and a second such pad, the two pads together defining a total application area, said pads being of the type characterized by the fact that dispensation of fluid therefrom is eflected by compression, the first pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction a major charge of fluid per unit of application area and the second pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area, said second pad delineating a boundary of the application area.

4. In a machine of the type in which fluid from a reservoir is applied to porous sheet material by pressing the sheet material against dispensing pads, a first porous elastic dispensing pad, a second such pad, the two pads together defining a total application area, said pads being of the type characterized by the fact that dispensation of fluid therefrom is eflected by compression, the first pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction a major charge of fluid per unit of application area and the second pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area, and a third dispensing pad of the same type as the other two arranged to receive by capillary attraction from the first pad a charge of fluid.

5. In a machine of the type in which fluid from a reservoir is applied to porous sheet material by pressing the sheet material against dispensing pads, a first porous elastic dispensing pad, a second such pad, the two pads together defining a total application area, said pads being of the type characterized by the fact that dispensation of fluid therefrom is eflFected by compression, the first pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction a major charge of fluid per unit of application area and the second pad being capable of receiving by capillary attraction only a minor charge of fluid per unit of application area, and a third pad of the same type as the other two arranged to receive by capillary attraction from the first pad a charge of fluid, said third pad having a contacting surface of substantially the same dimensions as the first pad.

6. In a machine of the type in which fluid from a reservoir is applied to porous sheet material by pressing the sheet material against dispensing pads, a first porous elastic dispensing pad, a reservoir in which the pad is mounted, a second porous elastic dispensing pad mounted in the reservoir in edge-to-edge registration with the first pad, a third porous elastic dispensing pad, and a presser member in which the third pad is mounted, said presser member being mounted for movement to bring the third pad into face-to-face contact with the first pad, said second pad being oifset horizontally from the third pad when the third pad is in contact with the first pad, said second pad being characterized by an upstanding portion providing a dam for restricting the flow of fluid from the other two pads.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 379,793 Laughton Mar. 20, 1888 1,027,204 Hammond May 21, 1912 1,633,015 Harris June 21, 1927 1,712,600 Westphal May 14, 1929 1,871,998 Jennings Aug. 16, 1932 2,500,066 Gaunt Mar. 7, 1950 2,827,012 Kesling Mar. 18, 1958

Patent Citations
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US379793 *May 9, 1887Mar 20, 1888John IJoseph b
US1027204 *Oct 27, 1911May 21, 1912Jake WilliamsEnvelop-moistening device.
US1633015 *Jan 28, 1922Jun 21, 1927Mccord Radiator & Mfg CoFluxing and cleaning apparatus
US1712600 *Sep 10, 1925May 14, 1929United Shoe Machinery CorpMethod of and apparatus for tempering shoe parts
US1871998 *Aug 26, 1930Aug 16, 1932Beckwith Mfg CoCoating machine
US2500066 *Jan 10, 1947Mar 7, 1950Market Services IncMoistening device for labels, stamps, and the like
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US3368522 *Jun 24, 1966Feb 13, 1968Carl F JensenWet wipe sheet dispenser
US3795351 *Jun 5, 1972Mar 5, 1974Polaroid CorpApparatus for dispensing a metered amount of fluid
US3852840 *Feb 7, 1974Dec 10, 1974Usm CorpMachine for adhesively securing sheet material
US3918398 *Feb 4, 1974Nov 11, 1975Formulabs Ind Inks IncConductor coding apparatus
US5079939 *Mar 25, 1991Jan 14, 1992Allegheny Ludlum CorporationRolling mill strip wipers
US5158377 *Nov 30, 1990Oct 27, 1992Seiko Epson CorporationInk-supply system for a dot matrix printer
US5328279 *Oct 16, 1992Jul 12, 1994Seiko Epson CorporationDot matrix printer head
US5421658 *Nov 10, 1993Jun 6, 1995Seiko Epson CorporationInk supply mechanism for a dot matrix printer
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US5615957 *Jun 5, 1995Apr 1, 1997Seiko Epson CorporationInk-supply tank for a dot matrix printer
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US5657058 *Jan 16, 1996Aug 12, 1997Seiko Epson CorporationInk-jet recording apparatus and ink tank cartridge therefor
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US6123469 *Nov 22, 1994Sep 26, 2000Seiko Epson CorporationInk-supply wire dot matrix printer head
US6145974 *Jun 7, 1995Nov 14, 2000Seiko Epson CorporationInk-supplied printer head and ink container
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US6238042Sep 15, 1995May 29, 2001Seiko Epson CorporationInk cartridge for ink jet printer and method of charging ink into said cartridge
US6247803Jun 7, 1995Jun 19, 2001Seiko Epson CorporationInk jet recording apparatus and method for replenishing ink in the tank cartridge
US6276785Jun 7, 1995Aug 21, 2001Seiko Epson CorporationInk-supplied printer head and ink container
US6474798Dec 8, 1999Nov 5, 2002Seiko Epson CorporationInk supplied printer head and ink container
US6854835Aug 27, 2002Feb 15, 2005Seiko Epson CorporationInk cartridge for ink jet printer and method of charging ink into said cartridge
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/226, 118/221, 118/264, 118/269, 12/61.00R
International ClassificationA43B23/16, A43B23/00, A43D11/14, A43D11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA43B23/16, A43D11/14
European ClassificationA43D11/14, A43B23/16