Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3022398 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 20, 1962
Filing dateMay 15, 1959
Priority dateMay 15, 1959
Publication numberUS 3022398 A, US 3022398A, US-A-3022398, US3022398 A, US3022398A
InventorsAbel Martin L
Original AssigneeFluidwick Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric control device
US 3022398 A
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 20, 1962 M. L. ABEL 3,022,398

ELECTRIC CONTROL DEVICE Filed May l5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 20, 1962 M. L. ABEL. 3,022,398

ELECTRIC CONTROL DEVICE Filed May l5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVNTOR. wwf/'7i /72 e Z Feb. 20, 1962 M. L. ABEL 3,022,398

ELECTRIC CONTROL DEVICE Filed May l5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 United Statesv Patent O 3,022,398 ELECTRIC CONTROL DEVICE Martin L. Abel, Oak Park, Mich., assigner to Fluidwicli Company, lne., Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed May 15, 1959, Ser. No. 813,483 11 Claims. (Cl. Zilli-87) This invention relates to switching devices, and particularly to a switching device which is operated through a change of strength at opposite ends of a magnetic device.

The switch of the present invention may be operated as a proximity switch by the movement of a bar of iron to the vicinity of one end of pole pieces at one end of the device. A tubular casing has a small snap-action switch of conventional form mounted therein with conductors from the terminals extending from one end which has means by which the casing is attached to a conduit. The opposite end has mounting means by which it may be located in a desired manner on a machine, control box, the end of a cylinder and the like. This end contans a pair of energized pole pieces adjacent to an operating arm of magnetizable material so that it may be drawn by the pole pieces thereagainst for causing the switch to operate. The pole pieces are magnetic and draw the arm against a predetermined spring pressure which releases the arm when the flux is reduced, weaken ing the holding force of the pole pieces. A dielectric liquid placed within the housing substantially reduces the possibility of arcing and heavy currents may be handled by the switching elements so that a plurality of such devices may be mounted on a panel and operated in unison. Such a device would function as a three-pole relay actuated through the sliding of a soft iron plate over the end faces of pole pieces located at the adjacent ends of the devices. This would produce a very substantial but very simple and low cost relay which would be operated by a small solenoid and be capable of interrupting heavy currents.

Another form of the device employs a rocker arm having a central pivot with contacts on one end and an operating portion on the other end. The operating end is disposed adjacent to the pole piece faces and is drawn thereagainst under normal conditions to complete a circuit through the contacts. The circuit is interrupted when a spring moves the operating end of the arm from the pole pieces when the flux has been reduced thereat by decreasing the reluctance of the flux path at the opposite ends thereof.

Accordingly, the main objects of the invention are: to provide a switching device which is actuated by the variation of the magnetic flux at the faces at one end of a pair of pole pieces which retain a spring-biased operating arm thereagainst in the presence of an increase of flux; to mount a switching element within a casing with its operating arm adjacent to one end of a pair of pole pieces, the magnetic strength of which is reduced by reducing the reluctance of the magnetic linx path across the opposite ends of the pole pieces; to mount a plurality of casings on a support having switches therein which are operated by the strength of magnetic fields at one end of a pair of pole pieces associated with each casing to open and close circuits by the change of flux at one end of the pole pieces by the presence or absence of magnetizable means at the other end of the pole pieces, and, in general, to provide a switching device of the flux varying type which is simple in construction, positive in operation and economical of manufacture.

Other objects and features of novelty of the invention will be specifically pointed out or will become apparent when referring, for a .better understanding of the inven- ICC tion, to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FiGURE 1 is a sectional view of a cylinder head having a circuit control device of the present invention mounted thereon;

FIG. 2 is a broken, sectional View of the device illustrated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view of one end of the device illustrated in FIG. 2, as viewed from the line 3 3 thereof;

FIG. 4 is a broken View of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. 2, showing another form thereof;

FIG. 5 is a view of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. l, showing a multiple control device formed thereby;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the structure illustrated in FIG. 5, taken on the line 6 6 thereof;

FIG. 7 is a View of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. 2, showing another form of the invention;

FIG. 8 is a broken, sectional view of the structure illustrated in FIG. 7, taken on the line 8 8 thereof;

FIG. 9 is a broken, sectional view of the structure illustrated in FIG. 7, taken on the line 9 9 thereof;

FG. l() is a broken, sectional View of the structure illustrated in FIG. 7, taken on the line M ltl thereof;

FIG. 11 is a broken, sectional view of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. 7, showing a further form thereof;

FIG. l2 is a View of the structure illustrated in FIG. ll, as viewed from point 12 thereof;

FIG. 13 is a view of structure, similar to that illus trated in FIG. ll, showing another form which the in vention may assume;

FIG. 14 is a view of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. 12, showing still another form of the in` vention;

FIG. 15 is a view of structure, similar to that illustrated in FIG. 14, showing a further form of the invention;

FIG. 16 is a sectional View of a structure similar to that illustrated in FIG. 2 showing another form thereof, and

FIG. 17 is a sectional View of the structure illustrated in FIG. 16 with the contacts thereof in a second position.

In FIGS. l, 2 and 3, a switching device of the present invention is illustrated comprising a hollow casing 15 of die cast, plastic or other suitable material having al thread 16 at one end by which it is clamped in an aperture 17 of a support i8, herein illustrated as the end of a cylinder 19. A flange 21 on the end of the casing 15 enters a recess 22 on the inner face of the support 18 and is provided with an O-ring 23 which forms a seal with a recess 24 located adjacent to the recess 22. A nut 25 screwed upon the threads 16 secures the casing in fixed, sealed relationship to the support.

The casing 15 is made of two parts, the threaded part 26 forming the hollow body, and the magnet end 27 having a switch supporting portion 28 in extension thereof is press-itted or otherwise secured lto the body. -A switch 29 is mounted on the supporting portion 28 by suitable means, herein illustrated as -by screws 31, the switch being of the conventional snap-operated type. The contact 32 is shifted to complete a circuit with a contact 33 or 34 in the one or the other position of the movable arm 35. The arm 35 is made of a magnetic permeable material and will be drawn against the faces 36 of the pole pieces 37 and 3S which are mounted within the magnetic head 2'7. The pole pieces 37 and 3S are magnetically permeable and are m-agnetized with opposite polarity `by a magnet 40 disposed therebetween. The magnet 40 is preferably of the ceramic type, a suitable type being o-btainable under the name lndoX, and is magnetized in a manner to provide the opposite faces iwith different .3 polarities so that the engaging pole pieces will have opposite polarity throughout the length thereof. As will be noted in the figure, the magnetic block liti is spaced inwardly slightly from the faces 43 of the pole pieces and the extending portions of the pole pieces having the faces 36 are spaced a substantial distance from the opposite end of the block. When a magnetic permeable element is not disposed adjacent to the faces 43 of the pole pieces, substantial. magnetic force is present at the faces 36, causing the arm 35 of permeable material to be drawn thereagainst. When a permeable element or piston 45 is moved adjacent to the faces i3 of the pole pieces from the block dil, flux will pass therethrough. Because of the close proximity of the element 45 to the block 4'3 relative to the spacing of the faces 36 therefrom, a substantial portion of the flux present at the faces 36 when the element 45 is remote from the faces d3 will be shunted therefrom and the holding force of the faces 36 will be substantially weakened. When this occurs, the arm 35 will be moved away from the faces 36 and the contact 32 will move away from the contact 33 and engage the Contact 34. When the piston is moved away from the faces d3, the faces 36 will have increased strength and the force will be sufficient to draw the arm 35 thereagainst to move the contact 32 into engagement with the contact $3. This provides a proximity switch arrangement whereby the switch is operated each time the piston is moved lagainst the faces 43. A signal is provided when the material is delivered from each end of the piston and the absence of the signal shows that there is no more material present to be delivered. This application provides indications for the metering and delivering of a predetermined amount of wicking material to the recess 'about a motor bearing. When an indication is not -given in the absence of the metering material, the machine will be shut down and the operator will have knowledge that the material must `be replenished, assuring the delivery of the wicking material to each motor bearing.

In FIG. 4, the device of FIGS. 1,'2 and 3 is illustrated, modified to have the pole pieces 37 and 3S disposed outwardly from the side at one end of the casing. The arm 35 is disposed in substantially the same position as that illustrated in FIG. 2 to be actuated by an element 45 when passing along the side of the casing rather than across the end thereof.

In FIGS. and 6, a further form of the invention is il lustrated, that wherein three of the casings l5 with the devices therein are mounted in apertures in an insulating support 50 Vand secured in position by the nuts 25. A heavier type of switch 29 is employed, immersed in a dielectric liquid 51 for the purpose of eliminating or substantially reducing the arcing which might otherwise occur. A high voltage, three-phase relay is provided by this arrangement which requires very little effort to operate, merely the current required to have an armature 52 of a solenoid 53 move a magnetic, permeable plate 54 to a position having the three segments 55, 56 and 57 engage the faces 43 of the three sets of pole pieces 37 and 38. This causes the actuating arms 35 of the switches to release and move the contact 32 from engagement with the contact 33 into engagement with the contact 34. A permeable plate 58 encompasses the plate 54 andguides it in its forward and rearward movements within 'a slot 59 provided therein to assist the plates 55, 56 and 57 to short out the greater amount of flux from the faces 36 at the opposite ends of the pole pieces. Thus, by shifting the plate 54 to the left or right, as viewed in FIG. 5, the circuits through the switches are closed or open, forming the relay for a three-wire circuit.

In FIGS. 7, 8, 9 and l0, a further form of control device is illustrated, that wherein a cylindrical or square body 61 contains a threaded end 62 by which it is supported. Screws 63 support a cover plate 64 over an opening through which the conductors are connected to the switch terminals. A plate 65 encloses an opening on the opposite side of the body, being disposed in a recess and staked or otherwise secured therein. The conductors extend from the supporting conduit and are attached t0 terminal blocks 66, 67 and 68 of the switch. The terminal block 66 supports a lower pair of contacts 69, the central block 67 supporting a central pair of contacts 72 and the contact block 63 supporting a top pair of contacts 7l. A rocking bar 73, made of magnetic permeable material, has a pair of lingers 74 which are secured to a pivot 75 on an insulating frame i6 on which the terminal blocks are mounted. On the end 7'7 of the rocking bar 73, bridging plates 78 and 75l are mounted, having contacts S1 and 82 thereon, the contacts Sl bridging the contacts 7l while the contacts @l bridge either the contacts '72 or 69. Thus, the clockwise movement of the rocking bar 73 breaks the circuit across the contacts 72 and 71 Iand makes a circuit across the contacts 69. The contacts return to their initial positions when the rocking bar 73 is m ved in a counterclockwise direction into engagement with the pole pieces 37 and 38. The pole pieces are carried by a removable insert 83 supported in the end of the body 61. The faces 36 of the inseits engage the end portion S4 of the rocking bar 73 and retain it against the pressure of a spring S5 located in an laperture in the body 6l which urges the bar 73 toward clockwise movement. Upon bridging the faces i3 of the inserts by a permeable element, the flux is so weakened at the faces 36 that the force of the spring '135 urges the bar 73 clockwise to therefore break the circuits through the contacts 71 and 72 and make a circuit through the contacts 69.

A further form of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 1l, that wherein the magnetic element 9d forms the support for the body 6l of the control device. The length of the device 9i) is such as to clamp the entire device on a panel 91 with a substantial degree of adjustment permitted relative to the portion Sli of the rocking bar 73. When one of the faces 36 moves beyond the arm portion 8d, a new element 96 of greater length, as shown in dot and dash line at 92, is employed to clamp the device on the panel of greater thickness. The element is cylindrical in form and slips into a cylindrical aperture 93 in the body 61 which communicates with a slot 94 varied by a screw 95 to tighten the aperture wall onto the element gli. This arrangement provides mounting means for the device for panels of different thickness. A finger 97 extends from the cylindrical wall of the element 90 and passes into the slot 94 to orient the element 90 to have the faces 36 disposed directly opposite to the arm portion 84.

In FlGS. 11 and 12, the element 90 extends from the end of the body 61 and it is to be understood that it may extend from the side thereof, as illustrated in FIG. 13. The element 98 is similar to the element 90, with the exception that the pole pieces 99 and 101 are straight in length to have the end faces 36 thereof disposed opposite to the arm portion 84. A screw 162 may be employed for clamping the element 98 in adjusted position and, when desired, the element 9S may secure the entire device upon a panel. The flanges on the element 96 or casing 15 may be of predetermined form, as illustrated in FIGS. 14 and 15. In FIG. 14 a flange 103 has an arcuate face 104 shaped to conform to the surface 105 of a boss 166 carried on a latching bar 107. It will be noted that the pole pieces 99 and 101, being recessed from the ends 168, would not be affected by a plate which extends thereacross. When the latching bar 167 is swung into locked position, with the surface 104 aligned with the surface M35, the llux will be robbed from the faces 36 by the proximity of the permeable material of the boss 166.

A similar keying arrangement is illustrated in FIG. l5, wherein a flange 1li) has triangular recesses 15.1 and i12, with the apexes 113 adjacent to the faces 36 of the pole pieces 99 and lill. The key 114 for robbing the faces 36 of a substantial amount of flux has projecting triangular elements 115 which can be placed in the recesses 111 and 112. The key is made of a permeable metal and bridges across the faces 43 of the pole pieces which robs the faces 36 of flux and thereby neleases the arm positions 84. The use of other shapes to form a keying relation will become apparent to one familiar with the art, and it is tobe understood that other keys besides the boss 196 and triangular elements 115 may be utilized to prevent the accidental operation of the circuit control device.

A final embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FlGS. 16 and 17 wherein a magnet 132 having the straight pole pieces 99 and 1111 is secured within the left end of a casing 134. A cylindrical switch supporting body 136 made of suitable insulating material is disposed within the casing 134 and is cut away as at 138 to provide an upwardly presenting flat surface with vertical legs 14@ formed on the left end thereof. A suitable rocker arm 142 having lugs 144 projecting upwardly intermediate the ends thereof is pivoted on the legs 1411 by a pin 146 passing through the lugs 144. The left portion 148 of the rocker arm 142 is bent upwardly so as to closely overlie the sloping right face 150 of the magnet 132 and to be attracted by the faces 36 of the pole pieces 99 and 1111 so as to be normally biased to the position illustrated in FIG. 16. An arm 152 of suitable insulating material is secured to the right end of the rocker arm 142 by any suitable means, such as a rivet 154, and tits beneath the left end of a central blade contact 156 so as to deflect the central blade contact upwardly to make Contact with an upper blade contact 158 of a switch 1611 mounted on the at face 138 of the body 136 by a bolt 162. The switch 16@ includes a plurality of layers 164, 166, 168 and 171! of insulating material which are all held together by the bolt 162. The upper blade contact 158 is secured between the layers 164 and 166, the central blade Contact 156 between the layers 166 and 168 and a lower blade contact 172 is secured between the layers 168 and 170. Suitable electrical conductors (not shown) can be connected to the right ends of the three blade contacts. The central blade contact 156 normally engages the lower contact 172 as illustrated in FIG. 17 to provide a normally closed pair of contacts and a normally open pair of contacts between the central blade contact 156 and the upper blade contact 158. However, when the rocker arm 142 is attracted by the pole pieces 99 and 101 and pivoted to the position illustrated in FIG. 16, the central blade contact 156 is resiliently exed upwardly into contact with the upper blade contact S and breaks contactl with the lower blade contact 172.

Of course, when a magnetic permeable member 174 is moved near or into engagement with the faces 43 of the pole pieces 99 and 101, the magnetic force at the faces 36 is weakened and the spring pressure exerted by the central blade contact 156 pivots the rocker arm in a clockwise direction and makes Contact with the lower blade contact 172 while breaking contact with the upper blade contact 158. With this construction the switch is simplified and the need for an added spring to pivot the rocker arm 142-is eliminated by taking advantage of the central blade contact 156.

While it will-be apparent that the embodiments of the invention herein disclosed are well calculated to fulfill the objects of the invention, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope or fair meaning of the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is:

1. ln a switching device, a casing, a switch within the casing having aV movable contact normally resiliently biased against another `contact thereof, a magnetic element having a pair of spaced pole pieces with a magnet therebetween so disposed as to have the pole pieces of opposite polarity throughout the length thereof, means for securing said magnetic element within the casing with one end of the pole pieces disposed inside said casing and the opposite end disposed outside of the casing, said magnet being shorter than said pole pieces and being disposed closer to the faces of said opposite end of the pole pieces and spaced a greater distance from the faces on said one end of the pole pieces, and an arm pivotally mounted within said casing having one end thereof adjacent to said one end of the pole pieces and the other end thereof engaged by said movable contact which resiliently urges said one end of the arm away from said pole pieces, said magnetic element attracting said one end of the arm to normally pivot the arm against the resilient biasing force applied by said movable contact and normally maintaining said contacts open whereby said contacts can be closed by reducing the magnetic holding force of said one end of the pole pieces.

2. A circuit control device comprising a casing, contacts positioned within said casing, a movable element within said casing for making and breaking the contacts, a magnetic unit comprising a magnet having elongated pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other pole piece is completely magnetized as a south pole, said magnetic unit being mounted on said casing with one pair of ends of the pole pieces being exposed to the interior of the casing adjacent to the movable element for holding it in one position against a force which would move it to a second position, the other pair of ends of said pole pieces being exposed to the exterior or said casing, said magnet being shorter than said pole pieces and disposed closer to the outer ends of the pole pieces and spaced a greater distance from the inner ends of the pole pieces, and magnetic permeable means movable into proximity with the outer ends of the pole pieces for weakening the flux at the inner ends of the pole pieces to enable said force to move the movable element to said second position.

3. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prismatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of saidpole pieces defining a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with. portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable element in said recess extending across said rst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be held in one positionagainst a force which would move it to a second position when the number of lines of ilux between said first mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and contact means within said recess actuated by said movable element.

4. The invention as defined in claim 3 including means cooperating with said casing to enclose said recess and seal the components therein.

5. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prismatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north .pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces defining a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable element in said recess extending across said rst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be held in one position against a force which would move it to a second position when the number ot lines of iiux between said rst mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and contact means within said recess actuated by said movable element, said movable element substantially reducing the reluctance of theair gap exposed to said recess in both said iirst and second positions thereof whereby the difference in the force exerted by the magnetic unit en the movable element in each of said positions is controlled to provide positive actuation of the Contact means by the movable elet rent.

6. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prismatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereotc so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces deining a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions ot the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable element in said recess extending across said tirst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be held in one position against a force which would move it to a second position when the number of lines of ux between said iirst mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and contact means within said recess actuated by said movable element, said magnet having a dimension along a line between the north and-south poles thereof which is substantially equal to or less than a dimension thereof along a line perpendicular to the line between the north and south poles.

7. The invention as eiined -in claim 6 wherein said magnet is a ceramic magnet.

8. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prisrnatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces defining a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetwee to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air ga i therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable element in said recess extending across said iirst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be ield in one position against a force which would move it to a second position when thenurnber of lines of flux between said first mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and snap action contact means within said recess actuated by said movable element whereby movement of the movable element between said two positions produces a correspondingly greater and snappier Contact actuating movement.

9. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prismatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces dening a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable element in said recess extending across said iirst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be held in one position against a force which would move it to a second position when the number eases of lines of iiux between said rst mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adiacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and contact means within said recess actuated by said movable element, said movable element substantially reducing the reluctance of the air gap exposed to said recess in both said iirst and second positions thereof without cornpletely eliminating the air gap between said first mentioned portions in either of said positions.

10. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit, comprising a generally prismatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereof so that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces defining a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, a movable arm in said recess extending across said irst mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be attracted to a irst position thereby, spring means resiliently biasing said arm in opposition to the torce applied thereto by said first mentioned portions of the pole pieces to move the arm to a second position when the number of lines of ux between said iirst mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and Contact means within said recess actuated by one end of said movable arm.

11. An electric switch comprising a casing having a recess therein, a magnetic unit comprising a generally prisrnatic magnet having pole pieces on the opposite poles thereofso that one of the pole pieces is completely magnetized as a north pole and the other is completely magnetized as a south pole, edges of said pole pieces dening a continuous air gap therebetween, said magnetic unit being mounted in said casing with portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to said recess and other portions of the pole pieces positioned to expose the air gap therebetween to the exterior of the casing, an arm pivotally mounted intermediate the ends thereof within said recess, one end of said arm extending across said first mentioned portions of the pole pieces so as to be magnetically attracted to a first position thereby, spring means for resiliently biasing said arm to a second position when the flux between said tirst mentioned portions is weakened by the presence of magnetic permeable material adjacent to said other portions of the pole pieces, and contact means within said recess actuated by the other end of said arm.

Reterences Cited in the tile of this patent UNETED STATES PATENTS 586,920 Wellman July 20, 1897 1,413,667 Lehmann Apr. 25, 1922 1,891,568 Morris et al. Dec. 20, 1932 2,086,754 Werner et al. July 13, 1937 2,235,104 Greenly Mar. 18, 1941 2,319,937 Mathes May 25, 1943 2,550,605 Schenck Apr. 24, 1951 2,595,769 Cooley May 6, 1952 2,637,115 Watson May 5, 1953 2,698,917 Van Urk et al. Jan. 4, 1955 2,770,697 Kellett NOV. 13, 1956 2,793,265 Crissinger May 21, 1957 2,843,697 Beck July 15, 1958 2,854,542 Boysen et al Sept. 30, 1958 2,924,682 Winterburn Feb. 9, 196() 2,969,445 Mitchell Jan. 24, 1961 2,983,840 Van lperen May 9, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,021,308 France Feb. 17, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US586920 *Dec 12, 1896Jul 20, 1897 Electric-railway system
US1413667 *Jan 8, 1921Apr 25, 1922 A copartnership consisting oe christ
US1891568 *Mar 27, 1930Dec 20, 1932Duncan Scott MurrayMagnetically operated apparatus
US2086754 *Jul 18, 1934Jul 13, 1937Gen Motors CorpControl device
US2235104 *Mar 12, 1938Mar 18, 1941Greenly Engineering Models LtdInductor type electric relay
US2319937 *Mar 15, 1941May 25, 1943Bell Telephone Labor IncSwitching contact
US2550605 *Jul 25, 1945Apr 24, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncCircuit closing device
US2595769 *Jul 5, 1947May 6, 1952Maurice J NoregaardMagnet operated switch
US2637115 *Apr 3, 1950May 5, 1953Christensen Machine CoMagnetic calipering device
US2698917 *Jan 4, 1952Jan 4, 1955Hartford Nat Bank & Trust CoMagnetic circuit comprising a ferromagnetic part having high permeability and a substantially flat, thin permanent magnet
US2770697 *Apr 1, 1954Nov 13, 1956Kellett Alfred LMagnetic electrical switch
US2793265 *Feb 25, 1952May 21, 1957North Electric CoMethods of and means for effecting magnetic armature actuation
US2843697 *Oct 20, 1953Jul 15, 1958Montgomery ElevatorMagnetic leveling unit for elevators
US2854542 *May 24, 1955Sep 30, 1958Bell Telephone Labor IncVibratory signaling device
US2924682 *Jun 3, 1957Feb 9, 1960Winterburn George AMagnetically actuated switches
US2969445 *Jun 19, 1958Jan 24, 1961William T SevaldMagnet operated switch
US2983840 *May 21, 1953May 9, 1961Philips CorpMagnetic beam-forming device
FR1021308A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3134870 *Jun 15, 1962May 26, 1964Space Components IncPermanent magnet proximity switch
US3158710 *Jan 29, 1962Nov 24, 1964Stewart Warner CorpCode mechanism having a permanent magnet slidably received in an aperture in a magnetic member
US3172976 *Dec 26, 1961Mar 9, 1965Tann CorpMagnetic proximity switch
US3176096 *Dec 26, 1961Mar 30, 1965Gen Equipment & Mfg Company InMagnetic proximity-sensing devices
US3187127 *Jan 9, 1962Jun 1, 1965Westinghouse Air Brake CoMagnetic reed proximity switch
US3205323 *Feb 16, 1962Sep 7, 1965Deshautreaux Jr Emile CMagnetic reed proximity switch
US3226506 *Jun 20, 1963Dec 28, 1965Aldo AngrisaniMagnetic device for circuit control
US3249714 *Feb 13, 1963May 3, 1966Cutler Hammer IncMagnetically operable switching device
US3254175 *Mar 13, 1964May 31, 1966P A C T ElectronicsMagnetic proximity switch
US3258920 *May 10, 1963Jul 5, 1966Joyce Cridland CoLift installation
US3426166 *Jun 9, 1966Feb 4, 1969Int Standard Electric CorpMagnetic closure and switch for doors and similar devices
US3801767 *Dec 11, 1972Apr 2, 1974R MarksPull-apart safety switch with magnetic means for machines
US4316145 *Jul 13, 1978Feb 16, 1982Electro-Mechanical ProductsFluid pressure actuator with proximity position sensor
US7504918Jun 23, 2006Mar 17, 2009Norotos, Inc.Magnetically activated switch
Classifications
U.S. Classification335/205, 335/276, 335/296, 335/196
International ClassificationH01H36/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H36/008
European ClassificationH01H36/00D