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Publication numberUS3027499 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1962
Filing dateSep 26, 1958
Priority dateOct 23, 1957
Publication numberUS 3027499 A, US 3027499A, US-A-3027499, US3027499 A, US3027499A
InventorsHoldway Donald F F
Original AssigneeSpoorweg Sein Ind N V
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electromagnetic system
US 3027499 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 27, 1962 D. F. F. HOLDWAY 3,02

ELECTROMAGNETIC SYSTEM Filed Sept. 26, 1958 9 2 1 V 10 ml 4 4 11 Q l SA 5 1i United States Patent Ofihce 3,027,499 Patented Mar. 27, 1962 3,027,499 ELECTRQMAGNETIC SYSTEM Donald F. F. Holdway, liussum, Netherlands, assignor to spoor-weg Sein Industrie N.V., Utrecht, Netherlands, a

Netherlands limited liahility company Filed Sept. 26, 1958, Ser. No.'763,526 Claims priority, application Netherlands Oct. 23, 1957 Claims. (Cl. 311-172) The invention relates to an electromagnetic system consisting of a magnetizable core surrounded by a winding and a permanent magnetic armature pivoting about an and particularly to an indicating instrument comprising such an electromagnetic system.

Polarized relays are known in which an armature is capable of taking two stable positions, dependent on the preceding direction of flow through one or more Windings, the position achieved by the armature being maintained after the termination of the energization. For operating the contacts in such polarized relays a small angle of rotation of the armature and strong magnetic forces are required.

The object of the invention is to provide an electromagnetic system in which an armature is capable of taking two stable end positions which are spaced apart by a relatively large angle, so that the two end positions of the armature, if desired, may be clearly observed by means of a pointer on the shaft of the armature.

For this purpose, in the electromagnetic system of the invention each of the ends of the magnetisable core emerging from the winding carries a pole shoe both of which are located symmetrically with respect to the axis and an armature which is pivotable about the axis between two angular end positions is provided with two separate permanent magnetic poles of the same polarity. Each of the latter said poles cooperating with an associated pole shoe in such a way that in each of the two end positions of the armature one of the poles is near or engaging the associated pole shoe.

The invention is further explained hereinbelow with reference to the drawings.

FIGURE 1 diagrammatically represents a front view of the electromagnetic system according to the invention.

FIGURE 2 is an axial section of an indicating instru ment with an electromagnetic system according to the invention.

In FIG. =l the core 2 is surrounded by the energization winding 1. At the ends extending from the coil of the winding v1 the core 2 carries the two pole shoes 3 and 4 respectively which may be secured to the core 2 or may be integral therewith. The shaft 5 is arranged symmetrically with respect to the winding 1 and the core 2 and in the embodiment of FIG. 1 the free ends of the pole shoes 3 and 4, which are also symmetrically arranged, are directed towards the shaft 5, the free ends forming an obtuse angle with each other. The armature 6 is in the form of a strip-shaped piece and is symmetrically fixed to the shaft 5. The armature is magnetized permanently in such a manner that both free ends extending from the shaft 5 form like poles. In the embodiment of FIG. 1 these are the north poles 7 and 8. In the middle of the armature and adjacent the position of fixation of the armature to the shaft 5, the armature is magnetized with a polarity opposite to that of both poles 7 and 8.

When the energization winding 1 is deenergized and one of the free poles of the armature, such as the pole 7,,

as represented in full lines in FIG. 1, rests against the associated pole shoe 4, the armature is in a stable position, the magnetic force caused by the pole 7 keeping the armature in the given position. If in this condition of the system a current is passed through the energization winding 1 such that the pole shoe 4 obtains the same polarity as the pole 7 of the armature resting against it (in the given embodiment becoming north magnetic), the other pole shoe 3 simultaneously will take the opposite polarity, so that in the given embodiment the pole shoe 3 becomes south magnetic. Thereby the pole 7 will be repelled by the pole shoe 4 and the pole 8 will be attracted by the pole shoe 3 with the result that the armature shifts to the position 7'/8 drawn in FIG. 1 in dot and dash lines. It will be clear that the armature after deenergization will remain in the new position, the pole 3' exerting an attractive force on the pole shoe 3 which force is greater than the attractive force between the pole 7 and the pole shoe 4 of the unenergized core 2. By means of a temporary passage of current of the opposite direction in the winding 1 the armature 6 may be returned to the position represented in FIG. 1 in full lines.

The angle between both stable end positions of the armature 6 is determined by the shape and dimensions of the pole shoes 3 and 4 and of the armature 6, as well as by the position of the shaft 5. In the embodiment of FIG. 1 this angle is approximately 45.

FIGURE 2 shows in axial section an indicating instrument in which a magnetic system as represented in FIG. 1 is applied. The composing parts of this system are mounted in a casing 9' of non-magnetic material which in a manner, not shown in the drawing, is made in two pieces for mounting the inner parts. One of the ends of the shaft 5 extends through an opening in the casing 9 and carries thereon a pointer 10. In the embodiment according to FIG. 2 the shaft 5 is made of a transparent material and the casing 9 is provided with a tubular extension 11 extending coaxially with the shaft at the side remote from the free end of the shaft. In the sleeve 11 a signal lamp 12 is arranged. At the free end of the transparent shaft 5 it may be observed whether the lamp 12 is burning.

The indicating instrument according to FIG. 2 may efiiciently be applied as a switch point indicator in a miniature track diagram, as are generally used in railway control and signal systems. An angle of 45 between the final positions of the armature 6 and the indicating member 10 is suitable for this purpose. As shown in FIG. 2 the casing 9 is mounted at the rear side of the panel 13 carrying at the front side the track diagram of the rail way section. The shaft 5 extends both through an opening in the casing 9 and a corresponding opening in the panel 13, and the indicating member representing the switch points is mounted at the front of the panel 13 on the extending end of the shaft 5.

The shifting of the indicating instrument may be achieved by current pulses of different directions derived from the position of the switch in the railway section.

The armature preferably is made of a ferro-ceramic material such as Ferroxdur. This not only allows the making of a strip-shaped piece with like poles at the ends, but also has the advantage that substantially no demagnetization occurs notwithstanding the large air gap which always is present and the opposition of like poles during each energization.

What is claimed is:

1. An electromagnetic system comprising a magnetizable core, a winding surrounding said core and a permanent magnetic armature pivotable about an axis, said magnetizable core having ends emerging from said winding and including pole shoes, a straight line through said pole shoes being spaced fromsaid axis which is equidistant from said pole shoes, said armature being pivotable about said axis between two end positions and having two separate permanent magnetic poles of the same polarity, each of said poles cooperating with an associated pole shoe of said core, one of the poles of said armature being operatively disposed with respect to the associated pole shoe in each of the two end positions of the armature.

2. An electromagnetic system comprising a magnetizable core, a winding surrounding said core and a permanent magnetic armature pivotable about an axis, said magnetizable core having ends emerging from said winding and including pole shoes, a straight line through said pole shoes being spaced from said axis which is equidistant from said pole shoes, said armature including a shaft and a strip-shaped piece of permanent magnetic material symsaid armature being operatively disposed with respect to the associated pole shoe in each of the two end positions of the armature.

3. An electromagnetic system comprising a magnetizable core, a winding surrounding said core and a permanent magnetic armature pivotable about an axis, said magnetizable core having ends emerging from said winding and including pole shoes, a straight line through said pole shoes being spaced from said axis which is equidistant from said pole shoes, said armature including a shaft and a strip-shaped piece of permanent magnetic material symmetrically secured to said shaft, said armature having two ends extending from said shaft and being permanent magnetic poles of the same polarity, said armature being pivotable about said axis coaxial with said shaft over an angle of at least 30 between two end positions, each of said poles cooperating with an associated pole shoe of said core, one of the poles of said armature being operatively disposed-with respect to the associated pole shoe in each of the two end positions of the armature.

4. An electromagnetic system comprising a magnetizable core, a winding surrounding said core and a permanent magnetic armature pivotable about an axis, said magnetizable core having ends emerging from said winding and including pole shoes, a straight line through said pole shoes being spaced from said axis which is equidistant from said pole shoes, said armature including a shaft and a strip-shaped piece of permanent magnetic material symmetrically secured to said shaft, said aramture having two ends extending from said shaft and constituting permanent magnetic poles of the same polarity, said armature being pivotable about said axis coaxial with said shaft between two end positions, said end positions being. defined by the engagement of the poles of said armature with the respective pole shoes. 7

5. An electromagnetic system comprising a magnetizable core, a winding surrounding said core and a permanent magnetic armature pivotable about an axis, said mag netizable core having ends emerging from said winding and including pole shoes, a straight line through said pole shoes being spaced from said axis which is equidistant from said pole shoes, said armature including a shaft and a strip-shaped piece of permanent magnetic material symmetrically secured to said shaft, said armature having two ends extending from said shaft and constituting permanent magnetic poles of the same polarity, said armature being pivotable about said axis coaxial with said shaft over an angle of at least 30 between two end positions, said end positions being defined by the engagement of the poles of said armature with the respective pole shoes.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,354,555 Sias July 25, 1944 2,716,232 Power Aug. 23, 1955 2,866,965 Houdek et al Dec. 30, 1958 OTHER REFERENCES Hunrath: Abstract of application Serial Number 641,163, published Oct. 11, 1949.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2354555 *Nov 9, 1942Jul 25, 1944the same assignee as the present applicationTemperature indicator
US2716232 *Oct 25, 1950Aug 23, 1955Bell Telephone Labor IncFlux modulated ringer
US2866965 *May 15, 1957Dec 30, 1958IttPermanent-magnet display signal
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4230244 *Aug 30, 1979Oct 28, 1980Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Fluid-flow limiting apparatus for use with intravenous-solution administering equipment
US4262824 *Feb 11, 1980Apr 21, 1981Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Low-current E-frame electronic magnet with a permanent magnet armature for an I. V. valving controller
US4864264 *Jan 20, 1988Sep 5, 1989Sigma Instruments, Inc.Bistable toggling indicator
EP0163570A1 *May 13, 1985Dec 4, 1985LAFON S.A., Société dite :Segment display system, particularly for use in a remotely controlled numerical display
Classifications
U.S. Classification335/234, 335/276
International ClassificationG08B5/22, G08B5/30, H01H51/22
Cooperative ClassificationG08B5/22, G08B5/30, H01H51/2272
European ClassificationG08B5/22, H01H51/22F, G08B5/30