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Publication numberUS302769 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1884
Publication numberUS 302769 A, US 302769A, US-A-302769, US302769 A, US302769A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 302769 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

2 Sheets-Shem; 1.


No. 302,769; Patented July 29, 1884.

N. PETKRS Photo-Lithographer. Washingion, D. C.


N0. 302,769. Patented July 29, 1884.

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EZZZ ECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 302,769, dated July 29, 1884:. Application filed October 31, 1883 (X model.)

f0 aZZ whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, FRANZ PALLAUSOH, a citizen of the Austro Hungrian Empire, residing at Vienna, in the Empire of Austria- Hungary, have invented certain new and use ful Improvements in Hydraulic or Pneumatic Motors, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has reference to an improved paddle-wheel which may .be used either as a water-wheel,or as a wind-motor, or as a ventilator, and which may be mounted either horizontally or vertically and worked at any level of the water and in a state of total submersion.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a side elevation, one-half being in section, of my improved paddle-wheel in position for use either as a water or wind wheel. Figs. 2 and 3 represent, respectively, a side view and plan of a vessel with my improved paddle-wheel.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

The paddlewheel is composed, chiefly, of an air-tight drum, A, the circumference of which is provided with flanges a a, to which are pivoted or hinged a number of paddles, B, by means of cars I) Z) and transverse pivotpins 0, secured to the flanges a a. The paddles 13 are made of concave-shape withaslight convex bend at their outer ends. their hinge-connection with the drum A the paddles overlap each other and form thereby an almost perfect cylindrical surface around the same, while, when in working order and exposed to a current of water or air, those paddles at one side are thrown in outward direction until their inner ends abut against the surface of the drum, while those on the opposite side are closed by the force of the current.

The paddle-wheel may be mounted and used in different ways. It may be employed in open streams or rivers or in side channels at every level of the water and without the use of races or waterways. I It may also beinounted upon stationary ships or floats as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of the annexed drawings, where the wheels are mounted upon a horizontal shaft and may transfer the force of the water for different industrial purposes, as for the working of dynamomachines, &e. It may also be mo'unted vertically upon piles on the sea-shore, to be actuated by the tide, as a reversal of the current does not affect the motion of the wheel, which always turns in one direction. This drum-wheel may also be employed as a windanotor or as a ventilator.

The material of which these wheels may be constructed depends upon the character of the force and the employment of the motor. If the wheels are to operate in large rivers, the drum and paddles are to be made of steel or iron. For smaller rivers they are made of Wood and iron combined. The wind-motors and ventilators may be constructed of lighter material.

I am aware that water or wind wheels composed of a rotary drum and a series offolding paddles pivoted thereto are not new; but in my wheel the outer ends of the paddles are slightly outturned to catch the current, so as to readily open the paddles. By this construction the paddles are not dependent upon gravity to cause them to open, but open readily whenever the current strikes the outturned ends, in whatever position the wheel may be placed.

Havingthus described myinvention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters 1atentl. A water or wind wheel consisting of an airtight rotary drum and a series of concave paddles pivoted thereto and adapted to shut closely around said drum, said paddles being slightly outturned at their outer ends, sub stantially as described.

2. A water or wind wheel consisting of an air-tight rotary drum provided with circumferential flanges and a series of concave paddles adapted to shut closely around said drum, the inner ends of said paddles being provided with ears, and the outer ends thereof being slightly outturned, and pivoted pins passing through said flanges and ears, substantially as described.

In testimony-that I claim the foregoing my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

' FRANZ PALLAUSOH. \Vilnesses:

SA M: u n r. \VIGRT ulnar, ()LARnNoE M. HYDE.

Referenced by
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US4086023 *Oct 8, 1975Apr 25, 1978Concept Development Institute, Inc.Windmill
US4174923 *May 19, 1977Nov 20, 1979Williamson Glen AWind driven engine
US4383797 *Jul 14, 1980May 17, 1983Lee Edmund MUnderwater turbine device with hinged collapsible blades
US5051059 *Oct 13, 1989Sep 24, 1991Rademacher T PeterFluid powered electric generator having hinged vane rotor
US6499939 *Mar 27, 2001Dec 31, 2002Eric E DowningWater wheel
US7591635 *Dec 6, 2005Sep 22, 2009Byung-Sue RyuWind turbine
US8076791Sep 8, 2008Dec 13, 2011Lester HostetlerWind and water turbine
US8083483Apr 18, 2009Dec 27, 2011Arden L ThorsbakkenWater wheel barrage energy converter
US8120196 *Sep 20, 2005Feb 21, 2012Neese Stephen LWave-powered water wheel type generator
US8297923 *Apr 13, 2005Oct 30, 2012Kai-Ude JanssenDevice for utilizing the kinetic energy of flowing water
US8310078 *May 3, 2010Nov 13, 2012Vladimir Anatol ShreiderApparatus for receiving and transferring kinetic energy from water flow
US8794904 *May 5, 2011Aug 5, 2014Japan System Planning Co., Ltd.Water wheel impeller blade type electric power generating apparatus
US8933575 *Feb 6, 2013Jan 13, 2015Harold LipmanWater turbine with pivotable blades
US9103314 *Mar 22, 2012Aug 11, 2015Japan System Planning Co., Ltd.Water wheel impeller blade type electric power generating apparatus
US20080014089 *Apr 13, 2005Jan 17, 2008Kai-Ude JanssenDevice For Utilizing The Kinetic Energy Of Flowing Water
US20100221106 *May 3, 2010Sep 2, 2010Vladimir Anatol ShreiderApparatus for receiving and transferring kinetic energy from water flow
US20110187112 *Jan 29, 2010Aug 4, 2011Michael Wayne BraceHydro-kinetically powered electrical generator power head
US20110272946 *Nov 10, 2011Katsuyuki KumanoWater wheel impeller blade type electric power generating apparatus
US20120243987 *Sep 27, 2012Katsuyuki KumanoWater wheel impeller blade type electric power generating apparatus
EP2128436A2 *Feb 5, 2009Dec 2, 2009Ventura Ribeiro de Matos, AntonioTurbine with articulated and retractable blades for harnessing energy from a moving fluid
WO2004107527A2 *Apr 7, 2004Dec 9, 2004Eugene G LigmanLow head, dynamic variable pitch, submersible hydro generator
WO2009142523A2 *Mar 31, 2009Nov 26, 2009Ribeiro De Matos Antonio VentuTurbine with articulated and retractable blades for harnessing energy from a moving fluid