|Publication number||US3028058 A|
|Publication date||Apr 3, 1962|
|Filing date||Jun 22, 1959|
|Priority date||Jun 22, 1959|
|Publication number||US 3028058 A, US 3028058A, US-A-3028058, US3028058 A, US3028058A|
|Inventors||Wolf Morris A|
|Original Assignee||Wolf Morris A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (11), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 3, 1962 Filed June 22, 1959 M. A. WOLF MANIKIN 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. Mme/.5 4. W04;
April 1962 M. A. WOLF 3,028,058
MANIKIN Filed June 22, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 3,028,058 Patented Apr. 3, 1962 Tic 3,028,058 MANIKIN Morris A. Wolf, 1545 N. Laurel Ave, Los Angeles, Calif. Filed June 22, 1959, Ser. No. 821,951 6 Claims. (Cl. 223-68) The present invention relates generally to clothes display manikins, and more particularly to manikins adapted to naturally display clothing frOm any angle.
An object of my invention is to provide an improved manikin for the display of clothing, and especially for displaying clothing in substantially the same configuration the clothing will assume on the body of a wearer, with particular reference to the appearance of an article of clothing at the shoulders.
Another object of the invention is to provide a manikin particularly adapted for the effective display of trousers and having a configuration which will support a trouser crease without wrinkling for as long as the clothing is on the manikin.
The invention also has for an object the provision of detachable base members for a truncated manikin that are provided with means for maintaining the creases of a pair of pants.
Yet another object of my invention is toprovide a manikin that is usable throughout all seasons of the year for the display of sports or more formal clothing, appropriate to the season, by selective utilization of a pair of a leg-supporting members that are detachably mounted on the manikin.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of pants-shaping means for a truncated manikin made of a material penetrable by fastening pins in order to contain within hollow legs of the manikin the lower-end portions of the trousers being displayed.
These and other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the annexed drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a three-quarter front perspective view of one form of manikin embodying my invention, and particularly illustrating the improved manner in which clothing, in this instance a mans suit, is displayed by the manikin;
FIGURE 2 is a three-quarter front perspective view of the manikin of FIGURE 1 with the clothing removed;
FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is a view of the area 4 of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 5 is a bottom end view of one of the legs of the manikin of FIGURE 2 in the direction of the arrow 5;
FIGURE 6 is a partial perspective view of the upper portion of the torso of the manikin and particularly illustrating a recessed support means for a manikin head;
FIGURE 7 is a partial front elevation view of the manikin of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 8 is a three-quarter front perspective view of another embodiment of the manikin of my invention that is particularly adapted for use throughout the year;
FIGURE 9 is a partial sectional view taken along the line 99 of FIGURE 8; and
FIGURE 10 is a partial vertical sectional view taken along the line 10-10 of FIGURE 8.
Referring now to FIGURE 2 of the drawings, there is shown a male manikin of hollow construction, designated generally by the numeral 20, and which may be made of plastic-impregnated fabric or other suitable material. This manikin includes a torso 22 supported by a truncated pair of legs 24 and surmounted by a sculptured head 26. On opposite sides the torso mounts a pair of articulated arms 28, of conventional construction, whose extremities bear removable and adjustable hands 30.
More particularly, the torso 22 has a configuration conforming to a suit form of a given size as, for example, a mans size 40. The opposite sides of the torso 22 are relieved, as indicated by the numerals 32, to provide recesses or sockets 32 overhung by the manikins shoulders and within which the upper end of an articulated arm assembly 28 is swivelly seated. Referring now to FIG- URE 1 wherein a suit coat 34 is on the manikin 20, it will be observed that there are no unnatural shoulder gathers and no tugging is observable on the suit coat, due to the utilization of the overhang projecting beyond shoulder sockets 32. It will be understood that the suit coat 34 is of a size conforming to the size of the torso 22 and, since the torso 22 is a replica of a suit form, the suit coat 34 will hang naturally on the torso. This is particularly important in avoiding the necessity of pinning up the back of the suit coat so that the draped model can be placed on a turntable and revolved to effectively and attractively display the clothing from any angle.
I have observed that conventional manikins with detachable or adjustable heads have an unsightly line or aperture where the lower end of the head is mounted on the neck or torso of the manikin. When the manikin is used for the display of dress shirts or the like, this parting line is visible above the upper edge of the collar and greatly detracts from the display. It will be noted in FIGURE 1 that with my manikin, although the head 26 is both angularly adjustable and detachable, no such parting line is visible above the upper edge of a dress shirt 36 worn by the manikin 20.
This natural appearance of the manikin is achieved by a construction such as is best seen in FIGURE 6. It will be observed that the torso 22 at its upper end is formed with a cavity 40 of generally circular cross-sectional configuration adapted for a close-sliding fit with a neck '42 of the head 26. A planar floor 44 is provided to define the bottom of the cavity 40 and centrally supports a plug 46 adapted for slidable mating reception within a substantially centrally located cylindrical aperture 48 formed in the bottom end of the neck 42. In FIGURE 7 the neck 42 is shown in place within the cavity 40 and it will be observed that the upper edge of the collar of the shirt 36 is disposed well above the intersection of the neck with the torso 22, thus providing the unblemished appearance of the manikin seen in FIG- URE 1.
A very realistic appearance is imparted to the head 26 by the use of hair-simulating laminations of cloth 52, a suitable number of pieces of which are shaped and arranged on top of the head. The pieces of cloth 52 are irregularly arranged to create furrows such as would be left by a comb and adhesively secured to the head 26 by a suitable plastic adhesive with which the cloth 52 may be impregnated. The effect achieved by this construction is far more effective than the conventional utilization of sculptured integral portions of the head to which a coat of paint is applied.
Manikins with truncated legs are frequently used for the display of mens suits, the trouser legs customarily being reversely folded back into the hollow legs of the manikin or, alternatively, draped over the edge of a platform on which the manikin is placed. For the most effective display of the clothing it is essential that the crease of the trouser legs be preserved, but with conventional manikins this has been quite troublesome to window dressers, who customarily utilize paper packing or other materials in an effort to maintain the trouser-leg creases. This has involved a disproportionate amount of time and eifort, which is completely eliminated with my improved manikin.
In order to assure a neat appearance of a pair of trousers 58 on the manikin 20, the manikin legs 24 are of somewhat ovoid cross-sectional configuration rather than being sculptured to conform. to the natural configuration of the human leg. This is best seen from FIGURE 5, showing the configuration of the bottom end of the leg 24, which. is substantially typical of the cross section of the leg throughout its length. The tubular leg has a minor axis substantially equivalent to the corresponding dimension of a human leg, but has a major axis substantially exceeding the corresponding dimension of a leg and substantially matingly equivalent to the spacing between the front and rear vertical creases of the trousers 53 when worn by a person, although this dimension may be slightly smaller so as to allow the trousers to hang more freely. Referring to FIGURE 2, it will be seen that each leg 24 at both its rear and front portions is formed with a vertically extending peak, crown or apex 54 adapted to nest within the trouser creases to support them against distortion when the lower ends of the trouser legs are reversely folded into the manikin legs 24 (see FIGURE 3).
In order to avoid damage to the trousers 58 by the fasteners, usually pins, employed in fastening the trousers to the manikin legs, each leg 24 in its lower end, and encased within the material of the manikin, has an ovoid ring 54, of the same configuration as the manikin leg, made of a material adapted for ready penetration by a pin 56 or the like, such as balsa wood. Due to the nature of the material of the ring 54, the pins 56 can very easily be inserted and withdrawn and the possibility of damage to the fabric of the trousers 58 is thereby avoided.
In FIGURE 8 there is shown another form of manikin, indicated generally by the numeral 60, of a type that is equally well adapted for the display of either sports clothing or more formal clothing. The manikin 6%, unlike the manikin 20, has a torso 62 supported by a pair of truncated legs 64, all of which are sculptured in the sense that they conform as closely as possible to the human form rather than to a suit form, as in the case of the torso 22 in the manikin Ed. The manikin 6i like the manikin 20, is preferably made of a plastic-coated fabric material but, unlike the manikin 20, is armless and has an integrally formed sculptured neck 66 surmounted by a cover plate 68, having a peripheral downwardly extending flange overhanging the neck. A stud bolt 70 is centrally atlixed in the upper end of the neck 66 to extend through a bore in the plate 68 and through a bore of a cap 72 which is held in place on the plate 68 by a somewhat spherical nnt 74. It will be observed that the cap 72 is also formed with a peripheral downwardly extending flange 72a serving to space the body of the cap upwardly above the cover plate 68.
When the manikin 6t? is employed without a shirt a drapery cloth may be inserted under the cap 72 in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 9. For this purpose the nut 74 is removed to permit removal of the cap 72, after which the upper ends of a drape material 76 can be placed on top of the cover plate 68. The cap '72 is then replaced on the bolt 7% and secured in place with the nut '74. The manikin 60 can then be used for the display of a sports coat or the like placed over the manikin 60 as clothed by the drape 76.
Due to its sculptured form, the manikin 66 is particularly well adapted for the display of sports clothing, such as swimming trunks 80 (see FIGURE 8), or for other articles of clothing as, for example, a heach-and-pool wardrobe. However, in accordance with my invention the manikin 6d and, in fact, almost any conventional manikin can be adapted for the display of more formal clothing and particularly trousers.
For this purpose I have provided a pair of detachable leg bases, each designated generally by the numeral 82. Each of the bases 82 comprises a generally ovoid ring of balsa wood or like material of substantially the same configuration as is shown in FIGURE 5. At diametrically opposite points on the minor axis of the base 82 a pair of inwardly extending metal tabs 84 are aliixed thereto. Each of the manikin legs 64- at its lower end encases a foundation ring 86 built up of plaster within the material of the manikin and each of the rings 36 also has embedded therein a pair of inwardly extending tabs 33. The tabs 84 and tabs 38 are formed with aligned bores and each of the tabs 88 is adapted to threadedly receive a fastener 96 which is inserted upwardly through one of the base tabs $4,. With this arrangement each of the bases 32 is afiixcd to the lower end of a manikin leg 64- in a relationship to the leg such as is illustrated on the right let. 6 as viewed in FIGURE 8.
Each of the balsa bases 82 has diametrically opposite apices 54' analogous to the apices 54 of the manikin 2d of FIGURE 2. During the spring and summer selling seasons the manikin 60 is employed without the bases 82 for the display of swim or sportswear. In the fall and winter seasons the same manikin 60 can be employed for the display of somewhat more formal but still casual clothing, including slacks, by mounting the bases 82 to the lower ends of the legs 64. Thus, as is shown in FIGURE 10, a pair of slacks indicated in phantom line at 92 can be placed on the manikin 60 with the creases registering with apices 54' of the bases 82. The creases of the slacks 92 are thus held in the desired shape and against folding, and the lower ends of the slacks legs are folded reversely and upwardly into the hollow legs 64 of the manikin. If desired, suitable fasteners can be employed to hold the slacks legs in place on the bases 82-.
It will be appreciated that the individual features of each of the manikins 20 and 60 may be used with either of the manikins or that some of these individual features may be employed as adaptations of previously existing manikin configurations. While I have shown a plurality of embodiments of my invention herein, it is to be understood that I do not mean to be limited to the particular details of construction illustrated and described but only as limited by the following claims.
1. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the improvement comprising: a torso on a pair of truncated legs, at least the lower end portions of said legs being hollow whereby the lower ends of a pair of trouser legs to be worn by said manikin can be reversely folded into and within said manikin legs to be concealed therein, the lower portions of said manikin legs being adapted for penetration by a fastener means to hold said trouser legs in place, said truncated legs being generally ovoid in horizontal cross-sectional configuration with vertically extending front and rear apices at opposite ends of the major axis of said ovoid configuration of said legs, said apices of said legs being disposed to receive the creases of said trouser legs thereon.
2. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the improvement comprising: at least a portion of a torso having hip and waist simulating portions above and on a pair of legs, each of said legs having vertically disposed means defining a cross-sectional configuration matingly complementary to the cross-sectional configuration of a creased trouser leg and adapted for coaction with the legs of a pair of trousers to be worn by said manikin to maintain the creases of said trousers in a creased condition.
3. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the improvement comprising: hip and waist simulating portions of a torso on a pair of legs that extend downwardly beyond said hip and waist simulating portions, each of said legs throughout a vertically extending portion thereof having a cross-sectional configuration that is matingly complementary to the cross-sectional configuration of the leg of a pair of trousers of an appropriate size to be worn by said manikin and adapted for coaction with said trouser legs to maintain the creases of said trouser legs against displacement out of the configuration assumed by said trouser legs as suspended from said manikin.
4. In a manikin for displaying trousers, the improvement comprising: at least a portion of a torso having hip and waist simulating portions above and on a pair of legs, both of said legs having front and rear vertically disposed and arranged means to interiorly engage front and rear creases of the legs of a pair of trousers of an appropriate size for said manikin, to maintain the creases of said trouser legs.
5. In a manikin for displaying articles of clothing, the improvement comprising: a torso on a pair of legs, said legs being generally ovoid in horizontal cross-sectional configuration and having vertically extending front and rear apices integrally formed in said legs to interiorly engage front and rear creases of the legs of a pair of trousers of an appropriate size to be worn by said manikin to maintain the creases of said trouser legs, said torso, above the waist, having the configuration of a standard suit form, the shoulders of said torso being formed with opposite outwardly opening enlarged sockets overhung by the shoulders of said suit form, the edges of said shoulders of said suit form having a spacing corresponding to the spacing between shoulder seams of a suit coat of appropriate size to be worn by said torso and being receivable in said shoulder seams, said torso also supporting a pair of arms swivelly connected within said shoulder sockets, said arms occupying a volume less than the volume of a normal arm configuration.
6. A supporting base member for attachment to the leg of a manikin comprising a generally ovoid ring of material having major and minor axes, said ring at opposite ends of its major axis having its periphery formed with apices to interiorly engage the front and rear creases of a leg of trousers to be Worn by said manikin, and means on said ring to secure said ring to the leg of a manikin with said apices disposed to interiorly engage the creases of trousers to be worn by the manikin.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 130,068 Parent July 30, 1872 2,329,006 Sieve Sept. 7, 1943 2,534,757 Cordell et a1. Dec. 19, 1950 2,632,586 Barrango Mar. 24, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 609,437 France Jan. 3, 1928 640,682 France Apr. 3, 1928 OTHER REFERENCES Darling Displays, Catalog 275, March 20, 1953, pages 15, 16 and 20.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US130068 *||Jul 30, 1872||Improvement in lay figures, dolls|
|US2329006 *||May 18, 1940||Sep 7, 1943||Sieve Bernard R||Garment display device|
|US2534757 *||Aug 1, 1950||Dec 19, 1950||Cordero Luis S||Dress form|
|US2632586 *||Jul 26, 1949||Mar 24, 1953||Carmen Barrango||Articulated limb for manikins|
|FR609437A *||Title not available|
|FR640682A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3769134 *||Jul 15, 1971||Oct 30, 1973||Wolfe & Vine Inc||Manikin construction|
|US4820231 *||Apr 20, 1987||Apr 11, 1989||Samaritan Industries, Inc.||Mannequin device|
|US5727717 *||Jul 31, 1995||Mar 17, 1998||Vigne; Patrick||Magnetically coupled joints for mannequins and forms|
|US6705794||Jan 26, 2001||Mar 16, 2004||Fusion Specialties, Inc.||Display form having magnetically attachable parts|
|US7144179||Mar 9, 2004||Dec 5, 2006||Fusion Specialties, Inc.||Display form having magnetically attachable parts|
|US7325996||Dec 5, 2006||Feb 5, 2008||Fusion Specialties, Inc.||Display form having magnetically attachable parts|
|US20040200864 *||Mar 9, 2004||Oct 14, 2004||Richard Varner||Display form having magnetically attachable parts|
|US20070086848 *||Dec 5, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Fusion Specialties, Inc.||Display Form Having Magnetically Attachable Parts|
|US20080089739 *||Dec 7, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Fusion Specialties, Inc.||Display Form Having Magnetically Attachable Parts|
|US20080318712 *||Jun 23, 2008||Dec 25, 2008||David John Abdul||Hand holder football kicking tee|
|EP2775875A4 *||Nov 9, 2012||Jul 15, 2015||Soozar Ltd||Mannequin neck connection fitting component and method of making same|
|U.S. Classification||223/68, D20/31|