US 3029509 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 17, 1962 s. PETERS I 3,029,509
COMBINATION COMB AND HAIR CUTTING DEVICE Filed May 15, 1960 IN VEN TOR.
fi'ag z B71255 BY United States This invention relates to a combination comb and hair cutting device and has as its primary object the provision of an improved comb structure having a cutting blade in association therewith whereby an individual may easily and efliciently cut his own hair.
An important object of this invention is the provision of an improved comb structure characterized by teeth of different thicknesses and lengths, and a slida'ble blade holder selectively movable to a position adjacent each set of teeth for cutting various ditferent areas of the hair or beard.
An additional object of the invention is the provision of an improved comb structure having guide means to facilitate the sliding, as well as the holding of the blade holder on the comb.
Still another object of the invention is the provision of a device of this character which employs as its cutting element a conventional safety razor blade which may be readily replaced as desired.
Still other objects reside in the combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangements of parts, all as will be more fully pointed out hereinafter and disclosed in the accompanying drawing.
Still another object of the invention is the provision of a combination comb and hair cutting device of this character which is sturdy and durable in construction, reliable and efiicient in operation, and relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects will in part be pointed out and in part be shown in the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of one form of combination comb and hair cutting device incorporating the features of the instant invention;
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary rear elevational view of portions of the structure of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken substantially along the line 33 of FIGURE 1, as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows;
FIGURE 4 is an end elevational view, on an enlarged scale, of the structure of FIGURE 1 taken substantially along the line 4-4 of FIGURE 1, as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows;
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken substantially along the line 5--5 of FIGURE 1, as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows; and
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the slide element disassociated from the comb;
Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views of the drawing.
Having reference now to the drawing in detail, there is generally indicated at 10 a combination comb and hair cutting device constructed in accordance with this invention, which includes a comb body 11 and a plurality of teeth. The teeth are of varying thicknesses and lengths, as will be more fully described hereinafter, and are divided into three zones 12, 13 and 14. The teeth 15 of zone 12 are relatively thick and somewhat widely spaced, while the teeth 16 of the zone 13 are of less thickness and are slightly shorter and more closely spaced together. The teeth 17 of zone 14 are still thinner, shorter, and more closely spaced, for a purpose to be more fully pointed out hereinafter.
The comb body 11 is provided on its front face with a longitudinally extending groove 18, which extends the atent full length thereof, and on its rear or opposite face is a corresponding groove 19, which also extends the full length of the comb body 11. A third groove 20 is formed intermediate the length of the teeth, and is comprised of a series of individual aligned channels cut thrdousgh each tooth, as best shown in FIGURES 1, 4 an All of the teeth 15, 16 and 17 are provided with flat aligned rear edges, as best shown in FIGURE 3, upon which is adapted to be positioned the inner substantially flat clamping face 21 of a blade clamping slide, generally indicated at 22. The slide 22 includes a reverted top portion 23, which is adapted to overlie the top of the comb body 11, and is provided on its inner end face with a longitudinally extending tongue 24, which is adapted slidably to engage in the groove 19. An opposed tongue 25, is positioned on the inner side of the clamping face 21, and is adapted to slidably engage in the groove 18.
An intermediate portion of the inner clamping face 21 is provided with a third tongue 26, which is in parallel alignment with the tongues 24 and Z5, and which is adapted to engage in the conventional slot S of a conventional safety razor blade B. The blade B is thus so positioned that its lower cutting edge is positioned, as best shown in FIGURE 1, slightly above the tips of the teeth of the shortest group of teeth, so that the tips of the teeth of any selected zone extend slightly below the cutting edge of the blade. The upper, or inactive edge of the blade when the device is in operative position terminates immediately below the tongue 25.
In the use and operation of the device the hair is first moistened and combed with a conventional comb, the slide 22 is set adjacent the desired zone of teeth, and the comb of the instant invention is then passed through the hair with very light strokes, so that the cutting edge of the blade B effectively snips the ends of the hair to a desired length, The blade slide is designed to be positioned adjacent the teeth of the zone 23, when cutting the top of mens long hair, ladies bobbed hair, or mens beards, or in other localities where the hair is apt to be thick and heavy. For cutting rnustaches, or the hair over the ears, or on the neck, the slide is moved adjacent the teeth of zone 13, and may be employed with an up ward stroke. While trimming the very fine hairs on the neck, the slide may be moved to a position adjacent the zone 14, and the hair is trimmed with a down stroke. When it is desired to shave the neck, the device is reversed so that the blade edge is against the neck, rather than the arcuate outer side of the teeth, as in conventional usage.
From the foregoing it will now be seen that there is herein provided an improved combination comb and hair cutting device which accomplishes all the objects of this invention, and others, including many advantages of great practical utility.
As many embodiments may be made of this inventive concept, and as many modifications may be made in the embodiment hereinbefore shown and described, it is to be'iinderstod that all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
A combination comb and hair cutting device comprising a comb having a body portion and spaced teeth extending perpendicularly therefrom, a first zone of said teeth, a second zone of said teeth more closely spaced and each tooth thinner than each of the teeth in said first zone and extending from said body portion a distance less than the teeth in said first zone, a third zone of said teeth more closely spaced and each tooth thinner than each of the teeth in said first and second zones and extending from said body portion a distance less than the teeth is said first and second zones, a clamp member slidably engaged on said body portion, a portion of said clamp member in overlying relation to said teeth, a cutting blade positioned between the overlying portion of said clamp member and said teeth, means on said clamp member extending through said blade and in engagement with said teeth to retain the same in position, said blade being movable with said clamp member to position the same adjacent one of said zones of teeth, said body portion of the comb including portions defining longitudinally extending grooves on opposite sides thereof, said teeth having fiat aligned rear edges, portions of each of the rear edges of said teeth defining a groove therein intermediate the length thereof, said clamp member having a reverted top portion in overlying relation to the body portion of the comb, opposed tongues on said reverted top portion re- 4 siding in the said grooves on opposite sides of said body portion, said clamp member further including a substantially flat clamping face having a planar surface confronting and parallel to the flat rear edges of said teeth,
and said means on said clamp member extending through said cutting blade comprising a tongue extending from the planar surface thereof in engagement in the grooves in said teeth.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,190,182 McDonough July 4, 1916 1,399,103 Butler Dec. 6, 1921 15 1,454,715 Fontaine May 8, 1923 2,536,485 Behr Ian. 2, 1951