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Publication numberUS3029776 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1962
Filing dateAug 24, 1959
Priority dateAug 24, 1959
Publication numberUS 3029776 A, US 3029776A, US-A-3029776, US3029776 A, US3029776A
InventorsProskauer Walter
Original AssigneeEitel Mccullough Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for spraying parts
US 3029776 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1952 w. PROSKAUER 3,029,776

APPARATUS FOR SPRAYING PARTS Filed Aug. 24, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVEN TOR.

WALTER FROSKAUER BY 1 F W Arromvsrs April 17, 1962 Filed Aug. 24, 1959 W. PROSKAU ER APPARATUS FOR SPRAYING PARTS 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR. WALTER PROSKAUE? m/yah ATTORNEYS April 17, 1962 Filed Aug. 24, 1959 MA/IV 71481.5

CURTAIN BIBLE 2/ WAY BIBLE 22 TZBLE 23 W. PROS KAUER 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 SPRAY TABLE 2| EAKQ lswlrcl-fl M SPRAY TABLE 22 IERA'EI w w SPRAY TABLE 23 FUNCTION CONTROL a POWER SUPPLY BASE TABLE CLUTCH MOTOR BRAKES PROGRAMMER SPRAY CURTAIN HEAT SOL SOL LAMP Z zg 5 7 l0/ ROTATE m STOP UP A ROTATE JI STOP /06 ON *I I l I OFF ROTATE I t 2 STOP V I08 ROTATE I STOP V IN VENTOR. WALTER MOS/6405i? 3,629,776v API-PARATUS-FOP; EFRAYING PARTS Walter Prosirauer, San Francisco, Caiih, assignor to Eitei-McCnllough, lure, San Bruno, (lalih, a corpora: tion of California Filed Aug. 24, lhdh, Ser. No. 835,701 9 Qiairns. (61. 118-9) This invention relates generally to a coating-apparatus I andmore particularly to a coating apparatus suitable for providing a uniform emissive coating to cathode surfaces.

in many types of vacuum tubes, the close spacing between the cathode and adjacent element dictates that the cathode coating be uniform in thickness. Otherwise, there may be shorting to adjacent elements. A uniform coating from one cathode surface to another is required for uniformity of tube characteristics so that all tubes having a predetermined spacing and element configuration will have substantially identical electrical characteristics.

In the. prior art, emissive coatings have, in general, been manually applied. Consequently, the coatings are not, ideally uniform in thickness, and the thickness may 3,Z9,776 Fatenteti Apr". 17, 1%62 the base table. Suitable drive means are associated with each of the shafts 26 for rotating the respective turntables 21-23, individually. One such means is illustrated in conjunction with the table 23 and includes a motor 31 which supplies power to a gear reduction 32 through a clutch 33. A belt 34 engages the pulleys 36 and 37, one of which is secured to the gear reduction shaft and the other of which is secured to the shaft 26 of the turntable 23. A braking assembly 38 is associatedwith each of the turntables and includes a solenoid operated brake band 39 which engages the periphery of the associated turn: table to apply a frictional braking force thereto. In operation, the clutch 33 is disengaged before the brakes are applied.

The base table is driven by the motor 41 which is coupled 42 to a clutch 43. The output shaft of the clutch 43 drives the belt 44 through a gear reduction 45. The belt 44 engages the pulley 46 on the shaft 12 to rotate the turntable.

Thus, it is seen that each of the spray tables 21-23 includes an individual drive means together with clutchvary from one. cathode to another, the variations being largely dependent upon the person applying the coating. Many tubes are rejected as not having characteristics which are within preset specifications.

It is a general object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for automatically applying uniform thin coatings.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a. coating apparatusfor spraying emissive coatings of uniform thickness on catho de surfaces.

It is still a further object of the present invention to provide a semi-automatic coating apparatus for coating cathode surfaces with emissive coating of uniform thickness.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a coating apparatus in which a given coating is subjected to a plurality of spraying and drying cycles to assure a uniform, relatively thin coating.

These and other objects of the invention will become more clearly apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.

Referring to the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a coating apparatus in accordance with the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view schematically illustrating the drive means for-the base table and spray tables;

FIGURE 3 is-an enlarged view showing the interior of the spray booth;

FIGURE 4 is a partial viewtaken along the lines 4-4 of FIGURE 3;

FIGURE 5 is anexploded view of a typical mask and cathode;

FIGURE 6 is a schematic block diagram showingthe circuitry for cycling the apparatus; and

FIGURE 7 is a timing chart for the apparatus illus-. trated in the figures.

Referring to the drawings, particularly FIGURES l and 2, the coating apparatus is carried on a base 11. A main'drive shaft 12 extends upwardlyfrom the base with its lower end accommodated in a bearing 13 supported by the base. A spaced bearing 14 supported on the arm 16 engages the other end. of the shaft. The arm 16 is attached to the upright spaced posts 17 and 18 by a cross member 19.

The main shaft 12 carries a base table 20 which, in turn, mounts three spaced spray tables 21, 22 and23. The tables 21, 22 and 23jare'each carried on a driven, shaft 26 which extends throughbearings 27 carried'by ing and braking means. The base table includes adrive means to move the main table to bring the spray tables 21, 22 or 23 into the spray booth designated generally by the reference numeral 48.

The spray booth is supported on the spaced upright legs 17 and 18 and includes an upper wall 51 and a downwardly extending side wall 52. The portion 52 of the side wall is cylindrical to follow the contour of the spray tables. The side wallcarries a plurality of drive means, for example, air actuated pistons 53 which activate rods 54. The rods 54 support a curtain 56 which is adapted to be urged downwardly against the surface of the base table to thereby completely seal the spray booth during a spray operation. The front of the booth includes a sliding door or window (not shown) which may be opened for access to the interior of the booth.

Referring to FIGURE 3, the booth includes a support post 61 which serves to support a spray head 62. Coat ing material is supplied to the spray head through the tube 63 while compressed air is supplied to the tube 64; A spray pattern is formed by the nozzle 66. The spray impinges upon the exposed surfaces of the cathodes to be coated which lie opposite the nozzle, as will be present ly described.

A plurality of heating means, for example, heatlamps 67, are supported within the spray booth and serve to irradiate the sprayed parts to thereby dry the parts.

Each of'the spray tables 21-23 includes spaced'supr port platforms 71 (FIGURE 1) which are adapted to receive cathode support rings '72. The rings 72 may be provided with spaced handles 73 and 74 for applying and removing the rings. Any suitable means, for example, screws, may be employed for securing the rings 72 to the associated spray table.

Each of the rings includes a core 76 (FIGURE 3) having a plurality of radially extending finger-like elements 77 to form a series of slots 78 adapted to receive a cathode masking assembly, as will be presently described. Thin rings 79 and 80 are secured to the opposite surfaces of the main ring 76, as, for example, by screws 82-. Reinforcing elements 83 may be provided. Slots Stare pro-' vided in the thin rings 79 and $0 and register with the slots 7%.

The cathode to be coated is placed within a suitable masking assembly whereby only the portion 'of the surface to be coated is exposed to the spray. Referring The cathode tab 89 extends outwardly and is accommodated Within the slot 91 formed in the masking element 92. The masking element includes an opening 93 of predetermined size to expose a predetermined portion of the upper surface 94 of the cathode.

p The cathode is placed within the mask and the mask portions assembled. The complete assembly is then urged into one of the slots '78 between the members 79 and 8d and is held therein by the spring action of the thin rings 79 and 30. The slot 84 provides means for exposing the opening 93 to the spray gun for spraying operation and also for easily grasping the masking assembly. 7

Referring to the schematic diagram in FIGURE 6, the function control and power supply 96 serves to supply power to the motors associated with the spray tables 21, 22 and 23, and the base table motor. Power is supplied to the spray table motors through the slip ring assembly 49. The function control also serves to control the base table motor, clutch and brakes so that the base table is rotated and indexed after a spraying operation for one spray table has been completed. The function control also serves to control the cycling of the curtain raising and lowering the spraying and the heating cycle, as will be presently described.

Each of the turntables includes associated means, for example, switches, which serve to provide an output signal for each revolution of the turntable. These signals are, in turn, applied through the function control to a programmer which may, for example, include a preset counter which serves to provide an output signal to the function control when a predetermined number of revolutions has been undergone by a turntable within the spray booth. The function control then cycles the apparatus to stop the spraying operation, raise the curtain and ind'ex the base table to a new position, as will be presently described.

Referring particularly to FIGURE 7, the main table is periodically rotated as indicated by the waveforms 1M. Waveform 102 represents the motion of the curtain. It is to be observed that while the main table is rotating, the curtain is raised. When the base table stops, the curtain is lowered to enclose the spray booth.

Referring to the curve 103, rotation of the spray table 21 is indicated. After the spray table 21 is rotated under the spray booth, the main table stops, and the curtain is lowered, the table 21 begins to rotate. Simultaneously, the spray cycle begins as indicated in the curve 106. It is observed that during the period of time that table 21 is rotating, tables 22 and 23 are stationary, curves 107 and 108. It is further observed that turntable 23 has just completed its spray cycle and that turntable 22 will be the next to cycle. While the spray table 23 is in the spray booth, spray table 21 is being loaded, and the parts on spray table 22 are inspected, to ensure that the coating thickness is correct. Similary, when spray table 21 is in the spray booth, spray table 22 is loading and spray table 23 is being inspected.

It is seen that the apparatushas three stations: a spray station, an inspection station, and a loading and unloading station. While a spray table is in the spray booth, one of the other turntables is being loaded and unloaded while the other has its samples subjected to inspection. In the event the inspection shows that the samples have not been provided with a coating of sufficient thickness, the spray table may be manually indexed back into the spray booth for additional spraying.

In accordance with the present invention, the spray table in the spray booth begins to rotate simultaneously with the commencement of the spray, or shortly before. The table is rotated at a relatively high velocity, typically between 20 and 60 rpm, during each pass under the spray nozzle. Thus, only a small fraction of the final coating is applied. The sprayed part then passes under the drying means 67 and is again cycled under the spraying apparatus.

This is an important feature of the present invention since it provides means whereby coatings of relatively uniform thickness can be formed. If the parts were coated in a single pass under the nozzle, any non-uniformity of the spraying pattern over the surface of the part would make the coating relatively non-uniform. However, by moving the sample under the spray, it is subjected to various parts of the spray pattern and the differences in the spray pattern tend to be ironed out during each cycle. Furthermore, any changes from one cycle to another are also ironed out since the part passes under the spray gun many times. The result is to give a monogeneous uniformcoating.

Thus, there is provided an improved coating apparatus which is capable of coating many parts simultaneously. Each of the parts has a uniform coating and the many parts have a coating of substantially the same thickness.

I claim:

V 1. A spraying apparatus comprising a rotatable base table, at least one spray table rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the periphery of said spray table, a spray booth disposed above the base table and adapted to receive the spray table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table is moved into the spray booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least I twice while in said spray booth, and spray means carried Within the booth adapted to project a spray towards each of the similar parts as said spray table rotates for uniformly coating said parts.

2. A spraying apparatus for spraying parts comprising a rotatable base table, at least one rotatable spray table adapted to carry a plurality of similar parts carried on the base table, a spray booth disposed above the base table and adapted to receive the spray table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table is moved into the spray booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice while in said spray booth, spray means carried within the booth adapted to project a spray towards each of the parts as said spray table rotates, and drying means disposed within the booth and adapted to dry the parts after spraying and before re-spraying.

3. A spraying apparatus comprising a rotatable base table, at least one spray table rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the periphery of said spray table, a spray booth including a top wall and side walls extending downwardly and spaced from the base table, said spray booth adapted to receive the spray table, a movable curtain carried by the side Walls of the spray booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice while in said spray booth, means for urging the curtain towards the base table to close the spray booth, and means for driving the base table so that the spray table is moved into the spray booth.

4. A spraying apparatus comprising a rotatable base table, at least one spray table rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality-of similar parts on the periphery of said spray table, a spray booth having downwardly extending side walls and a top wall, a movable curtain carried by the side walls, means for driving the curtain towards the base table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table is moved into the spray booth, means for energizing the curtain drive means when the spray table is beneath the booth to thereby urge the curtain downwardly to enclose the spray table in the booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice while in said spray booth, and spray means carried within the booth and adapted to project a spray towards each of said parts in turn as said spray table rotates.

5. A spraying apparatus comprising a rotatable base table, at least one spray table rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the periphery of said spray table, a spray booth having extending side walls and a top Wall, a movable curtain carried by the side walls, means for driving the curtain towards the base table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table is moved into the spray booth, means for energizing the curtain drive means when the spray table is in the booth to thereby urge the curtain to enclose the spray table, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice While in said spray booth, spray means carried within the booth and adapted to project a spray towards each of said parts as said spray table rotates, means adapted to begin rotation of the spray table when the spray table is in the spray booth, and means for commencing a spraying cycle when the spray table is rotating.

6. A spraying apparatus for spraying parts comprising a rotatable base table, at least one spray table adapted to receive parts rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the periphery of said spray table, means carried by the base table for driving the spray table, a spray booth above said base table having downwardly extending side walls and a top wall, a movable curtain carried by the side walls, means for driving the curtain downwardly against the base table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table is disposed in the spray booth, means for energizing the curtain drive means when the spray table is be neath the booth to thereby urge the curtain downwards ly and enclose the spray table in the booth, spray means carried within the booth and adapted to project a spray towards each of the parts as said spray table rotates, means adapted to begin rotation of the spray table when the spray table is within the spray booth, means for commencing a spraying cycle when the spray table is rotating, means for generating a signal indicative of the number of revolutions of the spray table, preset counting means adapted to receive said signal and form an output signal upon a predetermined number of revolutions, means responsive to the said last signal for ending the spray cycle, means responsive to said last signal for stopping the spray table after a predetermined time lapse, and means for lifting the curtain when the spray cycle is completed. a

7. A spraying apparatus comprising a rotatable base table, a plurality of spray tables rotatably carried on the base table, means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the peripheral of said spray table, a spray booth disposed above the base table and adapted to receive one of the spray tables, means for periodically driving the base table so that the spray tables are individually presented to the spray booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice while in said spray booth, and spray means carried within the booth and adapted to project a spray towards each of said parts as said spray table rotates.

8. A spraying apparatus for spraying parts comprising a rotatable base table, at least one rotatable spray table carried on the base table, a ring adapted to accommodate a plurality of parts, means for removably securing said ring to the spray table, a spray booth disposed above the base table and adapted to receive the spray table, means for driving the base table so that the spray table and ring are moved into the spray booth, means carried by the base table for rotating the spray table at least twice While in said spray booth, spray means carried within the booth adapted to project a spray towards each of the parts as said ring and spray table rotate, and drying mean-s disposed Within the booth and adapted to dry the parts.

9. A spraying apparatus including three stations: a spray station, an inspection station, and a loading station; a rotatable base table; a spray booth disposed above a portion of the base table and forming said spray station; a plurality of spray tables rotatably mounted on said base table; means for mounting a plurality of similar parts on the periphery of each of said spray tables; means for periodically rotating said base table so that each of said spray tables is sequentially indexed to one of said stations; means carried by the base table for individually rotating the spray tables at least twice While indexed to the position in said spray booth; and means for spraying each of said parts on said spray table which is rotating in said spray booth.

References (Iited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,889,676 Little Nov. 29, 1932 1,954,210 Jones Apr. 10, 1934 1,981,149 Parker et a1 Nov. 20, 1934 2,329,024 Albright Sept. 7, 1943 2,445,451 Padelford July 20, 1948 2,553,408 Foster May 15, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 211,251 Australia Oct. 25, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1889676 *Jul 5, 1929Nov 29, 1932Earl W LittlePaint applying machine
US1954210 *Feb 17, 1931Apr 10, 1934Miller & Sons Inc IAutomatic heel spraying machine
US1981149 *Sep 10, 1932Nov 20, 1934Rogers Radio Tubes LtdAutomatic machine for processing thermionic tubes and the like
US2329024 *Nov 23, 1940Sep 7, 1943Sylvania Electric ProdCathode coating machine
US2445451 *May 30, 1945Jul 20, 1948Padelford Lester ECombination spraying booth and drying chamber
US2553408 *Nov 9, 1948May 15, 1951Bradford And Sons Ltd SApparatus for greasing baking tins and like utensils
AU211251B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3405681 *Aug 31, 1965Oct 15, 1968Victor F. GuglerCake icing machine
US3903838 *Jun 28, 1973Sep 9, 1975Carborundum CoPowder dispersion apparatus
US4007704 *Feb 14, 1975Feb 15, 1977Loctite CorporationGasket material applicator
US4640220 *Sep 9, 1985Feb 3, 1987Electropainting Sales Pty. Ltd.Paint booth assembly
US6730167Jun 25, 2001May 4, 2004Nordson CorporationPowder coating spray booth with a powder extraction system
US6866717May 15, 2002Mar 15, 2005Nordson CorporationPowder coating spray booth with air curtain
WO2002028542A2 *Oct 3, 2001Apr 11, 2002Edward L JonesPowder coating spray booth with a powder extraction system
WO2003097254A1 *Mar 27, 2003Nov 27, 2003Brean BarkPowder coating spray booth with a powder extraction system
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/704, 118/326, 118/319
International ClassificationB05B15/12, B05B13/02, H01J9/06
Cooperative ClassificationB05B15/1203, B05B15/1218, H01J9/06, B05B13/0242
European ClassificationB05B15/12D2, B05B15/12A, B05B13/02B3, H01J9/06