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Publication numberUS3031026 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1962
Filing dateMay 31, 1960
Priority dateJun 21, 1955
Publication numberUS 3031026 A, US 3031026A, US-A-3031026, US3031026 A, US3031026A
InventorsLeonard Price Clifford
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air cleaner
US 3031026 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 24, 196-2 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed June 20, 1956 April 24, 1962 c. L, PRICE 3,031,026

AIR CLEANER Original Filed June 20, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventor 'fbzaf f u ttorney United States Patent 3,031,026 AIR CLEANER Cliiforzl Leonard Price, Southport, England, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Continuation of application Ser. No. 592,661, June 0, 1956. This application May 31, 1960, Ser. No. 33,010

11 Claims. (Cl. 18154) This invention relates to an air cleaner for the air intake of a carburetor for an internal combustion engine.

This is a continuation of co-pending application Serial No. 592,661, filed June 20, 1956 (now abandoned).

By virtue of the invention an air cleaner may be made from simple pressings or mouldings of sheet material requiring only a simple assembly operation.

The invention is concerned in particular with an air cleaner which includes one or more chambers having a communication with an air inlet conduit or conduits and designed to resonate atthe frequencies of the sound waves which it is desired to suppress.

The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims; and how it may be performed is hereinafter particularly described, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is an elevation of one embodiment of the air cleaner according to the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a composite plan view, the upper half being a plan of FIGURE 1 and the lower half being a plan on the line 11-11 of FIGURE 1 with the upper shell of the air cleaner removed;

IGURE 3 is a longitudinal section on the line III-III of FIGURE 2';

FIGURE 4 is a detail section on the line IVIV of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 5 is a detail section on the line V-V of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 6 is an end elevation of the air cleaner as seen from the right of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 7 is an inverted plan of a second embodiment of the air cleaner according to the invention;

FIGURE 8 is a section on the line VIIIVIII of FIG- URE 7;

FIGURE '9 is an inverted plan of a third embodiment of the air cleaner according to the invention; and

FIGURE 10 is a section on the line XX of FIG- URE 9.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in FIG- URES l-6, the device is made as a relatively shallow casing 1 of general oval shape in plan. The casing is formed from an upper concave shell 2 and a lower concave shell 3 each formed as single sheet metal pressings which have formed therein similar trough-like indentations 4, 5 respectively, the base of each of which lies in the same plane as the periphery of its shell, the indentations being substantially of horseshoe shape in plan. The ends 6, 7 of the shells 2, 3 remote from the spaced ends of the horseshoe indentations are made substantially straight in plan, so that when the two shells 2, 3 are placed face to face, a substantially rectangular inlet opening 8 is formed at one end of the casing 1.

Near the inlet opening 8 each of the shells 2, 3 has a further substantially transverse indentation 9, 10 respectively so as to form a chamber 11 into which a filling of woven wire 12 or like air filtering material is inserted and retained in position by the transverse indentations 9, 1.0 and by inturned flanges 14 formed about the inlet opening 8.

The lower shell .3 is also formed with a central outlet opening 15 bounded by a short outwardly extending neck 16 integral with the shell. A connector sleeve 17 having a flange 18 at one end is fitted within the neck 16 of the outlet opening 15 with the flange 18 in abutment with the interior surface of the shell 3 and is secured to the shell as by spot welding or soldering.

The shells 2, 3 are formed with a peripheral flange 19, 20 respectively, that on the shell 2 being of greater Width than that on the shell 3, and to assemble the air cleaner casing the two shells 2, 3 are placed face to face and united at their peripheries by folding the larger flange 19 over the other flange 20 and crimping the flanged edges.

When the two shells 2, 3 are thus secured face to face as described, the horseshoe shaped indentations 4, 5 of each abut to form within the casing 1 two conduits 21, 22 which extend from and communicate with the air inlet opening 8 at the one end of the casing and are defined by the abutting surfaces of the indentations 4, 5 and by the peripheral flanges 19, 20 of each shell 2, 3, the conduits 21, 22 thus extending substantially parallel to the periphery of the casing 1 and, at the closed end of the casing, communicating by way of the space 23 formed between the open ends of the horseshoe shaped indentations 4, 5, with a central chamber 24 which is bounded by the horseshoe shaped indentations 4, 5. This chamber 24 constitutes a resonance chamber and its dimensions and shape may be chosen so that it will resonate at the frequency of the sound waves which it is desired to suppress when the device is fitted to the air intake of a carburetor. The length of the two air inlet conduits may also be selected so as to provide the desired degree .of acoustic impedance.

In use, the air cleaner is connected to a carburetor air intake by the sleeve 17 and air is drawn into the casing through the air inlet 8 at the one end thereof and is cleaned as it passes through the woven wire filling 12 therein, which is preferably coated with oil. The air then passes in two streams through the two said air conduits 21, 22, which, at :the air inlet end of the casing, are separated from the central resonance chamber 24 by the juxtaposed horseshoe shaped indentations 4, 5. At the other end of the casing 1 the .two streams of air meet and pass through the opening 23 between the ends of the horseshoe shaped indentations 4, 5 into the central resonance chamber 24 and then out through the outlet opening 15 formed in the lower shell 3.

Thus the air cleaner has two air inlet conduits 21, 22 disposed in parallel and being connected in series with a resonance chamber 24.

In the second embodiment of the invention shown in FIGURES 7 and v8 the two shells 102, 103 forming the casing 101 are constructed in substantially the same way as in the first embodiment, but the central resonance chamber defined by the abutting horseshoe shaped indentations .104, 105 is divided into two communicating chambers 124, 124a by further opposed indentations .130 which extend transversely across the closed portion of the horseshoe shaped indentations 104, 105 so as to separate one resonance chamber 124 from the other 124a except for an opening 131 defined by opposed shallower-por- .tions of the transverse indentations 130. The additional resonance chamber 124a formed in this way may be of such a size as to damp sound waves of say, a high frequency, the low frequency waves being damped by the adjoining resonance chamber 124.

In the third embodiment of the invention shown in FIGURES 9 and 1.0 the general construction of the air cleaner is substantially the same as in the two preceding embodiments but in this .case the air cleaner is formed with a single air inlet conduit 221 which is defined by juxtaposed single indentations 204, 205 formed in the upper and lower shells 202, .203 respectively of the casing 201 and extending from the peripheral edge of the shells :near the air inlet opening 208, transversely across the casing 2.01 substantially parallel to the ,air inlet opening 208 and then parallel to the periphery of the casing to a point near the start of the indentations, the indentations 204, 205 thus having the shape of a letter C with a flat top pcrtion. With this construction the single air conduit 221 is of substantially greater length than in the other two embodiments and accordingly will have a higher acoustic impedance.

The air cleaner may also be formed in a similar manner with two or more resonance chambers and air conduits by appropriate configuration of the indentations made in each shell of the casing.

The constructions described enable an air cleaner to be made from simple metal pressings which can be united by a simple crimping operation, and the device so formed enables a desirable length of air inlet conduit and a suitable size of resonance chamber to be incorporated in a shallow structure which occupies little vertical space, this being a desirable feature in present day motor vehicles in which the tendency is to keep the line of the hood as low as possible.

Ihe air cleaners described may also be made from synthetic plastic material instead of metal, the parts thereof being readily formed as mouldings or pressings from such material and being united at their peripheries by adhesive or, where a thermoplastic material is employed, by the application of heat at the juxtaposed peripheral edges. This method of construction may in some circumstances result in a product which is cheaper to manufacture than a metal structure, since where a limited number of air cleaners of one design are to be produced, the tools, such as vacuum presses, for making the shells of the air cleaner from synthetic plastic material may be less expensive than those for a sheet metal air cleaner.

What is claimed:

1. An air cleaner comprising a hollow casing formed 7 by concave shells secured together at the edges to provide an air chamber, elongated indentation means formed in said shells and extending across said chamber within said edges and dividing said chamber into inlet passage means and chamber means, an inlet formed in said casing and leading to said inlet passage means, an outlet formed in said casing, said shells being spaced across said indentation means and remote from said inlet to provide communication between 'said inlet passage means and said chamber means and said outlet.

2. An air cleaner comprising a hollow casing formed by concave shells secured together at the edges to provide an air chamber, complementary indentation means formed in said shells and extending across said chamber and meeting within said edges and dividing said chamber into inlet passage means and chamber means, said shells being spaced at one side of said casing and between said edges to provide inlet chamber means leading to said inlet passage means and being spaced to provide communication between said inlet passage means and said chamber means, and an outlet formed in one of said shells and communicating with said chamber means.

3. An air cleaner comprising a hollow casing formed by concave shells secured together at the edges to provide an air chamber, elongated indentation means formed in said shells and extending across said chamber within said edges and dividing said chamber into inlet passage means and chamber means, an inlet formed in said casing and leading to said inlet passage means, an outlet formed in said casing, said shells being spaced across said indentation means and remote from said inlet to provide communication between said inlet passage means and said chamber means and said outlet, said indentation means being spaced from said edges to provide said inlet pas sage means around said chamber means, said outlet being formed in one of said shells and opening into said chamber means.

4. An air cleaner comprising a hollow casing formed by concave shells secured together at the edges to provide an air chamber, elongated indentation means formed in said shells and extending across said chamber within said edges and dividing said chamber into inlet passage means and chamber means, an inlet formed in said casing and leading to said inlet passage means, an outlet formed in said casing, said shells being spaced across said indentation means and remote from said inlet to provide communication between said inlet passage means and said chamber means and said outlet, said shells being spaced at said inlet to provide filter chamber means between said inlet and said inlet passage means, and a filter element within said filter chamber means.

5. An air cleaner as defined by claim 1 and in which said inlet passage means comprises a pair of parallel branches between said inlet and said chamber means.

6. An air cleaner as defined by claim 1 and in which said inlet passage means comprises a single continuous passage leading from said inlet to said outlet and communicating with said chamber means.

7. An air cleaner as defined by claim 1 and in which said chamber means is formed between said outlet and said inlet passage means and comprises a side branch.

8. An air cleaner for the air intake of an internal combustion engine, comprising two juxtaposed concave shells united at their peripheral edges to form a hollow casing, said shells having complementary peripheral portions which form an inlet opening in the casing and one shell having an outlet opening therein, and said shells having complementary indentations which abut to divide the space within the casing into at least one air conduit and at least one chamber in communication with said inlet and outlet openings.

9. An air cleaner for the air intake of an internal combustion engine comprising two juxtaposed concave shells united at their peripheral edges to form a hollow casing, said shells having complementary peripheral portions which form an inlet opening in the casing and one shell having an outlet opening therein through which extends a connector sleeve secured to said shell, said shells having complementary indentations therein which abut each other upon the juxtaposition of the shells to divide the space within the casing into at least one air conduit and at least one chamber in communication with said inlet and outlet openings, and to form a chamber between said inlet opening and said air conduit to receive a mass of air filter material.

10. An air cleaner for the air intake of an internal combustion engine comprising two juxtaposed concave shells united at their peripheral edges to form a hollow casing, said shells, having complementary peripheral portions which form an inlet opening in the casing and one shell having an outlet opening therein in which is secured a connector sleeve, and said shells having complementary indentations therein brought into mutual abutment by the juxtaposition of the shells to divide the space within the easing into at least one air conduit extending substantially parallel to the periphery of said shells, and at least one chamber, said air conduit communicating at one end with said air inlet and at its other end wtih said chamber, and said chamber also communicating with said outlet.

11. An air cleaner for the air intake of an internal combustion engine comprising two juxtaposed concave shells united at their peripheral edges to form a hollow casing, said shells having complementary peripheral portions which form an inlet opening in the casing and one shell having an outlet opening therein through which ex tends a connector sleeve secured to said shell; said shells having complementary indentations therein brought into mutual abutment by the juxtaposition of the Shells to divide the space within the easing into two air conduits extending substantially parallel to the periphery of the casing and two chambers enclosed by and in communication with said air conduits, and said outlet opening, and a chamber communicating with said inlet opening and said air conduits and having a filling of air filter material therein.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Brady Dec. 28, 1948 Harley Oct. 18, 1949 Reilly et a1. Sept. 18, 1951 McMullen Apr. 23, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS France Sept. 10, 1952

Patent Citations
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FR1017065A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3128841 *Aug 17, 1961Apr 14, 1964 Sound attenuating gas conduit and resonators therefor
US3146850 *Sep 18, 1961Sep 1, 1964Arvin Ind IncSound attenuating gas conduit
US3158222 *Jul 2, 1962Nov 24, 1964Thompson Ramo Wooldridge IncMuffler
US3167152 *Jan 16, 1964Jan 26, 1965Arvin Ind IncSound attenuating gas conduit and resonators therefor
US3193193 *Jan 16, 1963Jul 6, 1965Carrier CorpCompressor muffler construction and method for muffling compressor discharge gases
US3739874 *Oct 12, 1971Jun 19, 1973Tenneco IncMuffler with tuning tube
US4692177 *Dec 5, 1986Sep 8, 1987Allied CorporationSimplified air filter
US5128071 *Feb 6, 1991Jul 7, 1992S & S Cycle, Inc.Carburetor
Classifications
U.S. Classification181/229, 55/510, 96/384
International ClassificationF02M35/14
Cooperative ClassificationF02M35/14
European ClassificationF02M35/14