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Publication numberUS3031966 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 1, 1962
Filing dateSep 23, 1958
Priority dateSep 23, 1958
Publication numberUS 3031966 A, US 3031966A, US-A-3031966, US3031966 A, US3031966A
InventorsDaniel Metzger
Original AssigneeDaniel Metzger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Special effects projectile
US 3031966 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 1, 1962 D. METZGEI'Q 3,031,966

SPECIAL EFFECTS PROJECTILE I Filed Sept. 25, 1958 Fig.4 34

Daniel Me/zger M4052. BY ym a; 5%


United States Patent 3,031,966 SPECIAL EFFECTS PROJECTILE Daniel Metzger, Los Angeles, Calif. (958 Calla Santa Cruz, Palm Springs, Calif.) Filed Sept. 23, 1958, Ser. No. 762,754 1 Claim. (Cl. 102-41) The present invention generally relates to a projectile for fire arms and more particularly to such a projectile which may be used in any caliber of gun, pistol, rifle, air gun, shotgun, machine gun or any other type of gun and has for its purpose the provision of some special effect.

In the movie industry as Well as in television, there is a desire for realism. One problem that has long existed is the problem of obtaining realism in scenes where gun shooting occurs. Of course, the use of blank cartridges provides the desirable noise but does not provide any results which actually simulate the projectile or bullet engaging or striking the object whether it be a glass window, mirror, a piece of wood or a person. Therefore, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a special effects projectile which will produce different efiiects depending upon the variation ofthe particular materials used in constructing the projectiles so that various types of effects may be obtained.

The presentinvention incorporates in ltS-COIISIILIICIIOH a capsule preferably made of wax but which can be made of other materials such as foam rubber. This capsule is inserted into a cartridge case or projected in any suitable manner and when the capsule strikes, the color substance or other material contained in the capsule will create an effect simulating bullet holes, blood from bullet holes, simulated hole in glass pane with splinters from the hole, create dust-or any other effect desired with the capsule being capable of use in any type of gun due to the insertion of the capsule into any desired size cartridge or into any gun. While the present device can be employed with many different effects, there are four types illustrated including blood, splintered glass'or hole in the same, dust and letters and numbers projected by the projectile.

Another important feature of the present invention is the provision of a specially fixed projectile which is safe in operation although they are not entirely harmless. The projectiles cannot actually kill any one but if a person were hit on the bare skin, they would undoubtedly be stunned although it would not break the skin. Thus, the special effects projectiles are no more harmful than many toys that are in the hands of children. Therefore, with reasonable care and skill employed, the special effects projectile of the present invention is entirely safe and provvides a highly novel arrangement which closely simulates the actual effect produced by a real projectile without the damage occurring that would be caused by a real projectile.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a special efiects projectile which is simple in construction,

easy to use with any type of gun, adapted for use in producing various types of effects and extremely inexpensive to manufacture.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of the special effects projectile of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken substantially upon a plane passing along section line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a side elevation of the projectile per se with a portion thereof broken away illustrating the constrgction of the projectile before it is disposed in the cartri ge;

FIGURE ,4 is a sectional view of a modified form of projectile disposed in a cartridge;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional view of another form of the projectile of the present invention showing its relationship to the cartridge;

FIGURE 6 is an end view of another form of projectile illustrating a letter thereon;

FIGURE 7 is a sectional view taken substantially upon a plane passing along section line 7-7 of FIGURE 6 illustrating the projectile in FIGURE 6 and its relationship to the cartridge; and

FIGURE 8 is a side elevation with parts broken away showing a capsule of foam rubber which may be employed in lieu of the wax capsule in FIGURES 17.

Referring now specifically to the drawings, the numeral 10 generally designates a cartridge case for receiving the special effects projectile 12 of the present invention. The cartridge case 10 is of more or less conventional construction and includes a cylindrical casing 12-having a base 14 and a peripheral groove 16 and a bore 18 for receiving the usual firing cap 20. -It is pointed out that the cartridge illustrated is representative and any type of cartridge may be employed, that is, a rim fire type as well as center fire type may be employed and the device may be employed in any caliber or length cartridge and may be employed in shot gun shells or the like. The casing 12 is provided with an internal rib 22 centrally thereof for holding the projectile 12 in position until such time as the 7 same is projected outwardly therefrom.

The projectile 12 is in the form of a wax capsule 24 which is in the form of a cylindrical member and in FIG- URES l-3 has a hollow interior 26 forming a container for red liquid 28 which will give the effect of a bullet hole plus bleeding. On the end of the capsule 24 is wadding 30 with the thickness of the wadding 30 determining to some extent the effect provided by the capsule. Similar wadding'32 may be provided on the inner end of the capsule 24. Thus, the wadding 30 along with the construction of the capsule 24 will, when projected, upon striking of a surface, leave an appearance simulating a bullet hole with bleeding resulting therefrom which, of course, would be extremely effective when in color. In this construction the wall thickness is relatively heavy. If the wall thickness is made light er, the effect would be the effect of a bullet hole in glass with the liquid giving the shatter effect such as would occur if a bullet was projected through a car window or mirror. Different color liquids may be provided for carrying out different effects similar to this.

The device in FIGURE 4 can also be used to produce the effect of a bullet passing through glass or a mirror and showing splinters and includes a wax capsule 34 and a one-eighth inch liquid substance or gelatin 36 on the forward end thereof which performs the effect of a round hole with the bullet having passed through the glass.

FIGURE 5 illustrates a cartridge 38 having a hollow area 40 therein which is filled with powder 42 contained within a retainer 44 which may be of wax material or any other suitable material which will discharge the powder 42 when the projectile or capsule 38 engages the surface thus creating the effect of a bullet hitting the ground or other area from which dust would be expected.

FIGURE 7 illustrates a capsule 46 having on the outer end surface thereof a letter 48 embedded therein with the letter 48 being constructed of rubber so that the letter may be inked just prior to shooting thereby making a printed letter on the surface of the target or making a number or whatever the shape of the embedded indicia 48.

FIGURE 8 illustrates a modified form of capsule which is in the form of a hollow cylindrical member of foam rubber designated by the numeral 50 and having an open end 52 providing access to the central bore therein and provided with a tapered rear end 54 which is particularly adapted for various types of cartridges including shot gun cartridges and may be used in place of the wax capsule in any caliber gun. The foam rubber capsule and a foam rubber cap therefor would be less likely to cause injury and would provide diiferent special effects from the wax capsule illustrated in the other forms of the invention. In addition to those disclosed, other special effects projectiles have been provided including a device to simulate a real bullet having the tip end thereof protruding from the metal and which can be photographed from close camera range for simulating the nose of a bullet projecting from an object. Letters may also be formed by providing a cardboard stencil on the end of the projectile with the stencil opening being in the form of a letter, number or the like and being filled with a greasy or other substance which will print the letter or number on the surface contacted by the projectile when it is fired and engages the surface. It is noted that the liquid 28 in FIGURE 2 does not completely fill the hollow interior 26 so that this will produce the efiect of a man hit with the bullet with blood appearing upon the clothing of the person shot and can also be used to create various designs when projected onto a fiat surface other than human beings. Variation in the amount of liquid or the color of liquid used or the powder or other substance employed in the device will produce different effects. Also, the thickness and toughness of the wax will vary the effect produced with the eifect also being determined by distance, skill and knowledge of the person projecting the missile. For instance, a person skilled in the use of the device may tear the shirt of a victim depending upon the weight of the capsule and still not hurt the skin or injure the person shot at.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resirted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

In combination with a firearm cartridge case having a firing cap in one end thereof, a special effects projectile comprising a capsule completely filling the normal powder and conventional bullet type projectile receiving area of the cartridge case, said capsule being projected by said firing cap and constructed of material incapable of damaging a target by penetration when projected by the firing cap, and means incorporated into the capsule for simulating the effect of an actual bullet type projectile on the target when the capsule is projected into engagement with the target by the firing cap, said means including an indicia forming member embedded in the outer end of the capsule and constructed of resilient material with the indicia forming member being inked immediately before projecting thereby forming indicia on the target.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,517,554 Fulcher Dec. 2, 1924 1,671,364 Gangnes May 29, 1928 1,750,101 Goss Mar. 11, 1930 2,826,859 Shaffer Mar. 18, 1958 2,851,991 inck Sept. 16, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,166 Great Britain 1888 399,118 France Apr. 9, 1909 5,204 Great Britain 1912 535,108 Great Britain Mar. 28, 1941

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US1671364 *Dec 10, 1926May 29, 1928Arnt GangnesFirearm cartridge
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US2826859 *Dec 20, 1955Mar 18, 1958Shaffer John EToy knife
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3087429 *Feb 10, 1961Apr 30, 1963Nichols Talley WReloadable live ammunition for toy guns
US3107637 *Sep 15, 1960Oct 22, 1963James F SaifukuPineapple planter
US3147011 *Feb 12, 1959Sep 1, 1964Lemelson Jerome HMarking dart game
US3190654 *Apr 23, 1962Jun 22, 1965Ross John TTarget hit-indicating game
US3791303 *Feb 22, 1973Feb 12, 1974Aai CorpDeterrent ammunition
US4686905 *Jul 26, 1985Aug 18, 1987Attila SzaboCartridge for frangible projectile
US4942818 *Oct 31, 1988Jul 24, 1990Comte De LalaingTraining or marking bullets
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US9470485Mar 10, 2014Oct 18, 2016Victor B. KleyMolded plastic cartridge with extended flash tube, sub-sonic cartridges, and user identification for firearms and site sensing fire control
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US20090044717 *Aug 5, 2008Feb 19, 2009Development Capital Managment Companybase for a cartridge casing body for an ammunition article, a cartridge casing body and an ammunition article having such base, wherein the base is made from plastic, ceramic, or a composite material
CN101852575A *Feb 10, 2010Oct 6, 2010广州中国科学院工业技术研究院Bullet for shooting liquid ammunition and device for shooting liquid ammunition
CN101852575BFeb 10, 2010Dec 4, 2013广州中国科学院工业技术研究院Bullet for shooting liquid ammunition and device for shooting liquid ammunition
CN102155876A *Mar 22, 2011Aug 17, 2011广州中国科学院工业技术研究院Method for launching soft pit and novel liquid bullet
CN102155876BMar 22, 2011Sep 4, 2013广州中国科学院工业技术研究院Method for launching soft pit and novel liquid bullet
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U.S. Classification102/444, 473/569, 101/368, 102/513
International ClassificationF42B12/40, F42B12/02
Cooperative ClassificationF42B12/40
European ClassificationF42B12/40