Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3032345 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 1, 1962
Filing dateApr 7, 1959
Priority dateApr 7, 1959
Publication numberUS 3032345 A, US 3032345A, US-A-3032345, US3032345 A, US3032345A
InventorsJerome H Lemelson
Original AssigneeJerome H Lemelson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Target game
US 3032345 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1962 J. H. LEMELSON 3,032,345

TARGET GAME Filed April 7, 1959 20: 16' w l2 In INVENTOR. JeromeHLem'elson 3,032,345 TARGET GAME Jerome H. Lernelson, 43A Garfield Apartments, Metuchen, NJ. Filed Apr. 7, 195?, Ser. No. 804,801

' 6 Claims. (Cl. 273-95) This invention relates to game and amusement apparatus and, in particular, to target seeking devices and targets.

Target games utilizing missiles and darts which become secured to a target for indicating the position said missile strikes said target. The most popular games of this type utilize a pointed steel needle or blade secured to the nose of the missile which penetrates the surface of a target and holds the missile in place or a rubber friction cup, also secured to the nose of the missile, which when urged against a flat surface of the target will become secured thereto by suction means. Both types of missile-target combinations have serious shortcomings which frequently make them undesirable for amusement purposes. For example, the steel tipped dart is generally too dangerous for the average small child to play with. The suction cup tipped dart or missile is relatively safe to play with but frequently requires a considerable amount of force to secure to a target surface and must be projected substantially normal to said surface in order to become lodged thereagainst.

In this invention, the nose of a target contacting device or dart is provided with a small patch or quantity of a material which is made of a multitude of short filaments of synthetic plastic such as nylon which are adapted to mesh with and interlock against a material made also of a multitude of short wire-like filaments which are shaped to become hooked with the filaments of the material on the dart. Such materials are presently available under the commercial name of Velcro manufactured by the Velcro Corporation, New York, N.Y.

Such Velcro material has been generally used for clothing closures and a Velcro closure unit consists of two strips of flexible wool-like material one of which has a multitude of tiny monofilament hooks protruding from its surface, there being thousands to the square inch, with the other material consisting of a flexible cloth or textile band having a multitude of tiny wire-like filaments sewn thereto into a multitude of loops each of which protrudes outward from the surface thereof. These two strips could arbitrarily be referred to as a first type of contact engaging material and a second type of contact engaging material. When the surfaces of the materials are brought together the hooks become engaged in the loops in a random manner and the net effect is to provide a means for holding one material against the other which generally requires at least several ounces of force to separate said two materials. Said Velcro material is a relatively simple and safe material for use in a play thing since the hooked component thereof has essentially the texture of rough wool and the looped component provides a surface which is free of rigid or sharp projections and is yieldable.

Accordingly, it is a primary object of this invention to provide new and improved game and amusement devices utilizing one or more patches or surfaces of a material of the type described which will hereafter be referred to as a hooking material.

Another object is to provide a new and improved target and target contacting device for use in skill and amusement games and the like which are provided with means for securing a missile on the surface of a target by the application of a light force between the two whenever predetermined areas of said missile and target are in surface contact with each other.

Another object is to provide a new and improved dart and target therefor in which part of said dart may hook 3,032,345 Patented May 1, 1962 ice or penetrate part of said target without permanent deformation of either.

Another object is to provide target apparatus including a lightweight missile and a target having one or more areas thereof adapted for contact by said missile which, when contact is made therewith, becomes engaged thereon and may easily be dislodged therefrom without permanent deformation of said target.

Another object is to provide improved target apparatus including a missile having a hooking surface adapted for engagement with a hooking surface of a target of such characteristic that a plurality of filament elements of both said surfaces will randomly interlock with each other to such a degree that said missile will be held in a predetermined attitude on said target.

Another object is to provide a new and improved target game including a missile having at least part of its external surface covered with a hooking material which is of such a characteristic that when it is compressed between said missile and a target it may not only be used to hold said missile against said target but will also act to absorb some of the shock of impact of said missile with saidtarget.

Another object is to provide a new and improved dart game including a nose thereof which is adapted for penetrating and engaging a surface of a target whereby said missile is held thereon yet which is so safe for use by small children that if it strikes the eye of a child it will not cause damage thereto.

Another object is to provide a new and improved game ball adapted with surface means for securing said ball to a target having predetermined characteristics when it strikes said target.

With the above and such other objects in view as may hereafter more fully appear, the invention consists of the novel constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts as will be more fully described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, but it is to be understood that changes, variations and modifications may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the invention, as claimed.

FIGURES 1 and 2 show a dart and target in accordance with this invention;

FIGURES 3 and 4 show a target and a hand-guided missile in accordance with this invention;

FIGURE 5 illustrates a missile in the form of a sphere in accordance with this invention.

in FIG. 1 is shown a game apparatus in the form of a dart and a fragment of a target therefor, the dart in flight at the target. The dart 10 is preferably made of a single molding from plastic and comprises an elongated body 12 having a plurality of thin sheet-like guide fins 14 extending along said body to the rear portion thereof and having a head 16 of enlarged diameter at integrally formed on said body at the other end. The head 16 is preferably of sufficient weight or is weighted to permit said dart to ascribe a flight stabilized path when projected or thrown. Secured to the front face 16 of head 16 by means of cement, a staple or other fastener is a small patch or disc 18 of so called Velcro closure material. This is adapted to engage a patch of Velcro closure material of the type to which it will secure and hold the dart thereagainst when said head is thrown against a predetermined area of the target containing said Velcro material.

The target 20 consists of a target board 22 which may comprise a sheet of cardboard, plastic, wood, metal or the like having means in the form of a bent wire 23 or the like for supporting it erect on a surface or hanging it on a wall. A plurality of targets 24 are provided on the surface of 22 which comprise patches of Velcro material having the characteristic such that, when the patch 18 which is secured to the nose of the dart or missle 10 spec es is urged thereagainst, the short projecting plastic filaments or hooks from either will engage the other and cause the dart to be held thereagainst thereby indicating a hit. When the nose of the missile strikes the areas 22 of the surface of the target 20 which do not contain the patches 24 the dart will not be held but will merely bounce off or slide down the surface of the target. The notation 26 refers to numerical markings on the surface of 22 adjacent the target patches 24 provided to indicate the score. The patches 24- may be riveted, stapled, cemented or otherwise secured in place on 22'.

FIG. 2 shows the dart 10 held against the face of 20 by the interaction of the hooking materials of the patches 18 and 24-,

FIGS. 3 and 4 illustrate a further embodiment in the realm of the invention having components which include a target and a guided missile which is controlled by hand and has means for engaging and securing to said target. The missile illustrated in FIG. 3 is shown in the form of a sword which is adapted to be held in the hand and manipulated in the direction of a target body referred to by the notation C in FIG. 3. The sword 25 may be utilized in a dueling game between two persons each of whom has a target which is removably secured to his clothing or to an article secured to his person, the object of the game being to remove the target from the opponent by the manipulation of said sword and a means on the end thereof which will engage the target of an opponent and be secured to said target so that, when the end of said sword is removed or pulled away, the target will be removed thereby.

The sword 25 consists of an elongated shank or simulated blade 26 having a handle 26" and simulated handguard 27 at one end thereof and a head member 26 of larger diameter than 26 extending integrally from or secured to 26. In FIG. 3, 26 is illustrated as a member secured to the end of 26 and is preferably made of rubber, The rear end 26a of 26 is provided with a hole therein in which the forward end of 26 is frictionally engaged. The forward end of 26' is of enlarged diameter. Secured to the front face 26!) of 26' is a patch or disc 18 of said Velcro material positioned so that when 26 is thrust longitudinally, it (13') will engage a surface contacted by the end of said sword.

The target 29 is preferably a heart-shaped patch of Velcro material which will be held by 18' when contact is made therewith. Removal of 29 from the wearer by 18' may be effected as follows:

A patch 25; of Velcro closure material is secured to the clothing of each participant in the game by means of a safety pin 2% preferably in a position on the upper part of the chest above the heart. The closure material of 28 is provided facing the wearer with the lower end thereof positioned below said safety pin. The target 29 which is a heart shaped piece of Velcro material with an upper projecting tab-like portion 28", is of a characteristic to be held by the closure material of 28' and of 18. The tab 28" may be engaged under the patch 28 so that 29 will be held in place against the clothing or a base sheet which may be rigid or flexible plastic cloth which may be worn by each participant. If the area of engagement of 28" with 28 is smaller than the surface of 29 which may be brought into engagement with the face of 18', when 26 is brought against 29 and becomes compressively secured thereto, it may be used to remove 29 from its position of engagement on its contestant. If each contestant is provided with such a patch and mount and each with a sword or dueling stick such as 25, the winner of a dueling game may be designated as the first to remove the target from his opponent by means of securing it to the end of his sword.

FIG. illustrates a missile in the form of a sphere or ball which may be thrown or otherwise propelled at a targe of the type heretofore described and which has at least part of its exterior surface provided or covered with a hooking material. The ball 30 may be of any suitable diameter which may vary from one to several inches or more depending on the intended method of propelling said ball, its weight and the size of the target. For example, said ball 30 may be intended to be shot from a gun or struck by a golf club or the like in a manner to propel it at a target whereby it would preferably vary from, one-half inch in diameter to one and one-half inch in diameter. If the ball is intended to be thrown by hand, batted or catapulted by a mechanical device at a target, it may range from one and one-half to three inches or more in diameter. The base 30 of the ball 30 may be made of any suitable rigid or deformable material such as plastic, rubber, leather or the like. For best results, it is preferably light enough in weight so that it will secure to the target in the manner of the missle of FIG. 2 by means of one or more patches 18" of hooking material secured to its outer surface. Shown in FIG. 5, are a plurality of circular patches of said hooking material which may be cemented, stapled, stitched or otherwise secured to the base 30. Said circular patches may be replaced with one or more patches of hooking material of other contour such as a strip extending partly or completely around the sphere as a belt. Whereas the hooking material may be provided in a manner to cover the entire spherical surface of 30', the provision of it on a limited area or areas of said surface may enhance the play value of the missle since it must not only strike the hooking material of the target but must do so with the patch 18" engaged between the base 30 and the target hooking material in order for said ball to be engaged and held on said target.

In a preferable form of the embodiment of FIG. 5, the base 30' of the missle 30 is preferably resilient or otherwise deformable inward so that as the hooking material of a patch 18 engages thehooking material of the target said. base will deflect and tend to conform at least in part to the shape of the target whereby a greater area area of the missle hooking material will engage and be held by the target hooking material. The base 30' may be a hollow spherical shell of rubber or resilient plastic such as plasticized vinyl or may be made of cloth or leather with the interior thereof stuffed with cotton, foamed plastic, or other suitable material which will permit the spherical shell of 30' to maintain its shape yet will deflect when said missile strikes a rigid surface permitting said enhancement of the hooking action between the hooking material of 18" and that of the target. As a further construction it is noted that the ball 31) may be made of flexible vinyl sheeting or the like which is inflated or inflatable to the shape of a ball or sphere as shown and which has said patch or patches of hooking material cemented or otherwise secured to the exterior surface thereof. Such a missile is sufficiently light in weight to permit it to hang from the targetupon the engagement of its hooking'material and that of the target and it may be provided in a relatively large diameter which will permit the engagement of the ball against the target.

I claim:

1. A dart game comprising in combination, a target board having an outwardly presented face provided with a textile covering having a surface of a pile fabric having upstanding loops, and a dart having a forwardly presented blunt impact end provided with a textile covering having integral outwardly extending stiff hooks and spines formed of broken loops of filament adapted for retentive imbedment in said surface upon contact therewith.

2. A game apparatus comprising in combination:

(a) a target surface having an outwardly presented face provided with a first type of contact engaging textile material,

([1) a target contacting device having a portion thereof covered with a second type of contact engaging textile material,

(0) one of said contact engaging textile materials comprising a surface of a pile fabric having upstanding loops and the other of said contact engaging textile materials comprising a covering having integral outwardly extending stifi hooks and spines formed of broken loops of filament adapted for retentive imbedment in said surface having upstanding loops upon contact therewith,

(d) whereby when said target contacting device is directed against said target surface, said first and second types of contact engaging material engage with each other to hold said target contacting device against said target surface.

3. A game apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said target contacting device is in the form of a dart.

4. A game apparatus according to claim 3 wherein said dart has a rather blunt nose portion.

5. A game apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said target contacting device is in the form of a ball having at least one patch of said second type of contact engaging textile material thereon.

6. A game apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said target surface has a plurality of spaced apart patches of said first type of contact engaging textile material.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Lynch June 5, Otto July 1, Reiche Sept. 14, Barringer Aug. 4, Mestral Sept. 13, Swartz May 15, Stewart July 2, Stem Dec. 31, Forster Jan. 21, Robes Feb. 4, Mieg Jan. 13, Lemon Aug. 18,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1228575 *Oct 2, 1916Jun 5, 1917Eugene P LynchGame.
US1308254 *Mar 6, 1917Jul 1, 1919 Toy building blocks
US2093341 *Mar 9, 1936Sep 14, 1937Reiche Robert ABuilding block set
US2647748 *Jun 5, 1951Aug 4, 1953Barringer Jr Lon HDart game
US2717437 *Oct 15, 1952Sep 13, 1955Velcro Sa SoulieVelvet type fabric and method of producing same
US2745666 *Nov 9, 1954May 15, 1956Innovation Ind IncAerial projectile and target
US2797924 *Jul 30, 1954Jul 2, 1957Stewart Victor NGame projectile
US2818258 *Jun 25, 1953Dec 31, 1957Peter Fries JrArchery target
US2820277 *Oct 25, 1955Jan 21, 1958Forster KarlMethod and apparatus for making a hooked pile fabric
US2822176 *Sep 16, 1955Feb 4, 1958Robes Ernest CAerial disk
US2868542 *May 28, 1954Jan 13, 1959Peter MiegFencing game
US2900188 *Sep 17, 1956Aug 18, 1959George E LemonDart board with integral scoring means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3163417 *Nov 26, 1962Dec 29, 1964Anthony CaporuscioMiniature golf game comprising relatively foldable playing surface elements
US3368811 *Apr 17, 1962Feb 13, 1968Albert G PearsonInterlocking glove and handle
US3370853 *Jul 7, 1966Feb 27, 1968Feld IrvinProjectile used in staging a bloodless bullfight
US3378260 *Apr 27, 1964Apr 16, 1968Eric E. HartelAerial dart game with suction cup dart and curvilinear receiver therefor
US3391933 *Sep 4, 1963Jul 9, 1968Cooper James PhillipSimulated ice hockey game
US3401941 *Sep 15, 1966Sep 17, 1968Arthur J. HesidenceGolf swing training device
US3529823 *Mar 28, 1968Sep 22, 1970John P GarverBaseball batting practice device
US3601406 *Mar 12, 1970Aug 24, 1971Aldo J GiustiGolf-practicing apparatus
US3788641 *Jan 26, 1973Jan 29, 1974J LemelsonManipulation game
US3857566 *Jan 24, 1974Dec 31, 1974J LemelsonAdhesive surface dart and shock absorbing target
US3874666 *Oct 11, 1972Apr 1, 1975Peter RossTennis Racket having incorporated ball retrieval means
US3880429 *Jul 27, 1973Apr 29, 1975Raymond Lee Organization IncGame board, attachable game pieces and carrying case
US3917271 *Nov 5, 1974Nov 4, 1975Jerome H LemelsonBall for target games
US3927881 *May 20, 1974Dec 23, 1975Jerome H LemelsonIntegrally formed projectile and hook-like fasteners
US3938805 *Jul 23, 1974Feb 17, 1976Kei SakumaGolf accessory
US3941383 *Dec 2, 1974Mar 2, 1976Clarke William AVelcro projectile and target
US3953030 *Jan 14, 1975Apr 27, 1976Bruce MuchnickThrow and catch toy
US3999748 *Apr 22, 1975Dec 28, 1976Clarke William AChildrens game of catch
US4017076 *Aug 25, 1976Apr 12, 1977Bai Henry STarget game
US4029316 *Feb 19, 1976Jun 14, 1977William Arthur ClarkeGame ball
US4051607 *Aug 20, 1976Oct 4, 1977Sullivan Roger JCelestial display device
US4055343 *May 21, 1976Oct 25, 1977Stuart Edwin GSurface projectile game apparatus
US4071237 *Mar 22, 1976Jan 31, 1978Hoogasian Harold BApparatus for exercising manual coordination
US4084811 *Jun 7, 1976Apr 18, 1978Han Cha KyoHitting device for martial arts
US4113251 *Dec 22, 1976Sep 12, 1978Rb Toy Development Co.Target game
US4240639 *May 4, 1979Dec 23, 1980Cadaco, Inc.Toss ball construction
US4303247 *Jun 27, 1980Dec 1, 1981Fain David ACatapult game
US4340222 *Jun 30, 1980Jul 20, 1982Wham-O Mfg. Co.Game ball
US4360206 *Mar 23, 1981Nov 23, 1982Bian Donald JMitt and target for catching a ball
US4447060 *Nov 12, 1982May 8, 1984Guinn Kenneth FTarget game
US4457510 *Sep 13, 1982Jul 3, 1984Pertschuk Daniel MExercising apparatus
US4986548 *Sep 1, 1989Jan 22, 1991Conner Dock LBody ball tag game
US4995617 *Mar 8, 1990Feb 26, 1991Miryoung LeeArticles of play for use in the game of catch
US5085442 *Jan 15, 1991Feb 4, 1992Many Amazing IdeasArticles of play for use in the game of catch
US5100152 *Dec 24, 1990Mar 31, 1992Butler Iii George HTag game
US5110136 *Mar 11, 1991May 5, 1992David LandFishing casting practice device
US5139273 *Mar 5, 1990Aug 18, 1992Elliot RudellTarget ball and game
US5165684 *Mar 16, 1992Nov 24, 1992Seneca Sports, Inc.Catching game with removable hitting cover
US5195745 *Aug 12, 1991Mar 23, 1993Elliot RudellThrowing projectiles and throwing aids therefor
US5199715 *Mar 23, 1992Apr 6, 1993May Richard AGame device for catching a ball on a target
US5221092 *Jun 25, 1992Jun 22, 1993Simons Jr William FProjectile-target game apparatus
US5232217 *Dec 13, 1991Aug 3, 1993Cota Albert OTriple-play game
US5265883 *Oct 16, 1992Nov 30, 1993Choo Moon SPlaying racket
US5294130 *May 28, 1993Mar 15, 1994Earnest Way WoodsTomahawk board game
US5316294 *Apr 3, 1992May 31, 1994Steven M. AllgeierGlove and ball facilitating a game of catch
US5316311 *Jan 31, 1992May 31, 1994Many Amazing Ideas, Inc.Articles of play for use in the game of catch
US5320359 *Aug 4, 1993Jun 14, 1994Kidpower, Inc.Foam dart and shield combination
US5340348 *Jun 29, 1993Aug 23, 1994Schroeder Eric JDoll with patch and cover for releasably engaging a removable item
US5392755 *Aug 13, 1993Feb 28, 1995Lanfield Holdings LimitedLaunching mechanism
US5393068 *Mar 21, 1994Feb 28, 1995Kane; Ronald E.Bombardier game with housing for sighting a target and supporting releasable bombs
US5651745 *Jun 8, 1995Jul 29, 1997Childress; Ellen CarolMotion transfer device
US5782701 *Mar 20, 1995Jul 21, 1998O'bryan; Sean JosephGolf practice aid
US5800300 *Mar 10, 1997Sep 1, 1998Childress; EllenMotion transfer device
US5845629 *Mar 25, 1997Dec 8, 1998Ratpak, Inc.Hook and loop air gun and method therefor
US6849001Feb 3, 2003Feb 1, 2005Timothy A. SimpsonPractice golf club and target apparatus
US7448932 *Apr 18, 2005Nov 11, 2008Origin Products, Ltd.Toy
US7485058 *Apr 29, 2006Feb 3, 2009Julius GalvonSport ball with removable outer cover
US7740246 *Oct 16, 2008Jun 22, 2010Steve WalterscheidNovelty golfing device having magnetic projectile
US7824276Aug 7, 2006Nov 2, 2010Timothy Allen SimpsonGolf practice apparatus and method
US9586157 *Mar 11, 2013Mar 7, 2017Marco A. GarciaPiņata toy
US20040152532 *Feb 3, 2003Aug 5, 2004Simpson Timothy A.Practice gold club and target apparatus
US20060099876 *Apr 18, 2005May 11, 2006Mark BuckleyToy
US20070037631 *Aug 7, 2006Feb 15, 2007Simpson Timothy AGolf practice apparatus and method
US20070093171 *Oct 26, 2005Apr 26, 2007Chan Tak KDoll dressing apparatus
US20130237117 *Mar 11, 2013Sep 12, 2013Marco A. GarciaPiņata toy
DE19529889A1 *Aug 14, 1995Feb 20, 1997Dirk GlootzTarget throwing game with target board for thrown disc elements
EP0281539A1 *Feb 26, 1988Sep 7, 1988Allan SvenssonArrangement for training and practising a game of golf
EP0448201B1 *Jan 31, 1991Jan 7, 1993Many Amazing Ideas, Inc.Articles of play for use in the game of catch
EP0507418A2Jan 31, 1991Oct 7, 1992Many Amazing Ideas, Inc.Articles of play for use in the game of catch
WO2000059596A1 *Mar 3, 2000Oct 12, 2000Campbell J ScottToy projectile game apparatus
U.S. Classification273/348.4, 24/446, 446/901, D21/387, 473/280
International ClassificationF42B6/00, F41J3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF42B6/003, Y10S446/901, F41J3/0052
European ClassificationF41J3/00D4H, F42B6/00B