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Publication numberUS3034761 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1962
Filing dateDec 31, 1957
Priority dateDec 31, 1957
Publication numberUS 3034761 A, US 3034761A, US-A-3034761, US3034761 A, US3034761A
InventorsJanquart Jerry C
Original AssigneeDole Valve Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Anti-caking dispenser valve
US 3034761 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1962 J. c- JANQUART ANTI-CAKING DISPENSER VALVE Filed Dec. 51. 1957 fig I 77 a71Z z1z? N um/zr c. win/ 20,447 /2 .32 27 I United States Patent 3,034,761 ANTI-CAKING DISPENSER VALVE Jerry C. Janquart, McHenry, Ill., assignor to The Dole Valve Company, Morton Grove, 111., a corporation of Illinois Filed Dec. 31, 1957, Ser. No. 706,526 3 Claims. (Cl. 251-210) This invention relates to methods and apparatus for dispensing liquids, such for example as detergents and the like and more particularly relates to a device especially suitable for use in anautomatic washing machine.

Dispensers of various types have heretofore been used to add detergents bleach, fabric conditions, and the like to the wash water of an automatic washing machine under the cyclic control of the machine.

It has since been found that if air can be excluded from the cleansing agent, or the like, during storage and if the cleansing agent. is dispensed from an air tight container the normal deterioration and gummingup of the cleansing agent in the dispenser can be avoided. Hence, an air tight collapsable cleansing agent storage container has been developed to effect this improvement.

It has also been found that in liquid dispensers having an outlet exposed to the atmosphere, a crust of solidified fluid often forms thereon with the result that such encrustation interferes with the operation of the dispensing device. It has, as a result, been found advantageous to provide a means for breaking loose this encrustation, thereby enhancing the operation of the dispenser.

Accordingly, it is an important object of the present invention to provide a novel method and means for controlling the flow of liquids from a dispenser.

It is a further object of this invention to provide, in a liquid dispenser, a novel means for breaking loose the encrust-ation which may be formed at the outlet of the dispenser.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved form of liquid dispenser in which the means operable to open and close the outlet to the dispenser is also arranged to break loose any encrustation of solidified fluid which may be formed at the outlet to the dispenser.

That type of device with which applicants novel device may be associated is fully described in co-pending application Serial N0. 690,789 now Patent Number 2,919,052 wherein the applicant is a joint inventor and which has been assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.

The foregoing and further objects of the invention will become apparent from time to time as the following specification proceeds and with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through applioants novel device showing some parts in section and others in side elevations; and

FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view through a portion of the structure shown in FIGURE 1 and showing the valve in an open position.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, there is shown a container for containing fluid to be dispensed mounted'on an outlet boss 11 of a valve block 12 by means of a sealing ring 13. A hollow chamber 14 in the valve block 12 and a second hollow chamber 15 in a solenoid block 16 are aligned with one another to form an outlet chamber generally designated at 17.

A well known form of electrically energizable solenoid 18 is mounted on the solenoid block 16 and is rigidly secured thereto. The solenoid includes, of course, a longitudinally reciprocally movable armature 19 which is arranged to be moved upwardly within the armature cylinder 20 upon electrical energization of the solenoid coil 21 and which is arranged to be moved longitudinally extensibly from the armature chamber 20 by a return spring 22. Such a device is well known and old in the art and, as a result, will not be herein described further in detail.

A but-tom 23 which may be formed separately or integrally with the armature 19 is arranged to be secured to the upper end portion of a flexible valve member 25. The flexible outlet valve 25 includes a shank 26 the lower end portion of which is arranged to snugly fit the inner circumference of an outlet port 27 from the outlet chamber 17 which is formed in a slightly bowed out portion 28 of the valve 12.

An annular flexible diaphragm 30 formed integrally with the shank 26 extends laterally therefrom and has a beaded portion 31 at its outer periphery which is arranged to be received within an annular channel 32 formed in the upper surface of the valve block 12.

A second laterally extending flange 33 formed integral-ly with the shank 26 and having a depending ring 34 is arranged to seat against the lower surface of the outlet chamber 17 when the armature 19 is in the position shown in FIGURE 1.

It will now become apparent that the depending ring 34 is arranged to provide a fluid tight seal at the outlet from the valve body when the solenoid armature 19 is in the position shown in FIGURE 1 and that any encrustation of solidified fluid will be broken away from the outlet when the armature is in its retracted position and the valve member 25 is in the position shown in FIGURE 2.

Furthermore, the flexible diaphragm 30 will prevent any encrustation of solidified fluid from forming around the movable armature 19 and will protect the moving parts of the solenoid 18 from the fluid to be dispensed.

This novel device is, of course, advantageous in that it provides a simple and economical means for increasing the efficiency of a liquid dispensing device (particularly that type of liquid dispenser which is arranged to dispense detergents and the like) by breaking loose any encrustation of solidified fluid which may be formed at the outlet to the valve and thereby preventing any caking of solidified fluid at that outlet.

'It should be understood that this embodiment of the invention has been used for illustrative purposes only and that various modifications and variations of the present invention may be effected without departing from the novel spirit and scope of the concepts thereof.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a liquid dispensing valve including a valve body having a chamber, an inlet and an outlet opening to said chamber, the improvement of means for preventing liquid solidification at said outlet and for controlling liquid flow therethrough comprising: a valve plug having an outer diameter substantially equal to the inner diameter of said outlet, an annular outwardly projecting resilient flange connected to and extending transversely to said plug and having an axially projecting annular surface thereon facing said outlet and engageable with the inner surface of said valve body adjacent but slightly radially outwardly spaced from said outlet to shut-off liquid flow through said outlet, and means for effecting axial movement of said plug into and out of said outlet to control liquid flow through said outlet.

2. In a liquid dispensing valve including a valve body having a chamber, an inlet and an outlet opening to said chamber, the improvement of means for preventing liquid solidification at said outlet and for controlling liquid flow therethrough comprising: a valve plug formed of resilient material and having an outer diameter substantially equal to the inner diameter of said outlet, an annular outwardly projecting resilient flange formed integrally with said plug and extending transversely thereto and having an axially projecting annular surface thereon facing said outlet and engageable with the inner surface of said valve body adjacent but slightly radially outwardly spaced from said outlet to shut-01f liquid flow through said outlet, a valve actuator connected to said valve plug for efiecting axial movement of said plug into and out of said outlet to control liquid flow through said outlet, and means comprising an integral portion of said plug for scaling 011 said valve actuator from the liquid within said valve body to prevent malfunctioning thereof.

3. In a liquid dispensing valve including a valve body having a chamber, an inlet and an outlet port opening to said chamber, the improvement of means for preventing liquid solidification at said outlet port and for controlling liquid flow therethrough comprising: a valve plug having an outer diameter substantially equal to the inner diameter of said outlet port and positionable within said port so that it extends entirely therethrough, an annular outwardly projecting resilient flange connected to and extending transversely to said plug and having an axially projecting annular surface facing said outlet and 4 engageable with the inner surface of said valve body adjacent but slightly radially outwardly spaced from said outlet port to shut off liquid flow through said outlet port, and means for effecting axial movement of said plug into and through and out of said outlet port to control liquid flow therethrough.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 169,817 Locke Nov. 9, 1875 250,405 Van Vie Dec. 6, 1881 669,146 Porteous Mar. 5, 1901 1,020,076 Bowser Mar. 12, 1912 1,793,396 Haentjens Feb. 17, 1931 1,964,921 Lundberg July 3, 1934 2,394,911 Griswold Feb. 12, 1946 2,444,471 Samiran July 6, 1948 2,506,837 Kochner May 9, 1950 2,727,715 Tuthill Dec. 20, 1955 2,734,773 Ivins Feb. 14, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 2,173 Great Britain Feb. 6, 1891 315,687 Switzerland Oct. 15, 1956

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3104090 *Mar 7, 1960Sep 17, 1963Nuclear Products CompanyDiaphragm valve
US3107894 *Oct 17, 1962Oct 22, 1963Zyrotron Ind IncSnap acting flow control valve with venturi formed between the orifice and conical valve plug
US3162340 *Sep 13, 1963Dec 22, 1964Dole Valve CoLiquid dispenser
US3190259 *Dec 21, 1962Jun 22, 1965Textile Machine WorksAdhesive applicator for carton sealing machines
US3198996 *Jun 19, 1963Aug 3, 1965Junkers & CoElectromagnet actuator having a shock absorbing means
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Classifications
U.S. Classification251/210, 251/129.17, 118/410, 222/504, 251/331, 251/332
International ClassificationD06F39/02, F16K25/00, F16K25/02
Cooperative ClassificationD06F39/022, F16K25/02
European ClassificationF16K25/02, D06F39/02B