|Publication number||US3035161 A|
|Publication date||May 15, 1962|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 1960|
|Priority date||Jun 6, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3035161 A, US 3035161A, US-A-3035161, US3035161 A, US3035161A|
|Original Assignee||Budd Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (21), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 15, 1962 G. KALT 3,035,161
VEHICLE CEILING WITH LIGHTING FIXTURE Filed June 6, 1960 2O INVENTOR.
(Ii 1 b e r f K0 H w re. SW
A TTORNEY United States PatentO 3,035,161 VEHICLE CEILING WITH LIGHTING FIXTURE Gilbert Kalt, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to The Budd Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed June 6, 1960, Ser. No. 34,188 15 Claims. (Cl. 240-735) This invention relates to a through-running structural ceiling beam, duct and light fixture, especially for vehicles such as railway cars, and has for an object the provision of improvements in this art.
One of the particular objects of the invention is to provide through-running structural load-carrying ceiling beams which tie the carlines together on each side of the car.
Another object is to provide ceiling beams which form concealed wiring ducts running the length of the vehicle, the ducts being divided into parallel high-tension and lowtension wire spaces.
Another object is to provide through-running ceiling beams which on the outer side frunish fittings for the reception of fluorescent lamp tubes and a translucent or transparent closure cover therefor.
Another object is to provide through-running ceiling beams which also furnish anchorage for ceiling panels, one of which may be curved and provided with car card advertising receptacles and removable to give access to usable storage or equipment space therebehind.
The above and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of an exemplary embodiment, reference being made to the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a transverse vertical section of the upper portion of a railway car embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged section of the left hand portion of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a view taken generally on the line 33 of FIG. 1, reduced in size, some parts being omitted and the two sides shown somewhat difierently.
Herein there is shown the upper part of a portion of the length of a railway car including sidewalls and a roof 11. The sidewall comprises posts 12 and longitudinal beams 13 and 14; and the roof includes carlines 15 and longitudinally corrugated covering 16. On the sides there are bent panels 17 which are secured to brackets 18 and to the sidewalls proper to form the base for a car card support and equipment enclosure.
The present invention comprehends through-running beams 20, one on each side which are irregularly shaped to have considerable strength and rigidity to form load bearing members to which the carlines 15 are connected, as by bolts 21.
The beams may be formed as shaped extrusion members, as of aluminum. At the sides they have base elements 20a, 20b which fit against and are secured to the carlines, placing the intermediate web 200 at a distance from the carlines so that the space therebetween is ample to take the wiring and, if need be, some of the piping of the car. Preferably a rearwardly extending rib 20d is formed integrally on the extrusion to further rigidify it and form a divider between high voltage and low voltage wiring cables.
Lamp fixtures 22 for fluorescent lamp tubes are secured to the outer sides of the webs 20c.
Along the inboard sides the beams are formed with outstanding projections 20:: faced on arcs on the outer side to take a center lining panel 23, the panel being secured by screws 24.
At the outboard sides the beams are formed with running edge extension portions 20 forming a groove for a removable car card backing plate 25, portion 20g forming a groove for a car card 26, and an overhanging hookedge extension portion 20h providing groove for the lamp cover 27. The cover includes a frame or bezel 27a carrying a transparent or translucent enclosure member 271: and is secured at one side by screws 28. The frame at one side is provided with a hinge hook edge which cooperates with the hook groove of portion 20h to allow the cover to swing down, as shown in broken lines in FIG. 2.
The outboard edge of the car card backing plate 25 is secured, as by screws 30, to an extrusion molding 31 which, in turn, is secured to the bent panel 16 in any suitable manner. The molding 31 provides a groove for the lower edges of the car cards. The plate 25 can be swung down far enough to be completely removed but has a shoulder 25a engaged with an upstanding edge flange at the groove on the portion 20f to prevent separation when secured in position by the screws 30.
It is thus seen that the ceiling beams serve as load carrying members for the roof, having all the necessary strength needed beyond that supplied by the longitudinally corrugated roof covering; hold the interior lining panelling in place, carry the cables and wires divided for diiferent types; provide support for the lamp fixtures; and provide support for a removable lamp cover. The car card plate connection provided by the beams prevents separation at the edge when the car card plate is secured in place, no screws or other separate fastening elements being needed at this edge.
While one embodiment of the invention has been described for illustrative purposes it is to be understood that there may be various embodiments and modifications within the scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. In a vehicle roof structural ceiling beam for supporting lighting fixtures, ceiling panels, and car plates comprising an I-beam having one horizontal web and two vertical webs, an extension on one of said I-beam vertical webs for supporting a car plate, another extension on the other of said I-beam vertical webs parallel to said horizontal web, a box channel having two vertical webs connected to said other extension of said I-beam vertical web by one of said box channel vertical webs, the other said vertical web of said box channel having a lever arm forming an angle bracket for supporting said ceiling panels, and a thick vertical web connected to said other extension between said I-beam and said box channel, said thick web forming the mutual web of two inverted box-channels formed between said I-beam and said box channel for supporting said lighting fixtures, said channels and said I-beam being interconnected into one continuous through-running beam to form a cross beam of said roof structure.
2. In a vehicle in combination with a roof having carlines and an outer load-bearing roof covering; a throughrunning inner load-bearing beam connectable to said carlines to form a rigid structure, said beam comprising two laterally disposed channel base elements which fit against said carlines, an intermediate web connecting said base elements and laterally disposed from said carlines to provide a cable space therebehind and a lamp fixture support on the front, an extension on one of said base elements which provides a grooved support for a card plate; and fastening means for securing said beam rigidly to said carlines at said base members.
3. The combination as set forth in claim 2, characterized by the fact that said extension on said base element is further provided with a grooved suport for a car card.
4. The combination as set forth in claim 2, characterized by the fact that said extension on said base element isfurther provided with a pivotal support for a lamp fixture cover frame.
5. The combinationas set forth'in claim 2, characterized by the fact said web connecting said base elements is further provided with a vertical web connected and normal to said intermediate web for dividing said cable space and defining a mutual web of two channel structure elements. r
6. The combination as set for the in claim 2, characterized by the fact that an extension is provided on the other said base element for suporting a ceiling liner.
7; In a vehicle in combination with a roof having carlines and an outer load-bearing roof covering; a throughmnning inner load-bearing beam connected to said carlines, said beam comprising: two laterally disposed channel base elements which fit against said carlines, an intermediate web connecting said base elements being displaced from said carlines to provide a cable-space therebetween, a vertical web connected and normal to said intermediate web for dividing said cable space and providing channel structure elements for supporting a lighting fixture, a first extension on one of said base elements for supporting a ceiling liner, a second extension on the other said base element for supporting one end of a removable card plate, a third extension on the other said base element for supporting one end of a card, a fourth extension'on the other saidbase element for supporting a light cover frame, and fastening means for rigidly connecting said load bearing beam to said carlines at said base elements.
8. The combination as set forth in claim 7, further characterized by the fact that a light cover frame is provided, and supported by said fourth extension and a screw fastener which connects said frame to said beam at said base elements.
9. The combinationasset forth in claim 7, further characterized by the fact that a removable card plate is provided, said plate cooperating with said second extension on said base element to slidably fit a groove therein.
10. In a vehicle in combination with a roof having carlines and an outer load-bearing roof covering, a through-running inner load-bearing beam connectable to said carlines to form a rigid structure, said beam comprising: two laterally disposed channel base elements Which fit against said car-lines, an intermediate web connecting said base elements and laterally disposed from said carlines to' provide a cable space therebehind and a lamp fixture support on the front, an extension on one of said base elements which provides a support for a card plate; and fastening means for securing said beam to said roof.
11. The combination as set forth in claim 10, further characterized by the fact that said extension is further provided with a retaining groove for said card plate and an L-shaped shoulder for locking said card plate in said retaining groove.
12. The combination as set forth in claim 10, further characterized by the fact that said beam is provided with a vertical rib connected on the back of and normal to said web.
-13. The combination asset forth in claim 10, further characterized by the fact that the other of said base elements is provided with a horizontal supporting lever for supporting a ceiling liner.
14. The combination as set forth in claim 10, further characterized by the fact that a frame for supporting a light cover is provided which attaches to said beam at said base elements.
15. The combination as set forth in claim 10, further characterized by the fact that a card plate is provided in said card plate support whereby said beam and said card plate form a continuous ceiling cover obviating the requirement for ceiling skin sheets and ceiling panels therebehind.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,533,661 Arenberg et al Dec. 12, 1950 2,587,807 Arenberg et a1 Mar. 4, 1952 2,688,072 Zimmerman Aug. 31, 1954
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2533661 *||Mar 18, 1948||Dec 12, 1950||Patent License Corp||Fixture assembly for elongated tubular lamps|
|US2587807 *||Jul 25, 1947||Mar 4, 1952||Patent License Corp||Car lighting structure|
|US2688072 *||Jan 30, 1951||Aug 31, 1954||Patent License Corp||Vehicle lighting fixture|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4088881 *||Apr 12, 1976||May 9, 1978||Midland-Ross Corporation||Lighting fixture|
|US4157584 *||Nov 21, 1977||Jun 5, 1979||Rohr Industries, Inc.||Overhead lighting fixture|
|US4158465 *||Oct 3, 1977||Jun 19, 1979||Ramseier & Jenzer Ag, Carosseriewerke Bern||Box-body construction for busses|
|US4343507 *||Jun 6, 1980||Aug 10, 1982||Duewag Aktiengesellschaft||Mounting arrangement for a ventilation or heating system for vehicles|
|US4377058 *||Sep 9, 1980||Mar 22, 1983||United American Car Co.||Curved hopper car roof|
|US5038256 *||Sep 26, 1989||Aug 6, 1991||Gulton Industries, Inc.||Lighting fixture with diffuser for light and air|
|US5171084 *||Nov 1, 1991||Dec 15, 1992||Gulton Industries, Inc.||Apparatus for diffusing light and directing air circulation|
|US5219217 *||May 8, 1991||Jun 15, 1993||Gulton Industries, Inc.||Illuminating system|
|US5347434 *||Jul 6, 1992||Sep 13, 1994||Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation||Aircraft bag-rack with an illuminated handrail|
|US5420763 *||Dec 10, 1992||May 30, 1995||Gulton Industries, Inc.||Lighting fixture|
|US5422794 *||May 17, 1994||Jun 6, 1995||Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation||Aircraft bag-rack with an illuminated handrail|
|US6095840 *||Sep 25, 1998||Aug 1, 2000||Yazaki Corporation||Module construction applied in car roof|
|US7134711 *||Nov 17, 2003||Nov 14, 2006||Automated Products International, Llc||Recreational vehicle roof support rafter|
|US7621661 *||May 25, 2005||Nov 24, 2009||Yazaki Corporation||Interior illumination lamp having improved retaining mechanism|
|US9021703||Oct 17, 2011||May 5, 2015||Norco Industries, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a roof bow|
|US9238469 *||Dec 9, 2011||Jan 19, 2016||Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Interior equipment installation structure for railcar|
|US20050265036 *||May 25, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Yazaki Corporation||Interior illumination lamp|
|US20130269265 *||Apr 9, 2013||Oct 17, 2013||Jerry W. Vande Sande||Composite Roof Conversion|
|US20130319282 *||Dec 9, 2011||Dec 5, 2013||Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Interior equipment installation structure for railcar|
|US20150251668 *||Aug 20, 2014||Sep 10, 2015||Siemens Industry, Inc.||Integrated ceiling assembly for railcars|
|USRE32189 *||Mar 8, 1984||Jun 24, 1986||Richmond Tank Car Company||Railway hopper car roof support structure|
|U.S. Classification||362/479, 40/649, 296/210, 296/214, 52/45, 105/397|
|International Classification||B60Q3/00, B60Q3/02|