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Publication numberUS3035614 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1962
Filing dateNov 4, 1959
Priority dateNov 4, 1959
Also published asDE1404864A1
Publication numberUS 3035614 A, US 3035614A, US-A-3035614, US3035614 A, US3035614A
InventorsKirk Jr Chester H
Original AssigneeKirk Jr Chester H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Expansion tank
US 3035614 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 22, 1962 c. H. KIRK, JR 3,035,614

EXPANSION TANK Filed NOV. 4, 1959 2 Sheets-'Sheet 1 LV A D 5 2'/ i 55 r l, [il "j WMU Y WH! JUL www@ i "k" "if: /v n f lli! l I i E il l |il|!: 5I lm J i" 1\ I 56 [d i 7 i i l A l i l F G. V *Q6 40 May 22, 1962 Filed Novv 4, 1959 FIG. 3



BY s

ATTORNEY United States Patent C 3,035,614 EXPANSIN TANK Chester H. Kirk, Jr., 14 Glen Ave., Cranston, RJ. Filed Nov. 4, 1959, Ser. No. 850,872 6 Claims. (Cl. 13S-30) This invention relates to closed hot water heating systems and more particularly to the construction of an expansion tank forming part of the system.

An object of the present invention is to provide an improved storage device in the form of an expansion tank for use in hot water heating systems wherein the expansion tank has a diaphragm which divides the tank into two sections. One section is precharged with gas under pressure. The other section is connected to the hot water heating system. The present invention is an improvement over U.S. Patent ,"-'2,695,753 which issued on November 30, 1954 to Chester H. Kirk, Jr.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved storage device in a hot water heating system for the expanded hot water wherein the storage device is an expansion tank provided with a deformable diaphragm which divides the tank into two sections in a ratio of approximately two-thirds to one-third by volume. The larger volume section of the tank is precharged with a gas under pressure whereby the diaphragm will be compressed or expanded according to the variations of the volume of water in the lesser volume section. The variation in volume is created by the volume of boiler water and the increase and decrease in the temperature of the boiler water as it is heated and cooled in the normal cyclic operation of the heating system.

lt is a well known fact that water contains air in the absorbed state in nearly inverse proportion to its temperature. This air is liberated into the system when the water is heated and accumulates in the compression tank and other portions of the heating system. A reduction in heating etiiciency results, making continuous venting of radiators or convectors necessary. The water as it is heated expands and moves into the compression tank which is connected to the piping through which the water is circulated. When the temperature of the boiler water reaches the desired degree, the tiring of the boiler ceases. The water begins to cool and contract. As it cools, that part of the boiler water in direct contact with the air in the compression tank absorbs some of the air in the tank. Through thermal circulation this aircharged water in the compression tank is changed continually so that in the next heating cycle this -re-absorbed air is liberated into the system. This reversible process is repeated as often as the tiring cycle is repeated and the boiler water is heated and cooled. As a result of this process the pressure in the system varies considerably and eventually the system may cease to function. it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved expansion tank in both construction and function so that the undesirable features of prior compression tanks are entirely eliminated.

Expansion tanks in domestic water systems in use today, provide an air cushion for the supply water. The air and water are in direct contact. Air being soluble in water, the water absorbs air. The water in the system may eventually absorb the air cushion in the expansion tank, leaving a static water system which necessitates the constant operation of a pressure pump. Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an air surge chamber which is not in direct contact with the water, thereby eliminating the need of the pressure pump operating every time a faucet is turned on.

And still another object of the present invention is to provide an expansion tank which is tamper proof in operation, inexpensive to manufacture and provided with a new concept in diaphragm manufacture and assembly.

Other objects of the present invention will be pointed out in part and become apparent in par-t in the following speciiication and claims.

Referring to the drawings in which similar characters of reference refer to like parts:

FIGURE l is a vertical sectional View of one tank body member showing the method of forming the rib in the body member;

FIGURE. 2 is a vertical sectional view through a completed expansion tank made in accordance with the present invention;

FiGUiE 3 is an exploded perspective View of the component parts thereof.

in proceeding with this invention there is provided an upper cylindrical body member, generally indicated by reference numeral 1l, consisting of a side wall 9 and an end wall S in the form of ta dome 8. The side wall 9 provides a cylindrical skirt 12 open at its end edge 39. An orifice 19 is located in dome 8. A lower cylindrical body member is provided, generally indicated by reference numeral 13, consisting of a side wall 6 and an end wall 5 in the form of a dome. The side wall 6 is open at its end edge 14. The open end edge 14 is adapted to be iixed to cylindrical skirt 12 at the offset end edge 30 by means of welding, brazing or soldering to form a completed tank. An orifice 1S is formed in the dome 5.

Upper cylindrical body member 11 and lower cylindrical body member 13 are formed by means of deep draw punch and die stampings, the design of the body members being such that they can be initially formed on the same tools. f Y

A preformed flexible diaphragm, generally indicated by reference numeral 20, is provided with a side 4 (see FIGURE 3) adapted to conform to the shape of side wall 9, and a dome 3 adapted to conform to the shape ofv dome 8. A bead 7 is provided on the inside surface 32 of side 4 adjacent its free edge 34. A concave retaining ring 23 is provided to mate with bead 7 and anchor preformed flexible diaphragm 20 to side wall 9.

A pipe connection 24 is secured to dome 8 at oriiice 19. A pressure charge seal 25 is secured to dome 5 to cover orifice 18.

ln the distended position shown in FIGURE 2, flexible diaphragm 20 divides the tank into two non-communicating chambers 26, 27.

The new and improved expansion tank is assembled in the following manner.

The bead 7 of the diaphragm 2t) is stretched into position on the concave retaining ring 23. The ring 23 with the diaphragm 20 thereon are then positioned adjacent the inside surface of side wall 9. A back up tool 36 is placed against the ring 23 while a sharp blow or other form of pressure is applied to side wall 9 by the tool 33, which moves relative to the tool 36 by the amount of travel shown at 40, to form a rib 21 whereby to squeeze or crimp the bead 7 of iiexible diaphragm Ztl between the rib 21 and the retaining ring 23.

Lower cylindrical body member 13 is then placed in position to engage the oiset edge 30 of skirt 12. It is then seam welded to form an air tight joint.

Dry Ice in a ratio of six grams per gallon volume of the annular chamber is passed through oriiice 18, into section 27 of the annular chamber. The gas charge seal 25 is then placed over orifice 18 and is secured to dome 5 by means of brazing, welding, soldering or the like. A pipe fitting 25 is then secured to dome 8 through orifice 19.

The Dry lce will melt producing a gas having a pressure of twelve pounds per square inch on tiexible diaphragm 20. Pipe connection 24 may then be connected to a hot water heating system or a pressurized well water system.

An air valve may be substituted for gas charge seal 25, in which event air would be used to pressurize section 27 instead of the gas from the Dry lce. The gas charge seal has the advantage of being tamper prooi.

Having shown and described a preferred embodiment of the present invention, by way of example, it should be realized that structural changes could be made and other examples given without departing from either the spirit or scope of this invention What I claim is:

1. An expansion tank comprising a hollow body member having a side and end walls, a exible diaphragm in and spanning said body member between said end walls and having a peripheral portion in peripheral engagement with said side, a continuous ring having a groove in its outer periphery engaging and receiving said peripheral portion and an inwardly extending peripheral rib in said side engaging said peripheral portion of said diaphragm and compressing it into said groove to secure said ring and diaphragm against movement and seal said diaphragm to said side.

2. An expansion tank comprising a hollow body member having a side and end walls, a flexible diaphragm in and spanning said body member and having a peripheral portion peripherally engaging said side, a thickened bead on said peripheral portion, a continuous ring having a groove in its outer periphery receiving said bead and retaining said peripheral portion in engagement with said side, and a peripheral indentation in said side engaging said bead and compressing it into said groove to retain said ring and diaphragm against movement and etect a seal between said side and said diaphragm.

3. An expansion tank comprising a pair of hollow body members, each having an end and a tubular skirt portion, said skirt portions being united in end-to-end relation to form a tank, a flexible diaphragm in and spanning said tank and having a peripheral portion in peripheral engagement with the skirt of one of said body members, a continuous retaining ring engaging said peripheral portion and retaining it in engagement with said Skirt of said one body member, a groove in the exterior of said ring and a substantially complemental corrugation in said skirt of said one body member compressing said peripheral portion into said groove to secure said diaphragm against movement endwise of said tank and seal said diaphragm to said skirt.

4. The expansion tank according to claim 3 wherein said hollow body members are substantially similar.

5. A method of making an expansion tank comprising inserting into the peripheral portion of a substantially dome-shaped diaphragm a continuous ring, inserting said diaphragm and ring into a iirst hollow body member having an end and a skirt projecting therefrom and terminating in edge to dispose said peripheral portion of said diaphragm and said ring in said skirt in spaced relation to the edge of said skirt with said peripheral portion between said ring and said skirt, deforming said skirt inwardly in alignment with said ring to form an inwardly extending peripheral rib compressing the peripheral portion of said diaphragm against said ring and securinU said diaphragm in said skirt in leak-proof relation thereto, and uniting said skirt o said iirst body member at its edge with the skirt of a second body member to form a tank.

6. A method or" assembling an expansion tank comprising the steps of inserting a circular retainer ring within the annular peripheral portion of a ilexible diaphragm so as to support the diaphragm on the ring, positioning the ring and diaphragm carried thereby into a rst tank section having a skirt so as to locate the ring and diaphragm against the interior surface of said skirt, applying pressure to said skirt and the ring to form a sealing and locating joint having a rib formation on the skirt and a groove on the ring with said diaphragm peripheral portion interposed therebetween, and mounting a second tank section on said iirst tank section and sealing the joint therebetween.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,345,124 Huber Mar. 28, 1944 2,347,379 l"ieeter Apr. 25, 1944 2,394,401 Overbeke Feb. 5, 1946 2,728,494 Hobson Dec. 27, 1955 2,872,083 Murphy et al. Feb. 3, 1959 2,893,433 MacDuff July 7, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 662,970 France Aug. 14, 1929

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3140085 *Jan 15, 1962Jul 7, 1964Louis Bourcier Christian MarieShock absorbers
US3165229 *Sep 12, 1962Jan 12, 1965Gen Fittings CompanyExpansion tank
US3236411 *Sep 7, 1962Feb 22, 1966LanderExpansion tank
US3425593 *Apr 19, 1966Feb 4, 1969Bosch Gmbh RobertPressure vessel with a resilient separating membrane
US3524475 *Jan 10, 1968Aug 18, 1970American Tube & Controls IncExpansion tank
US3744123 *May 11, 1971Jul 10, 1973Fichtel & Sachs AgMethod of assembling a resilient tube with a rigid body
US3931834 *Jun 26, 1974Jan 13, 1976The Goodyear Tire & Rubber CompanyExpansion tank diaphragm assembly
US3960178 *Sep 25, 1974Jun 1, 1976Mercier Jacques HPressure vessel
US4240405 *Apr 30, 1979Dec 23, 1980French Roger FSolar water heater
US4452276 *Apr 29, 1983Jun 5, 1984Diesel Kiki Co., Ltd.Accumulator for pneumatic or hydraulic devices
US5062455 *Aug 25, 1989Nov 5, 1991A. O. Smith CorporationPressure vessel with diaphragm compression seal
US5386925 *Jun 21, 1993Feb 7, 1995Amtrol Inc.Expansion tank
US5551590 *May 30, 1995Sep 3, 1996Amtrol Inc.Non-metallic pressure vessel fitting
US6041820 *Sep 16, 1998Mar 28, 2000Boehme; MathiasService and heating water combined expansion tank
USRE31032 *May 4, 1981Sep 21, 1982Suntime, Inc.Solar water heater
DE2540122A1 *Sep 9, 1975Apr 8, 1976Mercier Jacques HDruckgefaess
WO1999004060A1 *Jul 14, 1998Jan 28, 1999Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.Fluid delivery apparatus and method
U.S. Classification138/30, 29/508, 29/516, 29/515
International ClassificationE03B11/00, E03B11/04, F24D3/10
Cooperative ClassificationE03B11/04, F24D3/1008, F24D3/1016
European ClassificationF24D3/10B2, F24D3/10B, E03B11/04