Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3035724 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1962
Filing dateFeb 19, 1960
Priority dateFeb 19, 1960
Publication numberUS 3035724 A, US 3035724A, US-A-3035724, US3035724 A, US3035724A
InventorsClark Murl W, Roberts Wayne E
Original AssigneeCaterpillar Tractor Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ejector for loader buckets
US 3035724 A
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 1952 M. w CLARK ETAL 3,035,724 EJECTOR FOR LOADER BUCKETS Filed Feb. 19, 1960 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN V EN TORS flue; h. C AfK BY MY/KEE KOJEKTS AT T UK/V' Y May 22, 1962 Filed Feb. 19, 1960 M. W. CLARK ETAL EJECTOR FOR LOADER BUCKETS 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 EJ- E INVEN TORS M 41 M C A ARK A44 W 055 725 awzz w y 22, 1962 M. w. CLARK ETAL 3,035,724

EJEICTOR FOR LOADER BUCKETS Filed Feb. 19, 1960 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 :EJLE E ATTORNEY Mae if...

United States Patent O 3,035,724 EJECTOR FOR LOADER BUCKETS Murl W. Clark, Morton, and Wayne 1*); Roberts, Peoria, 111., assignors to Caterpillar Tractor Co., Peoria, Ill'., a corporation of California Filed Feb. 19, 1960, Ser. No. 9,812 Claims. (Cl. 214-440) This invention relates to power loaders and particularly to means for positively ejecting material from the buckets of such loaders when they are movedtoward their discharge or dump position.

Various aternpts have been, made; to provide an ejector or clean-out device to effect positive discharge of the contents of a loader bucket which is particularly desirable when the loader isworking in sticky material which does not gravitate readily when the bucket is moved to its dump position. Most such devices have been heavy and, therefore, costly and many have required manipulation by the operator of the loader of power actuated operating means in addition to the means already necessary for control of the bucket through its digging, lifting and dumping cycle.

Itis the object of the present invention to provide an ejector of simple and inexpensive design which insures automatic ejection of the contents of a loader bucket upon its movement toward dump position.

A further object of the invention is to provide an ejector for the purpose described which effects rapid discharge of the contents of the bucket and so forcefully ejects the contents that it is unnecessary to tilt the bucket to the steep angle required for discharging its contents by gravity thus enabling discharge at a higher level which is an advantage in loading earth into high bodied trucks.

Further and more specific objects and advantages of the invention are made apparent in the following specification wherein reference is made to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a view in side elevation of a typical tractor mounted bucket loader equipped with an ejector embodying the present invention with the bucket illustrated in its low carry position;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view illustrating the bucket in its high carry position; and

FIG. 3 is a view like FIG. 2 with the bucket shown in its dump position.

In FIG. 1 of the drawings, a conventional tractor is indicated at as equipped with a bucket 11 also of conventional design. The bucket is supported by a lift arm 12 pivoted to a fixed member on the tractor as indicated at 13 and to the bucket as at 14. A pair of lift jacks, one of which is shown at 15, is connected between the tractor and the lift arm 12 to elevate the bucket. Suitable tilt linkage is provided to hold the bucket in its carry position as it is being elevated and also to adjust the bucket to and from its dig position and its dump position. This linkage comprises two levers 16 and 17, the first pivoted to the lift arm as at 16' and the second as at 17'. A link 18 is pivotally connected between these levers by pivots 19 and 20 and a link 21 is pivotally connected between the lever 17 and a frame which supports the bucket as illustrated at 23 in FIG. 3. All of these links and levers are usually provided in pairs and a pair of tilt jacks, one of which is shown at 25, are connected between the tractor and the levers 16 and are employed in a suitable hydraulic circuit to eflect adjustment of the bucket with respect to the lift arm 12 as for example between the two positions illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3.

The ejecting mechanism of the present invention is 'ice best illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 wherein a web of reinforced rubber, or other resilient material, is illustrated at 26 as disposed withinthe bucket andextending throughout the entire length of the interior of the bucket. It covers the front, bottom and back walls of the bucket and its edges lie close to the end walls. One end of the web 26 is anchored as shown in FIG. 3 as by rivets 27 in a slot formed in the rear portion of a cutting edge 28 which extends along the front of the bucket. The opposite end of the web 26 is anchored as by bolts 30 to a frame member shown in dotted lines at 31 extending between and supported by legs 32. pivotally connected with respect to the bucket on the same pins 14 which connect the bucket to the lift arms 12. A pair of slotted links 34 are pivoted to the lift arms and embrace pins 35 in the legs 32 to limit forward swinging movement of the anchor frame to the position shown in FIGS, 2 and 3 but to permit rearward tilting of the bucket to its low carry position shown in FIG. 1 in which position the pin 35 slides downwardly in the slotted links. Chain or other flexible members. could be substituted for the links 34.

When the bucket is in its carry position, the web 26 forms a lining for all but the side walls of the bucket and is trained over a roller 37 journaled between brackets 38 at opposite corners of the top rear edge of the bucket. When the bucket is manipulated by the tilt linkage toward its dump position as illustrated in FIG. 3, the roller 37 serves to pull the web away from the bottom of the bucket so that the contents of the bucket are ejected. Thus the ejector operates automatically upon movement of the bucket toward its dump position. Furthermore if the movement of the bucket toward dump position is performed quickly, the load is propelled from within the bucket and therefore expelled more com pletely and satisfactorily than with sliding type ejectors of known design. A further advantage of the construction herein disclosed is that it decreases the dumping angle of the bucket which, without the ejector, has to be moved forwardly considerably beyond the position illustrated in FIG. 3 so that the front Wall thereof is inclined downwardly at a sharp angle. This not only saves time but it provides a higher dump position, retaining the forward upper edge of the bucket at an elevation where it may be passed over the side wall of a high body truck and removed from over the truck without the necessity of bringing the bucket up toward its carry position to avoid engaging the truck wall after dumping. Furthermore the operation of loading is accelerated because the contents of the bucket are expelled outwardly therefrom and it is less diflicult to properly position a bucket for loading a truck or the like than it is without the ejector when the bucket must be disposed directly above the truck before its load is discharged.

We claim:

1. Ejector mechanism for the contents of a loader bucket capable of movement from an upright carry position to an inclined dump position which comprises a web of flexible material lining the bucket, means anchoring one edge of said web adjacent one edge of the bucket, means anchoring the opposite edge of the web to a relatively fixed member outside the bucket, and means carried by the bucket and engageable beneath the web upon movement of the bucket toward dump position to raise the web and eject the contents of the bucket.

2. Ejector mechanism for the contents of a loader bucket capable of movement from an upright carry position to an inclined dump position which comprises a web of flexible material lining the bucket, means anchoring one edge of said web adjacent one edge of the bucket, means anchoring the opposite edge of the web to a relatively fixed member outside the bucket, and roller means carried by the bucket and engageable beneath the web upon movement of the bucket toward dump position to raise the web and eject the contents of the bucket.

3. Ejector mechanism for the contents of a loader bucket capable of movement from an upright carry position to an inclined dump position which comprises a web of flexible material lining the bucket, means anchoring one edge of said web adjacent one edge of the bucket, means anchoring the opposite edge of the web to a relatively fixed member outside the bucket, and means carried by the bucket and engageable beneath the web and upon movement of the bucket toward dump position to raise the web and eject the contents of the bucket, said bucket being supported on pivoted lift arms and having a low carry position wherein it is pivoted toward said arms, and a pivotal connection between said relatively fixed member and said lift arms to permit limited movementof the member away from the bucket.

4. In a tractor mounted loader which comprises a bucket carried at the end of lift mechanism pivoted to the tractor and haw'ng tilt mechanism for tilting the bucket between dig, carry and dump positions at the end of the lift mechanism, said bucket having front, bottom, rear and end walls, the improvement which comprises 4 ejector mechanism having a web of flexible material secured adjacent the upper edge of said front wall and covering the front, bottom and rear Walls, and means operable automatically to raise said web toward the top of the bucket when it is tilted toward its dump position. 5. In a tractor mounted loader which comprises a bucket carried at the end of lift mechanism pivoted to the tractor and having tilt mechanism for tilting the bucket between dig, carry and dump positions at the end of the lift mechanism, said bucket having front, bottom, rear and end walls, the improvement which comprises ejector mechanism having a web of flexible material secured adjacent the upper edge of said front wall and covering the front, bottom and rear walls, means securing the web outside of the bucket behind the rear wall, and means adjacent the upper rear edge of the bucket underlying the web and raising it in the bucket as the bucket is moved toward its dump position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS I 885,049 Holcomb Apr. 21, 1908 1,088,100 Saunders et al Feb. 24, 1914 1,726,139 Blasco Aug. 27, 1929 2,460,403 Teague Feb. 1, 1949 2,806,617 Beycrstedt et al. Sept. 17, 1957 v2,876,917 King Mar. 10, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US885049 *Aug 3, 1907Apr 21, 1908F C Austin Drainage Excavator CompanyExcavator-bucket.
US1088100 *Apr 8, 1913Feb 24, 1914Benjamin P SaundersApparatus for unloading freight-cars.
US1726139 *Jan 8, 1927Aug 27, 1929Blasco Leon ElsoPlanting machine
US2460403 *May 8, 1945Feb 1, 1949Teague Maurice EAutomatic dump body
US2806617 *Sep 15, 1954Sep 17, 1957Hough Co FrankPower loader
US2876917 *Apr 24, 1957Mar 10, 1959King Karl CLoading and unloading equipment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3122248 *Aug 10, 1961Feb 25, 1964Caterpillar Tractor CoLoader bucket with ejector
US3224607 *Oct 16, 1962Dec 21, 1965Chaseside Engineering CompanyShovel loaders
US3349934 *Apr 26, 1966Oct 31, 1967Caterpillar Tractor CoBelt ejector bucket and control linkage therefor
US3523621 *Apr 22, 1968Aug 11, 1970Caterpillar Tractor CoEjector for loader bucket
US3753593 *Apr 21, 1971Aug 21, 1973Hesston CorpTiltable material-receiving bin having actuated dumping floor
US3991493 *Sep 8, 1975Nov 16, 1976Westinghouse Air Brake CompanyFloor structure for earthmoving scraper
US4197194 *Oct 2, 1978Apr 8, 1980Read James LLoam screening apparatus
US4946331 *Mar 3, 1989Aug 7, 1990Johnson Mark LDischarge control apparatus for cotton cart basket
US5335784 *Oct 30, 1992Aug 9, 1994Tyler And Kerouac Manufacturing And DevelopmentDump platform materials screener
US5680717 *Nov 14, 1995Oct 28, 1997Bierwith; Robert S.Excavation bucket
US5702227 *May 13, 1996Dec 30, 1997Berg; RonaldFor loading and ejecting materials
US7329297Jan 3, 2007Feb 12, 2008Bestrake, LlcHigh efficiency separator apparatus for yard debris
US7624522 *Nov 29, 2007Dec 1, 2009Daniel AmmonsBucket cleaning apparatus
US7762052Feb 11, 2008Jul 27, 2010Bestrake, LlcRoller-supported accumulator for lawn and garden debris
US7837751Jan 3, 2007Nov 23, 2010Bestrake, LlcTwo-stage separator apparatus for yard debris
Classifications
U.S. Classification414/704, 414/713, 298/11, D15/25, 414/714, 414/725, 37/444, 414/416.9, 298/1.00B, 298/17.00R
International ClassificationE02F3/28, E02F3/34, E02F3/407, E02F3/40
Cooperative ClassificationE02F3/401, E02F3/407, E02F3/34
European ClassificationE02F3/407, E02F3/34, E02F3/40A