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Publication numberUS3036850 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 29, 1962
Filing dateApr 13, 1959
Priority dateApr 13, 1959
Publication numberUS 3036850 A, US 3036850A, US-A-3036850, US3036850 A, US3036850A
InventorsSchmid Raymond W
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tubular lock
US 3036850 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May .29, 1962 Filed April l5, 1959 R. w. scHMID 3,036,850

TUBULAR Loox 2 Sheets-Shes?l 1 if mb :1

Sie. 3M 3io 37 I7 31 32 a R. W. SCHMID TUBULAR LOCK May 29, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 13, 1959 INVNToR.

@qv/volvo M .5c/Mio BY icl- S- m 1a mb United States Patent @hice 3,036,850 Patented May 29, 1962 3,036,850 TUBULAR LOCK Raymond W. Schmid, Havertown, Pa., assignor to The Yale and Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed Apr. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 805,936 4 Claims. (Cl. 292-244) This invention relates to a latch construction of the type in which a latch bolt is mounted for sliding motion within a tubular housing, the housing having a front plate at the outward end thereof through which the latch bolt projects. The relationship of the latch bolt to the front plate and the casing is such that the latch bolt may be rotated together with the front plate relatively to the tubular housing so as to change readily the hand of the lock. In some locks of the particular type, the latch bolt is rotatable together with an auxiliary latch bolt relatively to the tubular housing, the auxiliary latch bolt being used for controlling the deadlocking of the latch bolt. Again, the rotation of the latch bolt will be accompaned by a rotation of the front of the lock.

Structures of the particular class are quite well known in the art and are disclosed in earlier patents. However, prior art constructions do not provide effective means whereby the front of the lock may be secured to the tubular housing against relative rotation once a suitable positioning of the front and latch bolt relatively to the tubular housing has been obtained. Still further, structures of the prior art do not provide for the ready adjustment of the front relatively to the housing to allow the lock to be secured readily to beveled doors. While it is quite old in the art to utilize a front that pivots or adjusts relative to a lock housing, I know of no construction wherein the front may be locked to the housing against rotation relatively thereto, while at the same time secured in an angular position on a beveled door, with the latch bolt and front having been iirst rotated into one of opposed adjusted positions.

As a feature of my invention, the decorative front plate of a tubular lock is secured to a base front plate, the two plates being mounted lfor pivotal adjustment as well as rotation about the tubular housing of the lock, all as I have broadly outlined. More in detail, a part of the tubular housing rests between the base front plate and the decorative plate, the base and decorative front plates being adapted for some endwise movement relatively to one another through means loosely holding the two together when the lock is not assembled to a door. Because of this relationship of the front plates, they may be rotated relatively to the housing and pivotally positioned relatively thereto.` Locating parts, preferably on the base plate function to secure and locate the front parts to the tubular housing as will be disclosed presently.

As a still further feature of this part of the invention, the decorative front piece is actually pushed by the latch bolt to an extreme position, thereby opening up as far as possible the space between the decorative plate and the base plate so as to permit free rotation between the front plates and the housing. However, when the base plate and the decorative front plate are applied by screws to a door, the said plates will be drawn together into binding relationship to the tubular housing, locking the entire assembly in a final adjusted position against disturbance.

I have thus outlined rather broadly the more important features of my invention in order that the detailed description thereof that follows may be better understood, and in order that my contribution to the art may be better appreciated. There are, of course, additional features of my invention that will be described hereinafter and which will form the subject of the claims appended hereto.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the conception on which my disclosure is based may readily be utilized as a basis for the designing of other structures for carrying out the several purposes of my invention. It is important, therefore, that the claims be regarded as including such equivalent constructions as do not depart from the spirit and scope of my invention, in order to prevent the appropriation of my invention by those skilled in the art.

In the drawings:

FIG. l is a perspective exploded View showing the decorative front plate, the tubular lock and the base plate,

FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the base plate assembled with the tubular lock,

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the assembled decorative front plate, tubular lock and the base plate,

FIG. 4 is a partial sectional View showing the decorative front plate, base plate and tubular lock secured to a door,

FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of FIG. 3,

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of FIG. 4,

`FIG. 7 is a sectional view similar to that of FIG. 6, but showing the bolts of the lock and the front and base plates rotated io to change the hand of the lock,

FIG. 8 is a sectional view showing the decorative front plate, lock and base plates secured to a door beveled in one direction, and

FIG. 9' is a sectional view similar to that of FIG. 8, but showing the decorative front plate, lock and base plate secured to a door beveled in the opposite direction.

Referring to the drawings and in particular to FIGS. l

and 3, the tubular lock is generally designated by the reference numeral 10, the decorative front plate is designated by the reference numeral 11 and the base plate is designated by the reference numeral 12.

The decorative plate 11 is provided with a suitable opening 13 therethrough to permit it to be fitted over the latch bolt 14 and trigger bolt 15 of the lock 10 from the front end of the lock as shown in FIG. 3.

The plate 1'2 is provided with a suitable circular opening 16 to per-mit it to be fitted over the tubular housing 17 of the lock 10 from the rear of the lock and slipped along the housing 17 until it engages outwardly extending, diametrically opposed, integral ears or projections 19. Ears 19 are adapted to be engaged between spaced pairs of bosses 20 formed on the face of the base plate 12 to prevent rotation of the plate 12 relative to the housing 17.

The decorative plate 11 and the base plate 12 are provided With openings 21 and 22, respectively, which are adapted to be aligned and to receive suitable fastening means, such as the screws 23, shown in FIG. 4, for fastening the assembled unit to a door D. In order to hold the plates assembled with their openings 21 and 22 aligned prior to their installation on the door and to still allow the plates 11 and 12 to be moved apart a suicient amount to disengage the `bosses 20 from the ears 19 so that the plates 11 and 12 may be rotated relatively to the lock housing 17, tubular fastening elements 24 are provided which allow limited, relative, endwise movement between the plates 11 and 12 while preventing relative rotation between the plates. As best shown in FIG. 3, the tubular elements 24 are conveniently formed integral with plate 11 around openings 21. The elements 24 are extended through openings 22 and crimped over at their ends to form eyelets Isecuring the plates together. The elements 24 are made ger bolt 15 are so constructed and arranged that they may be rotated 180 to change the direction of the lock, as indicated by comparison of FIGS. 6 and 7, depending on which way the door is hung.

Referring to FIG. 5, the latch bolt 14 is provided with a shoulder 25 which engages the front plate 11 and limits outward movement of the latch bolt under pressure of the latch bolt spring 26. Prior to assembly of the lock on a door, the latch spring 26, acting through the shoulder 25, forces the decorative plate i11 outwardly. This in turn pulls the base plate 12, which is secured to the decorative plate 11, against the ears 19 to hold the ears 19 properly located between the bosses 20 when the lock assembly is being fastened to a door. The spring pressure `also holds the plates i11 and 12 separated to facilitate unseating of the ears y19 between the bosses 20 and rotation of the plates 11 and 12 relative to the housing 17 when such is desired.

As best shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the decorative plate 11 and the base plate 12 may be readily pivoted on the ears 19 relative to the housing to thereby adjust the plates to beveled doors whether the doors are beveled in the direction of FIG. 8 or the direction of FIG. 9. The opening 16 of the base plate 12 is made suliciently larger than the diameter of the housing to provide enough clearance to permit the pivoting or tilting of the base plate relative to the housing 17. By relieving the end of the housing 17 on each side of the ears 19, as by providing a double bevel as indicated at 17a and 17b in FIGS. 6 and 7, the plates 411 and 12 may be drawn together to the same degree when mounted on a beveled door, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, as they can when mounted on a fiat door.

As previously stated, the lock is so arranged and constructed that the latch bolt 14 may be rotated 180 relative to the housing 17. This arrangement is best shown in FIGS. 3 and 5.

Referring to FIGS. 3 and 5, the latch bolt 14 has a generally cylindrical surface and is slidably received in the cylindrical housing v17. The trigger bolt 15 is slidable relative to the latch bolt 14 in a groove 27 formed in the surface of the latch bolt. The latch bolt 14 has a generally tubular extension 28 which is secured by a press tit, or by suitable fastening means, to the inner end of the latch bolt 14. The tubular extension 28 receives one end of the latch spring 26 which normally holds the latch bolt 14 in an extended position. The other end of the latch spring 26 is received in a tubular spring guide 29 which is adapted to telescope within the tubular extension 28 as the latch bolt is withdrawn. The inner end of the spring guide 29 is held in proper alignment by a projection 29a which extends through an opening 30 in the inner end of the housing 17.

The latch bolt 14 is adapted to be withdrawn against the force of the latch spring 26 by a channel-shaped retracting bar 31. Retractor bar 31 is connected at one end to the tubular extension 28 by means of a bifurcated end 31a which extends around the extension 28 and into an annular groove 28a formed in the surface of the extension 28. It will be appreciated that the annular groove 28a permits the bolt 14 and the extension 28 to be rotated relative to the retractor bar 31.

The other end of the retractor bar 31 is pivotally attached by means of a pin 32 to a latch cam or crank arm 33 which is adapted to be turned by a suitable spindle (not shown) which is inserted through an opening 34 in the crank bar. Crank arm 33 is pivotally attached to an extension 35 which is riveted or otherwise secured to the end of the housing 17. It will be apparent that rotation of the crank arm 33 in the direction of the arrow in FIG. 3 will retract the latch bolt 14 through the medium of the retractor bar 31.

The trigger bolt 15 has an end 15a which surrounds and is slidable on the spring housing 29. A spring 36 surrounding the housing 29 normally holds the trigger bolt in extended position as shown in FIGS. 3 and 5. When the lock assembly 10 is mounted on a door and the door is closed, the outer end of the trigger bolt 15 is engaged by the strike plate on the jamb of the door and is moved inwardly against the pressure of the spring 36. This moves .the end 15a toward the rear of the housing 17 permitting a finger 31a on the retractor bar 31 to drop down behind a shoulder 28b on the extension 28. A spring 37 carried by the retractor bar 31 insures that the nger 31a drops `down when the end 15a of the trigger bolt 15 is moved to the rear. At the same time, pivot pin 32 which pivotally secures the retractor bar 31 to the crank arm; 33, drops down into a recess 35a formed in the extension 35 thereby deadlocking the latch bolt 14 against backward movement. The upper surface of a cam slot 33a in which the pin 32 operates aids in seating the pin 32 in the notch 35a by camming the pin towards the notch.

On rotation of the cam or crank arm 33 in the direction of the arrow in FIG. 3, the pin 32 is camrned out of the notch or recess 35a by the lower surface of the cam slot 33a to thereby allow a retractor bar 31 to retract the latch bolt 14. Release of the trigger bolt '15 from the strike plate of the door jamb allows the end 15a thereof to move forward under the influence of spring 36 thereby camming the linger 31d up into the position as shown in FIG. 3 away from the shoulder 28h. As best shown in FIG. 3, the spring 37 fits between two bars 31b and 31e which extend between bifurcations of the retractor 31. Bar 31e projects beyond the end of the bifurcations of the retractor 31 and extends loosely into an annular groove 14a formed in the latch bolt 14 to provide a pivot for the retractor 31. The spring 37 is compressed against an annular skirt 14b of the latch bolt 14. Thus, all connections between the latch bolt 14, the trigger bolt 15 and the housing 16 and retractor bar 31 are through annular grooves or cylindrical surfaces so that the connections are maintained upon relative rotation between the latch bolt 14, the trigger bolt 15 and the housing 17 to thereby allow the bolts to be turned relatively to the housing as shown by comparison of FIGS. 6 and 7.

The engagement of bar 31C in the annular groove `14a not only provides a pivot for the retractor bar 31, but also provides an auxiliary deadlocking action for the latch bolt 14 when the pivot pin 32 drops into the recess 35a, inasmuch as the engagement of bar 31C in the annular groove 14a of latch bolt `14 and the simultaneous engagement of the pin 32 in the recess 35a prevents rearward movement of the latch bolt 14 by force applied to the outer end of the bolt 14. Thus, a second deadlocking action is provided in addition to that provided by the engagement of finger 31a behind shoulder 28b.

From the above description it can be seen that I have provided an improved lock construction in which the front decorative plate may be selectively rotated with the latch bolt and the trigger bolt relative to the lock housing and then effectively locked against relative rotation to the housing. At the same time, the decorative plate may be tilted or pivotally adjusted to fit on beveled doors.

I now claim:

1. In a lock of the class described, a tubular housing having ears at its forward end, a base front plate for said housing lying rearwardly of said ears and rotatably mounted on said housing, a decorative front plate for said housing lying forwardly of said ears, projections on one of said plates engageable laterally with said ears to prevent rotation of said plates relatively to said housing when said plates are drawn together as when the lock is mounted on a door, means securing said plates loosely to one another for holding said plates against relative rotation and preventing disassembly thereof from said housing While allowing sucient endwise separating movement thereof to permit said projections to pass by said ears whereby said plates may be rotated relatively assai-55o to said housing when the lock is disassembled from a door.

2. In a lock of the class described, a tubular housing having ears at its forward end, a base front plate for said housing lying rearwardly of said ears and rotatably mounted on said housing, a decorative front plate for said housing lying forwardly of said ears, projections on one of said plates engageable laterally with said ears to prevent rotation of said plates relatively to said housing when said plates are drawn together as when the lock is mounted on a door, eyelets on one of said plates extending through holes in the other plate and securing said plates lossely to one another for holding said plates against relative rotation and preventing disassembly thereof from said housing, said eyelets being of a length to `allow suicient endwise separating movement thereof to permit said projections to pass by said ears whereby said plates may be rotated relatively to said housing when the lock is disassembled from a door.

3. In a lock of the class described, a tubular housing having ears at its forward end, a base front plate for said housing lying rearwardly of said ears and rotatably mounted on -said housing, a decorative front plate for said housing lying forwardly of said ears, said ears being disposed on diametrically opposed sides of said tubular housing whereby said plates may rock on said ears to allow adjustment thereof to a beveled door, projections on one of said plates engageable laterally with said ears to prevent rotation of said plates relatively to said housing when said plates are drawn together as when the locit is mounted on a door, means securing said plates loosely to one another for holding said plates against relative rotation and preventing disassembly thereof from said housing while allowing sufficient endwise separating movement thereof to permit said projections to pass by said ears whereby said plates may be rotated relatively to said housing when the lock is disassembled from a door.

4. in a lock of the class described, a tubular housing having ears at its forward end, a base front plate for said housing lying rearwardly of said ears and rotatably mounted on said housing, a decorative front plate for said housing lying forwardly of said ears, projections on said base front plate engageabie laterally with said ears to prevent rotation of said plates relatively to said housing when said plates are drawn together as when the lock is assembled on a door, means securing said plates loosely to one another for holding said plates aga-inst relative rotation and preventing disassembly thereof from said housing while allowing suicient endwise separating movement thereof to permit said projections to pass by said ears whereby said plates may be rotated relatively to said housing when the lock is disassembled from a door, a latch lbolt passing through an opening in said decorative front plate and thereby held against rotation relatively to both said plates, and a spring pressing a limit surface of said bolt against said front plate to yieldingly hold said decorative front plate away from said forward end of said housing whereby to pull said base front plate through said securing means against said ears so that said plates are yieldingly held against rotation relatively to said tubular housing to facilitate attachment thereof to a door.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 346,349 Biggs July 27, 1886 1,739,654 Schlage Dec. 17, 1929 2,357,552 Schlage Sept. 5, 1944 2,497,189 Shaffer Feb. 14, 1950 2,629,250 Schlage Feb. 24, 1953 2,650,121 Schlage Aug. 25, 1953 2,676,827 Schlage Apr. 27, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US346349 *Apr 6, 1886Jul 27, 1886 Frederick james biggs
US1739654 *Jun 8, 1928Dec 17, 1929 op san francisco
US2357552 *Jul 15, 1941Sep 5, 1944Schlage Lock CoLock structure
US2497189 *Jun 30, 1947Feb 14, 1950Reading Hardware CorpFront plate mounting for mortise locks
US2629250 *Apr 11, 1949Feb 24, 1953Schlage Lock CoDoor lock
US2650121 *Feb 15, 1949Aug 25, 1953Schlage Lock CoDoor lock
US2676827 *Nov 1, 1949Apr 27, 1954Schlage Lock CoReversible deadlock for door latches
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3203719 *Oct 22, 1962Aug 31, 1965Moore Francis JSimplified construction for door latch operating mechanism
US3257136 *Oct 28, 1963Jun 21, 1966RussellReversible latch unit for a unit lock
US3477754 *Oct 30, 1967Nov 11, 1969Eaton Yale & TownePush-pull latch
US4141234 *Mar 1, 1978Feb 27, 1979Norris Industries, Inc.Dead bolt guard
US4248452 *Jul 12, 1978Feb 3, 1981M.A.G. Engineering Co.Lock with improved provisions for withstanding forces applied to bolt
US4272974 *Jan 25, 1979Jun 16, 1981Lori Engineering CorporationDead bolt lock
US4594864 *Sep 30, 1983Jun 17, 1986Emhart Industries, Inc.Lockset assembly
US4662665 *Jan 3, 1986May 5, 1987Lin Jui CAuxiliary lock with an extensible device
US4854618 *Jun 24, 1987Aug 8, 1989Webster Desmond E CMulti position reversible latching assembly
US5058940 *Jul 31, 1990Oct 22, 1991Hart LeroyAutomatic dead locking bolt assembly
US5342101 *Jun 11, 1993Aug 30, 1994Shih Nan CLock latch
US5564759 *Nov 29, 1993Oct 15, 1996Hufcor, Inc.Push-pull latch mechanism
US5676407 *Jun 3, 1996Oct 14, 1997Schlage Lock CompanyDead bolt actuating assembly
US5794991 *Jun 3, 1996Aug 18, 1998Schlage Lock CompanyInterlocking dead bolt with projecting pins
US6746060 *Apr 24, 2001Jun 8, 2004Ervos, Inc.Tubular latch assembly for exit devices and locks
US8001813 *Apr 24, 2008Aug 23, 2011William TurnboLever activated deadbolt lock with deadlock feature
US8366158 *Mar 1, 2010Feb 5, 2013Te-Yu ChenLatch direction change structure of lock
US20110210566 *Mar 1, 2010Sep 1, 2011Te-Yu ChenLatch direction change structure of lock
EP2778323A1 *Mar 11, 2013Sep 17, 2014Joseph TalpeLock suited for left- and right-hinged closure members
WO1985001542A1 *Sep 4, 1984Apr 11, 1985Emhart IndLockset assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/244, 70/450, 70/462, 292/337, 292/167
International ClassificationE05B63/00, E05B63/04
Cooperative ClassificationE05B63/044
European ClassificationE05B63/04C