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Publication numberUS3038196 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 12, 1962
Filing dateOct 26, 1959
Priority dateOct 26, 1959
Publication numberUS 3038196 A, US 3038196A, US-A-3038196, US3038196 A, US3038196A
InventorsHerbert Nyquist Nels
Original AssigneeHerbert Nyquist Nels
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door hinge
US 3038196 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

N. H. NYQUIST DOOR HINGE June 12, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 26, 1959 iNK x 4, I.

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INVENTOR: NELS H. NYQUIST BY ATT'YSY 3,038,196 DGUR HINGE Nels Herbert Nyquist, 1257 Early Ave Chicago, ill. Filed Get. 26, 1%9, Ser. No. 848,731 9 Claims. (Cl. 16-164) This invention relates to improvements in hinges of a type especially adapted for use with the doors of wall cabinets.

The main objects of this invention are to provide an an improved form of hinge for doors swinging into and out of a position in coplanar relationship with the wall which forms the opening closed by the door; to provide an improved hinge of this kind especially adapted for use with wall cabinets when set into wall openings with the front of the cabinet door flush with the wall; and to provide an improved form of hinge of this kind which is simple in construction, hence economical to manufacture, and offering rigid support for the door in any position to which it may be shifted between fully closed and open positions.

In the adaptations shown in the accompanying drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a front, elevational View of a mirroreddoor cabinet recessed in a wall with the face of the mirror flush with the face of the surrounding wall;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged, horizontal, cross-sectional view, taken on the plane of the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, of an improved form of hinge constructed in accordance with this invention;

FIG. 3 is a similar view showing the hinge in its full open position, exterior parts being broken away to more clearly illustrate the internal parts;

FIG. 4 is a partly sectional view of the hinge taken on the plane of the line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 3 showing, in open position, a modified form of hinge constructed in accordance with this invention;

FIG. 6 is a plan view of the same form of binge in closed position; and

FIG. 7 is a partly sectional, elevational view taken on the plane of the line '77 of FIG. 5.

The essential concept of this invention involves a bracket and a plate interconnected by a shifting pivoted member and a pair of links so as to permit swinging of the plate between a position of longitudinal parallelism with the bracket and a position of right angular relationship to the bracket whereby, with the bracket secured in the wall opening and the plate mounting a door dimensioned to form a closure for the opening, the door is swingable into and out of a position flush with the wall.

A hinge embodying the foregoing concept comprises a bracket 8 (8) and a plate 9 so interconnected by a member 10 (10') and a pair of links 11 and 12 (12') that, with the bracket 8 (8') secured to a wall 13 defining an opening 14, a door 16, secured to the plate 9, may be swung into and out of a position flush with the wall 13.

The bracket 8, as here shown, is formed of a pair of rectangular-shaped panels 17 and 18 secured in parallel position by spacers 19 extending around three perimeters of the panels. This provides an opening 21 along one lateral side through which the member 10 and the links 11 and 12 enter and recede during the swinging of the door 16 between its closed and open positions. One outer corner of the bracket 8 is cut away at (20') (FIGS. 3 and 5) to insure seating of the adjacent end of the plate 9 and its pivotal connection to the member 10 (10'), as clearly shown in FIGS 2 and 6.

The bracket 8 (8') is intended for positioning on the wall 13 along the top and bottom areas which define the 3,@33,l% Fatented June 12, 1962 opening 14, as shown in dotted outlines at the upper and lower left corners of FIG. 1. As shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 5 and 7, the bracket 8 (8') is set with one end up against the vertical area of the wall 13, inwardly from the front face of the wall 13 a distance but slightly greater than the combined thickness of the door 16 and its supporting plate 9.

The plate 9 is a. fiat strip with a pair of ears 22 struck out from the face thereof as closely adjacent as possible to one end. Another car 23 is struck out from the same face of the plate 9 the requisite distance inwardly from the ears 22, as determined by the character of the links 11 and 12. The plate 9 is formed with suitable holes for the insertion of fasteners to secure the door 16 to the plate 9.

The member Ill, as here shown, comprises a pair of irregular-shaped parts 25 suitably secured together in spaced parallel relationship to form an opening to receive the link 12 when the door 16 is in its fully-closed position. At its outermost corner, the member 14} is connected by a pivot pin 24. to the pair of ears 22 on the plate 9. Adjacent its almost diagonally-opposite end, the member 19 is formed with a transverse, elongated slot 26 in which fits a noncircular post 27 secured to the bracket 8 (panels 1718) by a pivot pin 28, thus providing a sliding pivotal connection of the member 10 to the bracket 8.

The links 11 and 12 are secured together at their opposed ends by a pivot pin 29 and at their opposite ends by a pivot pin 30 to the plate car 23 and by pivot pins 31 and 32 to the bracket 8 and member 10 respectively.

As here shown, the link 11 preferably is channelshaped with the opposite ends offset outwardly from the open longitudinal edge, thus giving the link something of an arcuate form. This is to permit a partial nesting of the link 12 (12,) within the link 11 when the member 10 (10) is receded into the bracket 8 (8') upon the closing of the door 16. (FIGS. 2 and 6.)

The link 12 has an enlargement 33 to provide support for the pivot pins 31 and 32 to the bracket 8 and the member 10 respectively. The pivot pin 31, obviously, is fixed to the bracket 8 (panels 17-18) and, as will be noted from the drawings, is located intermediate the pivot pins 28 and 34 The pivot pin 32, is located intermediate the pivot pins 28 and 31 and moves in an are around the pivot pin 31.

In the adaptation shown in FIGS. 2-4 the arcuate slot 34 is formed merely to allow swinging of the member 10 on its pivot 32 which, of course, must extend through both parts 25 of the member 10.

In the adaptation shown in FIGS. 57 the parts 25' of the member 10, have circular openings 35 formed therein inwardly adjacent from the end of the member 10' wherein is formed the slot 26 embracing the guide member 27' on the pivot pin 28' secured to the bracket plates 17 and about which pivot pin 28' the member 10' swings in the opening and closing of the door 16. The link 12 here is shown as two superimposed pieces (FIG. 7) with the enlarged opposite end presenting oppositelydisposed disks 36 dimensioned to seat in the respective openings 35 in the parts 25 of the member 10' concentrically of the pin 32'. This link 12, however, is pivotally connected to the member Ill by the disks 36. A pin 31 extends through these disks 36 and through the plates 17 of the bracket 8' eccentrically of the pin 32' thus pivotally connecting the enlarged end of the link 12' to the bracket 8.

In this adaptation of FIGS. 5-7, the slot 26', in which the guide member 27 reciprocates during the swinging of the door 16, is shorter than the comparable slot 26 in the adaptation of FIGS. 1-5. Moreover, this slot 26 is open at its distal end to permit the guide member 27' to extend beyond the member When the door 16 is swung outwardly from its closed position (FIG. 6) the link 11 is pulled outwardly with the pivotal connection 26' to the link 12 swinging in an are around the pivot pin 31. At the same time the outer end of the member 10', pivoted at 24 to the door plate 9, is swinging outwardly of the bracket 8' and the pivot 32 is swinging rearwardly about the pin 31' from the position shown in FIG. 6 to the position shown in FIG. 5.

A door 16, for almost any kind of an opening and especially for a wall-recessed cabinet, mounted on hinges of the type herein disclosed, when closed, positions the plate 9 in longitudinal parallelism with the open side of the bracket 8 (8) and the door is flush with the wall 13. When the door 16 is in its full open position the plate 9 is disposed in right angular relationship to the open side of the bracket. The door 16, likewise, is disposed substantially at a right angle to the wall 13.

It is to be understood that numerous details may be altered or omitted without departing from the spirit of this invention as defined by the following claims.

Iclaim:

1. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining-wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot ear, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having the other end slidably embracing a fixed pivot on the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link being pivoted at its opposite end to the bracket and to the member intermediate the pivots of the member to the first plate ear and to the bracket.

2. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining-wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot car, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having the other end slidably embracing a fixed pivot on the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link being pivoted at its opposite end to the bracket intermediate the pivots of the member to the first plate ear and to the bracket, the opposite end of the other link also being pivoted to the member on an axis which upon the swinging of the door moves in an arc across a line between the pivot of the member and the pivot of the other link to the bracket.

3. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the Walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining-wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate fiush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot ear, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having the other end slidably embracing a fixed pivot on the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link being pivoted at its opposite end to the bracket intermediate the pivots of the member to the first plate ear and to the bracket, the opposite end of the other link also being pivoted to the member on an axis which upon the swinging of the door moves in an arc across a line between the pivot of the member and the pivot of the other link to the bracket, the one link being of transverse channel shape to permit nesting of the other link in the one link with the cabinet door in its closed position.

4. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising a pair of fixedly-spaced parallel bracket plates attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edges of the bracket plates located inwardly of the face of the defining wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with the vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot, a pair of fixedlyspaced parallel member parts of an over-all thickness not to exceed the space between the bracket plates, the member parts being pivoted at one end to the first door-supporting plate ear and having the other ends slidably embracing a pivot on the bracket plates for movement of the member parts between the bracket plates, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being pivoted at its opposite end to the second door-supporting plate ear, the one link being channel-shaped in cross-section and of a length approximating the distance between the ears on the doorsupporting plate and of a thickness substantially equal to that of the member plates, the other link being of a thickness to fit between the member parts and pivoted at its opposite end to the bracket plates and to the member parts intermediate the pivots of the member parts to the door-supporting plate ears and to the bracket plates and nesting within the channel-shaped link when the cabinet door is in its closed position.

5. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the Walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining-wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a doorsupporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot ear, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having a slot extending through the adjacent opposite end, a post pivoted on the bracket for reception in the member slot to slidingly pivot the member on the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link being pivoted at its opposite end to the bracket and to the member intermediate the pivots of the member to the first plate ear and to the bracket.

6. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining Wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a doorsupporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly of the first pivot ear, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having the other end slidably embracing a fixed pivot on the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link having a transverse enlargement at the opposite end which enlargement is pivoted to the bracket intermediate the pivots of the member to the bracket and to the first plate ear, the enlargement also being pivoted to the member on an axis which upon the swinging of the door moves in an arc across a line between the pivot of the member and the pivot of the other link to the bracket.

7. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a pair of fixedly-spaced parallel bracket plates attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edges of the bracket plates located inwardly of the face of the defining wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with the vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot ear, a pair of fixedly-spaced parallel member parts of an overall thickness not to exceed the space between the bracket plates, the member parts being pivoted at one end to the first door-supporting plate ear and having the other ends slidably embracing a pivot on the bracket plates for movement of the member parts between the bracket plates, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being pivoted at its opposite end to the second door-supporting plate ear, the one link being channel-shaped in cross-section and of a length approximating the distance between the ears on the door-supporting plate and of a thickness substantially equal to that of the member plates, the other link having a transverse enlargement at the opposite end which enlargement is pivoted to the bracket intermediate the pivots of the member to the bracket and to the first plate ear, the enlargement also being pivoted to the member on an axis which upon the swinging of the door moves in an arc across a line between the pivot of the member and the pivot of the other link to the bracket, the other link being nested in the one link when the cabinet door is in its closed position.

8. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a wall bracket attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edge of the bracket located inwardly of the face of the defining-Wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a doorsupporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with one vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end thereof and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot car, a member pivoted at one end to the first plate ear and having the other end slidably embracing a fixed pivot on the bracket, the member having a circular opening extending therethrough inwardly of the pivot of the member to the bracket, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being of a length approximating the distance between the plate ears and pivoted at its opposite end to the second plate ear, the other link having a disk-shaped enlargement at the opposite end seated in the circular opening in the member to pivot the other link to the member, and a pin extending through the diskshaped enlargement and into the bracket eccentrically of the axis of the disk enlargement and pivoting the opposite end of the other link to the bracket.

9. A hinge for mounting a cabinet door for swinging between a closed position with the exterior face of the door flush with the face of the walls defining the cabinet through an arc of at least 90 degrees to an open position, the hinge comprising, a pair of fixedly-spaced parallel bracket plates attachable to the horizontal face of one of the walls defining the cabinet with the forward edges of the bracket plates located inwardly of the face of the defining wall a distance not less than the thickness of the cabinet door, a door-supporting plate attachable to the inner face of the door with one end of the plate flush with the vertical edge of the door, the plate having a first pivot ear adjacent the one end and a second pivot ear inwardly from the first pivot car, a pair of fixedly-spaced parallel member parts of an overall thickness not to exceed the space between the bracket plates, the member parts being pivoted at one end to the first door-supporting plate ear and having the other ends slidably embracing a pivot on the bracket plates for movement of the member parts between the bracket plates, the member parts having registering circular openings extending therethrough inwardly of the pivot of the member parts to the bracket plates, and a pair of links pivotally connected together at their opposed ends, one of the links being pivoted at its opposite end to the second door-supporting plate ear, the one link being channelshaped in cross-section and of a length approximating the distance between the ears on the door-supporting plate and of a thickness substantially equal to that of the member plates, the other link having disk-shaped enlargements at the opposite end seated in the circular openings in the member to pivot the other link to the member, and a pin extending through the disk-shaped enlargement and into the bracket eccentrically of the axis of the disk enlargement and pivoting the opposite end of the other link to the bracket, the other link being nested in the one link when the cabinet door is in its closed position.

References (Iited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,838,898 Aldeen Dec. 29, 1931 2,845,652 Voster et al Aug. 5, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 496,829 Great Britain Dec. 7, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1838898 *Jul 5, 1929Dec 29, 1931American Cabinet Hardware CorpHinge
US2845652 *Sep 15, 1953Aug 5, 1958Ver Baubeschlag Gretsch CoDevice for connecting a window sash with a window frame
GB496829A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4736491 *Aug 1, 1986Apr 12, 1988Mertes Paul MFlush mounted, fully concealed cabinet hinges
US4827569 *Apr 13, 1988May 9, 1989Mertes Paul MFlush mounted, fully concealed cabinet hinges
US5103532 *Feb 6, 1990Apr 14, 1992Youngdale Louis LFlat-mounted cabinet door hinge having low profile
US5172969 *Sep 9, 1991Dec 22, 1992Westinghouse Electric Corp.Overhead cabinet with rotating door
US5669107 *Jul 16, 1996Sep 23, 1997Lear CorporationFriction detent apparatus for seat accessory
US6442799Aug 29, 2000Sep 3, 2002Carlos DuarteHinge
US7010833Jul 18, 2003Mar 14, 2006Carlos DuarteSlide hinge for spa cover
US7073213Jul 18, 2003Jul 11, 2006Carlos DuarteUpright hinge for spa cover
US7219608 *Jul 1, 2003May 22, 2007Daewoo Electronics CorporationFood preparation table
US20040168616 *Jul 1, 2003Sep 2, 2004Sung Ki RinFood preparation table
US20050011048 *Jul 18, 2003Jan 20, 2005Carlos DuarteSlide hinge for spa cover
US20070022524 *May 17, 2006Feb 1, 2007Carlos DuarteUpright hinge for spa cover
US20070256229 *Jun 11, 2007Nov 8, 2007Carlos DuarteUpright hinge for spa cover
DE102004029645A1 *Jun 18, 2004Jan 5, 2006Audi AgMulti-joint hinge for vehicle door has movable connecting arm with two arm parts rotatably joined together by intermediate joint, whereby distance between connecting joints of movable connecting arms is variable
DE102004029645B4 *Jun 18, 2004Jul 6, 2006Audi AgMulti-joint hinge for vehicle door has movable connecting arm with two arm parts rotatably joined together by intermediate joint, whereby distance between connecting joints of movable connecting arms is variable
EP0065109A1 *Apr 17, 1982Nov 24, 1982Franz GerteisHinge
WO1988001001A1 *Jul 31, 1987Feb 11, 1988Mertes Paul MFlush mounted, fully concealed cabinet hinges
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/358, 16/370
International ClassificationE05D3/06, E05D3/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05D3/06
European ClassificationE05D3/06