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Publication numberUS3041592 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1962
Filing dateJul 10, 1957
Priority dateJul 10, 1957
Publication numberUS 3041592 A, US 3041592A, US-A-3041592, US3041592 A, US3041592A
InventorsSchmidt Kenneth H
Original AssigneeMosler Res Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective alarm system
US 3041592 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J1me 1962 K. H. SCHMIDT PROTECTIVE ALARM SYSTEM Filed July 10, 1957 ATTORNEY m QWiQQ m MW 7 m LHHM 3,041,592 Patented June 26, 1 962 illi Erma 3,041,592 PROTEGTIVE ALARM SYSTEM Kenneth H. Schmidt, Danbury, Cnn., assignor to Mosler Research Products, Inc., Danbury, Comm, a corporation of Delaware Filed July 10, 1957, Ser. No. 670,935 Claims. (ill. 340-258) My invention relates broadly to security alarm systems and more particularly to an alarm system of compact arrangement for installation in small oflices and the like, for the protection-of safes, file cabinets and other equipment.

My invention relates to that class of security alarm systems set forth in my copending application Serial Number 670,999 filed July 10, 1957, now Patent No. 3,005,191, for Security Alarm System, and my copending application Serial Number 670,998, filed July 10, 1957, now Patent No 2,943,304, for Security Alarm System With Remotely Operative Test Circuit.

One of the objects of my invention is to provide a small and economical security alarm system particularly for use in small offices.

Another object of my invention is to provide a security alarm system having an alarm indicator in the immediate location of the protected area for sounding a local alarm and a control circuit capable of simultaneously controlling a remotely located alarm indicator.

Another object of my invention is to provide a security alarm system in which an audio alarm oscillator circuit in the immediate vicinity of the protected area can be used both as an alarm and a convenient method and apparatus for checking the systems sensitivity and operation without sounding the principal remotely located alarm indicator.

A further object of my invention is to provide a security alarm system in which the alarm system control circuits and local alarm are enclosed in an electrically conductive case which constitutes an antenna system member and thereby provides self-protection for the system.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a security protective circuit incorporating a transistor relaxation oscillator controlling an audio indicator.

Other and further objects of my invention reside in a composite alarm and test system as set forth more fully in the specification hereinafter following by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing a typical office installation of the compact security alarm system of my invention and particularly showing the attachment of a remotely located alarm indicator;

FIG. 2 is an electrical wiring schematic diagram of the composite security alarm system of my invention.

My invention is directed to a construction of a composite security alarm circuit and test circuit whereby the condition and sensitivity of the alarm circuit may be checked at the immediate installation position either with or without the actuation of the remote principal alarm.

The objects to be protected, such as safes, file cabinets and alarm system housing, are electrically connected in series and form the antenna system of the security alarm system. The system operates on an electromagnetic principle. The housing for the security alarm system itself serves as an antenna for activating the alarm circuits enclosed thereby.

An oscillator circuit by means of the resonant antenna system radiates radio frequency (RF) energy into the area surrounding the antenna system, thus setting up an electromagnetic field of stored RF energy. An ultrasensitive alarm relay circuit connected to the antenna resonating circuit through a detector circuit is balanced 7 crate the audio device.

for the particular antenna system. The presence of any additional body or object in the electromagnetic field will cause a positive voltage at the input to the detector circuit, since the amount of RF energy stored in the field has been changed, thus causing it to conduct and energize the alarm relay circuit due to the current change.

The alarm relay controls two individual transistorized alarm control channels which are connected in parallel. The channel which forms the test circuit and local alarm indicator circuit is a relaxation oscillator circuit in which two complementary transistors, that is, a PNP transistor operative with negative voltage applied and an NPN transistor operative with positive voltage applied, coact in a positive feedback circuit to establish oscillations and operate an audio device or alarm. The operation of the audio device and thus the oscillations are governed by current supplied to the transistor relaxation oscillator circuit from a transistor coupling amplifier which connects the oscillator circuit to the alarm relay output circuit. When the alarm relay is energized the current to the relaxation oscillator circuit from the coupling amplifier becomes the opposite polarity as that to which the base of the transistor oscillator is biased and oscillations are est-ablished through the relaxation oscillator circuit which op- The theory of operation of the relaxation oscillator circuit is explained more fully in my copending application Serial Number 670,971, filed July 10, 1957, for Transistor Relaxation Oscillator.

The other alarm channel which is the control circuit for operating a remotely located alarm, consists of an NPN transistor amplifier connected in series with the coil of a slave relay which controls the excitation of the remotely located alarm. When the alarm relay is energized the biased base of the transistor amplifier realizes a positive voltage change. The transistor amplifier conducts energizing the slave relay which results in the energizing of the remote alarm indicator.

The oscillator circuit, antenna tuning circuit, detec-' tion circuit, balanced alarm relay circuit, remote alarm control circuit, local audio alarm indicator and its relaxation oscillator control circuit, as wellas the battery supply for the system, are all contained in an electrically conductive housing which is internally connected into the balanced antenna system. This provides electronic protection for all the circuits in the system as well as for the local alarm itself, since any approach to or touching of the housing will add capacity to the antenna system resulting in a system unbalance, thus sending in an alarm. With this arrangement when the system is in operation there is no way to disable the system or turn it off without initiating an alarm.

Referring to the drawings in more detail, reference character 1 designates the electrically conductive housing which encase the security systems circuitry and local alarm as set forth more fully above. This housing is mounted in the immediate location of the objects under protection and is insulated from ground by insulation block 2.

The antenna system is composed of the objects to be protected, such as file cabinet 3 and safe 4, electrically connected in series by conductor member 5 and connected to the antenna tuning circuit in housing 1 by antenna supplies B bias voltage for the transistors in the various circuits by means of power buss 10.

After being filtered by by-pass capacitor 11, power buss supplies bias voltage for the base 12a of oscillator transistor T by means of base bias resistor 13, and supplies power for oscillator transformer 14. The secondary winding 15 of oscillator transformer 14 and tank capacitor 16 form the oscillator tank circuit and determine the RF output of the oscillator circuit. Primary winding 17 of the oscillator transformer is connected to the transistor base member 12a by coupling capacitor 18 and transistor collector member 12b by conductor 19. Transistor emitter 120 is connected to ground buss 20.

The oscillator output from transistor base 12a is coupled by means of coupling capacitor 21 to the antenna tuning circuit which consists of tuning capacitor 22 connected in parallel with primary winding 23 by detector transformer 24-. The antenna system is connected to the tapped primary winding 23 of the detector transformer by internal antenna connecting conductor 6'. The circuitry and alarm housing 1, is connected to conductor 6' by desensitizing capacitor 25, thus making the housing of the local alarm and the security system circuitry an antenna system member surrounded by an electromagnetic field produced by the oscillator RF output. Thus when the Day-Night switch 9 is in the Night position it is impossible for a person to even approach the housing containing the heart of the system and the local alarm without setting off the alarm. Desensitizing capacitor 25 may be removed or reduced in value if it is desirable to make the antenna system more sensitive.

Detector transformer secondary winding 26 and detector transistor T comprise the detection circuit. Transistor T is an NPN type transistor which operates with positive voltage applied to its base 27a. Collector 27b is connected to power buss 10, emitter 27c is connected through tuning meter 28 to ground, and base 27a is connected to the output of detector transformer secondary winding 26. When an intruder enters the antenna systems electromagnetic field, the balance of the tuned circuit is disturbed since capacity has been added to the antenna system and transistor base member 27a will realize a positive voltage change thus causing transistor T to conduct. The balanced circuit of alarm relay 29 which is connected to the output of the detection circuit will realize the resulting current change and since alarm relay 29 is an ultra-sensitive relay which responds to current changes of the magnitude of two micro-amperes the alarm relay will be energized due to the current flow through alarm relay coil 30.

Alarm relay movable contact member 31 is connected to ground buss while fixed contact points 32 are connected together and are common to two parallel alarm control circuit channels. Each channel is coupled to the output of the alarm relay, and thus contact points 32, by an NPN transistor amplifier, both having base bias resistor 33 in common. When the antenna system is unbalanced by an intruder the result is that alarm relay movable contact member 31 makes contact with alarm relay fixed contact point 32 thus grounding one end of common base bias resistor 33. Since the other end of this resistor is connected to power buss 10 the alarm relay eifectively removes resistor '33 from the transistor bias circuit thus changing the bias voltage to both NPN transistors T and T and causing both to conduct since they both realize a positive voltage change at base members 34a and 35a, respectivley. In the conducting state base member 34a is connected to ground through voltage drop resistor 36, and base 35a is connected to ground through voltage drop resistor 37.

Emitter 34b of transistor T is connected to ground buss 20 while collector 340 is connected to one end of energizing coil 38 of slave relay 39. When transistor T conducts current flows in relay coil '38 and slave relay 39 is energized. This causes slave relay movable con- (i tact member 40 to move from normally closed (NC) fixed contact point 41 to normally open (NO) fixed contact point 42, thus closing the circuit between an alarm indicator and its power supply both of which are remotely located in housing 43.

This remotely located alarm indicator 43 need not be utilized if the office or installation where the system is used is small or it is not desirable or necessary to utilize a remotely located alarm indicator. The connections are always available if later it is desirable to have a remote alarm indicator.

The local audio alarm indicator 44 is excited by a transistor relaxation oscillator circuit comprised of complementary transistors T and T that is, T is an NPN transistor and T is a PNP transistor. The oscillator output at collector 45 of transistor T is connected to coil 46 of audio alarm 44 and is also connected to the input to the oscillator circuit at base 47 of transistor T through a feedback circuit consisting of resistor 48 and capacitor 49. This series feedback circuit from the output to the input maintains oscillations when the relaxation oscillator circuit is energized. The oscillator is activated by biasing transistor T from transistor T to oscillatory condition which controls transistor T that in turn energizes coil 46 of the audio alarm 44. For a more detailed explanation of the audio alarm reference is made to my copending application Serial No. 670,971, filed July 10, 1957, for Transistor Relaxation Oscillator.

The parallel channels provide very substantial protection for the objects being safe-guarded by sounding both a local alarm and the remote alarm as hereinbefore explained.

While I have described my invention in certain of its preferred embodiments I realize that modifications may be made and I desire that it be'understood that no limitations upon my invention are intended other than may be imposed by the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is as follows:

1. In a security alarm system, a balanced antenna system containing an electrically conductive protective casing radiating an electromagnetic field, a detecting circuit, an alarm control relay connected with said circuit, said detecting circuit being connected with said balanced antenna system to control said alarm control relay, an alarm control oscillator circuit, a local alarm, a slave relay, a remote alarm, said alarm control relay being arranged to simultaneously control excitation to said alarm control oscillator circuit for driving said local alarm and excitation to said slave relay under an unbalance of condition of said balanced antenna system, said slave relay being connected in parallel with said alarm control oscillator circuit and controlling excitation to said remote alarm, a self-contained power source, said electrically conductive protective casing enclosing said power source together with said detecting circuit, said alarm control relay, said alarm control oscillator circuit, said local alarm and said slave relay for forming a self-protecting system.

2. A security alarm system comprising a balanced antenna system consisting of an equipment enclosing electrically conductive protective casing and objects under protection, a detecting circuit within and electrically connected with said casing, an alarm control relay Within said casing and controlled by said detecting circuit, an alarm control relay having normally open contacts closable upon a change in the output of said detecting circuit, a common circuit component, said relay contacts being connected in shunting relationship with said common circuit component, a power source disposed with said casing, a pair of branch circuits connected to the power source and to said common circuit component, one of said circuits including a local alarm and the other of said circuits extending to a remote alarm and operating simultaneously upon the shunting of said common circuit component by said alarm control relay for actuating both of said alarms under conditions of unbalance of said balanced antenna system, the said local alarm and the circuits connected therewith all being disposed within said electrically conductive protective casing connected in said balanced antenna system.

3. A security alarm system comprising a balanced antenna system consisting of an equipment enclosing electrically conductive protective casing and objects under protection, a transistorized oscillator for generating a radio frequency electromagnetic field radiated from said electrically conductive casing and the objects under protection, a detecting circuit within and electrically connected with said casing, an alarm control relay within said casing and controlled by said detecting circuit, an alarm control relay having normally open contacts closable upon a change in the output of said detecting circuit, a common circuit component, said relay contacts being connected in shunting relationship with said common circuit component, a power source disposed with said casing, a pair of branch circuits connected to the power source and to said common circuit component, one of said circuits including a local alarm, and the other of said circuit-s extending to a remote alarm and operating simultaneously upon the shunting of said common circuit component by said alarm control relay [for actuating both of said alarms under conditions of unbalance of said balanced antenna system, the said local alarm and the circuits connected therewith all being disposed within said electrically conductive protective casing connected in said balanced antenna system, said power source also being connected to said transistor oscillator, said detecting circuit and said alarm control relay, said branch control circuits, said relay and said detecting circuit being disposed within said casing.

4. A security alarm system comprising a balanced antenna system consisting of an equipment enclosing electrically conductive protective casing and objects under protection, a transistorized oscillator for generating a radio frequency electromagnetic field radiated from said electrically conductive casing and the objects under protection, a detecting circuit within and electrically connected with said casing, an alarm control relay within said casing and controlled by said detecting circuit, an alarm control relay having normally open contacts closable upon a change in the output of said detecting circuit, a common circuit component, said relay contacts being connected in shunting relationship with said common circuit component, a power source disposed with said casing, a pair of branch circuits connected to the power source and to said common circuit component, each of said branch circuits including an amplifier powered by said power source, one of said circuits including a local alarm, and the other of said circuits extending to remote alarm and operating simultaneously upon the shunting of said common circuit component by said alarm control relay for actuating both of said alarms under conditions of unbalance of said balanced antenna system, the said local alarm and the circuits connected therewith all being disposed within said electrically conductive protective casing connected in said balanced antenna system, said power source also being connected to said transistor oscillator, said detecting circuit and said alarm control relay, said branch control circuits, said relay and said detecting circuit being disposed within said casing.

5. A security alarm system comprising a balanced anenna system consisting of an equipment enclosing electrically conductive protective casing and objects under protection, a detecting circuit within and electrically connected with said casing, an alarm control relay within said casing and controlled by said detecting circuit, an alarm control relay having normally open contacts closable upon a change in the output of said detecting circuit, a bias resistor connected to ground said relay contacts being connected in shunting relationship with said bias resistor, a power source disposed with said casing, a pair of branch circuits, each of said branch circuits including an amplifier connected to the power source and the bias resistor, one of said circuits including a local alarm and the other of said circuits extending to a remote alarm and operating simultaneously upon the shunting of said bias resistor of said alarm control relay for actuating both of said alarms under conditions of unbalance of balanced antenna system, the said local alarm and the circuits connected therewith all being disposed within said electrically conductive protective casingconnected in said balanced antenna system.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,390,221 Lindsay Dec. 4, 1945 2,709,251 Schmidt May 24, 1955 2,782,405 Weisz et al Feb. 19, 1957 2,826,753 Chapin Mar. 11, 1958

Patent Citations
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US2390221 *Jul 3, 1943Dec 4, 1945American District Telegraph CoAlarm system
US2709251 *Aug 2, 1951May 24, 1955Schmidt Kenneth HAudio electromagnetic capacity alarm device
US2782405 *May 27, 1954Feb 19, 1957Motorola IncApparatus for detecting motion in a bconfined space
US2826753 *Apr 13, 1954Mar 11, 1958Reynold S ChapinObject detectors
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3189884 *May 25, 1960Jun 15, 1965American District Telegraph CoAlarm system
US3226705 *Oct 4, 1963Dec 28, 1965Barr Speaker HarryMiniature alarm
US3273138 *Apr 28, 1964Sep 13, 1966Sonus CorpSwimming pool monitor
US3276005 *May 5, 1964Sep 27, 1966Mosler Res Products IncCapacity intruder alarm having capacitive a.c. coupling and d.c. bias coupling in parallel between a detector and amplifier
US3462755 *Apr 26, 1966Aug 19, 1969Mosler Research Products IncCapacity alarm
US3550109 *Jul 14, 1966Dec 22, 1970Kato TomezoAlarm device
US3594771 *Sep 9, 1968Jul 20, 1971Chicago Fire And Burglar DetecSolid-state burglar alarm detector
US3691556 *Jan 19, 1971Sep 12, 1972Memco Electronics LtdDetection of movement in confined spaces
US4638294 *Jul 23, 1984Jan 20, 1987Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Unauthorized entry detection system
US5117457 *Jan 24, 1990May 26, 1992International Business Machines Corp.Tamper resistant packaging for information protection in electronic circuitry
Classifications
U.S. Classification340/521, 342/27, 340/553, 340/562
International ClassificationG08B13/24
Cooperative ClassificationG08B13/2491
European ClassificationG08B13/24C