|Publication number||US3044188 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1962|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 1959|
|Priority date||Jun 18, 1959|
|Publication number||US 3044188 A, US 3044188A, US-A-3044188, US3044188 A, US3044188A|
|Original Assignee||Evangelista Henry|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (29), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 17, 1962 H. EVANGELISTA VENTILATED FOOTWEAR 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 18, 1959 INVENTOR.
HENRY EVANGELISTA A TTORNE vs y 1962 H. EVANGELISTA 3,0
VENTILATED FOOTWEAR ne 18, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.
HEN RY EVAN GEL'I STA A TTORNE Y S United States Patent Ofilice 3,044,188 Patented July 17, 1962 3,044,188 VENTILATED FOOTWEAR Henry Evangelista, 1812 2nd Ave., Altoona, Pa. Filed June 18, 1959, Ser. No. 821,301
Claims. (Cl. 363) The present invention relates to ventilated footwear, and more particularly to footwear of the type having means for forcing air into and out of the footwear during walking. The invention has utility both in connection with footwear having laces and in connection with pullon footwear having no laces. The invention is useful primarily in footwear constructed of relatively air-impervious materials such as leather or rubber or combination of the same; and although the invention is useful for oxford-style footwear, it is of greatest utility for footwear more difiicult to ventilate, that is,-footwear of at least ankle height.
An object of the present invention is the provision of footwear adapted both to force air into and to force air out of footwear during walking.
Another object of the'present invention is the provision of footwear .adapted to cause air to follow a predetermined circuitous course through the footwear during use.
A further object of the present invention is the provision of footwear adapted to force air along a one-way path through the toe portion of the interior of the footwear.
Finally, it is an object of the present invention to provide footwear that will be relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture, comfortable to wear, and rugged and durable in use.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from a consideration of the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side cross-sectional view through an article of footwear according to the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is a cross-section taken on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a cross-section taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is a view from above of the region of the sole' of an article of footwear according to the present invention with most of the insole broken away; and
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged fragment of FIGURE 1.
Referring now to the drawings in greater detail, there is shown .an article of footwear according to the present invention which, for purposes of illustration, is a Waterproof boot of the type having no laces. sole 1 and a heel 3 at one end and a toe 5 at the other end. An upper 7 of conventional shape extends upwardly from sole 1.
An insole 9 follows generally the upper contour of 2 the air which enters inlet opening 20 will be somewhat warmed by body heat.
The quantity of air entering inlet opening 20 is regulated by a valve disc 21 mounted on the outer side of the upper for rotation on a stud or rivet or the like. Disc 21 has a plurality of holes 22 therethrough of various sizes, adapted to register selectively with opening 20 to provide means for regulating the quantity of air that enters the boot.
This inlet air then passes downwardly through passageway 23 disposed vertically along the side of the boot and enters into compartment 15 from the side, as best'seen in FIGURES 1, 2 and 4. In order to assure that movement of air through passageway 23 will be only from the exterior to compartment 15, and not in the reverse direction, one-way valve means are provided comprising a flap 25 which normally yieldably closes the exit end of passageway 23 but which opens upon a reduction of pressure in compartment :15 to permit air passage therepast. The
boot of the illustrated embodiment is constructed of rub- 31 that extend through insole 9 at the toe of the boot, and
entersthe interior of the toe of the boot. This air passes about and between the toes of the wearer and through the toe of the sock. It is particularly important that the air be applied to the foot of the wearer at the toes as this is where perspiration tends to be the greatest. This air tends to evaporate such perspiration; and as the location of inlet opening 20 can assure that the air entering the boot is warmed by the body, the warmed air not only aids in evaporating perspiration but also warms the toes in cold weather.
The upper portion of toe 5 of the boot is provided with a plurality of holes 33 through the inner wall thereof, which communicate between'the interior of the boot at the toe and a duct 35 defined bet-ween spaced inner and The boot has a sole 1 but is spaced above sole 1 to provide air space between the sole and insole, by portions of upper 7 adjacent sole 1 and also transverse partitions 11 and 13. In addition to spacing the insole above the sole, partitions 11 and 13 dividethe'air space between the sole and the insole into a first-compartment 15 between the heel and the toe, a second compartment 17 at the toe and a third compartment-19 at the heel. As will now be described, vehtilatingair passes from one to another of the first, second and'third compartments in that order.
Air enters first compartment 15 from the exterior of the boot through a'n inlet openings20 disposed adjacent the topof theboot. The inlet opening is thus positioned not only to space it above water in which the boot may be partly immersed, but also to assure that when the boot is worn with a trouser leg extending down over the upper,
outer walls of upper 7 about most of that portion of the upper that receives the foot of the wearer, asseen in FIGURES 1,' 2 and 3. Thus, duct 35. is relatively thin and of considerable extent in several directions; If desired, the'walls of the duct may apart by small inserts of rubber or the like (not shown). Naturally, the spacing of the Walls which define duct35 is quite valuable as providing an insulating effect in cold weather. A passageway 37 communicates between duct 35 and compartment 19 at theheel, as seen in FIGURES 3 and 4, and the outlet of passageway 37 into compartment '19 is normally closed by one-way valve means comprising a flap 39 similar to flaps 25 and 29, so that air passes through passageway 37 only from duct 35 into compartment 19 and not the other way. From compartment 19, air is exhausted to. the exterior of the boot through passageway 41 closed on its outer side by onefiaps 25, 29 and 39, so that passage ofair through passageway 41 is permitted only from compartment 19 to the exterior of the boot and not the other way. To avoid such damage to flap 43 as might occur if it were exposed, flap 43 is disposed in a pocket 45 at the heel of .the boot, the pocket opening to the exterior through outlet opening 47. Outlet opening 47 need not be spaced above the be maintained spaced 3 level of the water into which the wearer may step, as passageway 41 -is closed to such water by flap 43.
It will thus be noted that compartments 17 and 19 communicate with the exterior of the boot and with the interior of the boot at the toe and that compartments and 17 communicate with each other. In addition, compartment 17 communicates with the interior of the bootat the toe. It will also be noted that the course of passage of air is limited to passage from the exterior of the boot to compartment 15, to compartment 17, to the interior of the boot at the toe, through due 35 to comparment 19 and back to the exterior of the boot. Stated another way, the air space is divided into one chamber 19 at the heel and another chamber 15 forward of the heel, the one-way valve means 21 and 29 in conjunction with their associated ductmeans permitting flow of air into chamber 15 only from the exterior and out of chamber 15 through 17 and 31 only to the interior of the boot. Chamber 19 is thus a rear chamber at the heel, while chamber 15 is a forward chamber forward of the heel.
In use, as the ball of the wearer's foot presses down on compartment 15, this first compartment is reduced size-because insole 9 above at least compartments 15 and 19 is resiliently deformable. Air is forced out of compartment 15; but it cannot leave through passageway 23 because flap 25 prevents air flow in this direction."
Instead, air from compartment 15 is forced throughpas sageway 27 past flap 29 and into compartment 17, from 4 tween both said chambers and the interior of the article of footwear at the toe, one-way valve means permitting flow of air into said forward chamber only from the exterior of the article of footwear, one-way valve means permitting flow of air through said duct means from said forward chamber only to the interior of the article of footwear at the toe, one-way valve means permitting flow of air through said duct means from the interior of the article of footwear at the toe only to said rear chamber, and one-way valve means permitting flow of air out of said rear chamber only to the exterior of the article of footwear.
3. An article of footwear having a heel and a toe and a sole, an insole normally spaced from the sole to establish air space beneath the insole, means dividing said air space into a first chamber between the heel and the toe, a second chamber at the toe and a third chamber at the heel, and one-way valve and duct means permitting flow of air from the exterior of the article of footwear only to said first chamber, from said first chamber only to said second chamber, from said second chamber only to the interior of the article of footwear, from the interior of which a corresponding amount of air is forced through holes 31 into the interior of the boot at the toe. A roughly corresponding amount of air is thus forced from the interior of the boot at the toe out through holes 33 into and through duct 35 and passageway 37 past flap 39 into compartment 19. When the wearer of the boot first takes another step and his heel presses downward, compartment 19 is reduced in size and air in this compartment is forced out throughpassagewayfl past flap 43 through pocket 45 and opening 47 to the exterior of; the boot. Air from compartment 19 cannot pass back through passageway 37 and duct 35 as flap 39 prevents air flow in this direction, Thus, the structure defining compartments 15 and 19 serves in effect as a pair of alternately actuated resiliently deformable bellows operated by the ball and heel respectively of the wearers foot during different portions of each step taken by the wearer.
From a consideration of the foregoing disclosure, it will be obviousthat all of the initially recited objects of the present invention have been achieved. v
Although the present invention 5 5 been described and illustrated in connection with a preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that modifications and variations may be resorted to without departing" from the spirit of the invention, as those skilled in this art will readily un- ,.derstand. Such modifications and variations are considered to be within the purview and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
What I claim is:
'1. An article of footwear having a heel and a toe and a sole, an insole normally spaced from the sole to establish air space beneath the insole, means dividing said air space into one chamber at the heel and another chamber forward of the heel, one-way valve and duct means permitting flow of air into said one chamber only from the interior and out of said one chamber only to the exterior of the article of footwear, and one way valve and duct means permitting flow of air into said another chamher only from theexteriorand out of said another chamber only to the interior of the article of footwear.
2; An article of footwear having a V a sole, an insole normally spaced from the sole to estab' lish air space beneath the insole, means dividing said air space into a rear chamber at the heel and a forward chamber forward of the heel, duct means extending bethe article of footwear only to said third chamber, and from said third chamber only to the exterior of the article of footwear.
' 4. An article of footwear having a heel and a toe and a sole, an insole normally spaced from the sole to establish air space beneath the insole, means dividing said air space into a first chamber between the heel and the toe, a second chamber at the toe and a third chamber at the heel, and one-way valve and duct means permitting flow of air from the exterior of the article of footwear only to said first chamber, from said first chamber only to said second chamber, from said second chamber only to the interior'of the article of footwear at the toe, from the interior of the article of footwear at the toe only to said third chamber, and from said third chamber only to the exterior of the article of footwear.
5. An article of footwear having a heel and a toe and a sole, an insole normally spaced from the sole to establish air space beneath the insole, means dividing said air space into a first chamber between the heel and thestoe, a second chamber at the toe and a third chambenat the heel, elongated duct means extending between the interior of -the article of footwear at the toe and said third chamber, and one-way valve and duct means permitting flow of air from the exterior of the article of footwear only to said first chamber, from said first chamber only to said second chamber, from said second chamber only to the from said third chamberonly to the exterior of the article of footwear.
-References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 426,495 Falkner Apr. 29, 1890 940,856 Critz Nov. 23, 1909 1,134,389 Lack Apr. 6, 1915 1,260,942 Price et al. Mar. 26, 1918 1,525,501 Gendron Feb. 10, 1925 2,086,790 Wroten July 13, 1937 2,560,591 Oltrogge July 17, 1951 2,668,372 Wright Feb. 9, 1954 2,703,937 McGinn Mar. 15, 1955 2,751,692 Cortina' June 26, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 57,400 Denmark Mar. 18, 1940 89,045 Sweden Apr. 13, 1937 1,016,002 France Aug. 13, 1937 1,024,960 France Jan. 21, 1953
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|US940856 *||Dec 18, 1908||Nov 23, 1909||Frank Archelous Critz Jr||Shoe.|
|US1134389 *||Jun 15, 1914||Apr 6, 1915||Rudolf Lack||Shoe insertion.|
|US1260942 *||Dec 7, 1914||Mar 26, 1918||Goodyear S Metallic Rubber Shoe Company||Ventilated boot or shoe.|
|US1525501 *||Feb 16, 1924||Feb 10, 1925||Gendron Wellington Laur Manson||Ventilated footwear|
|US2086790 *||Nov 6, 1936||Jul 13, 1937||Wroten Leo W||Air cooled shoe|
|US2560591 *||Jul 11, 1949||Jul 17, 1951||Oltrogge Bernard W||Foot ventilating shoe|
|US2668372 *||Jul 28, 1952||Feb 9, 1954||Wright Stanworth E||Ventilated boot|
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|FR1016002A *||Title not available|
|FR1024960A *||Title not available|
|SE89045A *||Title not available|
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|US3205595 *||Apr 21, 1964||Sep 14, 1965||Funck Kg Dr Ing||Ventilated water-tight footwear|
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|US3791051 *||Jun 7, 1972||Feb 12, 1974||Kamimura S||Inner sole|
|US3871117 *||Apr 17, 1973||Mar 18, 1975||Richmond Rex E||Fluid filled insoles|
|US4137653 *||Aug 12, 1977||Feb 6, 1979||Famolare, Inc.||Footwear with snorkel ventilation|
|US4302889 *||Jan 29, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Celeste Negrin||Boot to be worn after skiing|
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|US5035068 *||Nov 9, 1989||Jul 30, 1991||The Wind Pro Corporation||Shoe and removable shoe insole system|
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|US7743533 *||Mar 27, 2007||Jun 29, 2010||Lawngrips, Llc||Garden shoe having breathing tubes|
|US8146266||Jun 2, 2005||Apr 3, 2012||The Timberland Company||Chimney structures for footwear and foot coverings|
|US8359769||Jun 2, 2005||Jan 29, 2013||The Timberland Company||Chimney structures for footwear|
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|US20090084001 *||Sep 25, 2008||Apr 2, 2009||Luigi Sgattoni||Air-conditioned item of footwear with device for extraction of the condensate|
|USD485426||Oct 23, 2002||Jan 20, 2004||Opal Limited||Insole|
|USD784665||Jun 8, 2015||Apr 25, 2017||Tbl Licensing Llc||Toe cap for footwear|
|CN103079417A *||Nov 30, 2010||May 1, 2013||L·赛比奥尼||Upper for shoes with perforated sole to be mounted on ventilated or perspirating bottoms|
|DE3613153A1 *||Apr 18, 1986||Oct 22, 1987||Polus Michael||Sportschuh mit pneumatischer ladevorrichtung|
|EP2042051A1 *||Sep 26, 2008||Apr 1, 2009||Sgattoni Surgelati S.r.l.||Air-conditioned footwear having an extraction device for the condensation water|
|WO2011150988A1 *||Nov 30, 2010||Dec 8, 2011||Ideaslab Snc Di Macerata Benito, Mandozzi Cristiana E Din Mahamed Sayed Muslim Mirza||Upper for shoes with perforated sole to be mounted on ventilated or perspirating bottoms|
|International Classification||A43B3/02, A43B7/08|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B7/12, A43B7/081, A43B3/02|
|European Classification||A43B7/08B, A43B3/02, A43B7/12|