Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3045939 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 24, 1962
Filing dateMay 6, 1960
Priority dateMay 6, 1960
Publication numberUS 3045939 A, US 3045939A, US-A-3045939, US3045939 A, US3045939A
InventorsVander Waal William G
Original AssigneeVander Waal William G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible material winder
US 3045939 A
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 24, 1962' w. G. VANDER WAAL 3,045,939

FLEXIBLE MATERIAL WINDER Filed May 6, 1960 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Wil/iam G. VanderWaa/ INVENTOR. BY @mm ana/Wwe; 5mm

July 24, 1962 w. G. VANDER WAAL 3,045,939

FLEXIBLE MATERIAL. WINDER Filed May 6, 1960 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Wfl/iam G. VanderWaar/ IN VEN TOR.

BY Qmaaiszu.

July 24, 1962 w. G. VANDER WAAL 3,045,939

FLEXIBLE MATERIAL WINDER Filed May 6, 1960 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 F l'g. 5

Wil/iam 6. l/anderWaa/ INVENTOR.

ana/#away M,

July 24, 1962 w. G. VANDER WAAL. 3,045,939

FLEXIBLE MATERIAL WINDER Filed May 6, 1960 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Will/'dm G. Vander Waar! INVENTOR.

State arent id@ Faiented .Fully 24, 1962 3,045,939 FLEXIBLE MATERIAL WINDER William G. Vander Waal, 400 Steel St., ntonagon, Mich. Filed May 6, 196i), Ser. No. 27,450 6 Claims. (Cl. 242--56) This invention relates generally to apparatus for spirally winding liexible material and more particularly to` apparatus particularly designed for winding small coreless rolls of flexible material and severing the roll so formed from the parent material roll.

Many rolling and winding `devices are illustrated by the prior artt for rolling flexible material as rugs, cotton, paper, etc. Several of these devices suggest the formation of flexible material coreless rolls. Although the prior art apparatus has been adequate for the purposes utilized, they each possess certain signicant deficiencies. All the devices known require the manual or automatic stopping of the apparatus movement in order to sever a formed roll from the feed material. Whether the actuation is automatic or manual, it requires the momentary discon- `tinuing of the parent roll movement and accordingly Athe apparatus, in a sense, only works intermittently. In order to make it economically feasible to wind small diameter paper rolls for household use, it'is desirable to provide apparatus for continuously winding small material rolls from a continuously moving parent roll ywhich does not stop to eject finished materials or to start new material rolls. The provision of 'apparatus for automatically, rapidly, continuously and repeatedly forming material rolls is desirable.

It is accordingly the principal object of this invention to provide novel flexible material winding apparatus 'for automatically and continuously forming coreless rolls.

lIt is more particularly `an object of this invention to provide novel winding apparatus which forms rolls of tiexible material and automatically severs the formed roll from the material after the formation of a particular size material roll. The apparatus includes three powered rolls including a drive roll, a winding roll, and an ejection roll which define a pocket therebetween. The rolls engage material in the pocket for spiralling the material. The rolls are so positioned that when the formed roll reaches a predetermined size, it is ejected from the pocket. Further means are then provided for actuating a cutter blade for severing the formed roll from the material.

It is a still further object of this invention to provide a novel and improved apparatus for winding iiexible material into coreless rolls which is relatively simple in construction land operation and accordingly inexpensive to manufacture, utilize, and maintain.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation Ias more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

FIGURE l is an elevational side view of the winding apparatus;

FIGURE 2 is a top plan view of the winding apparatus;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the plane 3-3 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the triggering mechanism and cutting blade for severing the material rolls from the material after the roll is formed to a desired size;

FIGURE 5 is `an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the plane 5-5 of FIGURE 2 and illustrating a material roll being formed; and

FIGURE 6 is a view similar to FIGURE 5 illustrating the ejected material roll engaging the triggering mechanism for engaging the cutting blade with the material for severing the material roll.

It is often necessary to provide apparatus for winding liexible material into small rolls, as for instance for household use. For example only, industry must provide means for rolling paper towels from a parent roll into small rolls appropriate for distribution to the consumer. It of course is desirable to provide apparatus which can form the rolls as rapidly `as possible with a minimum of expense. By forming coreless rolls, the cylindrical rigid insert generally used is eliminated and accordingly, `a substantial economic saving is realized. The invention herein concerns apparatus for automatically and continuously forming small rolls of flexible material, as paper, from matetrial carried by a parent roll it. The apparatus generally 'designated as l2 includes a frame 1d having a pair of opposed side rails I6 and 18. Legs 26 support the frame 14. Bearings 22 are adjustably carried by the sides 16 and 18 of the frame I4. Slots 24. receiving bolts 26 allow the bearings 22 to be selectively positioned on the frame 14. The parent roll 1t) is provided with a spindle 2S rotatably journalled between the bearings 22. A conventional brake assembly Sii is provided for use with the spindle 23. Flexible material, as paper 32 is carried by the parent roll I0 and extends about rotatably mounted hitch rollers 34 and 36.

A first drive motor 38 is carried by the `frame 14 between -the sides 16 and 13. The motor 38 drives a belt 46 which is engaged with pulley 42 secured to shaft 44 rotatably journalled `between bearings 46 carried by the sides 16 and 1S. Pulleys 4d, 5@ and 52 are respectively secured to the shaft i4 and drive the V-belts 54, 56 and Se respectively. Spaced arms 60 and 62 terminate in bearing assemblies through which shaft 4dextends. Terminally carried between the arms 60 and 62 is an ejection roller 66 secured to shaft 68 upon which pulley '70 is mounted. Belt 5ft is drivingly engaged with pulley 7d. Belt 56 is drivingly engaged with pulley 72 secured to shaft 74 which has mounted thereon winding roll 76. Belt 53 drives pulley 7S which is secured to shaft 30 which carries thereon drive roll 82. A base carrier roll S6 is rotatably mounted immediately adjacent the roll 82 whereby the material 32 may be passed around hitch roll 36 and driven by the powered drive roll 82 between the `drive roll 82 and the base carrier roll 86. It will of course be appreciated that each of the rolls is provided with a frictional surface for allowing frictional engagement with the material 32. Also secured to the shaft is a gear 38 engaged with gear 9d mounted on shaft 92. Shaft 92 carries a small diameter guide roll 94 engaged with drive roll 82 for pinching material 32 therebetween.

Attention is now called to FIGURE 6 wherein, in full line position, the relationships between the various rolls are illustrated. It is to be noted that the winding roll 76 is vertically positioned between the ejection roll 66 and drive roll 82 adjacent to each. The drive roll SZ is horizontally positioned between the winding roll 76 and ejec tion roll 66. An upper and lower doctor 98 and 1li@ respectively `are `disposed above and below winding roll 76. The powered rolls 82, 76 and 66, form a winding pocket 102 therebetween. The material 32 engaged with the ydrive roll 32 is carried past the hitch roll 36 and between the rolls 82 and S6 and 94 by the drive roll 62 into the pocket 102.

Attention is called to `the arrows on each of the powered rollers which indicates the direction of driven rotation thereof. It will be noted that the drive roller 82 carries the material 32 into the pocket designated by 102. Within the pocket 102, the drive roller 82 carries the material 32 into engagement with the winding roll 76. Inasmuch as the surfaces of the drive roll 82 and the winding roll 76 are travelling in opposite directions within the pocket 102, the material 32 is caused `to begin to spiral. The material 32 engages the roll 66 subsequent to the roll 76 and it wil be noted that the surface of the roll 66 travels opposite `to the surface of the roll 76 within the pocket 102. Accordingly, the powered rolls 66, 76 and 82 cause the material 32 to roll spirally within the pocket 1102 `as illustrated in FIGURE 5. The material roll is designated by the numeral 33. As the material 32 continues to roll spirally, the material roll 33 increases in ysize and the engagement between the roll 33 and the ejection roll 66 causes the arms 60 and 62 to pivot upwardly about the shaft 44. It is to be appreciated that at the beginning of the formation of the material roll 33, the roll 66 denes an axis which is spaced horizontally towards roll '76 `from the axis of the drive roll 82 mounted below. Accordingly, when the material roll 33 is small, the ejection roll 66 engages the material roll 33 `so as to cause a force thereon ywhich is substantially in a `direction between the rolls 76 and 32. As `the size of the material roll 33 increases, the arms 60 and 62 are pivoted upwardly about the shaft 44, and the shaft 68 or rotational axis yof the ejection roll 66 moves upwardly and away from the shaft S or rotational axis of the roll 82. As the material roll 33 continues to increase in size, the point of engagement between the material roll 33 and ejection roll 66 moves toward `a straight line drawn between axes of the shafts 68 and 00. Accordingly, the radial force imparted by ejection roll 66 on material roll 33 gradually changes from Ia substantially vertical force to a substantially horizontal or transverse force tending to push the roll 33 :to the right as viewed in FIGURE 5. In other words, once the roll 33 moves to an over center position with respect to rolls 66 and 82, the curved surface of roll 66 acts as a cam, and cams roll 33 out of space 102. Also, as the diameter of the roll 33 increases7 its 'axis and icenter of gravity move away from roll 76 so as to eventually cause the roll 33 to be urged by gravity down the right upper surface of roll 82 as viewed in FIGURE 5. When these forces are sufficient, the material roll 33 is ejected from the pocket 102. Of course, the ejection of the material roll 33 from the pocket 102 causes the ejection roll 66 to drop back to the full line position illustraed in FIG- URE 6.

An ejector table 104 is positioned immediately adjacent the pocket 102 above the roll 94. The material roll 33 is ejected onto the table 104. A trigger mechanism 106 including `a member 108 having a first leg 110 and a second leg 112 is pivotally mounted about shaft 114. A cutter blade 116 is secured to leg 110. A `coil spring 118 is mounted between a portion of the frame 120 and the leg 112. A packager 122 includes a conveyor belt 124 `driven by pulley 126 in turn driven through pulley 128 having belt 130 driven by motor 132 connected thereto. A pair of idler rolls 132 and 134 engage the belt 124 remote from the pulley 126. A guide 136 is mounted adjacent the belt 124. The motor 132 drives the belt 124 in the direction indicated by the arrows in FIGURES `and 6. As the material roll 33 is ejected by the ejection roll 66 from the pocket 102, it rolls over the ejection table 104 and blade 116 and engages the belt 124 which carries it in the direction of the belt movement shown by the Iarrow in FIGURES 5 and 6. The material roll 33 of course engages the leg `112 of member 108. The member is caused to pivot about 114 as ilustrated in FIGURE 6 so as to engage the cutting blade 116 with the material 32 for severing the material roll 33 from the material 32. The material roll 33 pivots the member 108 about shaft 114 against the force exerted by spring 118. The belt 124 carries the material roll 33 downward past the leg 112 and continues to engage the material roll 33 with the guide 136. The portion of the `material which follows the material roll 33 is spiralled onto the roll 33 by the belt 124. The drive roll 82 carries the material 32 back into the pocket 102 wherein the rolls 76 and 66 initiate the winding of another material roll. As shown in FIGURE 6, the roll 66 rotates in a direction which tends to move `the free end of the tape 32 to the right. However, since the tape is in driving contact with about one-half of `the roll S2, and barely .touches roll 66, if at all, it is `apparent that roll 82 will move the upper end of the tape into space 102. Table 104 maintains the tape in driving contact with -roll 82.

The material roll 33 is carried by the belt 124 past the guide 136 and may be taped if desired by conventional means and then deposited in container 140. It will therefore be appreciated that the apparatus has provided for the continuous and automatic formation of small rolls of flexible material without necessitating the cessation `of movement of parent roll 10i.

inasmuch as it is necessary to properly position the ejection roll 66, the drive shaft 44 must be vertically adjustable. Means are provided therefore for allowing the insertion of blocks 146 between the frame `and the shaft i4 to establish the eleva-tion desired. In order to `therefore `allow for the proper tensioning of belts 56 and 58, idler pulleys 148 and 150 are vertically adjustably positioned in slot 152 deiined in standard 154.

It is to be appreciated that conventional slitters and `spreader assemblies of various designs may be mounted to obtain the width of roll desired. The particular dimensions provided for the various powered rolls determine the size of material roll formed. It has been found that apparatus constructed in accordance with the teachings herein may be utilized to form material rolls from one through nine' inch diameters. The scale size of the particular machine of course determines the diameter `of -the material rolls to be run. The respective rotational speeds of the powered rollers determine whether the material is wound into a loose or a tight roll. Actually, the surface speeds of the powered rolls in feet per minute are the significant factor to be considered rather than merely the revolutions per minute of the rolls. Faster comparative speeds of the rolls wind harder or tighter rolls while slower speeds make softer or looser rolls. The drive roll 82 of course pulls the material from the parent roll 10 and therefore determines the base speed of the apparatus. Although the apparatus may be utilized to form rolls of a wide range of sizes, `the particular apparatus has `a limited range of adjustment which is effected by varying the spacing between the powered rolls.

Although the preferred embodiment of the invention has been disclosed, certain modications should be understood as falling within the inventive concepts pointed out. For example only, when found more convenient in a particular location, the packaging attachment may be operated in a horizontal or any angular position. That is, the belt 124 may move in a horizontal or angularly disposed plane instead of the vertical plane shown. A horizontal position is particularly desirable when a conveyor belt receives the rolls instead of the container -140.

Further, by utilizing proper counter-balance means or such, the spring 118 may be eliminated. Also, in lieu of the tape mentioned, a paste sponge may be pro-vided for sealing the wound rolls.

It should therefore be appreciated that the apparatus herein disclosed provides for the automatic, continuous, and repeated formation of small diameter coreless rolls of exible material which are convenient for, for instance, household use. The simplicity of the apparatus makes the formation of the rolls extremely economical and accordingly signicantly advances the state of the art.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modiiications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

1. Apparatus for winding flexible material into coreless rolls comprising in combination with a rotatably mounted parent roll carrying said material, a powered drive roll engaged with said material unwinding said material from said parent roll, a powered 4winding roll, a powered ejection roll, said rolls deningparallel axes, said drive, winding, and ejection rolls defining a winding pocket therebetween, said winding roll vertically positioned between said drive roll and said ejection roll and yadjacent to each, said drive roll normally horizontally positioned below said winding roll `and said ejection roll, said ejection roll surface adjacent said pocket moving from said winding roll, said drive roll surface adjacent said pocket moving toward said winding roll, said drive, winding, and ejection rolls engaged with said material in said pocketwhereby said material is caused to roll spirally, said spiral rotation of said material and said engagement of said material roll with said ejection roll causing said `arm -to pivot and said ejection roll to move vertically away from said drive roll whereby said material roll will be ejected from said pocket, a cutter blade, a mechanism operatively connected to said cutter blade, and means causing engagement between said material roll and said mechanism after the material roll is ejected `from said pocket, said engagement causing said mechanism to move and force said blade into engagement with said flexible material whereby the material is severed.

2. Apparatus for winding flexible material into coreless rolls comprising in combination with a rotatably mounted parent roll carrying said material, a powered drive roll engaged with said material unwinding said material from said parent roll, a powered winding roll, a powered ejection roll, said rolls dening parallel axes, said drive, Winding, and ejection rolls defining -a winding pocket therebetween, said winding roll vertically postioned between said drive roll and said ejection roll and adjacent to each, said drive roll normally horizontally positioned below said winding roll and said ejection roll, said ejection roll surface adjacent said pocket moving from said winding roll, said drive roll surface adjacent said pocket moving toward said winding roll, said drive, winding, and ejection rolls engaged with said material in said pocket whereby said material is caused to roll spirally, said spiral rotation of said material and said engagement of said material roll with said ejection roll causing said arm to pivot `and said ejection roll to move vertically away from said drive roll whereby said material roll will be ejected from said pocket, a cutter blade, a mechanism operatively connected to said cutter blade, and means causing engagment between said ejected material roll and said mechanism after the material roll is ejected from said pocket, said engagement causing said mechanism to move and force said blade into engagement with said iiexible material whereby the material is severed, said mechanism including a member having a pair of angularly related legs, said member mounted for pivotal movement about a vertex formed by said legs, said cutting blade secured to a rst of said legs whereby engagement of said material roll with a second of said legs causes said cutting blade to pivot into engagement with said material.

3. Apparatus for continuously winding flexible material into a coreless material roll comprising in combination with a rotatably mounted parent roll carrying said material, a powered drive roll engaged with said material unwinding said material from said parent roll, a second powered roll, a third powered roll movably mounted with respect to the drive roll, means mounting said drive, second and third rolls to form a pocket therebetween, each of said powered rolls engaged with said material in said pocket, and means rotating said rolls causing said material to roll spirally to form a material roll, said rolls being arranged whereby said material roll will be automatically ejected after it reaches a predetermined diameter, and means for severing the ejected roll from the parent roll comprising a cutter blade, a mechanism operatively connected to said cutter blade, and means causing engagement between said ejected material roll and said mechanism for engaging said blade with said material and severing said material between the ejected roll and parent roll.

4. Apparatus for continuously winding flexible material into coreless material rolls comprising in combination with a rotatably mounted parent roll carrying said material, a powered drive roll engaged with said material unwinding said material from said parent roll, a second powered roll, a third powered roll, means mounting said rolls to form a pocket therebetween, each of said powered rolls engaged with said material in said pocket, and means rotating said rolls causing said material to roll spirally to form a material roll, and said rolls automatically ejecting one of said material rolls from said pocket after a predetermined amount of spiralling, and severing means comprising a cutter blade, a mechanism operatively connected to said cutter blade, and means causing engagement between said ejected material roll and said mechanisrn for engaging said blade with said material and severing said material between the ejected roll and the parent roll.

5. Apparatus for continuously winding liexible material into coreless material rolls comprising in combination with a rotatably mounted parent roll carrying said material, a powered drive roll engaged with said material unwinding said material from said parent roll, a second powered roll, a third powered roll, means mounting said rolls to form a pocket therebetween, each of said powered rolls engaged with said material in said pocket, and means rotating said rolls causing said material to roll spirally to form a material roll, and said rolls automatically ejecting one of said material rolls from said pocket after a predetermined amount of spiralling, and means automatically severing said ejected roll from said material Comprising a cutter blade, a mechanism operatively connected to said cutter blade, means causing engagement between said ejected material roll and said mechanism for engam'ng said blade with said material, said mechanism including a member having a pair of angularly related legs, said member mounted for pivotal movement about the vertex formed by said legs, said cutting blade ysecured to a first of said legs whereby engagement of said material roll with a second of said legs causes said cutting blade to pivot into engagement with and sever said material.

6. A device as deined in claim 5 wherein said means causing engagement between said ejected material roll and said mechanism comprises a driven flexible belt spaced from and generally parallel to said second of said legs.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,681,046 Marresford Aug. 14, 1928 2,215,174 Dyken Sept. 17, 1940 2,849,191 Gadler Aug. 26, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 504,675 Germany Aug. 14, 1930 923,635 Germany Feb. 17, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1681046 *Nov 19, 1924Aug 14, 1928Franklin Marresford WilliamPaper-rolling machine
US2215174 *Jun 22, 1939Sep 17, 1940Charles P DykenRug rolling and wrapping machine
US2849191 *Feb 9, 1955Aug 26, 1958Arenco AktiebolagetMachine for winding paper material in rolls
DE504675C *Aug 14, 1930Habaemfa Hallesche Baeckerei MHoernchen-Wickelmaschine
DE923635C *Apr 9, 1953Feb 17, 1955H F Stollberg G M B HMaschine zum Wickeln von Huelsen aus Papier
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3580522 *Nov 4, 1968May 25, 1971Harnden Ltd C AMethod and arrangement for winding up a continuous web
US4809921 *Feb 1, 1988Mar 7, 1989Willie B. DueckApparatus for dispensing and re-rolling floor covering materials
US4871124 *Jun 13, 1988Oct 3, 1989Sulzer Brothers LimitedMethod of winding fabric onto a cloth beam and a transporter therefor
US5639046 *Jul 13, 1993Jun 17, 1997Fabio Perini S.P.A.Surface rewinding machine for producing logs of web material
US5690296 *Sep 5, 1995Nov 25, 1997Fabio Perini, S.P.A.Machine and method for the formation of coreless logs of web material
US5839680 *Sep 4, 1997Nov 24, 1998Fabio Perini, S.P.A.Machine and method for the formation of coreless logs of web material
US5875985 *Sep 8, 1997Mar 2, 1999Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Indented coreless rolls and method of making the same
US6070821 *Apr 10, 1997Jun 6, 2000Kimberly-Clark WorldwideIndented coreless rolls and methods of making and using
US6082664 *Nov 20, 1997Jul 4, 2000Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Coreless roll product and adapter
US6092758 *Aug 21, 1998Jul 25, 2000Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Adapter and dispenser for coreless rolls of products
US6092759 *Aug 24, 1998Jul 25, 2000Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.System for dispensing coreless rolls of product
US6138939 *Jun 25, 1999Oct 31, 2000Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc.Coreless adapter for dispensers of cored rolls of material
US6360985Apr 23, 1999Mar 26, 2002Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Dispenser adapter for coreless rolls of products
US6439502Sep 8, 1997Aug 27, 2002Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Dispenser for coreless rolls of products
EP0580561A2 *Jul 20, 1993Jan 26, 1994FABIO PERINI S.p.A.Machine and method for the formation of coreless logs of web material
EP0698570A1 *Aug 10, 1994Feb 28, 1996Paper Converting Machine CompanyCoreless surface winder and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/527.3, 242/541.2, 242/533.2, 242/542.2
International ClassificationB65H19/22, D01G27/00, D01G27/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65H19/2276, D01G27/04
European ClassificationD01G27/04, B65H19/22C