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Publication numberUS3046924 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1962
Filing dateApr 23, 1957
Priority dateApr 23, 1957
Publication numberUS 3046924 A, US 3046924A, US-A-3046924, US3046924 A, US3046924A
InventorsThomas C Kanc
Original AssigneeCommercial Shearing
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for spin extruding metal articles
US 3046924 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 31, 1962 T. c. KANE APPARATUS FOR SPIN EXTRUDING METAL ARTICLES Filed April 23, 1957 FIG. 2;

INVENTOR. FIG. 3. THOMAS c. KANE BY I United States Patent 3,046,924 APPARATUS FOR SPIN EXTRUDING METAL ARTICLES Thomas C. Kane, Youngstown, Ohio, assignor to The Commercial Shearing and Stamping Company, a corporation of Ohio Filed Apr. 23, 1957, Ser. No. 654,487 4 Claims. (Cl. 113-52) This invention relates to apparatus for metal forming and particularly to apparatus for forming metal blanks by cold-power spinning.

It has been the practice for many years to reduce the wall thickness of tubular metal blanks and the like by drawing operations using appropriate dies. Any substantial reduction in wall thickness requires a series of dies and an annealing operation between each die.

More recently, methods have been suggested for coldforming cylindrical and other hollow parts from simple blanks by cold-flowing or spinning operations. Generally stated, the method consists of a mandrel conforming to the finished inside surface of the part being spun. The mandrel supports the blank to be spun and is rotated on its axis. A roll rotated on an axis generally parallel to the surface being rolled has a beveled outer edge. This beveled surface is applied to the rotating product and fed parallel to the work surface, thus spirally forming it to the mandrel surface while it thins the product and elongates it along the surface of the mandrel. The beveled surface of this roller, which is in contact with the work has different surface speeds and likewise the work being spun has different surface speeds while under contact with the roll.

The fastest diameter of the roller contacts the slowest portion of the spun surface while the slowest portion of the roller contacts the fastest portion of the work. This difference of speeds on the same surface produces a scufiing action under exceedingly high pressures and causes the surface of the softer metal of the product being spun to rupture. The greater the depth that the beveled roll is plunged into the surface of the work during this operation, the greater the difference in surface speeds of the roll and the product, and the higher the degree of scuffing and surface rupture. Small diameter parts cannot take as great a depth of roll plunge as a large diameter for the same reason. Consequently, to preserve a reasonably good outside surface on the spun parts, it is necessary to take multiple passes of the small plunge depth.

At times this surface rupturing becomes so severe that the rupture will extend entirely through the product and spoil the piece. And in any event, the multiple passes are quite expensive compared to a single pass.

I have discovered apparatus which eliminates these disadvantages and which permits high speed forming at greater working depths than has heretofore been possible.

I preferably provide a blank holding mandrel rotating 3,@45,9Z4 Patented July 31 1962 ice . purposes will be apparent from a consideration of the folon a fixed axis. A working roll is provided on an axis intersecting the mandrel. The working face of this roll is a frustrum of a cone whose apex lies on the mandrel axis. The working face of the piece being formed forms a frustrum of a cone whose axis substantially coincides with the axis of the mandrel, and whose apex substantially coincides with the apex of the aforementioned cone. Under these conditions all mating parts of the surface of the roll and of the product move at identical speeds and the sending of the product surface is entirely eliminated. The rolling action may be compared to the action of a pair of beveled gears or of a conical roller bearing. The apex of the cone of the roller may be raised slightly above the center line of the mandrel to facilitate extrusion of the product surface under the roll.

While I have set out a generally preferred object and advantage of my invention, other objects, advantages and lowing description and the accompanying drawings in which FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of a cold spinning apparatus according to my invention;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged partial section of the apparatus of FIGURE 1 showing a work piece on the mandrel; and

FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of a second embodiment of my invention.

Referring to the drawings, I have illustrated a generally cylindrical mandrel 10 rotatable on a horizontal axis 11. The mandrel is mounted in a support frame 12 and driven by conventional gear train 14 and electric motor 15. The mandrel is movable axially by moving the support frame on rails 12a in known manner as for example by actuator 12b acting on frame 12 through rod 12c. A cold spinning roll 16 is mounted on a shaft 17 lying at an angle transverse to the axis 11 of the mandrel. The angle is adjusted so that the working face 18 of the roll 16 engages the work piece 20 being formed along a frustoconical surface of a cone whose apex lies substantially on the mandrel axis 11. The working roll 16 may be driven by frictional engagement with the work or by a hydraulic motor 21 receiving high pressure hydraulic fluid through an inlet lead 22. Simultaneous rotation of the mandrel and the roll coupled with axial movement of the mandrel forces the material in the work piece to flow on the surface of the mandrel and to uniformly elongate along the mandrel, taking the shape of the mandrel.

It will be seen from the foregoing disclosure that the linear speed of the working or contact surface 18 of roll 16 can be substantially matched to the linear speed of the surface being worked over its entire area.

I have found that by the use of the apparatus and method described above I am able to elongate the work piece on the mandrel at a greater rate of speed than heretofore believed possible and to avoid the undesirable nonuniformity of surface characteristic of this process.

In FIGURE 3 I have illustrated another form of my invention in which a blank 50 is held on the end of a frustoconical mandrel 51. The mandrel 51 is rotatable on a horizontal axis in the same manner as mandrel 10. A cold spinning roll 52 is mounted on a shaft 53 lying at an angle transverse to the axis of the mandrel 51 and so adjusted that the working face 54 of the roll engages the worked surface of blank 50 on a frusto-conical surface corresponding to a cone whose apex lies substantially on the mandrel axis. Simultaneous rotation of the mandrel 51 and roll 52 forces the material of the blank to flow on the surface of the mandrel and to uniformly elongate along the mandrel, taking the shape of the mandrel.

While I have described certain preferred embodiments of my invention it will be understood that this invention may be otherwise embodied and practiced within the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. An apparatus for cold spinning metal objects comprising a mandrel having the internal shape of the desired product and rotatable on an axis, means mounted on the apparatus for rotating said mandrel on its axis, means mounted on the apparatus for moving the mandrel axially, a frusto-conical work roll mounted for rotation on the end of a shaft transverse to the axis of the mandrel, said shaft being positioned so that the apex of the cone of the work roll lies within the mandrel and adjacent the axis of the mandrel and the working surface of the roll and the surface of the product being worked lie on the surface of a frustrum of a cone whose apex lies substantially on the axis of the mandrel, said surface lying at an acute angle to the mandrel surface.

2. An apparatus for cold spinning metal objects comprising a mandrel having the shape of the desired inside surface of the product, means mounted on the apparatus for rotating said mandrel on its axis, a frusto-conical work roll mounted on the apparatus for rotation'on an axis transverse to the axis of the mandreL'said work roll axis being positioned so that the apex of the cone of the work roll lies within the mandrel and adjacent the'axis of the mandrel and the Working surface of the work roll and the surface of the product being worked lie on a surface of a frustrum of a cone Whose apex lies substantially on the axis of the mandrel, said surface lying at an acute angle to the mandrel surface and means mounted on the apparatus for moving the mandrel and Work roll relative to one another along the mandrel axis.

3. An apparatus for cold spinning metal objects comprising a mandrel having the internal shape of the desired product and rotatable on an axis, means mounted on the apparatus for rotating said mandrel, a frusto-conical work roll mounted on the apparatus for rotation on an axis transverse to the axis of the mandrel and positioned to lie on the surface 'of a cone whose apex lies substantially on the axis of the mandrel, said work roll being so posion said mandrel, a frusto-conical work roll mounted for tioned with respect to the mandrel that the apex of its cone lies within the body of the mandrel and adjacent to the axis of the mandrel, the Working surface of said work roll lying at an acute angle to the surface of the mandrel and being in contact with the surface of the product being worked and means mounted on the apparatus rotation on an axis transverse to the axis of the mandrel and positioned to lie on the surface of a cone whose apex lies substantially on the axis of the mandrel, the working surface of the work roll lying at an acute angle to the mandrel surface means mounted on the apparatus for driving one of the mandrel and work roll for rotation and means mounted on the apparatus for moving the mandrel and work roll relative to one another along themandrel axis.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Hiester Q Aug. 15, 1933 1,922,087 1,922,088 Hiester Aug. 15, .1933 1,939,356 Lindgren Dec. 12, 1933 1,968,296 Hiester July 31, 1934 2,160,975 Matter et'al. June 6, 1939 2,359,479 Ingersoll Oct. 3, 1944 2,522,257 Curtis' -4. Sept. 12, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS V 442,124 Great Britain Oct. 29. 1934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1922087 *Jul 10, 1931Aug 15, 1933United Aircraft ProdHead for forming rolled and extruded metal articles
US1922088 *Jul 10, 1931Aug 15, 1933United Aircraft ProdMechanism for extruding and rolling metal
US1939356 *Oct 12, 1929Dec 12, 1933Laval Separator Co DeProcess of producing conical disks for centrifugal separators
US1968296 *Jul 10, 1931Jul 31, 1934United Aircraft ProdApparatus for forming articles
US2160975 *Dec 28, 1935Jun 6, 1939Aluminum Cooking Utensil CompaMethod and apparatus for forming metallic receptacles
US2359479 *Nov 3, 1941Oct 3, 1944Borg WarnerMethod of forming tapered wheels
US2522257 *May 18, 1945Sep 12, 1950Bishop & Babcock Mfg CoMeans for forming tubes from tubular blanks
GB442124A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3210841 *Mar 15, 1962Oct 12, 1965Owen T CostelloMethod and apparatus for lens mounting
US3262191 *Dec 28, 1962Jul 26, 1966Budd CoMethod of forming wheel disks
US3433040 *Dec 29, 1966Mar 18, 1969Honeywell IncTube forming apparatus
US3681961 *Mar 26, 1970Aug 8, 1972Messerschmitt Boelkow BlohmExtrusion press with a hydro-mechanical rotary drive for the working spindle
US3943867 *Jul 24, 1974Mar 16, 1976Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg AktiengesellschaftProcess for the production of a hollow body of revolution and/or container
US4047413 *Jan 16, 1976Sep 13, 1977Lewis Burton FAutomatic metal-spinning method
US4109542 *Oct 14, 1976Aug 29, 1978Aspro, Inc.Spun V-grooved sheet metal pulley with thick hub wall integral with thin side wall
US8359893 *Jan 21, 2009Jan 29, 2013Autotech Engineering A.I.E.Method for producing a shock absorber and shock absorber thus obtained
EP0018056A1 *Apr 24, 1980Oct 29, 1980M. &. M. Technics AGA method and apparatus for rolling an elongated tube to a conical mast without the use of an internal mandrel
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/85, 29/894.325
International ClassificationB21D22/16, B21D22/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21D22/16
European ClassificationB21D22/16