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Publication numberUS3050745 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 28, 1962
Filing dateNov 21, 1960
Priority dateNov 21, 1960
Publication numberUS 3050745 A, US 3050745A, US-A-3050745, US3050745 A, US3050745A
InventorsPaul C Tabbert
Original AssigneeTabbert Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hospital stretcher
US 3050745 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 28, 1962 P. c. TABBERT HOSPITAL STRETCHER Filed Nov. 21, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

Pau/ C. 226607 ATTORNEY Aug. 28, 1962 P. c. TABBERT HOSPITAL STRETCHER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 21, 1960 jiz z i INVENTOR. Pou/ C. 7Erbber/ I! "b A AT TORNEY HOSPITAL STRETCHER Paul C. Tabbert, Bridgman, Mich, assignor to Tabbert Manufacturing Company, Bridgman, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Filed Nov. 21, 1960, Ser. No. 70,673 9 Claims. (Cl. -86) This invention relates to a hospital stretcher. The main objects of this invention are- First, to provide a wheeled hospital stretcher which is relatively simple in structure and has a wide range of adjustability and requires little manual effort to operate.

Second, to provide a stretcher which has a wide range of adjustment in which the platform is supported for vertical and tilting adjustment, the adjustment being easily accomplished when the stretcher is in use.

Third, to provide a wheeled stretcher with means for anchoring it in its adjusted positions.

Objects relating to details and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined and pointed out in the claims. A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational View partially in vertical section of a stretcher embodying-my invention With the platform shown in one elevated tilted position, anchoring legs being shown in actuated position.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary end elevational view viewed from the right of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view viewed from the left side of FIG. 4, illustrating certain details of the platform adjusting means.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view on a line corresponding to line 44 of FIGS. 1 and 3.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary side elevational view with the anchoring legs in retracted position.

FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view on a line corresponding to line 6@ of FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary end elevational view illustrating means for locking the spindle of one of the caster wheels against rotating movement. 7

The embodiment of my invention illustrated includes certain features of the stretcher illustrated in my application for Letters Patent, Serial No. 848,063, filed October 22, 1959, now Patent No. 3,026,542. It should be understood that in practice a housing is provided which encloses the operating means for raising and lowering the stretcher. The carriage of the embodiment of my invention illustrated comprises the elongated centrally disposed longitudinal body member 1 and cross members 2 fixedly mounted on the ends thereof, see FIGS. 1 and 2. The caster Wheels 3 are provided with bearings 4mounted on the ends of the cross members 2. Uprights 5 are centrally disposed and project upwardly from the carriage frame and are provided with longitudinal or vertically extending slots 6 of substantial length.

The platform 7 is provided with downwardly projecting posts 8 and 9, the post 9 having a curved slot 19 therein. These posts are connected by the strut 11 and the platform is provided with an adjustable backrest 12 pivoted at 13 and adjustably supported by the strut 14 swingably mounted on the links 15 and adjustably supported by the manually manipulated screw 16. This screw is rotatively supported by the swivel bearing 17. Desirably the platform is provided with guard rails 18 which are collapsibly mounted thereon. This adjustment of the back or head 'rest and these guard rails form no part of this invention the center thereof, as shown in FIG. 1.

means Patented Aug. 28, 1962 which are pivotally connected at their inner ends by the pivot 20 which is slidably engaged with the vertical slot 21 in the guide 22, which is centrally positioned and projects upwardly from the body member 1. These support members 19 are tiltably supported by the links 23 pivotally connected at their lower ends to the frame member 1. The upper ends of these links 23 are connected 'to the support members 19 by pivots 25. A cross bar 26 extends between the uprights 5 and is connected to the members 19 by the links 27 pivoted to the support members at 28 and pivotally connected to the cross bar at 29. The pivots 29 engage the vertical slots 6.

In the embodiment illustrated the platform is raised and lowered by a hydraulic unit designated generally by the numeral 30, which includes a pump cylinder 31 and piston rod 32, being connected to one of the members 19 as is illustrated in FIG. 1. The foot means for operating the pump includes the pedal 33 and release means is operated by the pedal 34. This mechanism is described in my application for patent hereinbefore referred to, and therefore is not described or illustrated in further detail.

There are many conditions in hospital uses where it is desirable to tilt the platform. The embodiment of my invention illustrated includes the rack 35 which is fixedly mounted on the platform at 36 to project downwardly at the outer side of and in parallel relation to the post 9. The crosspiece 26 has an end portion 37 which projects beyond the post 9 and has a bracket 38 on the outer end thereof provided with a spindle 3% to which the gear 40 is fixedly connected by the spline indicated at 41, see FIG. 4. The worm gear 42 is also secured to the shaft 3? and the manually actuated worm 70 is mounted on the bracket 38, see FIGS. 1, 3 and 4, to coact with the worm gear 42 and is provided with a manually operated crank 71. This provides means by which the stretcher can be 'tilted even when occupied, with relatively little manual effort, and it is retained in its adjusted position without the necessity of any locking means other than the adjusting means described.

It is frequently desirable to secure the stretcher in an adjusted position and that is accomplished by the laterally spaced pairs of legs 43 which are connected by the crosspiece 44 and are desirably provided with rubber feet 45. These legs are pivotally mounted onthe hangers 46 secured to the underside of the longitudinal frame member 1, one pair of legs being disposed at each side of The legs also have crosspieces 47 disposed above their brace members 44, and pairs of legs are connected by the links 48 extending between these crosspieces. The legs are held intheir retracted position, as illustrated in FIG. 5 by means of the coil spring 49, which is connected to the frame member 1 at 50 and to the legs. An actuating lever 51 is pivotally mounted at 52 on the frame and is provided with a foot piece 53 and connected to the legs by means of the link 54 which is pivotally connected to the lever at 55 and to the crosspiece of the adjacent pair of legs, as illustrated in FIG. 6. These legs are of such length relative to the diameter of the wheels that they sustain a substantial amount of the weight of the stretcher when they are inerected position and in engagement with a surface over which the stretcher may be translated on its Wheels, see FIG. 1. It is not desirable that the entire load be on the legs, but that such portion of the load be on the legs as to prevent travel of the stretcher on its wheels.

In FIG. 7 I illustrate means for locking at least one of the caster wheels so that its spindle cannot rotate. is a desirable feature to facilitate guiding the stretcher. This feature of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 7, in which the spindle 56 of the wheel yoke 57 is provided with a hub portion 58, having a recess-like keeper 59 with which is provided with a retracting spring 63 and is actuated to engaging position by the actuating cam 63 'pro .vided with a hand piece 64.

I have illustrated and described my invention in a highly practical embodiment thereof. I have not attempted to illustrate or describe other modifications or adaptations as it is' believed thatvthis disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt my invention as may be desired.

7 Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage frame including ,a centrally disposed longitudinal body member and cross members at the ends thereof, wheels mounted 'on the said cross members, uprights having vertical slots therein mounted on said carriage frame at the ends and centrally thereof, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guided relation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform comprisling. adjustable support members pivotally connected at their inner ends, sup-porting links for said support members pivotally connected thereto and-pivotally mounted on said longitudinal body member, means for vertically guiding the inner ends of said support members, a crossbar, links connecting the outer ends of said support members to said crossbar, the upperends of said connecting links and said crossbar having guiding engagement with said slots in said uprights, said crossbar projecting at one end thereof beyond the post having the curved slot therein, manually'operated means for adjusting said support members and supporting them in their adjusted positions and for controlling the returnmovemenit'thereof, a down- Wardly projecting rack mounted on said platform. at the outer side of and in parallel relation to said post having the curved slot therein, a first gear mounted on the projecting end of said crossbarin meshing engagement with said rack, a worm gear disposed axially of and connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated worm rotatably mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation. to said worm gear.

2. Ahospital stretcher comprising a carriage, uprights ha ving vertical slots therein mounted on said carriage, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guidedrelation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably ad-- justing said platform comprising adjustable support members pivotally connected at their inner ends, supporting links for said'support members pivotally connected thereto and pivotally mounted on said carriage, means for vertically guiding the inner ends of said support members, a crossbar, links connecting the outer ends of saidjsupport members to said crossbar, the upper ends of said connecting links and said crossbarhaving guiding engagement with said slots insaid uprights, said cross bar projecting at one end thereof beyond the. post having the curved slot therein, manually operated means for adjusting said support members and supporting them in their adjusted positions and for controlling the return movement thereof, a downwardly projecting rack mounted on said platform at the outer side of andin parallel relation to said post having the curved slot therein, a first gear mounted on the projecting end of said crossbar in meshting engagement with said rack, a worm gear disposed axially of and connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated worm rotatably mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to said worm gear.

3. A hospitalstretcner comprising a carriage frame including acehtrally disposed longitudinal body member and cross members at the ends thereof, wheels mounted o the said cross members, uprights having vertical slots therein mounted on said carriage frame at the ends and centrally thereof, a platform having downwardly propect- 'ing posts disposed in overlapping guided relation to said uprights, one of said posts havinga longitudinally ex-. tending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tilta'bly adjusting said platform comprising adjustable support members pivotally connected at their inner ends, supporting links for said support members pivotally connected thereto and pivotally mounted 'on' said longitudinal body member, .means for vertically guiding the inner ends of said support members, a crossbar, links connecting the outer ends of said support members to said crossbar, the upper ends of said connecting links and said crossbar having guiding engagement with said slotsin said uprights, means for adjusting said support members, a downwardly projecting rack mounted i on said platform, a first gear mounted on said crossbar in meshing engagement with said rack, a worm gear connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated worm'rotatably mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to said worm gear.

4. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage, uprights having vertical slotstherein mounted on said carriage,

a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guided relation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform comprising adjustable support members pivotally connected "at their inner ends, supporting links for said support members pivotally connected thereto and pivotally mounted on said carriage, means for vertically guiding the inner ends of said support members, a crossbar, links connecting the outer ends of said support members to said crossbar, the upper ends of said conecting links and said crossbar'having ghidingengagement with said slots in said uprights, means for adjusting said support members, a downwardly projecting rack mounted on said platform, a first gear mounted on said crossbar in meshing engagement with said a. V worm gear connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated Worm rotatably mounted on'said' crossbar in coacting relation to said wormgear. l p

5. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage, uprights mounted on said carriage, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in guiding relation to said uprights, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform mounted on said carriage and comprising support members pivotally connected at their inner ends, supporting linksfor said support members pivotally and adjustably mounted on said carriage, a

crossbar, links connecting said crossbar to said adjustable 7 7 support members, said crossbar having guided engagement with said uprights, means for adjusting said support members and supporting them in their adjusted positions and for controlling the return movement thereof, a rack mounted. on said platform to project downwardly there from, means for supportingly adjusting said rack mounted on said crossbar and including a Wormgear drivingly 7 associated with said rack, and a manually actuated 'w r'm mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to' said Worm gear. j V d I 6. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage, uprights mounted on said carriage, a platform having downwardly V projecting posts disposed in guiding relation to said uprights, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably ad justingsaid platform mounted on said carriage and comprising support members pivotally connected at their inner ends, supporting links for said support members pivotally and adjustably mounted on said carriage, means for simultaneously adjusting said support members, a crossbar, links connecting said crossbar to said adjustable support members, said crossbar having guiding engagement with said uprights, a rack mounted on said platform to project downwardly therefrom, and means for supportingly adjusting said rack including a manually operated reversible gear drivingly associated with said rack.

7. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage frame including a centrally disposed longitudinal body member and cross members at the ends thereof, Wheels mounted on the said cross members, uprights mounted on said carriage frame at the ends and centrally thereof, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guided tiltable relation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform comprising a crossbar having guiding engagement with said uprights, means for vertically adjusting said crossbar, said crossbar projecting at one end thereof beyond the post having the curved slot therein, a downwardly projecting rack mounted on said platform at the other side of and in parallel relation to said post having the curved slot therein, a first gear mounted on the projecting end of said crossbar in meshing engagement With said rack, a worm gear disposed axially of and connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated Worm rotatably mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to said worm gear.

8. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage, uprights mounted on said carriage, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guided tiltable relation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means for supporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform comprising a crossbar having guiding engagement with said uprights, means for vertically adjusting said crossbar, a downwardly projecting rack mounted on said platform, a first gear mounted on the projecting end of said crossbar in meshing engagement with said rack, a worm gear disposed axially of and connected to said first gear, and a manually actuated Worm rotatably mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to said worm gear.

9. A hospital stretcher comprising a carriage frame including a centrally disposed longitudinal body member and cross members at the ends thereof, Wheels mounted on the said cross members, uprights mounted on said carriage frame at the ends and centrally thereof, a platform having downwardly projecting posts disposed in overlapping guided tiltable relation to said uprights, one of said posts having a longitudinally extending arcuate slot therein, means forsupporting and vertically and tiltably adjusting said platform comprising a crossbar having guiding engagement with said uprights, means for vertically adjusting said crossbar, means for tiltably adjusting said platform including a rack depending therefrom, a Worm gear supportedly connected to said crossbar and operatively connected to said rack, and a manually actuated Worm mounted on said crossbar in coacting relation to said Worm gear and constituting means in coaction therewith to adjustably support said platform.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 862,414 Roberts July 5, 1906 1,633,638 Jarvis et al June 28, 1927 1,866,696 Birman July 12, 1932 2,707,794 Kramcsak May 10, 1955 2,905,952 Reichert et a1. Sept. 29, 1959 2,941,626 Heiden June 21, 1960 2,945,242 l-leiden July 19, 1 960 FOREIGN PATENTS 207,039 Austria Jan. 11, 1960

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3243825 *Aug 26, 1963Apr 5, 1966Tabbert Paul CHospital stretchers and the like
US4366586 *Jun 22, 1981Jan 4, 1983Castro Convertible CorporationOttoman roll latch mechanism
US4852193 *Apr 17, 1985Aug 1, 1989Thomas J. RingTherapeutic table
US4856128 *Jan 27, 1988Aug 15, 1989Thomas J. RingTherapeutic table
US4866796 *Apr 17, 1985Sep 19, 1989Thomas J. RingTherapeutic table
US4899496 *Oct 29, 1987Feb 13, 1990Chew Ii Bonnie GPortable child enclosure
US4920589 *Apr 17, 1985May 1, 1990Thomas J. RingTherapeutic table
US4921369 *Sep 12, 1988May 1, 1990Chew Ii Bonnie GConnector for portable furniture including a bed and a child enclosure
US4944054 *Jan 29, 1988Jul 31, 1990Thomas J. RingTherapeutic table
US5090070 *Oct 11, 1990Feb 25, 1992University Of Alberta HospitalsUse in hospitals
US6044504 *Aug 3, 1998Apr 4, 2000Is2 Research, Inc.Patient support for a scintillation camera
US7162757 *Oct 13, 2004Jan 16, 2007Graham-Field Health Products, Inc.Locking mechanism for a hospital bed
US7293307 *Jan 5, 2007Nov 13, 2007Graham-Field Health Products, Inc.Locking mechanism for a hospital bed
US7886380 *Jul 28, 2005Feb 15, 2011Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed
US8621690Feb 15, 2011Jan 7, 2014Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed lift and braking mechanisms
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/86.1
International ClassificationA61G7/10
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/1046, A61G7/1019, A61G7/005, A61G7/1057
European ClassificationA61G7/005, A61G7/10T8, A61G7/10N6, A61G7/10S6