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Publication numberUS3053406 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 11, 1962
Filing dateJun 14, 1960
Priority dateJun 14, 1960
Also published asDE1432275A1
Publication numberUS 3053406 A, US 3053406A, US-A-3053406, US3053406 A, US3053406A
InventorsWandell James W
Original AssigneeWandell James W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw cap
US 3053406 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept 11 1962 J. w. WANDELL 3,053,406

SCREW CAP Filed June 14, 1960 3 1 /92/20/5 25 /0 2. E 'T' f5 f6 -22 #T l Hi? 127 Patented Sept. 11, 1962 ice 3,053,406 SCREW CAP James W. Wandell, 1505 Metropolitan Ave., New York, N.Y. Filed June 14, 1960, ser. N0. 36,034 7 Claims. (Cl. 21S-41) This invention relates to a screw cap for bottles, cans and similar containers having externally threaded necks and more specifically relates to an improved plastic screw cap which does not require a liner to form a liquid-tight scal when positioned over the mouth of a bottle, can, or similar container.

It is commonly known and understood that the screw caps now being used for the purpose of closing a container such as a bottle or can having an externally threaded neck over which the screw cap is adapted to fit, require a liner inside the cap in order that a liquid-tight seal be provided by the top of the bottle or can neck and the inside of the cap. It has been customary to utilize cork, metal foil and the like as materials from which acceptable liners may be fabricated. The mechanized insertion of liners into the domes of screw caps in the conventional manner requires the use of expensive equipment and results in additional labor costs.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide an improved screw cap of the character indicated which eliminates the necessity for a liner and provides a liquid-tight seal when the cap is positioned over the externally threaded neck of a container such as a bottle or can.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved one-piece, plastic screw cap which may be tightly seated on an externally threaded neck of a container, such as a bottle or can, to provide a liquid-tight seal.

It is still another object of this invention to provide an improved, plastic screw cap having internal rings in- -tegrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap and positioned so as to come in contact with and be compressed by the inner edge and top surface of an externally threaded bottle neck when the cap is fully seated on the bottle neck.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following description when taken in `connection with the drawing in which similar characters of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the drawing:

FIGURE l is a View in section of the cap showing the positions of the internal rings and their relation to each other;

FIGURE 2 is a View in section of the cap taken along the line 2 2 of FIGURE 1, showing the arrangement of the internal rings and their relation to `each other;

FIGURE 3 is a View in section of the cap and a bottle neck showing the cap fully seated on the bottle neck;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section of the cap and a portion of a bottle neck in section showing the cap incompletely seated on the bottle neck; and

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary view in section of the cap and a portion of a bottle neck showing the cap fully seated on the bottle neck.

Referring to the drawing, the cap, which is indicated generally at 10, has a side wall 11 and threads 14 on the inner surface of the side wal'l, an end wall 23 with an inner surface 22, inner internal rings 16 and 18 integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the top of the cap a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap. Inner ring 16 has an outer surface 15 and an inner surface 17 which are at and incline inwardly from the base and uniformly around the circumference of the ring. In the preferred form the inner surface of the inner ring is positioned at an angle with respect to the inner surface of the cap top of less than 90 degrees. Outer ring 18 has an outer surface 19 and an inner surface 21 which are ilat and inclined inwardly from the base and uniformly around the circumference of the ring. Inner surface 21 of the outer ring is preferably positioned at an angle with respect to the inner surface of the cap top of less than 90 degrees. The base of the outer ring joins the inner surface of the cap approximately at the juncture of the inner surface of the end wall and the inner surface of the side wall of the cap. In the preferred form, the outer surface of the outer ring is positioned at an angle with respect to the inner surface of the cap top within the ring less than the angle with which the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the inner surface of the cap top within the ring and the outer ring extends from its base a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring. The inner surface of the base of the outer ring is positioned away from the outer surface of the base of the inner ring so that there is a space 20 lbetween the inner and outer rings and in the preferred form of the spatial relationship of the inner and outer rings, there is an air space between the inner and outer rings when the cap is fully seated on a bottle neck. The preferred spatial relationship of the inner and outer rings is preferably obtained by having the inner and outer surface of the inner ring positioned at angles with respect to the inner surface of the cap top of about degrees and 60 degrees, respectively, and the inner and outer surfaces of the outer ring positioned at angles with respect to the inner surface of the cap top of about 45 fdegrees and 30 degrees, respectively, and in this preferred form the outer ring extends from its base a distance such that when the inner and outer rings are depressed by pressure exerted thereon by the inner edge 32 and end 30 of a bottle neck 26 of a bottle 12, the tip of the outer ring comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring just below the tip thereof. In the spatial relationship of the inner and outer rings of the preferred form of the cap illustrated in the drawing, the outer ring is positioned so that its inner surface joins the inner surface of the cap approximately at the juncture of the end and side walls of the cap and both inner and outer rings .are substantially thicker at the base than at the tip and are undercut with respect to the inner surface of the end wall of the cap. Rings which have the undercut configuration illustrated in the drawings have suicient ilexibility so that they may be compressed when the cap is fully seated on the neck of a bottle and thereby provide an excellent seal by conforming closely to and compensating for any irregularities of the bottle neck, particularly any irregularities in the inner edge and top surface of the bottle neck. Relatively thin inner and outer rings with undercut conformation also require less pressure of the rings on the surfaces of the bottle neck with which they come in contact to be compressed and form a liquid-tight seal. Because of the reduced pressure required, the tendency for the bottle neck to crack is substantially reduced.

As a cap such as is illustrated in the drawing, is positioned on the neck of a bottle and rotated, the threads 14 on the inner surface of the cap engage with the usually irregular cornes in contact with the outer surface of the outer ring approximately at the tip thereof. FIG- URE 4 illustrates the relative positions of the inner and outer rings with respect to the inner edge and the end of the bottle neck at the moment the cap is rotated on the bottle neck to such an extent that first contact is made between the inner and outer rings of the cap and the inner edge and top surface of the bottle neck. As the cap is given additional rotation from the position illustrated in FIGURE 4, the inner edge and top surface of the bottle neck are forced against and compress the inner and outer rings of the cap so that when the cap is fully seated, as illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 5, the inner ring is compressed by the inner edge of the bottle neck and the outer ring is compressed by the end of the bottle neck. In the preferred form of the cap, as illustrated in FIGURE 5, the tip of the outer ring touches the outer surface of the inner ring slightly below the tip thereof when the cap is fully seated on the bottle neck with the result that the air space 2t) becomes a sealed chamber between the inner and outer rings which is compressible. When the cap is fully seated the air within the sealed chamber formed between the inner and outer rings is under pressure greater than atmospheric pressure. This assists materially in holding the outer ring iirmly against the end surface of the cap neck and this has the effect of adding to the liquid-tight character of the seal provided by the cap when it is fully seated on the bottle neck.

Although all of the figures of the drawing and the description above illustrate a screw cap adapted for use as a closure for a bottle, it is to be understood that the screw caps of my invention are not limited to use as a closure for bottles but are suitable for use as closures with any container, such as a metal can or plastic container having an externally threaded neck.

In general, any synthetic plastic material having a relatively low elasticity and a relatively high stiffness is suitable for use in fabricating the screw caps of my invention. Such materials include but are not limited to polymers of ethylene, polymers of propylene, copolymers of ethylene and propylene, nylon .and polystyrene. It is preferred that the synthetic plastic materials have a stiffness within the range of from about 50,000-150,000 pounds per square inch, as determined according to ASTM test method D747-50. Long-chain high density polyethylenes having mainly terminal vinyl groups, essentially no trans structure, essentially no branched vinyl groups, a relatively high degree of crystallinity, a relatively large molecular weight, and a relatively high density, softening temperature and tensile strength are particularly suitable for use in fabricating the screw caps of my invention. Still more particularly, the preferred materials for use in fabricating the screw caps of my invention are long-chain polyethylenes having mainly terminal vinyl groups, essentially no branched vinyl groups, essentially no trans structure, a crystallinity of at least about 93 percent, a density of about 0.95 to 0.97 gram per cubic centimeter, a softening temperature of about 236 F. to 260 F., and a stiffness within the range of from about 50,000-l50,000 pounds per square inch, as determined by ASTM test method D747-50.

The screw cap of this invention may be fabricated by the use of conventional injection moulding equipment and, because of the above-defined physical characteristics of the plastic substance, may be ejected from the mould without mutilation of the internal threads of the cap.

Although the construction of the screw cap of this invention has been described in some detail, it is to be understood that the description is solely to illustrate concrete and preferred embodiments thereof and that the invention is not to be limited to the exact description and drawing except as such limitations may appear in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. An internally threaded cap adapted to fit over the neck and close the mouth of a container having an externally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference; and an outer ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap slightly below the juncture of the end and side walls a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference and positioned at an angle with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring less than the angle at which the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring; the size and conguration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioued on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and the end surface of the container neck comes in contact with the outer ring before the cap is fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed when the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

.2. An internally threaded cap adapted to fit over the neck and close the mouth of a container having an externally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference; and an outer ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap slightly below the juncture of the end and side Walls a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference and positioned at an angle with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring less than the angle at which the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in Contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and approximately simultaneously the end surface of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap is fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed when the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

3. A11 internally threaded cap adapted to fit over the neck and close the mouth of a container having an eX- ternally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having 'an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference; and an outer ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap slightly below the juncture of the end and side walls a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring, with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference and positioned at an angle with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring less than the angle at which the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and yapproximately simultaneously the end surface of the container neck comes in contact .with the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap 1s fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed when the cap is fully .seated on the container neck with the tip of the outer ring touching the outer surface of the inner ring.

4. An internally threaded cap adapted to iit over the neck and close the mouth of la container having an externally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap, its inner surface positioned `at an angle with respect to the surface Within the cap of less than 90 degrees and with its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference; and an outer ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap slightly below at the juncture of the end `and side walls a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring, with its inner surface positioned at an angle with respect to the surface within the cap of less than 90 degrees and its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly around its circumference and positioned at an angle with respect to the surface of the cap Within the ring less than the angle at lwhich the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the surface of the cap Within the ring; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage With the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck cornes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and the end surface of the container neck comes in contact ywith the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap is fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed when the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

S. An internally threaded cap adapted to t over the neck and close the mouth of ya container having an eX- ternally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having yan inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap; with its inner and outer surfaces positioned at angles with respect to the surface of the cap Within the ring of about 75 degrees and 60 degrees, respectively; and an outer ring integrally formed with land protruding from the inner surface of the cap slightly below at the juncture of the end and side walls a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring; with its inner and outer surfaces positioned at angles with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring of about 45 degrees and 30 degrees, respectively; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and the end of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap is fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed when the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

6 An internally threaded cap adapted to t over the neck and close the mouth of a container having an externally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively low elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap, its inner surface positioned at an angle with respect to the surface within the cap of less than 90 degrees and With its outer surface inclined inwardly and uniformly yaround its circumference; and an outer ring integrally formed with `and protruding from the inner surface of the cap a distance less than lthe distance to the outer surface of the inner ring; with an inner surface joining the inner surface of the cap approximately at the juncture of the end and side Walls and its inner surface positioned at an tangle with respect to the surface Within the cap of less than 90 degrees and its outer surface inclined in wardly and uniformly around its circumference and positioned at an angle with respect to the surface of the cap Within the ring less than the angle at which the outer surface of the inner ring is positioned with respect to the surface of the cap within the ring; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on yan externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring `and the end surface of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap Iis fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed When the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

7. An internally threaded cap adapted to Vtit over the neck and close the mouth of `a container having an externally threaded neck, composed of a plastic material of relatively 10W elasticity and relatively high stiffness, having an inner ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap top a distance substantially less than the internal depth of the cap; with its inner and outer surfaces positioned 1at angles with respect to the surface of the cap within the ning of about degrees and 60 degrees, respectively; and an outer ring integrally formed with and protruding from the inner surface of the cap a distance less than the distance to the outer surface of the inner ring; with an inner surface joining the inner surface of the cap approximately at the juncture of the end and side Walls land its inner and outer surfaces positioned at angles with respect to the surface of the cap Within the ring of about 45 degrees and 30 degrees, respectively; the size and configuration of the inner and outer rings being such that as the cap is positioned on an externally threaded neck of a container and rotated, the threads of the cap engage with the threads of the container, the inner edge of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the inner ring and the end surface of the container neck comes in contact with the outer surface of the outer ring before the cap is fully seated and both the inner and outer rings are compressed When the cap is fully seated on the container neck.

References Cited in the le of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 810,349 Germany Aug. 9, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
DE810349C *Feb 8, 1949Aug 9, 1951Hans KleeVerschlusskoerper fuer Flaschen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3151757 *Jul 17, 1961Oct 6, 1964Smith & Stone LtdContainer closure
US3255909 *Jan 13, 1964Jun 14, 1966Owens Illinois IncLinerless closure
US3286866 *Apr 15, 1965Nov 22, 1966Mack Wayne Plastics CoPlastic cap
US3370732 *Feb 16, 1967Feb 27, 1968Polytop CorpCap seal
US3568871 *May 12, 1969Mar 9, 1971Jay G LivingstoneClosure cap
US4089463 *Jan 14, 1977May 16, 1978Societe Nouvelle De Bouchons Plastiques S.N.B.P.Screw caps
US4122965 *Jul 7, 1977Oct 31, 1978Kerr Glass Manufacturing CorporationLinerless closure
US4322012 *May 9, 1980Mar 30, 1982Dairy Cap CorporationThreaded plastic bottle cap
US4360114 *Nov 16, 1981Nov 23, 1982Thoroughbred Plastics Corp.Linerless bottle cap
US4905852 *May 26, 1989Mar 6, 1990Zapata Industries, Inc.Plastic closure with improved seal
US5320236 *Feb 17, 1993Jun 14, 1994Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.Plastic container package with linerless sealing closure system
US5423444 *Jun 15, 1989Jun 13, 1995Mk Plastics Pty Ltd.Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5836464 *Jul 23, 1997Nov 17, 1998Closures And Packaging Services LimitedClosure for beverage container
US6082569 *Sep 10, 1998Jul 4, 2000Closures And Packaging Services LimitedLinerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6325228Sep 2, 1999Dec 4, 2001Closures And Packaging Services LimitedLinerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6527132Jul 3, 1998Mar 4, 2003Closures And Packaging Services LimitedClosure with extended seal member
US6805252Nov 6, 2001Oct 19, 2004Closures And Packaging Services LimitedContainer and linerless closure combination
US6991123Feb 6, 2003Jan 31, 2006Closures And Packaging Services LimitedClosure with extended seal member
US7055708Oct 9, 2003Jun 6, 2006Owens-Illinois Prescription Products Inc.Child-resistant package
US7431877Oct 4, 2004Oct 7, 2008Closures And Packaging Services LimitedLinerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US20040182762 *Mar 5, 2004Sep 23, 2004Acqua Minerale S. Benedetto S.P.A.Carrier for biofilm to be used in wastewater purification plants
US20050184433 *Oct 4, 2004Aug 25, 2005Closures And Packaging Services LimitedLinerless closure for carbonated beverage container
EP1043242A1Apr 23, 1993Oct 11, 2000Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.,Linerless Closure
WO1993024386A1 *May 27, 1993Dec 9, 1993Schekra Verpackungs Gmbh & Co. KgClosure cap
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/329, 215/344
International ClassificationB65D41/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/0428
European ClassificationB65D41/04B2