US 305444 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. H. PUNK. ROTARY 011mm.
Arm-305,444. gy md Sept. 23
I'I/"ITJVESSES evens. PlwWLflhugr-aphur. Washington, a. c
I is turned to the right, the current caused by ELLIOTT H. FUNK, OF
, ROTARY s'runeis, MICHIGAN.
.JPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 305,444, dated September 23, 1884.
Application filed January 26, 1884. (Modeh) To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ELLIOTT H. FUNK, of Sturgis, in the county of St. Joseph and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rotary Ohurns; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form part of this specification, in which Figure 1 represents a top view of a churn, with breaker boards lying half-Way down. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view showing the break-boards standing up, ready to churn. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view showing the break-board lying flat down, ready to gather the butter.
A A A represent the body of the churn with'a cone-shaped bottom. Bis a cover. 0 is a shaft that has holes mortised through it. D D D are perforated heaters, each made in one solid piece and run through a mortise in shaft 0. E is a hinged bar. F F are stoplugs attached to hinged bar E, to hold it in an upright position by their bearing on the body of the churn A. G G G are perforated break-boards, mortised into hinged bar E. H H are hinges to operate the breaker-boards G G G. I is a crank to turn the beater-boards D D D. J is a support to crank-shaft to keep it in position.
The operation is as follows: When the crank the beater-boards D D D catches the breakerboards G G Gaud sets them in a perpendicular position. They then act as breakers, and the motion of the heaters D D D causes the cream to be forced through the breaker-boards G G G, in converging torrents, breaking the globules or sacks that contain the butter ef fectually in a short time. When the globules are broken and ready to gather, the crank I is turned to the left, and the heaters turn the current of the cream in the opposite direction, which throws down the breaker-boards, so that they are out of the way, and the friction is reduced, so that the butter can be gathered;
or, in other words, it turns to the right to churn and to the left to gather the butter.
Having explained my invention to the best of my knowledge, what I claim is k 1. The con1bination,'with the rotaryshaft O, carrying heaters D D D, of the hinged bar E, provided with breaker-boards G G G, substantially as described. 7
2. The combination, with the rotary shaft 0, carrying beaters D D D, of the hinged bar E, provided with breaker-boards G G G and stop-lugs F F, substantially as described. In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ELLIOTT H. FUNK.
P. O. DIETRIGH, A. E. DowELL.