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Publication numberUS3055041 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 25, 1962
Filing dateJan 4, 1961
Priority dateJan 4, 1961
Publication numberUS 3055041 A, US 3055041A, US-A-3055041, US3055041 A, US3055041A
InventorsSchaich Wilbur A
Original AssigneeOwens Illinois Glass Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ball applicator assembly with shuttletype closure
US 3055041 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 25, 1962 w. A. SCHAICH 3,055,041

BALL APPLICATOR ASSEMBLY WITH SHUTTLE-TYPE CLOSURE Filed Jan. 4, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Se t. 25, 1962 w. A. SCHAICH 3,055,041

BALL APPLICATOR ASSEMBLY WITH SHUTTLE-TYPE CLOSURE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 4, 1961 P 5, 1962 w. A. SCHAlCH 3,055,041

BALL APPLICATOR ASSEMBLY WITH SHUTTLETYPE CLOSURE Filed Jan. 4, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR [ram 0 flay/m ATTORNEYS P 1962 WIA. SCHAICH 3,055,041

BALL APPLICATOR ASSEMBLY WITH SHUTTLE-TYPE CLOSURE Filed Jan. 4, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 3,655,494-1 BALL APPLICATGR ASSEMBLY WITH SHUTTLE TYPE CLOSURE Wilbur A. Schaich, Mauznee, Uhio, assignor to Owens- Illinois Glass Company, a corporation of Ghio Filed Jinn. 4, H61, Ser. No. 87,984 22 Claiuns. (3. 572) The present application is a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 723,506, filed March 24, 1958, now abandoned, and the invention herein relates generally to a combination ball applicator and closure assembly for use with a dispensing container to facilitate roll-on application of various fluid and semi-fluid substances and preparations, and more particularly this invention relates to an assembly of the aforementioned type which is characterized by a shuttle-type closure or hood, which may be shifted or shuttled between alternative positions to respectively open and close the assembly and concurrently rotate the applicator ball without necessitating detachment of the closure from the assembly.

Ball-type applicator and container assemblies have in many instances in the past, found wide commercial acceptance as a convenient means of applying controlled amounts of various fluid and semi-fluid substances in a relatively smooth and uniform manner. However, to prevent a drying out, escape, or loss of the containers contents due to leakage, evaporation or other similar cause when the applicator is not being used, it has been customary practice to enclose the applicator within a closure, ordinarily having a generally conventional cup-shaped configuration which may be threadably or otherwise detachably fastened on the dispensing end of the container or the applicator assembly for axial movement relative to the applicator assembly. Obviously, in such conventional types of applicator assemblies, the closure must be completely removed from the applicator assembly or container prior to each use of the applicator. Frequently, the closure is misplaced or impaired, when removed from the assembly, and thereafter it usually becomes impossible to effectively prevent the objectionable drying out, escape, or loss of the containers contents. Thus, a substantial portion of the containers contents is frequently wasted. Also, such closures have frequently been somewhat ineffective to prevent a drying out of the containers contents, particularly residual portions of such contents remaining on the surface of the applicator or within the applicator assembly.

Another common characteristic of conventional balltype applicator assemblies is that even after detachment and removal of the protective closure from the assembly, the applicator ball must ordinarily be rotated in order to moisten or lubricate the surface of the ball with the containers contents before application may be commenced.

Also it has been found that many types of fluids cornmonly applied in conjunction with such ball-type applicators possess extremely sticky or tacky properties and as a consequence of evaporation, dehydration or the like, form a hard rough residual coating on the surface of the applicator ball during the prolonged periods of time between each use of the applicator. Consequently, difficulty in subsequently obtaining a smooth and uniform application occurs. Further, when applying deodorants, medicants, colognes and the like onto the human body undesirable skin irritation may be occasioned by the resulting rough applicator surface. Another undesirable consequence attendant with the gradual build up or retention of residual fluid on the applicator surface is that the rotation of the applicator ball is frequently impeded or prevented.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved ball-type applicator and closure as- 3,955,9 il Patented Sept. 25, 1962 sembly for use with a dispensing container, which obviates the undesirable necessity of removing and replacing the closure before and after each use of the applicator.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved applicator assembly which is particularly adapted to obviate the aforementioned undesirable consequences attendant with residual fluid remaining on the surface of the applicator after use.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved applicator assembly wherein opening movements of the closure effect a forceful rotation of the applicator ball to permit a premoistening or lubrication of the applicator ball prior to use.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved applicator assembly wherein closing movements of the closure effect a cleansing of residual fluid from the surface of the applicator ball.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved combination comprising a ball applicator, closure and dispensing container assembly characterized by the provision of a closure or hood, which is arranged for shuttle-like movement between alternate open and closed positions while retained in assembled relation, and which cooperates both to permit a smooth and uniform application of the containers contents and to effectively preclude undesirable and wasteful dissipation of the containers contents when the applicator is not being utilized.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an assembly capable of effecting the aforementioned objectives, and in such manner that the shuttle-like move ment of the closure or hood occurs in a path intercepting an exposed portion of the applicating member and shifting same alternately between an applicating position and a sealed position, the latter position effectively precluding drying out, escape, or loss of the containers contents.

The specific nature of this invention, as well as other objects and advantages thereof, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the annexed sheets of drawings on which, by way of example only, three preferred embodiments of this invention are illustrated.

Referring to the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary elevational view of a dispensing container and showing in vertical central section on the neck of the container an applicator and closure assembly embodying the present invention and arranged in an open or applicating position.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the assembly shown in FIG. 1, with the closure being illustrated in vertical central section.

FIG. 3 is a view taken substantially along the line 33 in FIG. 1, with the applicating member being removed for purposes of clarity.

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but for comparative purposes illustrating the assembly in closed non-applicating position.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the container neck portion with the closure and applicating member omitted from the drawing.

PEG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of a container neck portion embodying a modified form of the invention, and likewise having the closure omitted from the drawing for clarity of illustration.

FIGS. 7 and 8 are similar, respectively, to FIGS. 1 and 4 and illustrate further aspects of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6.

FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along the plane 99 shown in FIG. 7, and for purposes of clarity the closure and applicating member have again been omitted from the drawing.

FIGS. 10-12 are views similar, respectively to FIGS. 7-9, showing another modified form of the invention.

FIG. 13 is a view similar to FIG. 4, and illustrating still another modified form of the invention and with the assembly being illustrated in closed position.

FIGURE 14 is a vertical view of the assembly shown in FIGURE 13, with the ball rotation section of the closure contacting the applicator ball and with the closure being depicted in section for clarity of illustration.

*FIGURE 15 is a view taken substantially along the line 1515 in FIGURE 14.

Briefly, the general arrangement of the principal components of the assembly, organized in applicating position, is shown in FIG. 1. As illustrated, a container ill is provided, which is suitable for the retention of various fluid and semi-fluid substances and preparations. The container 10 includes a reduced diameter annular neck portion 10a having means therein forming a pocket in which to support an applicator ball lit for universal rotable movement. A generally U-shaped closure 12, which is pivotally attached to the sides of the container 10, forms a hood over the neck portion 10a and applicator ball 11 and confines the latter in assembled relation Within the pocket. The closure 12 may be shuttled back and forth over the applicator ball 11 between an open applicating position (FIG. 1), in which position the applicator ball 11 is capable of transferring a smooth and uniform film of the containers contents when rolling motion is imparted thereto, and a closed non-applicating position (-FIG. 4), which precludes a drying up, leakage, evaporation or other similar loss or waste of the containers contents when the assembly is not being used for applicating purposes.

In greater detail, container 10, which is preferably fabricated from glass or other material, such as plastic, metal, or the like, suitable for the retention of various fluid and semi-fluid substances, includes a dispensing opening 10b, defined by the interior surface of the annular neck portion 100, and, forms a passage through which the containers contents flow and contact the surface of the applicator ball 11 when the container ltl is inverted preparatory to use. Internally of the neck portion 10a and in the region of the inner end thereof, the dispensing opening lllb is partially restricted and defines a pocket ltlc in which to gravitationally support the applicator ball 11 for universal rotatable motion. As illustrated in FIG. 3, this restriction of the dispensing opening 10b is formed by projections 10d which extend radially inward from the wall of the dispensing opening; and, although one projection may be sufiicient in certain instances, at least three such projections arranged in substantially evenly spaced relationship are usually preferable. Additionally, the projections Hid may be integrally formed with the wall of the dispensing opening, as illustrated in FIGS. 14, or may be formed independently thereof and inserted in the dispensing opening, as in a manner to be subsequently described in relation tothe modified forms of this invention illustrated in FIGS. -l5. Pins are integrally formed on or otherwise aflixed to opposite exterior sides of the container it and provide a pivotal mounting for pivotal or shuttle-like movement of the U-shaped closure 12. The outer end of the neck portion 10a defines an annular rim Itle having an upwardly facing surface upon which the closure 12 may slide and which is shaped in the form of a cylindrical segment having an axis of radial symmetry normal to and intersecting the axis of the dispensing opening 19a and coinciding with the pivotal axis defined by pins rltlf.

The applicator ball 11, which serves to transfer a smooth and uniform coating of the containers contents, is fabricated from a resiliently deformable material such as rubber, polyethylene, or other material or materials having similar characteristics of resilientness, pliability, scalability and the like, and is sufficiently resilient that a compressive force substantially in excess of that normally imposed upon the applicator ball 11 during ordinary application will deform or distend the ball in the manner 4 shown in FIG. 4 and cause same to engage the wall of the pocket itlc in fluid impervious sealed relationship, as for example at ltlh.

The closure 12 is preferably constructed from a plastic material such as polystyrene, but may likewise be constructed of metal or other resiliently deformable material which is resistant to corrosion when exposed to the contents of the container and which possesses a greater degree of rigidity than the applicator ball 11. The closure ball 11. The closure 12 is characterized by a U- sha ed hood-type construction which, as previously men tioned, overlies the rim Me of the container neck portion 101;, and which may be moved transversely across the dispensing opening 10b in shuttle-like manner between alternative open and closed positions. The closure 12 includes: a rim or bight portion 12a having a cylindrical bottom or underside cam surface 12b mating with the cylindrical segment end surface portion of the rim 162 on the container neck portion ltla, a pair of depending side walls spaced in parallelism along opposite sides of the container neck portion Illa and, respectively, defining transverse openings 12a located at the geometrical axis of the cylindrical bight portion 12a which, respectively receive pins lily for pivotal or shuttle-like movement of the closure I2 on the container 10. The closure 12 may be readily mounted on pins 10f by distending the resilient side walls 120 of the closure sufficiently to permit the pins 10 to be snapped into the transverse openings 12d. The mating configuration of the cam surface 12b and the end surface of the rim ltle permits pivotal sliding movement of the bight portion 120 of the closure along the rim we of the container 10 while retaining a frictional seal therebetween which precludes leakage or seepage of the containers contents from around the outer end of the container neck portion 1%. The cam surface 12b is thus disposed in a path intercepting the protruding or exposed portion 11a of the applicator ball 11. Also included on the underside of the closure 12 and defined on the cam surface 12s in a location spaced along the pivotal axis of the closure there may be provided a recess 12g which receives an upper portion of the deformed applicator ball ll when the closure is pivoted or shuttled to its closed position.

From the foregoing description it will be readily apparent that with the closure 12 positioned as in FIG. 1, with the protruding portion Ha of the applicator ball 11 protruding through the discharge orifice 12 the containers contents may be applied in a smooth and uniform manner by merely bringing the applicator ball ll into rolling contact with the surface to which application is desired, realizing of course that the container should be first inverted or shaken in order to moisten the sur face of the applicator ball with the containers contents. It will likewise be apparent that when application is not desired the closure 12 may be shuttled to a closed position, shown in FIG. 4, wherein the cam surface 121') frictionally slides on the rim Iile of the container neck portion Tile and overrides the applicator ball 11, thus compressing the applicator ball against the projections 10d and causing it to deform and distend radially outward into sealing engagement with the wall of the pocket file to form a fluid-impervious annular seal as at ill/1, which extends continuously around the pocket and prevents leakage or evaporation of the containers contents. Likewise the recessed portion 12g of the arcuate rim 12b will permit a portion of the compressed applicator ball 11 to snap therein and retain the closure 12 in closed position until it is manually shuttled back to its open position and, thus, help to avoid the possibility of accidentally opening the closure, as when the assembly is being carried in a ladys handbag or the like.

In the modified embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 69, there is illustrated a container 15 having a conventional reduced diameter neck portion 15a. Inserted in the neck portion 15a of the container 15, there is a rigid annular sleeve 16 which is preferably constructed from polystyrene, or other rigid plastic, glass, or metallic material. The sleeve 16 includes a radial external flange 16a located at the outer end of the sleeve and which seats firmly on the rim 15o of the neck portion 15a, and prevents the sleeve 16 from being displaced into the container. On the interior surface of the sleeve 16 there are a plurality of spaced inwardly directed projections 1632, best shown in FIG. 7, which restrict the interior bore of the sleeve 16 and define a pocket 160 in which the applicator ball is loosely confined for universal rotational movement when the closure is in an open position, as shown in FIG. 7. The upper surface of the radial flange 16a defines a cylindrical segment surface centered on pins to provide a continuous contact with the underside of the arcuate rim 1.2a of the closure 12 and to form a sliding frictional seal therewith, similar in purpose and manner to the seal between the rim ltle of the container lltl and the closure 12 described in the first-mentioned embodiment of this invention. In this instance also, the applicator ball 11 is fabricated from a resilient, deformable material, which is compressed into sealing engagement with the wall of the pocket 160, as at 16d, when the closure 12 is shuttled to its closed relative position, illustrated in FIG. 8.

In FIGS. 10-12 there is illustrated still another embodiment of this invention. In this embodiment a rigid applicator ball 17, which may be fabricated from glass, polystyrene, metal, or the like, replaces the resilient, deformable ball described in the previous two embodiments. In this latter embodiment an annular fitment 18, in all essential respects identical in external appearance to the sleeve 16 shown in FIG. 5, is snugly inserted in the neck of container 15 and houses the applicator ball 17. The fitment is fabricated from polyethylene, or other material having similar characteristics of resiliency, softness, and scalability, and is shaped to fit snugly within the neck 15a of the container. A radial external shoulder 18a seats on the rim of the container. Defined with: in the fitment 1S and positioned beneath a lower chordal segment of the applicator ball 17, there is a continuous annular sealing surface 13b, best illustrated in FIG. 10. A flexible resilient internal projection is provided, such as for example a diametrical rib lfic extending trans versely across the bore of the fitment 13, and normally supports the ball 1'7 in an elevated position relative to sealing surface i811. The radial shoulder 18a, like the flange 16a in FIGS. 6-9, is formed with an upper surface configuration shaped to define a cylindrical segment providing continuous sliding contact between the fitment and the underside of the closure 12.

In its functional aspect, the diametrical rib 18c sup ports the applicator ball 17 in a position elevated from the sealing surface 1% and with an outer segment of the applicator ball 17a protruding through the discharge orifice 12] in the closure 12, when the closure 12 is in its open or applicating position shown in FIG. 10. However, when the closure 12 is pivoted or shuttled to its closed position, as shown in FIG. ll, the closure 12. depresses the applicator ball 17 causing the resilient rib to yield inwardly until the applicator ball 17 is firmly sealed against the annular sealing surface 1%. In reverse manner, when the closure is pivoted or shuttled to its open position, FIG. 10, the diametrical rib 180, which although resilient and flexible is sufficiently rigid to resist the pressures ordinarily imposed upon the applicator ball during application of the containers contents, resiliently lifts the applicator ball away from the sealing surface 131) and into application position.

An additional inherent function of all of the foregoing embodiments of the present invention is more particularly evident in the modified form of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 13-15. In this respect, it will be observed in the foregoing embodiments that as the closure is shuttled between its alternate open and closed positions and intercepts the protruding portion of the applicator ball it will naturally tend to rotate the applicator ball. Thus, as the closure is shuttled from a closed to an open position the transverse frictional movement of the closure in contact with the protruding surface of the applicator ball produces a forceful rotation of the applicatcr ball as the latter is gradually displaced from sealing contact with the wall of the container neck (FIGS. 1-5) or the wall of the fitment (FIGS. 6-12). Thus, the applicator ball is subjected to sufficient forceful rotation attendant with the opening of the closure to overcome the frequent undesirable tendency of the applicator ball to adhere to the wall of the container or fitment when used in conjunction with various sticky, tacky or adhesive fluids, such as mucilage, and certain types of deodorants, medicants, and the like. Furthermore, the rotation of the applicator ball attending the opening movement of the closure occasions a surface pre-moistening or prelubrication of the applicator ball with the contents of the container which are entrapped within the fitment or container neck when the applicator assembly is closed. Such pre-moistening and pro-lubrication may likewise be achieved by inverting the container during the opening movement of the closure.

Likewise, the closure imparts a rotational movement to the applicator ball when it is shuttled to a closed position, and as the applicator ball is concurrently forced gradually into contact with the sealing surface in the container neck or fitment the sealing surface imparts a wiping action to the surface of the applicator ball and cleanses residual fiuid from the surface of the applicator ball.

The modified form of the invention shown in FIGS. 13-15 is adapted to achieve a more pronounced rotation of the applicator ball during alternate opening and closing movements of the closure; and consequently is capable of providing a more effective pre-moistening or pre-lubrication and cleansing of the applicator ball when such functions are desirable. More particularly referring to FIG. 13, it will be observed that the applicator ball 17, as illustrated, may be of rigid construction, as in FIGS. 10- 12. Also the applicator ball may be of resilient construction such as the applicator ball 11 shown in FIGS. 6-12. The applicator ball is confined in ball and socket relationship within an annular fitment 19 similar in construction with the previously described fitment 18, but additionally having means adjacent the applicating end thereof for confining the applicator ball within the fitment independently of the closure 20. Such means may be in the form of one or more integral inwardly protruding tabs 19d which constrict the open applicating end of the fitment 19 to a size sufilcient to retain the medial portion of the applicator ball loosely within the confines of the fitment. In other respects the fitment 19 may be similar with the fitment .18. For example, the fitment 19 may be fabricated from polyethylene and is shaped to fit snugly within the neck of the container 15 with a radial external shoulder 19a, best illustrated in FIG. 14-, seating upon the neck rim of the container in sealing relationship as at 1%. Within the fitment and located beneath a lower chordal segment of the applicator ball 17 there is formed a continuous annular sealing surface 1%. A flexible internal projection, or diametrical web resiliently supports the applicator ball 11 and accommodates depression of the applicator ball into sealing contact with the sealing surface 1% when the closure is shifted to a closed position, as shown in FIG. 13. An arcuate sealing surface 19 is provided along the upper face of the rim 1% and the tabs 19d to form a sliding sealed surface on which the closure 20 may be shifted between its alternative open and closed positions.

The U-shaped closure 20, like the previously described closure 12 is mounted upon pins or the like on the side of the container 2% for shuttle-like pivotal movement between alternative open and closed positions and is preferably constructed from a rigid plastic or metallic material having good corrosion resistance. In closed and sealed position the closure 20 functions in essentially the same manner as the previously described embodiment shown in FIGS. 1012. In this respect, and as shown in FIG. 13, the arcuate bight portion of the closure 20 is provided with a cam section 20a which slides in sealing relationship, as at Ztlc along the upper arcuate surface of the fitment and intercepts and depresses the applicator ball 17 downwardly upon the diametrical web 190 and into sealed continuous peripheral contact with the sealing surface 1%. By comparison however, the bight portion of the closure 20 is imperforate and is shifted completely to one side of the applicator ball 17 to open the assembly and expose the applicator ball for use, as shown in broken lines in FIG. 15. Also, the bight portion of the closure 20 is provided with a ball rotating section Zttb which defines a recased surface area 2th: extending along a seg ment of the ball contacting underside surface of the closure bight portion. The recessed surface Ztle preferably has a knurled or otherwise roughened finish and is of sufficient depth to permit the diametrical web 19c to resiliently elevate the applicator ball out of sealing contact with the sealing surface 11% while still restraining the applicator ball 17 in a depressed position intermediate its normal fully elevated applicating position and fully depressed sealed position and as shown in solid lines in FIG. 15 Thus, as the closure is shifted from a closed to an open position the applicator ball 17 is gradually lifted out of sealing contact with sealing surface 1% and is brought into frictional contact with the recessed surface Ztle in the ball rotating section 20a of the closure 20 and is forcefully rotated under the influence of the frictional contact of the closure with the applicator ball. Conversely, the applicator ball is rotated as the closure is shifted from an open to a closed position and as the cam section 20a gradually forces the rotating applicator ball 17 against the sealing surface 19b residual fluid is wiped from the surface of the ball. Preferably, and as illustrated, the ball rotating section Zttb is formed on the end of the closure which corresponds to the trailing end of the closure as it is shifted from a closed to an open position. Also, the closure may be provided with a stop, as at 15b, which governs the extent of pivotal movement of the closure between open and closed positions and is arranged to engage the rim of the container 15 when the closure is fully closed and to rest against the side of the container when the closure is fully opened.

Although, the modified form of the invention shown in FIGS. 13-15, has been illustrated in a preferred embodiment in conjunction with a rigid applicator ball and a fitment, it is understood that the imperforate closure therein shown and described may likewise be employed with a resiliently deformable applicator ball and/ or with a container neck portion having integral projections forming a socket for the applicator ball merely by providing the container neck portion or fitment with tabs similar to tabs 19d or other suitable ball restricting means capable of retaining the applicator ball in assembly when the closure is shifted to an open position.

In any event the ball rotation effected as an incident of opening and closing the closure, permits the full surface of the applicator ball to be pre-moistened with the contents of the container during opening and causes the surface of the applicator to be wiped clean during closing. Also, the forceful rotation occasioned during opening of the closure frees the applicator ball from its frequent tendency to freeze or adhere to the surface of its confining element.

Among other advantages, the present invention provides a ball-type applicator assembly having a novel closure which is not subject to being lost or misplaced, and which permits the applicator assembly to be opened and closed in a more convenient mamier, since it is not necessary to remove and replace the closure before and after each use of the applicator. Also, the forceful rotation imparted to the applicator ball by the cam surface on the underside of the bight portion of the closure overcomes the frequent tendency of the applicator ball to adhere to the surface of the confining socket so as to provide free rotation of the applicator ball when the closure is shuttled to an open position. Additionally, the surface of the applicator ball may be pre-moistened or pre-lubricated with the containers contents by merely inverting the container while the closure is being opened. Conversely, a forceful rotation imparted to the applicator ball when the closure is shuttled to a closed position causes the ball to be wiped substantially clean of residual fluid as it is pressed and rotated against the sealing surface defined Within the ball confining element.

It will, of course, be understood that various details of construction may be modified throughout a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention, and it is not, therefore, the purpose to limit the patent granted hereon otherwise than as necessitated by the scope of the appended claims.

1 claim:

1. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said container; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure overlying said dispensing opening and carried by said container for shuttle-like movement across said dispensing opening between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and traversed by said outer segment of said applicator ball when said closure is in said open position, said closure also defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

2. The combination of: a dispensing container having a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said container; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said application ball into said pocket; a closure overlying said dispensing opening and pivotally mounted for shiftable shuttle-like movement across said dispensing opening between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and traversed by said outer segment of said applicator ball when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said aprplicatcr ball into sealing contact with the wall of said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

3. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means located within said neck portion partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; a resiliently deformable applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure overlaying said neck portion and pivotally mounted for shuttle-like movement across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening,

said closure defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethruigh when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and thereby deforming said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

4. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means disposed within said neck portion partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; the Wall of said pocket defining a continuous annular sealing surface surrounding said pocket; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket, at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket, said applicator ball having an inner segment overlying said sealing surface and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure overlying said neck portion and pivotally mounted for shuttle-like movement across said neck portion be tween alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and re ceiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator and depressing said applicator ball into sealing contact with said annular sealing surface when said closure is in said closed position.

5. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating axially with the interior of the container; and annular rim surrounding the outer axial end of said dispensing opening defining an outwardly facing end surface, said end surface being arcuate about an axis normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said dispensing opening; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure pivotally carried by said container for shuttle-like movement across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure pivotal axis coinciding with said axis of said arcuate end surface, said closure having an arcuate surface concentric with and frictionally contacting said arcuate end surface of said annular rim, said closure also defining an orifice through said arcuate surface and restricted in size for receiving said outer segment only of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and a cam surface on said closure intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

6. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means for partially obstructing the inner axial end of said dispensing opening and for forming a pocket therein; an applicator ball loosely resting Within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding outwardly from said container, at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a U-shaped closure overlying said dispensing opening having a bight portion l@ spacing oppositely facing depending side walls, said side walls being mounted for shuttle-like movement of said bight portion across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said bight portion defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and arranged to receive said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open. position and having a surface portion arranged to intercept said outer segment of said applicator ball and depress said applicator ball into an enclosed position Within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

7. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating axially with the interior of the container; an annu'lar rim on the outer end of said neck portion surrounding said dispensing opening, said rim defining a convex outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; a resiliently deformable applicator ball loosely resting Within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure overlying said dispensing opening and pivotally carried by said container for shuttlelike movement across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure pivotal axis coinciding with said axis of radial symmetry of said end portion, said closure having an interior surface concentric with and contacting said end surface of said annular rim in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an orifice smaller in size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position and having a cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and deforming said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

8. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular rim on the outer end of said neck portion surrounding said dispensing opening, said rim defining a convex outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry disposed normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; a resiliently deformable applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a -U-shaped closure having a bight portion overlying said neck portion and having depending side Walls straddling said neck portion, said side walls being pivota'lly carried by said container, said pivotal axis coinciding with the axis of radial symmetry of said end surface of said rim for shuttle-like movement of said bight portion across said dispensing opening between alternative open and closed positions, said bight portion having an arcuate surface concentric with said contacting said arcuate end surface of said rim in continuous frictional sealing relation, and said bight portion also defining an orifice smaller in size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and a cam surface on said closure intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and deforming said applicator ball into sealing contact with the wall of said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

9. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular sleeve disposed within said neck portion partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure overlying said neck portion; means for shiftably mounting said closure on said container for shuttle-like movements across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure defining an orifice smaller in size than said applicator ball and receivin said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also having a cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

10. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular sleeve element disposed Within said neck portion and having means therein partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein, said sleeve having a radial rim jutting over the outer end of said neck portion; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion, said applicator ball being constructed from a resiliently deformable material; a closure overlying said rim; means pivotally connecting said closure to the exterior of said container for shuttle-like movement of said closure across said rib between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure defining an orifice smaller in size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and deforming said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

11. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular sleeve located within said neck portion partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein, said sleeve having a radialrim jutting over the outer end of said neck portion and defining an arcuate outwardly facin end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said annular sleeve and said applicator ball having a resilient and flexible construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure pivotally carried by said container for shuttle-like movement across said neck portion between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure having an arcuate surface concentric with and contacting said arcuate end surface of said radial rim in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an orifice through said arcuate surface of restricted size for receiving said outer segment only of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and an interior cam surface on said closure intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

12. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular sleeve located within said neck portion partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein, said sleeve having a radial rim jutting over the outer end of said neck portion and defining an arcuate outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; a resiliently deformable applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure pivotally carried by said container for shuttle-like movement across said neck portion between alternative open and closed postions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure having an arcuate surface concentric with and contacting said arcuate end surface of said radial rim in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an orifice through said arcuate surface of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and an interior cam surface on said closure intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and deforming said applicator ball into said dispensing opening and into sealing contact with the wall of said pocket to seal said dispensing opening when said closure is in said closed position.

13. The combination of: a dispensing container defining -a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular fitment disposed within said dispensing opening, said fitment having at least one resilient inwardly projecting shoulder partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; a rigid applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure overlying said dispensing opening; means for shiftably mounting said closure on said container for shuttle-like movement between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure defining an orifice of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure also defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball against said resilient shoulder and into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

14. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communieating with the interior of the container; an annular fitment of elastomeric material telescoped within said neck portion, said fitment having at least one inwardly projecting shoulder partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein and having a radial flange forming a rim overlying the outer end of said neck portion; a rigid applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said rim; a closure overlying said neck portion and pivotally mounted for shuttle-like movement across said rim between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure defining an orifice diametrically smaller than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball against said shoulder and into sealing contact with the wall of said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

15. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular fitment telescoped within said neck portion, said fitment having at least one resilient inwardly projecting shoulder partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein and having a radial flange forming a rim overlying the outer end of said neck portion, said flange defining an arcuate outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to and intersecting the axis of said dispensing opening; a rigid applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outwardly from said neck portion; a closure overlying said neck portion and pivotally carried by said container for shuttle-like movement across said radial flange between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure having an arcuate surface concentric with and contacting said arcuate end surface of said radial flange in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an orifice through said arcuate surface, said orifice being of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and a cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball against said resilient shoulder and into an enclosed position within said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

16. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular fitment telescoped within said neck portion, said fitment having at least one resilient inwardly projecting shoulder partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein and having a radial tflange forming a rim overlying the outer end of said neck portion, said flange defining an arcuate outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to the axis of said dispensing opening; a rigid applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a closure overlying said neck portion and pivotally mounted for shuttle-like movement across said radial flange between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening; said closure having an interior surface concentric with and contacting said outwardly facing end surface of said radial flange in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an orifice smaller in size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball against said resilient shoulder and into sealing contact with the wall of said pocket when said closure is in said closed position.

17. The combination of: a dispensing container having a neck portion defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; an annular fitment telescoped within said neck portion, said fitment having at least one resilient inwardly projecting shoulder partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein and having a radial flange forming an annular rim overlying the outer end of said neck portion, said annular rim defining an arcuate outwardly facing end surface having an axis of radial symmetry normal to the axis of said dispensing opening, a rigid applicator ball loosely resting Within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said neck portion; a continuous annular sealing surface defined by the wall of said pocket and spaced beneath a peripheral segment of said applicator ball; a closure overlying said neck portion and pivotally mounted for shuttle-like movement across said radial flange between alternative open and closed positions relative to said dispensing opening, said closure defining an orifice of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, and said closure having an interior surface concentric with and contacting said outwardly facing end surface of said radial flange in continuous frictional sealing relation, said closure also defining an interior cam surface intercepting said outer segment of said applicator ball and depressing said applicator ball against said resilient shoulder and into sealing contact with said sealing surface when said closure is in said closed position.

18. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket in communication with said container with the pocket being the only passage for fluid passing out through said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said container; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure, means mounting said closure in overlying relationship with said dispensing opening for shuttle-like movement thereacross between alternative open and closed positions, said closure defining an opening of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, said closure also defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment and depressing said applicator ball into said pocket closing said dispensing opening when said closure is in said closed position.

19. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket in communication with said container with the pocket being the only passage for fluid passing out through said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely resting within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward therefrom; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure, means mounting said closure in overlying relationship with said pocket for shuttle-like movement thereacross between alternative open and closed positions, said closure defining an opening of smaller size than said applicator ball and receiving said outer segment of said applicator ball therethrough when said closure is in said open position, said closure also defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment and depressing said applicator ball into said pocket closing said dispensing opening when said closure is in said closed position.

20. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket in communication with said container with the pocket being the only passage for fluid passing out through said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely confined within said pocket and having an exposed outer segment protruding axially outward therefrom; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient construction to accommodate depression of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure, means mounting said closure in overlying relationship with said pocket for shuttle-like movement thereacross between alternative open and closed positions, said closure defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment and depressing said applicator ball in said pocket closing said dispensing opening when said closure is in said closed position and intercepting and rotating said applicator ball when said closure is shuttled towards said. open position.

21. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket in communication with said container with the pocket being the only passage for fluid passing out through said dispensing opening; an applicator ball loosely confined Within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward therefrom; at least one of the members of the group consisting of said restricting means and said applicator ball having a resilient construction to accommodate depres sion of said applicator ball into said pocket; a closure,

means mounting said closure in overlying relationship with said pocket for shuttle-like movement thereacross between alternative positions opening and closing said pocket, said closure defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment and rotating and depressing said applicator ball in said pocket when said closure is shuttled across said pocket between said opening and closing positions.

22. The combination of: a dispensing container defining a dispensing opening communicating with the interior of the container; means partially restricting said dispensing opening and forming a pocket therein; an applicator ball loosely confined within said pocket and having an outer segment protruding axially outward from said pocket; a closure, means mounting said closure in 3; 5 overlying relationship with said pocket for shuttle-like movement thereacross between alternative open and closed positions, said closure defining a cam surface intercepting said outer segment and rotating said applicator ball within said pocket when said closure is shuttled across said pocket between said open and closed positions.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,417,975 Crane May 30, 1922 1,589,107 Campbell June 15, 1926 2,006,484 Schooley July 2, 1935 2,719,997 Acherrnan Oct. 11, 1955 2,823,403 Whitney Feb. 18, 1958 2,883,690 Holler Apr. 28, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1417975 *Apr 9, 1921May 30, 1922Nathaniel L FosterReceptacle closure
US1589107 *Sep 26, 1925Jun 15, 1926Campbell Jr James ATube top
US2006484 *Jul 31, 1933Jul 2, 1935Harry O SchooleyTube closure
US2719997 *Jul 11, 1952Oct 11, 1955May Ackerman DollettaDispenser and applicator
US2823403 *Apr 23, 1956Feb 18, 1958Owensillinois Glass CompanyBall and socket plastic fitment
US2883690 *May 23, 1956Apr 28, 1959Owens Illinois Glass CoFluid dispensing ball applicator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4359292 *Dec 29, 1980Nov 16, 1982The Gillette CompanyCosmetic dispenser
US5116156 *Jul 27, 1990May 26, 1992Landi Joseph VRoller-type material applicator
US5553957 *Nov 7, 1995Sep 10, 1996The Procter & Gamble CompanyProduct dispenser with enlarged non-dispensing application/distribution surface
US5839616 *Aug 14, 1997Nov 24, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyPackage for dispensing a liquid product
US6076984 *Nov 12, 1998Jun 20, 2000Seb S.A.Hot melt depilatory wax dispenser
US6814520Oct 26, 2000Nov 9, 2004Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf AktienDevice for dispensing a fluid product from a container
WO1980002261A1 *Apr 11, 1980Oct 30, 1980Gillette CoCosmetic dispenser
WO1995024141A1 *Apr 28, 1994Sep 14, 1995Procter & GambleImproved product disperser with enlarged non-dispensing applicatin/distribution surface
WO2001032050A1 *Oct 26, 2000May 10, 2001Delli Venneri NicolaDevice for dispensing a fluid product from a container
WO2013061003A1 *Oct 26, 2012May 2, 2013L V M H RechercheClosure cap for a product container, in particular a cosmetic product container
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/213, 222/505, 401/215, 401/1
International ClassificationA45D34/04, B65D47/08
Cooperative ClassificationA45D34/041, B65D47/0876
European ClassificationB65D47/08D4, A45D34/04B