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Publication numberUS3058366 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 16, 1962
Filing dateJul 28, 1960
Priority dateSep 15, 1959
Also published asDE1233227B
Publication numberUS 3058366 A, US 3058366A, US-A-3058366, US3058366 A, US3058366A
InventorsJoseph Matthews Dennis
Original AssigneeBrentford Transformers Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Intermittent reversing drives
US 3058366 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 16, 1962 D. J. MATTHEWS 3,058,366

INTERMITTENT REVERSING DRIVES Filed July 28, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet l Arr-7 1r.

Oct. 16, 1962 D. J: MATTHEWS INTERMITTENT REVERSING DRIVES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 28, 1960 Arry United States Patent 3,958,366 INTERMITTENT REVERSING DRIVES Dennis Joseph Matthews, Tilgate, Crawley, England, as-

signor to Brentiord Transformers Limited, Crawley,

England, a British company Filed July 28, 196i), Ser. No. 45,930 Claims priority, application Great Britain Sept. 15, 1959 8 Claims. (Cl. 74-435) This invention concerns improvements in intermittent reversing drives for particular use in interlocking the motions of the contacts of a regulator with a switch. In arrangements such as, for example, that described in the British Patent 780,166 a regulator is associated with switching means and the arrangement is such that the regulator contacts must be traversed from end to end of a coil and must, therefore, be driven by some suitable reversing drive mechanism. It is also necessary in such an arrangement that, when the regulator contacts reach the end positions on the regulator, a switch should be operated, for example to connect or disconnect a booster transformer into the circuit. In the prior arrangements separater motors were provided for driving the switch and the regulator contacts and these separate motors were inter-connected by electrical, mechanical or electro-mechanical interlocks. Both the switch motor and the contact motors were reversible.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an intermittent reversing drive whereby a single motor can drive both the regulator contacts and the switch mechanism.

According to the present invention there is provided an intermittent drive comprising a reversible rotary output member, a pair of driving pinions for said output member driven alternately in opposite directions, unidirectionally driven segmental gearing meshing with said pinions to provide said alternating drive of the pinions, a further output rotary member, a pinion transmitting intermittent rotation to said further output rotary member, an input drive connected to said segmental gearing and said latter pinion, and means breaking the drive to said latter pinion during rotation of each one of the said pair of pinions.

According to a further aspect of the invention, there is provided an intermittent reversing drive, comprising a first sector gear intermittently driving a pinion providing an intermittent non-reversing drive to a first output shaft, and a driving connection from said first sector gear to a further sector gear and double pinion arrangement in which the two pinions are driven alternately, such pinions both being coupled to a second output shaft in such manner that said second output shaft is driven reversingly, said first and second output shafts being driven alternately.

Desirably the input to the first sector gear is a reversible input.

A cam locking device is desirably associated with each sector gear and its pair of pinions to hold the pinions stationary at the timeswhen this is desirable.

In order that this invention may more readily be understood, two embodiments of the same will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the lay out of one arrangement, and

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a second arrangement.

Referring now to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, a worm 1 is arranged for selective driving in either direction either by a hand crank 2 or, via a clutch 3, from a motor and gear unit 4. The worm 1 drives a worm wheel 5 which is coupled to a main input drive shaft 6. On this main drive shaft 6 is a first sector gear '7 which, in

this embodiment, comprises 10 teeth of a 28 tooth wheel and associated with the sector gear 7, being rigidly connected thereto, is a locking cam disc 8 which is cut away over a portion 9 adjacent to the toothed part of the sector gear 7.

A first pinion 10 also having 10 teeth is arranged to be driven by the teeth of the sector gear 7 and this pinion is mounted upon a first output shaft 11. Also fixed upon this first output shaft is a locking cam 12 which is so shaped and positioned that an arcuate recess in its periphery will engage with the periphery of the locking disc 8 except when the sector gear 7 is in driving engagement with the pinion 10. It will be clear that the output shaft 11 is driven intermittently and in a direction corresponding to the direction of rotation of the input shaft 6 and executes one revolution for each revolution of the input shaft 6.

Also associated with the sector gear 7 is a second pinion 13 and locking cam 14 identical to the pinion 10 and cam 12, such pinion 13 and cam 14 being mounted upon an intermediate shaft 15 arranged diametrically opposite to the output shaft 11. Thus the arrangement is that the intermediate shaft 15 is driven through one revolution for each revolution of the input shaft 6, being driven during the time when the output shaft 11 is held locked by the inter-engagement of the cam 12 and disc 8.

The intermediate shaft 15- drives a second intermediate shaft 16 through a 1:2 reduction gear arrangement 17 and mounted upon the second intermediate shaft is a further sector gear 18 which, in this embodiment, comprises 12 teeth of a 34 tooth wheel. Rigidly associated with this further sector gear 18 is a locking cam disc 19 which, as can be seen, is provided with two peripheral recesses 20 and 21 of substantially identical form and arranged symmetrically, the first such recess 20 being located in alignment with the teeth of the sector gear 18 and the second such recess 21 (which is of slightly greater angular width) being located diametrically opposite to the recess 20.

A pair of intermittent drive shafts 22 and 23 carry pinions 24 and 25 respectively, these pinions 24 and 25 each having 6 teeth shaped to mate with the 12 teeth on the sector gear 18 and each being associated with locking cams 26 and 27 respectively. Thus the arrangement is that during each complete revolution of the intermediate shaft 16, first the shaft 22 is driven positively through 2 revolutions and then the shaft 23 is driven in the same direction through 2 revolutions and, when either of the shafts 22 and 23 is being driven positively, the other such shaft is free to rotate. Furthermore there is a dwell period between the double revolutions of the shafts 22 and 23 and during such dwell period these shafts are locked.

The shafts 22 and 23 are provided with bevel gears 28 and 29 respectively mating with bevel gears 30 and 31 respectively, and the gears 30 and 31 being mounted upon an output shaft 32. The arrangement is clearly that the output shaft 32 executes a double revolution in opposite direction for each revolution of the intermediate shaft 16. In the arrangement shown, the output shaft 32 drives a transmission shaft 33 through a gear 34.

Thus to sum up if the input shaft 6 is driven through two revolutionsin an appropriate direction from the position in which it is shown in the figure, the output shaft 11 is first driven through one revolution while the output shaft 32 is held locked. Then, while the output shaft 11 is held locked, the output shaft 32 executes two revolutions in one direction. Thereafter the output shaft 0 11 is again driven through one revolution in the same direction as before, and then the output shaft 32 is driven through two revolutions in the opposite direction to that in which it was driven originally. This cycle of events is repeated duringeach succeedingtwo revolutions of the input shaft in the same direction.

In the arrangement shown in FIGURE 1 it will be understood that the output shaft 11 executes a complete revolution each time it is moved by the input shaft 6, but it is not always desired that the output shaft 11 should turnto such an extent, for if this shaft is used merely to operate a switch a much smaller degree of movement may be preferred. Thus, in the arrangement shown in FIGURE 2, which is a modification of a portion of FIGUREI, the output shaft 11 executes only a 45 movement.

Referring now to FIGURE 2, the parts have, Where practicable, been given the same reference numerals as in-FIGURE l and it will be seen that the motor 4 drives a clutch 3 connected to a pinion 140 which is engaged with a gear wheel 1G5 replacing the worm wheel 5 of FIGURE 1. Thehand wheel 2 also drives the gear Wheel .105 through a pinion 141. The;'gear wheel 195 drives the main input drive shaft 6 upon which is mounted a first sector gear 107, this sector gear 107'being a double sector gear having only two teeth of a 36 tooth wheel and these two teeth being separated by 180. Also associated with-the sector gear 107 is a locking cam disc 108.

The teeth of the sector gear 107 drive a first pinion 110 associated with a locking cam 112 and mounted upon the output shaft ll and it will be clear that since the firstpinion 110 has 8 teeth the output shaft 11 executes two separate 45 movements for each revolution of the main input shaft. If a 90 movement is required it is merely necessary to provide 2 adjacent teeth in each half of the sector gear 107.

In contradistinction to the arrangement of FIGURE 1, the intermediate shafts 15 and 16 are not required but a further sector gear 18 is mounted directly upon an extension 106 of the main input shaft 6, the locking portions of the locking cam disc 19 being so arranged as to hold the pinions M, 25 associated withthe further sector gear 18 stationary during movement of the output shaft 11.

As in FIGURE 1, the pinions 24,25 respectively drive intermittent shafts 22, 23, arrangeddiametrically opposite to each other each of the pinions being associated with a locking cam 26-, 27 respectively. The shafts 22, 2.3 carry bevel gears 28, 29 respectively these bevel gears mating with further bevel gears 30, 31 respectively and the gears 30, 31 being mounted upon an output shaft 32. The output shaft 32 drives a transmission shaft 33 through a gear 34.

Thus to sum up the movement of the shafts in FIG- .UREZ if the input shaft 6 is driven through one revolution in an appropriate direction from the position in which it is shown in the figure, the output shaft 11 is first driven through 45 while the output shaft 32 is locked. Then 'while the output shaft ll is held locked the output shaft 32, as in FIGURE 1, executes two revolutions in one direction. Thereafter the output shaft '11 is again driven through 45 in the same direction as before and then the output shaft 32 is driven through two revolutions in the opposite direction to that in which it was originally driven. This cycle of events is repeated during each succeeding revolution of the input shaft 6 in thesame direction.

I claim:

1. An intermittent reversing gear drive comprising a reversible input shaft; a first sector gear rigid with said input shaft; a first cam locking disc also rigid with said input shaft; an output pinion intermittently meshing with 1 said first sector gear and, rigid therewith, a second cam locking disc co-operating with said first cam locking disc tolock the output pinion against rotation except when 4 co-operating with the first cam locking disc and rigid with the first intermediate pinion to lock the same against rotation except when meshing with the first sector gear; a second sector gear; first driving means providing a continuous driving connection from said intermediate shaft to said second sector gear; second andthird intermediate pinions spaced diametrically of said second sector gear and positioned to mesh therewith; second and third intermediate shafts driven by said second and third intermediate pinions; fourth, fifth and sixth cam looking discs respectively rigid with said second sector gear and said second and third intermediate pinions, said fourth cam locking disc co-operating with said fifth and sixth cam locking discs to lock the second and third intermediate pinions against rotation except at the times when one of the second and third intermediate pinions is meshing with the second sector gear; an output shaft; second driving means providing a continuous driving connection from said second intermediate shaft to said output shaft; and third driving means providing a continuous driving connection from said third intermediate shaft .to said output shaft, the direction of rotation of the output shaft for a given direction of rotation of the intermediate shafts when the second driving means is operative being opposite to that when the third driving means. is operative.

2. An intermittent reversing gear drive comprising a reversible input shaft; a double sector gear fast on said shaft; a first cam locking disc fast on said input shaft; an output pinion positioned to mesh with said double sector gear; a second cam locking disc positioned to cooperate with the first cam locking disc to lock said output pinion except when meshed with the double sector gear; a single sector gear fast on said input shaft; first and second intermediate pinions located diametrically of said single sector gear and positioned to-mate therewith; a third cam looking disc fast on said input shaft; fourth and fifth cam locking discs positioned to mate with said third cam locking disc and rigid with said intermediate pinions to lock the same against rotation except when the double sector gear meshes with the output pinion; first and second intermediate shafts driven by said first and second intermediate pinions; first driving means providing a continuous driving connection from saidfirst intermediate shaft to said output shaft; and second driving means providing a continuous driving connection from said second intermediate shaft to said output shaft, thJdirection of rotation of theoutput shaft for a given direction of rotation of the intermediate shafts when the first driving means is operative being opposite to that when the second driving means is operative.

3. An intermittent drive comprising a reversible rotary input'membem-a first rotary output member; first driving means providing a continuous drive from said input member to said firstoutput member in a direction corresponding to the direction of rotation of said input member during at least one part ofeach rotation of said input member; a second rotary output member; and second and third driving means; the second driving means providing a continuous drive from said input member to said second output member when said first and third driving means are inoperative, the third driving means providing a continuous drive from said input member .to said second. output member when said first and second driving means are inoperative, the direction of rotation of said second output member for one direction of rotation of the input member when said seconddriving means is operativebeing opposite to that when said third driving means is operative.

4. An intermittent drive according to claim 3 comprising means -for-locking the first output member against rotation when one of the second and third driving means is operative. V

:5. An intermittent drive according to claim 3 comprising means for locking the second output member against rotation when the first driving means is operative.

6. An intermittent drive comprising a reversible rotary input member; a first output member; first driving means providing a continuous drive from said input member to said first output member in a direction corresponding to the direction of rotation of said input member during at least part of each rotation of the input member; an intermediate member; second driving means providing a continuous drive from said input member to said inter mediate member in a direction corresponding to the direction of rotation of said input member when said first driving means is inoperative; a second rotary output member; and third and fourth driving means; said third driving means providing a continuous drive from said intermediate member to said second output member during part of each rotation of said intermediate member; said fourth driving means providing a continuous drive from said intermediate member to said second output member when said first and said third driving means are inoperative the direction of rotation of said second output member for one direction of rotation of said intermediate member when said third driving means is operative being opposite to that when said fourth driving means is operative.

7. An intermittent drive according to claim 6 comprising means for locking the first output member against rotation when the second driving means is operative.

8. An intermittent drive according to claim 7 comprising means for locking the second output member against rotation when the first driving means is operative References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,748,390 Otto Feb. 25, 1930 1,846,785 Breitling Feb. 23, 1932 1,937,326 Pick Nov. 28, 1933 2,593,416 Dawson Apr. 22, 1952 2,680,164 Lennox June 1, 1954 2,881,630 Opocensky Apr. 14, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1748390 *Jul 7, 1927Feb 25, 1930Otto FritzIntermittent gear
US1846785 *Jul 8, 1929Feb 23, 1932 E breitling
US1937326 *Aug 21, 1931Nov 28, 1933Permutit CoIntermittent gear drive and means of controlling same
US2593416 *Jul 7, 1949Apr 22, 1952Sperry CorpAutomatic reversing mechanism
US2680164 *Mar 19, 1952Jun 1, 1954Gen ElectricContact speed control in springdriven step type switches
US2881630 *Oct 9, 1956Apr 14, 1959Librascope IncTransfer mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3840107 *Aug 31, 1972Oct 8, 1974Burroughs CorpIncremental feed device for advancing paper tape, record cards and an inked ribbon in a printer
US4813303 *Aug 31, 1984Mar 21, 1989Mandreles, Inc.Power drive speed reducer
US4869126 *Jun 23, 1988Sep 26, 1989Sundstrand CorporationMechanical mode shifter
US4887490 *Jul 14, 1988Dec 19, 1989Sundstrand CorporationSequential mechanical mode shifter
US5217152 *Mar 11, 1992Jun 8, 1993Seiko Epson CorporationGear mechanism and record medium feeding apparatus employing the same
US5276466 *Mar 16, 1992Jan 4, 1994Canon Kabushiki KaishaRecording apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/435, 74/665.0GA, 74/84.00R, 74/625, 74/436, 74/74
International ClassificationH01H3/40, F16H27/08, H01H3/32, F16H27/00, F16H27/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16H27/08, F16H27/04, H01H3/40
European ClassificationF16H27/08, F16H27/04, H01H3/40