US 3059910 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 23, 1962 SABURO MIYATA MORIYA MEANS FOR IONIZING FLOWING FLUIDS Filed Dec. 16, 1960 INVEN TOR. SI fiziafa #70? AGENT United States PatentO 3,059,910 MEANS FOR IONIZING FLOWING FLUIDS Saburo Miyata Moriya, Yokohama, Japan, assignor to International Patent Cooperation, Hong Kong Filed Dec. 16, 1960, Ser. No. 76,230 6 Claims. (Cl. 261-72) This invention relates to a means for ionizing flowing fluids, and more particularly to means for ionizing the fuel fed to an internal combustion motor.
An object of this invention is the provision of a device adapted to ionize the fuel supplied to the intake of an internal combustion motor.
Another object of this invention is the provision of a device adapted to be inserted in the fuel line of an internal combustion motor to effect a more complete combustion of such fuel, thereby resulting in economy and better performance of the engine.
A further object of this invention is the provision of a device for ionizing the fuel supplied to an internal combustion motor to effect a more complete combustion and thereby reduce the discharge of smog producing gases.
Another object of this invention is the provision of an ionizing device adapted to be inserted in the bowl of a fuel line filter of an internal combustion motor.
Still another object of this invention is the provision of an ionizing device adapted to be inserted in the bowl of the float chamber of the carburetor of an internal combustion motor.
These and other objects will be apparent from a consideration of the following specifications, which taken with the accompanying drawings forms a complete disclosure of my invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a vertical section through a form of my invention, adapted for insertion in a fuel line.
FIG. 2 is a transverse section through a form of magnet of my invention adapted for insertion in the various casings illustrated herewith several magnets being shown in different positions.
FIG. 3 is a vertical section through a form of my invention applied to the fuel line filter of an internal combustion motor, and
FIG. 4 is a vertical section through a conventional carburetor having the ionizing device of this invention applied thereto.
Referring now to FIG. 1, I show an ionizing device 10, comprising a casing 12, of nonmagnetic material, having end bells 14 and 16. The end bells 14 and 16 have taps 18 and 20 respectively constituting the inlet and outlet ports and being adapted to be connected in a line such as the fuel line of an internal combustion motor. The inlet bell 14 has an annular flange 22 which clamps a stainless screen 24 against the end of the casing 12. The inlet bell 14 is also provided with a cleanout plug 26 which can be removed to drain any sediment which settles therein and ferrous particles are attracted to the disc magnet 28 which is cemented in the plug.
The end bell 16 has an outlet opening 20 and an annu-,
lar flange 22 which clamps a stainless screen 24' against the end of the casing 12. An insulating plug 30 is inserted in the end bell 16 and has an electrode 32 passing therethrough into the body of bell 16. The electrode 32 is connected to a source of ionizing potential by means of a conductor 34. The casing is grounded as at 134. In the interior of the casing between the screens 24 and 24' I provide a plurality of spherical magnets 36 each within a shielding sheath 38 of non magnetic material such as segments of vinyl tubing. The ball magnets are formed of sintered ferrite which are directionally magnetized. The N-S poles will obviously be heterogeneously arranged 3,059,910 Patented Oct. 23, 1962 with their magnetic flux extending in diverse directions and will subject the flowing fluids to changing flux lines of a vast number of powerful magnets.
In FIG. 2, I show the principle of my ball magnets 36 each inserted in a tight fitting sheath of a segment or band of non magnetic material such as vinyl 38. This ring serves a dual purpose. It shields the magnets from each other, which prevents shorting and loss of its individual polarity, and secondly, since the balls are inserted in the tubing in diverse directions (N-S) and are held in that position by the tight fit, and are then packed solidly in the casing 12 between the screens 24 and 24' making a conglomerated mass, they cannot align themselves but form a porous mass of magnets whereby each ball magnet individually acts upon the liquid passing therethrough.
The modification in FIG. 3, shows the principle of my invention applied to a fuel line filter. The head member 40 has a conventional filter bowl 42 attached thereto in known manner. The head member 40 has a fuel inlet 44 and a fuel outlet 46. Between the inlet 44 and the outlet 46 there is a cup-shaped screen 48. An insulated bushing 50 is locked in the head member 40, and an electrode 52 passes through this bushing 50, and is connected to a source of ionizing potential by means of the conductor 54. A bar 56 extends from the electrode 52 into the interior of the cup-shaped screen 48. The interior of the screen is filled with a plurality of spherical or ball magnets 36' which in this case, are preferably formed of sintered ferrite and are preferably directionally magnetized.
This heterogeneous arrangements of these ball magnets in their shielding sheaths 38 forms a tortuous path for the fluid passing from the inlet to the outlet and subjects the same to very strong magnetic flux extending in diverse directions. This serves to assist and intensify the ionizing effect of the ionizing potential. The head member is grounded as at 58.
In FIG. 4, I show the principle of my invention as applied in connection with a conventional carburetor. The carburetor 60 has a bowl 62 which comprises a float chamber 64 in which the float maintains the fuel level. The fuel flows from the bowl 62 to the venturi by means of duct 70, the volume of which is controlled by needle valve 72, to the spray nozzle 74 and to the intake manifold 76 to which the carburetor is attached. These and other parts of the fuel system form no part of my invention and are not further described. Inside the float chamber 64, near the. bottom thereof, I place a cylindrical screen 80 which is so arranged that the fuel must pass therethrough on its way to the duct 70. In the side of the bowl 62 I mount an insulating bushing 82 and an electrode 84 passes through this bushing and is connected to a source of ionizing potential by means of the conductor 86. A bar 88 of conductive material extending axially within the screen 80 is connected to the electrode 84. Within the screen 80 I place a plurality of spherical or ball magnets 36", each of which is preferably formed of sintered ferrite and directionally magnetized. The heterogeneous arrangement of the ball magnets 36" inserted in their shielding sheaths 38" causes the lines of flux to be in diverse directions in the screen 80 and assists in the ionizing effect of the ionizing potential. The carburetor is grounded as at 78.
This invention is an improvement over the device disclosed in the patent to Moriya and Asakawa, No. 2,926,- 276, issued February 23, 1960.
Having described my invention and its principle of operation, I desire it to be known that while I have de-Iv 1. In a device for ionizing fluids and adapted to be connected in a line carrying flowing ionizable fluids, means for providing a flow path for the fluid, means for applying an ionizing potential to the fluid in said flow path, a plurality of discrete magnet members in said flow path and having their N. and S. poles heterogeneously arranged in said flow path.
2. The structure as defined in claim 1, wherein the discrete magnet members are spheres formed of sintered ferrite and each being directionally magnetized and inserted in a tight fitting non magnetic sheath for shielding the magnet members from each other.
3. The structure as defined in claim 1, wherein the means providing a flow path for the fluid comprises a casing adapted to be attached to a fuel line, and wherein the means for applying an ionizing potential comprises an electrode insulated irom said casing and connected to a source of ionizing potential.
References Cited in the file of this patent FOREIGN PATENTS 714,015 Great Britain Aug. 18, 1954 814,269 Great Britain June 3, 1959