|Publication number||US3061202 A|
|Publication date||Oct 30, 1962|
|Filing date||Jan 27, 1961|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 1961|
|Also published as||DE1882400U|
|Publication number||US 3061202 A, US 3061202A, US-A-3061202, US3061202 A, US3061202A|
|Inventors||Tracy B Tyler|
|Original Assignee||Tracy B Tyler|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (84), Classifications (18), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 30, 1962 T. B. TYLER 3,061,202
DEVICE FOR SPRAYING OR JETTING LIQUIDS Filed Jan. 27, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet l 29 t 25 i 35 h 49 m I I -s1 -31 I Hl I 2 17 i, 18 t1 II 1 15 FIG.3
TRACY B. TYLER,
Oct. 30, 1962 T. B. TYLER DEVICE FOR SPRAYING OR JETTING LIQUIDS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan; 27, 1961 TRACY B. TYLER, INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY 3,061,202 DEVICE FOR SPRAYING R JETTING LIQUIDS Tracy B. Tyler, 7936 Byron Ave., Miami Beach, Fla. Filed Jan. 27, 1961, Ser. No. 85,375 11 Claims. (Cl. 239333)- This invention relates to improvements in devices or apparatus for spraying or jetting liquids, and, more specifically, to such devices which function by manually or mechanically pressurizing the liquid to be thus sprayed or jetted.
A prime object of the invention is to provide such a device which may be directly applied to various forms of liquid containers and which manually may be operated easily and comfortably with one hand, the device having an elongated trigger which in operation allows the use of several fingers instead of only one.
Another object is to provide such a device wherein the liquid is precluded from being ejected in a dribble if the operating trigger is pulled too slowly, the operator being required to pull the trigger fully and quickly, generating virtually full pressure, for any liquid to be ejected.
Still another object is to provide such a device wherein the liquid ejecting nozzle may be selectively adjusted to produce a conical shaped fine spray, a single stream, or graded variations between one and the other.
A further object is to provide such a device constructed with a plastic nozzle which for spraying precision has inserted in it an accurately machined metal orifice.
A still further object is to provide such a device wherein the major components are designed and adapted for low cost construction in an insoluble plastic.
Another object is to provide such a device wherein certain components may be made of an insoluble, un-
cementable, but meltable plastic by adjoining one member to another by means of heat fusion.
Still another object is to provide such a device which is attractive in appearance and so compact in form and size that it projects to a minimum distance from the container or receptacle to which it may""'be attached.
A further object is to provide such a device comprising an operating unit, a neck and fastening means by which it may be connected to various liquid containers, and which is so designed that it may be constructed with necks of various lengths and fastening means of various sizes without change in the operating unit.
A still further object is to provide such a device which without change in the operating unit may also be constructed with a handle and a flexible extension tube or hose by which it may be connected to and fed from a large capacity liquid container or receptacle.
These and various other objects of my invention will be apparent from the following description wherein reference is made to the accompanying drawings illustrating certain embodiments of my invention, and wherein similar numerals designate similar parts throughout the several views and figures.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of a preferred embodiment of the device.
FIGURE 2 is a front elevational view of the device.
FIGURE 3 is a vertical transverse sectional view of the device taken on line 33 of FIGURE 2 showing the component elements in general.
FIGURE 4 is a top plan view of the device.
FIGURE 5 is a vertical transverse sectional view of a nozzle element taken on line 5-5 of FIGURE 3 and viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
FIGURE 6 is a vertical transverse sectional view, also taken on line 3--3 of FIGURE 2, but showing another form of one of the elements illustrated in FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 7 is a vertical transverse sectional view show- ;United States Patent 0 than the diameter thereof.
Patented Oct. 30, 1962 ing still another form of one of the elements illustrated in FIGURE 3 combined with additional elements.
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of FIGURE 3 showing certain elements thereof adjusted to a different condition.
Structural Elements Describing now the structure of the presently illustrated embodiments of my invention, and with reference first to FIGURES 1, 2, 3 and 4, the device comprises a body 10, an operating trigger 11, a hollowed piston 12, a flexible cup-formed piston washer 13, a piston reaction spring 14, an intake neck or stem 15, a bottle cap or fastening element 16, an intake valve 17, a valve seat element 18, a valve suspension spring 19, a strainer screen 20, a screen retaining bushing 21, an intake or suction tube 22, an ejection nozzle 23, a nozzle insert 24 formed with an ejection aperture 25, a nose bushing 26, a sealing ring 27, a misting element 2 8, an outlet valve 29, and a valve closing spring 30.
The nozzle 23 may be secured to the nose of the body by a screw thread 31. The nose bushing 26 may be retained as by press fitting therein.
The body 10 comprises a cylinder bore 32, a spring guide stem 33, an intake port 34, an outlet conduit 35, and a hand rest extension 36.
For a purpose to be later described the intake valve 17 is normally held open by the spring 19, and the head of the valve is loosely fitted in the bore of the intake stem to provide a predetermined bypass ,space 37.
The trigger 11 at its upper terminus may be supported and pivoted on a metal rod 38 aflixed in spaced side panels 39 of the body 10. A cross Web 40 in the trigger is disposed to engage a notch or crotch 41 formed in the outer terminus of the piston. A finger rest 42 may be provided on the trigger, as shown. The outward or liquid intake movement of the trigger, and hence the piston, is limited and restrained by a stop finger 43, which may abut a flattened portion on the external annulus of the cylinder bore 32. The inward or liquid ejection movement of the trigger may be limited and restrained by abutment of radial projections 44 against the nose of the cylinder bore.
The misting element 28 (FIGURES 3 and 5) may be provided with longitudinal passage flats 45 on its annulus, and a stepped shoulder 46 near one end of the portions between the flats, the latter being disposed to cooper-ate with another stepped shoulder 47 provided in the bore of the nose bushing 26 for a purpose to be later described. The closed end of the misting element may normally upright position, in which it is shown, the pis-' ton cylinder is slanted substantially downward from the horizontal. This is important with respect to the structural size and height of the device. As is obvious, a certain span must be determined between the pivoted end and the web 40 of the trigger. Thus, it will be seen that if the cylinder were disposed horizontally the nozzle and conduit 35 would have to be slanted or raised upwardly to a much greater angle or height, either of which conditions would increase the cost of the device and detract from its appearance.
It is also to be observed that the piston and Washer, 12 and 13, are cup-formed or hollowed for substantially their entire length, the depth of the hollow being greater This, in combination with guide stem 33, which prevents buckling, allows the reaction spring 14 to be of maximum length to approach as nearly as possible a uniform reaction rate.
It is further to be observed that outlet valve 29, is in preferably made of a soft and yielding plastic, such as polyethylene. With this structure the side pressure resulting from the bias of spring 30 is multiplied by the steep angle of the valve nose, urging it to seal with maximum seat pressure and to thereby conform to any irregularities that may be present in the seating annulus of conduit 35.
Bushing 21 may be withdrawn for removal of strainer screen 20 for cleaning.
Referring now to FIGURE 6, herein is illustrated a longer form, 50, of the intake stem 15. Such stems or necks may be made to various lengths and may be trimmed with collars, such as 51 and 52, which may be suitably retained in place, as by press fitting thereon.
FIGURE 7 illustrates the device provided with a handle form of intake stem, 53, which may comprise the trim collar 51, an end knob 54, a flexible extension tube 55, a tube clamp 56, a can cap 57, an additional strainer screen 58, and a screen holder 59. Thus equipped the device may be utilized with and fed from containers and receptacles holding a gallon or more of liquid. The tube clamp, being slotted as 60, permits the tube to be moved through it when it is withdrawn from the cap and then clamps and retains the tube at a selected depth when it is reinserted.
All of the structural elements except those designated 14, 19, 20, 30, 38, 55, 57 and 58 are preferably made of an insoluble plastic, elements 13, 21, 22, 27 and 29 being preferably a flexible, yielding plastic and the others substantially rigid.
The major components of the device being preferably made of an insoluble but meltable plastic, an important feature of the invention resides in the manner and means by which the intake stems 15, 50 or 53 are adjoined to the body 10. As will be seen, the stem end and mating body cavity are correspondingly tapered, as .6 1. To install the intake valve components and adjoin the body and stem, the latter members are placed in a special machine, the valve components are inserted, and the cap and/ or collars placed over the stem. The latter is then rotated at a high speed while its tapered end is pressed into the mating body cavity. By this method sufficient heat is frictionally generated to melt and thoroughly fuse the tapered surfaces together, making the parts virtually unitary.
Were is not for this element of the invention the illustrated structure could not be made of an insoluble plastic, for to effect a satisfactory spray mist a liquid pressure of 300 p.s.i. minimum must be attained-sufficient to burst or cause leakage in a joint not strongly and hermetically sealed.
The bottle cap or fastening element 16 is preferably rotatably retained on the neck stem to permit the device to be turned in any desired direction on the liquid container to which it may be attached.
The embodiment illustrated in FIGURES 1, 2 and 3 is designed primarily for use on containers such as long neck bottles, while that of FIGURE 6 is adapted for use on conventional short neck bottles, small cans, and the like.
Operation ported with one hand while the device is operated.
The device may now be primed by making several rapid pulls or strokes of the trigger, which in obvious manner causes the piston 12 to reciprocate cooperatively with the bias of spring 14 and to intake and impel the liquid through the designated or illustrated ports or conduits a plain stream and a full mist.
responsive to the opening and closing of valves 17 and 29 in conventional manner. Now, with the device primed, if the operator pulls the trigger too slowly or slightly the liquid pressure or volume movement developed will not be sufiicient to open the outlet valve 29 against the bias of its spring 36 or close the intake valve 17 against the bias of spring 19. Instead, the slow moving liquid will vent back into the container through the bypass space 37 and the open intake valve seat. Thus, to eject any fluid from the nozzle the trigger must be pulled with sufiicient force and movement to urge escape of the contained liquid faster than the bypass space 37 and bias of spring 30 will permit. With such force and motion, the valve 17 will close on its seat 18, the fluid will be sufficiently pressurized to preclude dribble, to open outlet valve 29, and to eject a forceful mist or jet.
The area of the bypass space 37 and the bias of spring 39 are so preset that rapid full strokes of the trigger will generate a sufiicient pressure of air alone to close valve 17 and effect priming of the device. The area is also great enough to allow sufficiently rapid liquid intake flow.
With reference now to FIGURE 3 it will be observed that the face ring 48 of element 28 is in closed abutment with the fiat inner face of the nozzle 23, such abutment being sustained by both liquid pressure and valve spring 30. After the fluid passes valve 29 it flows through the passages formed by the flats on the misting element 28 and then through the tangential slots 49, which latter cause it to be rapidly whirled in the cavity formed by and within the face ring 48 before it is ejected through the nozzle aperture 25. By this action the liquid is dispersed into a mist as it emerges.
In many applications a stream or jet, instead of a mist, may be desired, or various patterns or gradations between To provide for such selection the nozzle 23 is made adjustable, and as shown ,in FIGURE 3, with face ring 48 in closed abutment with whirling action or agitation will emerge as a plain stream.
By adjusting the nozzle closer to the face ring of element 28 in varying degrees, the liquid ejection pattern may be graded to many types from a plain stream to a wide coned mist.
When the nozzle is in screwed out adjustments, such as illustrated in FIGURE 8, it is sealed against fluid leakage by the sealing ring 27 alone, but when it is screwed in tightly, as in FIGURE 3, it is further sealed by abutment of its inner face against the coned end, as shown, of the nose bushing 26. Thus, in applications where adjustability is not required the sealing rings may be omitted to save cost.
What I claim is:
1. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, a piston and cylinder to pump and pressurize the liquid, operating means associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having respectively an intake valve and an outlet valve associated therewith, said intake valve having an open condition and a closed condition, and a yieldable biasing element by which said intake valve is normally sustained in its open condition.
2. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a com ponent retaining body, a piston and cylinder to pump and pressurize the liquid, operating means associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a hollow threaded nose on the body, an elongated axially slidable spring biased element disposed within an orifice in the threaded nose, a hollow bushing tightly fitted in the orifice to support and retain said element, a step shoulder in the bushing and a step shoulder on the element cooperative to limit the movement of the latter in its spring biased direction, an ejection nozzle disposed on the threaded nose, a tangentially slotted ring-formed end face on the element normally disposed to about a substantially flat inner face of the nozzle, but which may be selectively parted from such abutment by unscrewing the nozzle to a desired degree.
3. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, an axially slidable piston oper-ating in a cylinder axially aligned therewith to pump and pressurize the liquid, an operating trigger associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a straight line conduit connecting the outlet port with the inner end of the cylinder, the axis of the conduit divergent from the axis of the cylinder not less than 30 degrees nor more than 50 degrees, means for securing the device to a liquid container in a normally upright position, the axis of said cylinder inclined downward from horizontal not less than 20 degrees nor more than 40 degrees when the device is disposed in its normally upright position.
4. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, an axially slidable piston operating in a cylinder axially aligned therewith to pump and pressurize the liquid, an operating trigger associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a straight line conduit connecting the outlet port with the inner end of he cylinder, the axis of the conduit divergent from the axis of the cylinder not less than 30 degrees nor more than 50 degrees, a hand-grip handle by which the device may be held, the axis of said cylinder inclined downward from horizontal not less than 20 degrees nor more than 40 degrees when the hand-grip handle is disposed in a vertical position.
5. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, an axially slidable piston operating in a cylinder axially aligned therewith to pump and pressurize the liquid, an operating trigger associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and a liquid outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a straight line conduit connecting the outlet port with the inner end of the cylinder, the axis of the conduit divergent from the axis of the cylinder not less than 30 degrees nor more than 50 degrees, a hand-grip handle by which the device may be held, the axis of said cylinder inclined downward from horizontal not less than 20 degrees nor more than 4-0 degrees from horizontal when the hand-grip handle is disposed in a vertical position, a pivotal support for one end of the trigger, said pivotal support disposed below the liquid outlet conduit.
6. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, an axially slidable piston operating in a cylinder axially aligned therewith to pump and pressurize the liquid, an operating trigger associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and a liquid out let port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a straight line conduit connecting the outlet port with the inner end of the cylinder, the axis of the conduit divergent from the axis of the cylinder not less than 30 degrees nor more than 50 degrees, means for securing the device to a liquid container in a normally upright position, the axis of said cylinder inclined downward from horizontal not less than 20 degrees nor more than 40 degrees when the device is disposed in its normally upright position, a pivotal support for one end of the trigger, said pivotal support disposed below the liquid outlet conduit.
7. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a
component retaining body, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, an elongated axially slidable piston operating in a cylinder axially aligned therewith to pump and pressurize the liquid, the piston being hollow for substantially its entire length, a cup-formed washer disposed in the hollow of the piston, the depth of the cup hollow in [the washer being substantially greater than its diameter, a coil spring disposed in the cylinder to bias the piston outwardly, a spring guide stem secured to the closed end of the cylinder, one end of the spring encompassing the guide stern and the other end disposed in the cup hollow of the piston washer.
8. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, a piston and cylinder to pump and pressurize the liquid, operating means associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a hollow threaded nose on the body, an elongated axially slidable element disposed within the nose, the element being hollow for substantially its entire length but closed at one end, a liquid discharge passage along the side of the element and a tangentially slotted ring-formed end face thereon communicating with the passage, a spring disposed in the hollow of the element to bias it outwardly from the nose, the opposite end of the spring disposed to bias the outlet valve closed, an ejection nozzle disposed on the threaded nose, the ring-formed end face of the element abut-ting a plane surface within the nozzle.
9. In a manually operable liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having intake and outlet valves associated therewith, a piston cylinder in the body, a piston axially slideable in the cylinder to pump and pressurize the liquid, the cylinder formed with an open end and a closed end, one end of the piston extended from the open end of the cylinder, the piston formed hollow with an axially direaoted chamber closed at the extended end of the piston, the axial depth of the chamber substantially greater than the transverse width of the chamber, a helically coiled spring disposed in the cylinder to bias the piston in one direction, and one end ofthe spring disposed in the piston chamber and the other end abutting the closed end of the cylinder.
10. The structure defined in claim 3 including an intake stem wherein the intake valve is disposed, said stern hermetically adjoined to said body, and a flange on the intake stem by which an element to secure the device to a liquid supply container is rotatably retained on the stem.
11. In a liquid ejecting device, a component retaining body, a piston and cylinder to pump and pressurize the liquid, operating means associated with the piston, a liquid intake port and an outlet port having respectively an intake valve and an outlet valve associated therewith, a hand-grip handle affixed to the body, an extended flexible intake tube secured to the lower terminus of the handle, and an axially slotted semi-flexible coupling element encompassing the tube and normally movable to any point on the tube for securing the tube to a liquid supply container.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS France Oct. 9, 1937
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US731033 *||Jul 30, 1902||Jun 16, 1903||Alonzo O Freeman||Hand-sprayer.|
|US2583706 *||Oct 24, 1950||Jan 29, 1952||Prescott Isaac S||Spray gun nozzle assembly|
|US2639945 *||Aug 15, 1951||May 26, 1953||Rowlett Allen H||Car, floor, and wall washer|
|US2729506 *||Feb 25, 1954||Jan 3, 1956||Z & W Machine Products Inc||Hand-actuated sprayer|
|FR820923A *||Title not available|
|GB710583A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3144867 *||Aug 24, 1962||Aug 18, 1964||Trupp Bernard||Dental prophylactic|
|US3198439 *||May 10, 1963||Aug 3, 1965||Vilbiss Co||Airless spray gun with variable output|
|US3384081 *||Jun 19, 1963||May 21, 1968||Kenneth Castiglione Ltd||Handgrip syringe for continuous injections|
|US3405843 *||Nov 23, 1966||Oct 15, 1968||Cornelius B. Watson Jr.||Container-dispenser for collapsible tubes|
|US3474938 *||Dec 13, 1967||Oct 28, 1969||Cook Chem Co||Sprayer and dispenser mechanism|
|US3478935 *||Feb 16, 1968||Nov 18, 1969||Texize Chem Inc||Dispensing device|
|US3650473 *||Mar 13, 1970||Mar 21, 1972||Afa Corp||Liquid dispensing apparatus|
|US3685739 *||Aug 7, 1970||Aug 22, 1972||Afa Corp||Liquid dispensing apparatus|
|US3768734 *||Apr 26, 1972||Oct 30, 1973||Arrowhead Prod Corp||Manually operated sprayer|
|US3797749 *||Sep 8, 1972||Mar 19, 1974||T Tada||Sprayer|
|US3840157 *||Oct 16, 1972||Oct 8, 1974||J Hellenkamp||Hand operated sprayer|
|US3904086 *||Dec 18, 1972||Sep 9, 1975||Luigi Gino Losenno||Apparatus for heating and dispensing liquid shampoo|
|US3927834 *||Sep 27, 1974||Dec 23, 1975||Tetsuya Tada||Sprayer|
|US3986644 *||May 21, 1975||Oct 19, 1976||Diamond International Corporation||Dispensing pump|
|US4174056 *||May 10, 1977||Nov 13, 1979||Ciba-Geigy Corporation||Pump type dispenser with continuous flow feature|
|US4225060 *||Dec 29, 1978||Sep 30, 1980||Security Plastics, Inc.||Continuous pumping system|
|US4273459 *||Nov 13, 1978||Jun 16, 1981||Hardy Pierre J||Squeegee device for liquid dispensing bottle|
|US4315582 *||Apr 24, 1978||Feb 16, 1982||Leeds And Micallef||Universal sequential dispensing pump system free of external check valves and having venting capability|
|US4365751 *||Dec 24, 1980||Dec 28, 1982||Yoshino Kogyosho Co., Ltd.||Trigger type liquid injector|
|US4489890 *||Jul 6, 1982||Dec 25, 1984||Universal Dispensing Systems, Inc.||Hand-operated pump|
|US4527741 *||Jun 13, 1983||Jul 9, 1985||The Afa Corporation||Trigger pump sprayer|
|US4606480 *||Jul 9, 1984||Aug 19, 1986||Monturas Y Fornituras, S.A.||Liquid sprayer|
|US4624413 *||Jan 23, 1985||Nov 25, 1986||Corsette Douglas Frank||Trigger type sprayer|
|US4669664 *||Nov 26, 1984||Jun 2, 1987||Waynesboro Textiles, Inc.||Hand manipulatable sprayer|
|US4678123 *||Nov 21, 1985||Jul 7, 1987||Karlheinz Klaeger||Spray nozzle for a liquid atomizer|
|US4915263 *||Oct 11, 1989||Apr 10, 1990||S. C. Johnson Son, Inc.||Trigger sprayer device|
|US4940186 *||Oct 18, 1988||Jul 10, 1990||Atsushi Tada||Manually operated trigger type dispenser, a spinner for use in the dispenser, and a flow-pattern switching mechanism for use in the dispenser|
|US4989790 *||Dec 26, 1989||Feb 5, 1991||Afa Products, Inc.||Nozzle cap, spring valve and body assembly|
|US4991778 *||Nov 16, 1989||Feb 12, 1991||Afa Products, Inc.||Adjustable nozzle assembly|
|US4993214 *||Oct 11, 1989||Feb 19, 1991||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Method of assembling a trigger sprayer device|
|US5044471 *||Apr 23, 1990||Sep 3, 1991||Lincoln||Grease gun cartridge adapter|
|US5267692 *||Nov 15, 1990||Dec 7, 1993||Afa Products Inc.||Adjustable nozzle assembly|
|US5318206 *||Feb 24, 1992||Jun 7, 1994||Afa Products, Inc.||Trigger-piston connection|
|US5337926 *||Jul 22, 1993||Aug 16, 1994||The Procter & Gamble Company||Spray pump package employing multiple orifices for dispensing liquid in different spray patterns with automatically adjusted optimized pump stroke for each pattern|
|US5358179 *||Aug 18, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||The Procter & Gamble Company||Atomization systems for high viscosity products|
|US5368234 *||Dec 13, 1991||Nov 29, 1994||Contico International, Inc.||Nozzle assembly for trigger sprayer|
|US5373973 *||Apr 14, 1994||Dec 20, 1994||Contico International Inc.||Liquid dispenser assembly with adaptor|
|US5388766 *||Sep 22, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||The Procter & Gamble Company||High pressure atomization systems for high viscosity products|
|US5411185 *||Jun 1, 1994||May 2, 1995||The Procter & Gamble Company||Spray pump package employing multiple orifices having an orifice selector system|
|US5474210 *||Nov 16, 1993||Dec 12, 1995||Pump Products, Inc.||Fluid dispensing device|
|US5499766 *||Nov 29, 1994||Mar 19, 1996||Contico International, Inc.||Nozzle assembly for trigger sprayer|
|US5513800 *||Jan 12, 1995||May 7, 1996||Contico International, Inc.||Low cost trigger sprayer having pump with internal spring means|
|US5522547 *||Oct 31, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Calmar Inc.||Sprayer having pressure build-up discharge|
|US5553750 *||May 23, 1995||Sep 10, 1996||Contico International, Inc.||Liquid dispenser having adaptor for remote operation|
|US5566885 *||Jan 12, 1995||Oct 22, 1996||Contico International, Inc.||Low cost trigger sprayer having plug with integral valve element|
|US5590834 *||Jul 22, 1994||Jan 7, 1997||Contico International, Inc.||One-piece trigger sprayer housing|
|US5593094 *||Feb 7, 1995||Jan 14, 1997||Calmar Inc.||Pump sprayer having variable discharge|
|US5601211 *||Jun 1, 1995||Feb 11, 1997||Contico International, Inc.||Container for liquid dispenser|
|US5641097 *||Jun 7, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||L'oreal||Manual precompression pump for the spraying of a liquid and a dispensing unit fitted with such a pump|
|US5656227 *||Jun 7, 1995||Aug 12, 1997||Contico International, Inc.||Method of making a one-piece trigger sprayer housing|
|US5718383 *||Feb 29, 1996||Feb 17, 1998||Par Way Group||Viscous liquid spray dispensing systems|
|US5822968 *||Apr 23, 1996||Oct 20, 1998||Savala; Rodney M.||Garden tool and sprayer|
|US6409103 *||Oct 24, 2000||Jun 25, 2002||360 Enterprises||360° rotational directional nozzle for trigger sprayers|
|US6540119 *||Jan 30, 2001||Apr 1, 2003||Unger Marketing International, Llc||Spray bottle holder assembly|
|US6732958||Jun 4, 2002||May 11, 2004||360 Enterprises||360 degree rotational directional nozzle for trigger sprayers|
|US6886718 *||Apr 16, 2003||May 3, 2005||Continental Afa Dispensing Company||Ergonomic trigger for a trigger sprayer|
|US7189134 *||Apr 29, 2003||Mar 13, 2007||In Zone, Inc.||Interactive beverage bottle top|
|US7249692||Nov 7, 2005||Jul 31, 2007||Seaquistperfect Dispensing Foreign, Inc.||Dispenser with lock|
|US8690081 *||Jun 14, 2011||Apr 8, 2014||Aptar France Sas||Fluid dispenser head|
|US9546346||Apr 7, 2011||Jan 17, 2017||The Dial Corporation||Use of polyethylene glycol to control the spray pattern of sprayable liquid abrasive cleansers|
|US9550198||Sep 30, 2010||Jan 24, 2017||United Technologies Corporation||Ultraviolet angled spray nozzle|
|US9776772 *||May 11, 2012||Oct 3, 2017||Canyon Co., Ltd.||Bayonet connection structure between container mouth portion and cap|
|US20040116036 *||Apr 29, 2003||Jun 17, 2004||In Zone Brands, Inc.||Interactive beverage bottle top|
|US20040217134 *||Apr 16, 2003||Nov 4, 2004||Foster Donald D.||Ergonomic trigger for a trigger sprayer|
|US20060113329 *||Jul 7, 2005||Jun 1, 2006||Seaquisperfect Dispensing Foreign, Inc.||Dispenser with lock|
|US20070210106 *||Dec 22, 2006||Sep 13, 2007||Continentalafa Dispensing Company||Trigger Sprayer with Piston Rod and Spring Tamper Evident Connection|
|US20110303768 *||Jun 14, 2011||Dec 15, 2011||Valois S.A.S.||Fluid dispenser head|
|US20140110439 *||May 11, 2012||Apr 24, 2014||Canyon Co., Ltd.||Bayonet connection structure between container mouth portion and cap|
|DE2705071A1 *||Feb 8, 1977||Aug 11, 1977||Afa Corp||Von hand betaetigbare spruehvorrichtung mit automatischer behaelterentlueftung|
|DE3601612A1 *||Jan 21, 1986||Jul 24, 1986||Corsette Douglas Frank||Manuell betaetigbarer zerstaeuber|
|DE19638602A1 *||Sep 20, 1996||May 15, 1997||Fritz Meckenstock||Discharge valve for hand-operated pump|
|EP0061233A1 *||Feb 5, 1982||Sep 29, 1982||AFA Consolidated Corporation||Child-resistant adjustable nozzles for fluid dispensers, and dispensers incorporating the same|
|EP0183130A2 *||Nov 12, 1985||Jun 4, 1986||Karlheinz Kläger||Nozzle of an atomizer|
|EP0183130A3 *||Nov 12, 1985||Nov 12, 1986||Karlheinz Klager||Nozzle of an atomizer|
|EP0617641A1 *||Dec 8, 1992||Oct 5, 1994||Contico International, Incorporated||Nozzle assembly for a trigger sprayer|
|EP0617641A4 *||Dec 8, 1992||Aug 9, 1995||Contico Int Inc||Nozzle assembly for a trigger sprayer.|
|WO1991007233A1 *||Nov 15, 1990||May 30, 1991||Afa Products, Inc.||Adjustable nozzle assembly|
|WO1993011878A1 *||Dec 8, 1992||Jun 24, 1993||Contico International, Inc.||Nozzle assembly for a trigger sprayer|
|WO1993014983A1 *||Jan 29, 1993||Aug 5, 1993||Contico International, Inc.||Liquid dispenser assembly with adaptor|
|WO2003101620A1 *||Jun 4, 2003||Dec 11, 2003||360 Enterprises||360° rotational directional nozzle for trigger sprayers|
|WO2004045963A2 *||Nov 18, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||In Zone Brands, Inc.||Interactive beverage bottle top|
|WO2004045963A3 *||Nov 18, 2003||Aug 27, 2009||In Zone Brands, Inc.||Interactive beverage bottle top|
|WO2007103919A2 *||Mar 6, 2007||Sep 13, 2007||Continentalafa Dispensing Company||Trigger sprayer with piston rod and spring tamper evident connection|
|WO2007103919A3 *||Mar 6, 2007||Jun 19, 2008||Continentalafa Dispensing Co||Trigger sprayer with piston rod and spring tamper evident connection|
|U.S. Classification||239/333, 417/229, 417/470, 222/380, 222/341, 239/330, 222/383.1|
|International Classification||B05B11/00, B05B15/00, B05B1/12|
|Cooperative Classification||B05B1/12, B05B11/0064, B05B15/005, B05B11/3011|
|European Classification||B05B15/00E, B05B11/30C5B, B05B1/12, B05B11/00B9L|
|Nov 30, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERCOLE BOLLING CORPORATION, 5500 WALWORTH AVE.,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:YODER COMPANY THE;REEL/FRAME:003953/0461
Effective date: 19811029
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:YODER COMPANY THE;REEL/FRAME:003953/0461
Owner name: INTERCOLE BOLLING CORPORATION, A CORP. OF OH, OHIO