|Publication number||US3064336 A|
|Publication date||Nov 20, 1962|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1959|
|Priority date||Dec 5, 1955|
|Publication number||US 3064336 A, US 3064336A, US-A-3064336, US3064336 A, US3064336A|
|Inventors||Benton D Jacokes, Walter H Powers|
|Original Assignee||Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (7), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 20, 1962 w. H. POWERS ET AL 3,064,336
METHOD OF MAKING MUFFLERS Original Filed Dec. 5, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheefl dad? e I TTa fJ/EYS.
w. H. POWERS ET'AL 3,064,336
METHOD OF MAKING MUFFLERS Nov. 20, 19 2 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Original Filed Dec. 5, 1955 INVENTORS. )%ZZ /z 7% 14 6/25, 26 52 6 .F. JZAQZ United States Patent Ofllice l mented Nov. 20, 1952 2 Claims. or. 29-457 This application is a division of application Serial No. 551,043, filed December 5, 1955, now abandoned.
This invention relates to a method of making mufliers and, in particular, to casings for mufllers of the type ordinarily used in exhaust systems for automobiles and trucks.
One object of this invention is a method of stiffening the casing of mufllers by means of ribs which are readily formed therein in the manufacturing process. The ribs tend to stiffen the casing and make it possible to reduce the amount of metal used to obtain proper strength and they also tend to reduce vibrations of the muffler shell itself.
We accomplish this and other objects by means of ribs that are arranged at angles to each other, preferably transversely and longitudinally of the muffler. The ribs are formed in such a way that they can be easily added to the shell or casing in the course of manufacture of the mufller.
A preferred construction embodying the principles of our invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a mufller embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross section taken along the line 22 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of an intersection of the transverse, longitudinal ribs as taken within the circle 3 of FIGURE 1;
FIG. 4 is an end elevation taken from the left of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a cross section through the muffler taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a cross section taken along the line 66 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a cross section taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 5; and
FIG. 8 is an end elevation taken from the right of FIG. 5.
As shown in FIGURE 1, the muffler 1 includes a casing 3 which is interlocked at 5 with the end headers 7 and 9 to form a closed interior. Within the casing 3 is silencing structure of a suitable design including an inlet bushing 11 and an outlet bushing 15 formed in the outlet header 9. A series of partitions 17, 19, 211, 23, and divide the space within the casing 3 into a series of chambers 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, and 37. The inlet bushing 11 supports an end of the perforated inlet tube 12 and the other end of the tube is supported in a flanged opening in the partition 19. The end of the tube 12 also has a slide lit with a perforated continuation tube 39, the other end of which tube is supported in a flanged opening in the partition 23. Supported in the partitions 21 and 23, in flanged openings therein, is a perforated return tube 41. A perforated outlet tube 43 is supported at its inner end in a flanged opening in partition 21 and by means of circumferentially spaced embossments on its outer surface in a flanged opening in the partition 25, as shown at 45. The tubes 12 and 43 have a series of louvers or openings formed therein and located around these openings is a pancake construction consisting of split shells 47, the halves of which have flanges that are secured together as shown at .9. These surround the openings in the tube and define high frequency spit chambers to attenuate sounds in the exhaust gases. The tubes 39 and 41 also have suitable openings or louvers formed therein which open into the chamber 33. The chamber 33 and the chamber 35 are connected by the flanged opening Sit in partition 23 around pancake section 47 (FIG. 6). The tube 13 has openings 51 formed therein opening into a chamber 37, these openings being the only outlet to said chamber so that it acts as a resonator chamber. Mounted in the partitions l7 and 19 is an imperforate tube 53 which connects chamber 31 with chamber 27. Chamber 27 is connected with chamber 29 by means of openings 57 in the partition 17 so it will be seen that chambers 27 and 29' form a compound resonator construction receiving gas from the chamber 31.
Gas will enter the inlet bushing 11 and flow through the tube 12 into the tube 39 and thence through the cross-over chamber 35 into the tube 41. From the tube 41 they will enter cross-over chamber 31 and then tube 43 and pass out of the muflier through the bushing 15. The pancake assemblies 47 around tube 12 and tube 43 will remove high frequency sounds. Other frequencies in gas passing through tubes 39 and 41 will be removed in chamber 33, and the opening 59 between chambers 33 and 35 will suppress further noise. Lower frequencies will be removed in compound resonator chambers 27 and 2b which reached through tuning tube 53 and still other low frequencies can be removed in resonator chamber 37.
Turning now to the construction of the casing 3, it will be seen that it preferably comprises an oval-shaped, double Wrapped layer of originally flat metal which is Wrapped around twice and then interlocked by spot welding in a three-layer joint shown at 71. The mufiler therefor comprises an oval-shaped piece of material that is wrapped around itself into two layers and then spot welded in an overlapped joint consisting of three layers. This is done, of course, prior to the insertion of the various silencing elements and prior to attachment of the end heads 7 and h. While it is in this oval open-ended condition, and the sides thereof are plain or blank, the longitudinal ribs '75 and the transverse ribs 77 are formed in both layers of metal as clearly seen in FIGS. 2, 6, and 7. These ribs extend outwardly, that is they constitute raised surfaces on the outside of the casing 8 and the transverse ribs 77 terminate inwardly of the sides 78 of the casin g. This arrangement has peculiar advantages insofar as practical manufacture of the casing is concerned. They are formed by passing about one-half the length of the casing 3 over a male die which is thus on the inside and which contains ridges or ribs on its outer surface corresponding to the ribs and 77. The inner die is enough smaller than the minor width or diameter of the casing 3 to permit spring back of the metal to substantially lift the casing off the die and the ribs thereon. A female outer die is then brought into engagement with the outer surface of the casing 3 so as to press it down over the ribs against the inner die member. it would normally be expected that difficulty would be encountered in removing the inner die member after the formation of such ribs. However, we have found that the spring back of the metal in combination with the shortened length of transverse ribs 77 is enough to enable the casing 3 to be readily removed from the inner die. We contemplate forming the ribs in only about half of the length of the casing at a time and in order to insure alignment when the casing is turned end for end to form ribs in the other half, we preferably provide the circular enlargements 7% at the inner ends of at least one of the longitudinal ribs 75. When the ribs are then formed in the other end, it is a simple matter to align the ends of the ribs 75 with the circular portion 79 and thus secure proper alignment.
It will be noted that the ribs 77 do not extend over the full Width of the Inufiler. Thus there are no ribs on the die near the sides 78 and spring back of the flatter and relatively flexible central portions 80 of the casing will lift the casing oi the die so that it can be removed from the die after ribs 75 and 77 are formed in it. The longitudinal ribs 75 preferably terminate inwardly of the ends of the casing so as not to provide stiffness in that section of the end of the casing which will be turned around and interlocked in the joint 5 with the end headers 7 and 9. The intersection of the ribs '75 and 77 is provided with suitable radii as shown in FIGURE 3.
It will now be seen that we have provided an improved mufiler and that changes can be made in the specific structure shown herein Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
1. The method of making a mufiler which comprises forming a metal shell open at both ends, placing said shell over an inner die having outwardly projecting and intersecting ribs, the width of said inner die at said ribs being 20 relatively less than the width of the shell opposite the ribs and the ribs extending laterally of said inner die relatively less than the width of said shell generally normal to both ends of the shell.
2. The invention set forth in claim 1 wherein said ribs 7 are formed in two operations each from a different end of the shell and said ribs are aligned by forming an enlargement at the end of a rib formed in the first operation.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,186,572 Guibert June 13, 1916 1,376,957 MacKenZie May 3, 1921 1,378,442 Chalfant May 17, 1921 1,815,005 Hamilton July 14, 1931 2,187,431 Powell Jan. 16, 1940 2,331,344 Powers Oct. 12, 1943 2,435,697 Powers Feb. 10, 1948 2,763,924 Bellometti Sept. 25, 1956
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1186572 *||Feb 28, 1914||Jun 13, 1916||F Walter Guibert||Vacuum insulation.|
|US1376957 *||Mar 16, 1917||May 3, 1921||Buffalo Pressed Steel Co||Exhaust-muffler|
|US1378442 *||Nov 16, 1917||May 17, 1921||Lanston Monotype Machine Co||Process of corrugating cylindrical bodies|
|US1815005 *||Dec 5, 1928||Jul 14, 1931||Hamilton Francis F||Exhaust gas muffler|
|US2187431 *||Feb 3, 1938||Jan 16, 1940||Powell Herbert S||Method of assembling mufflers|
|US2331344 *||Mar 31, 1941||Oct 12, 1943||Walker Mfg Company Of Wisconsi||Silencer|
|US2435697 *||Nov 6, 1943||Feb 10, 1948||Walker Mfg Co||Method of assembling sheet metal parts|
|US2763924 *||Dec 29, 1953||Sep 25, 1956||Ugo Bellometti||Process and apparatus for manufacturing tubes, tanks and hollow bodies generally from metal in sheet or band form|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3159239 *||May 11, 1962||Dec 1, 1964||Walker Mfg Co||Muffler|
|US3196905 *||Nov 6, 1962||Jul 27, 1965||Walker Mfg Co||Exhaust system|
|US3479725 *||Mar 17, 1967||Nov 25, 1969||Walker Mfg Co||Muffler manufacturing system|
|US3523590 *||Dec 18, 1968||Aug 11, 1970||Tenneco Inc||Simplified muffler shell construction|
|US4333545 *||Sep 15, 1980||Jun 8, 1982||Thrush Incorporated||Back-fire resistant lock seam for muffler shells|
|US6892852 *||Feb 12, 2002||May 17, 2005||J. Eberspächer GmbH & Co. KG||Exhaust housing part of a motor vehicle, particularly for an exhaust muffler or an exhaust gas catalyst|
|US20020108428 *||Feb 12, 2002||Aug 15, 2002||Norbert Klein||Exhaust housing part of a motor vehicle, particularly for an exhaust muffler or an exhaust gas catalyst|
|U.S. Classification||29/890.8, 29/422, 181/264|
|International Classification||B21D53/88, B21D53/00, F01N13/18|
|Cooperative Classification||F01N2470/10, F01N2470/02, F01N2450/22, F01N2260/18, F01N13/185, F01N2530/26, F01N13/1838, B21D53/88, F01N2450/20|
|European Classification||B21D53/88, F01N13/18D1A, F01N13/18D|