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Publication numberUS3065377 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1962
Filing dateDec 12, 1959
Priority dateDec 12, 1959
Publication numberUS 3065377 A, US 3065377A, US-A-3065377, US3065377 A, US3065377A
InventorsEakin Kenneth G
Original AssigneeEakin Kenneth G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Microwave generator
US 3065377 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 20, 1962 K. G. EAKIN 3,065,377

MICROWAVE GENERATOR Filed Dec. 21, 1959 I N V EN TOR. KIA W67 6. 44 71 BY W A hired States 3,065,377 MICRGWAVE GENERATOR Kenneth G. Eairin, Utica, N.Y., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force Fiied Dec. 12, 1959, Ser. No. 861,151 4 Claims. (Cl. 31539) (Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), see. 266) .cause of tuned circuits, which at moderate output powers,

caused heating with resulting contamination of the tube proper, or voltage breakdown within the filter.

Another limitation in the prior art in relation to microwave tube generators resided in the voltage breakdown of its output coaxial line which coupled harmonic and spurious emission into its load. In the past, the elimination of harmonic and spurious frequencies resulted in subjecting the tube (generator or amplifier) proper to impedance discontinuities, i.e., high standing wave ratios with resulting microwave voltage breakdown or overheating from high currents.

The present invention provides a tube generator such as a klystron, magnetron, platenetron, etc. having an output coaxial line integrated therewith. Energy is generated in the tube proper and is coupled out into aforesaid coaxial line which has the smallest diameter possible consistent with the power to be generated. The diameter of the line is selected to be small in order to confine not only the basic fundamental operating frequency to the TEM mode but also to confine the harmonic and spurious frequencies to the TEM mode.

The coaxial line has branch placed therein which is comprised of a dissipative filter in the form of a waveguide. Since the harmonic and spurious generated frequencies are confined to the TEM mode, the dissipative filter is particularly efiective in absorbing them.

There is also provided a transition from the aforementioned small output coaxial line to a larger coaxial line. A tube seal is located at the transition area. The tube seal permits placing the tube proper, the small output coaxial line, and the dissipative filter in the tubes vacuum. This provides maximum protection for voltage breakdown.

An object of the present invention is to provide a novel microwave tube generator to substantially reduce the amount of harmonic and spurious emission emanating therefrom.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a microwave tube generator having integrated therewith an output coaxial line with a branched dissipative filter, all being within the vacuum of the tube proper.

Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a microwave tube generator having integrated therewith a coaxial output line whose dimensions are selected to confine the frequencies therein to the TEM mode and a waveguide dissipative filter traveling out from aforesaid coaxial line.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a microwave generator with an integrated output ,atent Q 3,635,377 Patented Nov. 20, 1962 coaxial line having dimensions serving to confine the generated energy to the TEM mode, aforesaid coaxial line having a dissipative filter to reduce harmonic and spurious frequencies and having a transition from the output coaxial line to a larger coaxial line wherein the transition area is provided with a seal so as to include aforesaid output coaxial line and dissipative filter in the vacuum of the microwave generator.

The features of this invention which are believed to be novel are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, together with further objects and advantages thereof may best be understood by reference to the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing illustrating one embodiment of the invention.

In the drawing, microwave generator 1 is shown from which is derived radio frequency energy. Loop 2 couples the energy into coaxial transmission line 3 which is comprised of outer conductor 4 and inner conductor 5. The dimensions of coaxial line 3 are selected so that it has the smallest diameter possible consistent with the power to be generated and is chosen to be small in order to confine not only the basic fundamental operating frequency to the TEM mode but also to confine the harmonic and spurious frequencies to the TEM mode.

It is to be noted that outer conductor 4 is connected to microwave generator 1 so as to make it vacuum tight. Dissipative, waveguide, low-pass filter 6 is formed by circumferentially flanging outer conductor 4 at spaced points thereby providing a vacuum tight chamber enveloping coaxial line 3. Coaxial transmission line 7 is larger than coaxial line 3 and is connected thereto by tapered transition coaxial line 8, which is comprised of outer conductor 9 and inner conductor 10. Tube seal 11 is in the form of a cylinder and is located between outer conductor 9 and inner conductor 10 and serves to maintain the vacuum within microwave generator 1, coaxial line 3 and waveguide 6.

Coaxial transmission line 7 is comprised of inner conductor 12 and outer conductor 13. Inner conductor 12 extends into waveguide 14 and provides a transition from coaxial line 7 to output waveguide 14 which in 0 turn supplies radio frequency energy to a load.

[In the operation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, coaxial transmission line 3, waveguide 6 are within the vacuum of microwave generator 1 thus providing maximum protection for voltage breakdown. Radio frequency energy is generated in microwave generator 1 and is coupled into coaxial transmission line 3 by way of coupling loop 2. Coaxial line 3, because of its preselected dimensions, confines the fundamental operating frequency, the harmonic and spurious frequency of the generated energy to the TEM mode thus permitting the dissipative filter in the form of waveguide 6 to become most effective in removing the harmonic and spurious frequencies coupled therein. Tube seal 11, as hereinbefore described, serves to include waveguide 6 and coaxial line 3 in the vacuum of microwave generator 1.

The fundamental operating frequency signal is transmitted along coaxial line 3 into coaxial line 7 by way of tapered transition coaxial line 8. Transition coaxial line 8 permits the electric field to become perpendicular to cylinder type tube seal 11. From coaxial line 7, the fundamental operating frequency signal is fed into a load by way of waveguide 14. The coaxial to waveguide transition from coaxial line 7 to waveguide 14 is conventional and is as shown and described in Radiation Laboratory Series, volume 9, pages 314-361, published by McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. in 1948. Thus the microwave generator is presented with a matched termination for harmonic and spurious frequency signal as well as for the fundamental. The harmonic and spurious frequency signals are eliminated without subjecting the microwave generator to impedance discontinuities, i.e., high standing wave ratios with resulting microwave voltage breakdown or overheating from high currents.

While a particular embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, modifications may be made. It is intended in the appended claims to cover all such modifications as falls within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

l. A microwave generator comprising an electron discharge device, said device generating radio frequency energy, a coaxial transmission line being so dimensioned in diameter as to restrict the propagation of energy therein exclusively to the TEM mode and said coaxial transmission line having an inner and outer conductor, said outer conductor being connected to said electron discharge 'device to form a vacuum tight seal, means, including said inner conductor of said first coaxial transmission line, to couple said generated energy directly from said electron discharge device into said coaxial transmission line, a waveguide dissipative filter to absorb the harmonic and spurious frequency signals in said coaxial transmission line, said waveguide enveloping said coaxial transmission line, and means to seal said coaxial transmission line at the output thereof to include said waveguide and said coaxial transmission line in the vacuum of said electron discharge device.

2. A vacuum sealed microwave generator comprising an electron discharge device, said device generating radio frequency energy, a first coaxial transmission line being so dimensioned as to restrict the propagation of energy therein exclusively to the TEM mode and said first coaxial transmission line having inner and outer conductors with said outer conductor joined to said device to form a first vacuum tight seal, means to couple said generated energy directly from said electron discharge device into said first coaxial transmission line, a dissipative waveguide filter enveloping said first coaxial transmission and flanged therefrom to form a vacuum tight seal, said waveguide operating to absorb the harmonic and spurious signal present in said first coaxial transmission line, a second coaxial transmission line having inner and outer conductors and being larger in diameter than said first coaxial transmission line, a third coaxial transmission line being tapered so as to interconnect said first and second coaxial transmission line, said third coaxial transmission line and operating as a transition therebetween permitting the electric field therein to become perpendicular having inner and outer conductors, a coaxial seal between said inner and outer conductors of said third coaxial transmission serving to include said first coaxial transmission line and said waveguide filter in the vacuum of said electron discharge device, and transitional means to couple said radio frequency energy from said third transmission line to an output waveguide for distribution to a matched load.

3. A vacuum sealed microwave generator comprising an electron discharge device, said device generating radio frequency energy, a first coaxial transmission line having inner and outer conductors with said outer conductor joined to said device to form a first vacuum tight seal, said first coaxial transmission line having the diameter arranged to confine the radio frequency energy therein exclusively to the TEM mode, means to couple said radio frequency energy directly from said electron discharge device into said first coaxial transmission line, a dissipative waveguide filter enveloping said first coaxial transmission line to absorb the spurious and harmonic frequencies resulting from said generated radio frequency energy, a second coaxial transmission line having a diameter larger than said first coaxial transmission line, a third coaxial transmission being tapered to interconnect said first and second coaxial transmission line, and a coaxial seal in said third coaxial line operating to place said first coaxial line and operating as a transition therebetween permitting the electric field therein to become perpendicular, and said dissipative waveguide filter in the vacuum of said electron discharge device.

4. A vacuum sealed generator comprising an electronic discharge device generating microwave energy, a succession of four transmission lines, the first transmission line being a first coaxial line being so dimensioned as to restrict the propagation of energy therein exclusively to the TEM mode and having inner and outer conductors with said outer conductor joined to said device to form a first vacuum tight seal, means including said inner conductor to couple said microwave energy into said first transmission line, a dissipative Waveguide filter enveloping said first transmission line and flanged therefrom to form a vacuum tight seal, said filter suppressing harmonic and spurious frequencies transmitted thereto resulting from said TEM mode, the third transmission line being a third coaxial line having inner and outer conductors and being larger in diameter than said first transmission line, the second transmission line being a second coaxial line being tapered so as to interconnect said first and third transmission lines and operating as a transition therebetween permitting the electric field therein to become perpendicular, said second coaxial line having inner and outer conductors, a cylindrical seal betweensaid inner and outer conductors of said third coaxial line serving to include said first transmission line and said waveguide filter in the vacuum of said electronic discharge device, a fourth transmission line being a waveguide for transmission of said microwave energy to a load, and transition means to couple said microwave energy from said third transmission line to said fourth transmission line.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,197,123 King Apr. 16, 1940 2,501,052 Kerlin Mar. 21, 1950 2,587,055 Marshall Feb. 26, 1952 2,659,027 Tonks et a1 Nov. 10, 1953 2,724,090 Moore Nov. 15, 1955 2,848,690 Miller Aug. 19, 1958 2,932,767 Vande Goor et a1 Apr. 12, 1960 2,950,450 King Aug. 1, 1960 2,972,084 Esterson et a1. Feb. 14, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 468,174 Canada Sept. 9, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2197123 *Jun 18, 1937Apr 16, 1940Bell Telephone Labor IncGuided wave transmission
US2501052 *Sep 14, 1945Mar 21, 1950Us Sec WarHigh-frequency transmission system
US2587055 *Dec 6, 1946Feb 26, 1952Bell Telephone Labor IncElectrical cavity resonator for microwaves
US2659027 *Jul 12, 1951Nov 10, 1953Hull Joseph FOutput connection for magnetron
US2724090 *May 2, 1951Nov 15, 1955Litton Industries IncElectron discharge device output coupler
US2848690 *May 27, 1953Aug 19, 1958Bell Telephone Labor IncHigh frequency selective mode transducers
US2932767 *Mar 18, 1958Apr 12, 1960Philips CorpMagnetron having wave-guide output
US2950450 *Mar 1, 1957Aug 23, 1960Emi LtdAttenuators or suppressors for attenuating or suppressing undesired oscillations
US2972084 *Jul 31, 1958Feb 14, 1961English Electric Valve Co LtdMagnetrons
CA468174A *Sep 19, 1950Canadian Westinghouse CompanyElectric circuit interrupters
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3188583 *Oct 12, 1961Jun 8, 1965Raytheon CoParallel plate line transition section between a coaxial line and a ridged waveguide
US3289023 *Apr 30, 1963Nov 29, 1966Philips CorpMagnetron with helical cathode held by support, the output and mode suppression means being remote from the cathode support
US4286239 *Jan 7, 1980Aug 25, 1981Siemens AktiengesellschaftGas-tight, high-frequency permeable window arrangement in a coaxial line, particularly for traveling wave tubes
US4297662 *Jan 24, 1980Oct 27, 1981Siemens AktiengesellschaftGas-tight-high-frequency permeable window arrangement in a coaxial line, particularly for traveling wave tubes
US4694264 *Mar 5, 1986Sep 15, 1987The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergyRadio frequency coaxial feedthrough device
EP0015448A1 *Feb 21, 1980Sep 17, 1980Siemens AktiengesellschaftVacuum tight microwave window in a coaxial line, especially for travelling-wave tubes
Classifications
U.S. Classification315/39, 333/251, 315/39.53, 333/252
International ClassificationH01J23/54, H01J23/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01J23/54
European ClassificationH01J23/54