|Publication number||US3065 A|
|Publication date||May 2, 1843|
|Publication number||US 3065 A, US 3065A, US-A-3065, US3065 A, US3065A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' covers to closethe holes'when it is desirable l sra'rns JONA. DENNIS, JR., OF PORTSMOUTH, RHODE ISLAND.
HAT ANI)I BONNET.
Speccaton of Letters Patent No. 8,065, dated- May 2, 1843.
other` covering for the head which surroundsl or goes over the head in two distinct parts, one of which is to resist the weather and the other to surround the `head and hold the hat or other covering `in its place upon the head, leaving a space between for the air. And to make holes in that part which connects the outside and the inside so as to allow the air to circulate between the two and making valves or covers to shut the holes when the wearer may wish to stop the circulation of the air. And also to make holes through vthe inside part above where it comes in contact with the headV so as Vto allow the air to circulate through the holes from between the inside and outside, over and upon the head, and making valves or the head when all the valves yare open, and
when those are shut that close the holes through the inside part the air can only circulate around the head andnot come in contact with it.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
I constructthe outside of my hats caps bonnets or other covering for the head in any of the known forms, making them as much larger than the head as is necessary to allow` the space desired between the outside and inside.
Thus Figure l of the accompanying drawing represents a hat the brim of whichis marked A, the outside of the crown B, the lining to come in contact with the head C, the inside part of the hat is represented as being made of palm leaf, and is seen at D, where it connects with the inner edge ofthe brim' and the lower edge ofthe outside .ofv the crown. It may be seen above the lining at E, and inside of the top -of the crownV at F.A Fig; 2 .represents the outside ofthe palm,v
leaf crown (and I shall refer to it by iig-L ures and to Fig. l by letters). Underthat fpart of the palm leaf D, that connects the inside to the'outside there isa circular piece A of pasteboard havingy holes in. it tovcorre? l spend with the holes in-thepalm leaf and isy ATENT @ENCE seen covering'- the hole at G, and at l upon AfFig. 2, thereare several pieces of .tapey 3, fastened to the brim across the circular piece of pasteboard to hold it in its place as it slips around. A piece of ribbon H, is
fastenedto the circular piece of pasteboard G, and `comes through thehole inthe palm jleaf to pull the pasteboard. around so as to. shut the holes and ay similari piece isI seeny lat I, by pulling which the pasteboardis.
slipped back and the holes opened so thaty the airnmay circulate through.l There, is fcylindrical piece of thick paper 2, thatv surrounds the sides of the palm leaf crown and a `inlay be seen through the hole in= the palm :leaf E, at K, and hasV holes in it to corre- -spond to. the holes in the palm leaf. A jpiece of ribbon L, is fastened to this piece f of paper, and comes through the hole in the palm leaf, to pull the paper around so as :'toshut the holes. side of the hat is a. similar hole and ribbon- `by pulling which the paper is slipped'the other way and the-holes opened for the air tocirculate through; there are some straps of tape 4t, put across the paper band 2 that, surrounds the crown tofhold it in its place. Or
the holes may be made throughthe top of the palm leaf crown F and a circularpiece 'of paper 5 may be fastened to the top of l the crown in the center so as to turn easily with holes in it to correspond with the holes in the palm leaf F and isvseen covering the" And upon the; oppositeV by so as to. cover the holes; upon, the opposite 'side lof the center there is a similar hole 6,- and piece of ribbon fastened to the paper to pull it theother way and open the holes for the air to circulate through there isv a band surroundsV the palm leaf part and mt having any tOpf to. thev crownof the in,-
There 1s a Y of ribbon are fastened to the palm leaf to `hold it fiat where it is tucked under; the
one at'Gr, is shown open and the one at H, shut. There is a similar hole in the palm leaf E at I and one opposite to it with covers and loops like H, and G; by opening these n holes the air can circulate the same as del left off at C, to show the construction of theV with valves to them like those described inV scribed in hat Fig. l, and a band to tighten it at H, same at Fig. l.
Fig. 4t, represents a hat made of palm leaf A, the brim, B; the crown C, is an inside crown without any top; the edge D, is braided like the edge of the brim. The inside crown is braided withV a brim so wide as to cover the space between the outside-and inside; then they are both braided together which connects them permanently, leaving a space between the outside and inside crowns for the air. There is a band around the inside crown which comes through the brim and ties at E. The inside crown does not go up to the top of the outside crown,
but a space is left for the air to circulate over and around-lit. And there may be holes left when braiding that part which connects the inside to the outside for the air to circulate through.
Fig. 7 represents a bonnet made of palm leaf but may be made of any of the materials that bonnets are usually made of, the outside A, the inside B. The outside is side valve and to show the manner of making the space between, and the fixtures to keep the two apart. D, is a hole through the inside covered by the piece of past-eboard E, which is shown again at F, and has a hole in it so that when it is pulled up by the ribbon G, Gr, the hole in the pasteboard is opposite to the hole in the palm leaf, and when it is pulled down by the ribbon H, H, the pasteboard covers the hole and stops the circulation ofthe air, there are two strips of paper I, I, with one edge cemented to the palm leaf and the other laps on tothe pasteboard F to hold itin its place but allows it to slide when the strings are pulled. The above described holes allows the air to circulate between the inside and outside, and there are holes made through the inside'part of the crown the hat Figs. l, and 2, so that I dc not deem it necessary to describe them again.
To hold the outside of the bonnet at a proper dist-ance from the inside I take some strips of palm leaf and take one end under a strand of the inside part of the bonnet and bend it around circularly andV tuckit under another strand and so continue to make circles as seen at L, L, L. I put as many of these circles around the inside part as is necessary to hold the outside part at a proper distance from the-inside part before I put the o-utside over the inside. Or if the inside is made of paper or some other material there may be some strips of paper bent in the form of the lett-er E and one end cemented to the bonnetas at M, where they are represented with the top end left off or they may be bent at right angles and then cut in the angleat each end, and the-parts cut bent at right angles as seen at N, these being cemented to the inside part at one end, and the outside to be prepared and the other ends to be cemented and the outside put on which will fasten the outside to the insidev as at O. Or the pieces of paper may be made in any form fancy may dictate to hold the outside from the inside. I fasten the outside to the inside by putting the edgesY weather will be made without holes for the l air to circulate through, and those for warm weather made some without holes, and some with holes without valves, and hats or other covers for thehead may be made with the inner part to rise no higher than the lining that immediately surrounds the head and then the inside part. will only need fastening to the outside where the brim joins the crown. y
The advantage of constructing hats, caps, bonnets, or other covers for the head as above described is that in warm weather there is a portion of air in the space be-` tween the outside and the inside which is a bad conductor of heat and that prevents the sun from heating therhead as it does in the common mode of making hats and might prevent people from suffering from what is termed a stroke of theA sun'l And in cold weather the air conned between the outside and inside does notV conduct the heat from the head. exposed to the heat of sun in summer and cold winds invwint'er can judge of the suf# fering occasioned by both. For when the wind blows hard in winter and the hatris made tight Vto the head which-prevents the blood from circulating freely about the fore head which becomes very coldand whenjthe Any person who has been hat is removed a pain is felt in the eyes for a considerable time. It may be found to answer to make that part of the hat or other covering forthe head with a. space between the outsideand inside only where it comes in contact with the forehead. By making the inside part of the hats or other coverings for the head of palm leaf7 it conforms readily to the shape of the head.
lVhat- I claim as my invention7 and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The making of hats, caps, bonnets, or other covers for the head in two parts in the manner described, the inside part as much smaller than the outside part as will leave the desired space between.
2. The making of a brim to the inside part of hats or other coverings, so as to cement or sew them to the outside parts.
3. The braiding of the inside parts of hats or other coverings and outside parts together when they are made of any kind of materials that are braided or plaited as described or by braiding the outside of a'hat until it` 25 through the inside or outside parts as de-V scribed in the foregoing specification.
5. The xtures placed between the inside and outside parts of bonnets to keep them the desired distance apart.
JONATHAN DENNIS, JR. Witnesses:
JOHN HAMBLY, JOHN CovY.
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