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Publication numberUS3067551 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 11, 1962
Filing dateSep 22, 1958
Priority dateSep 22, 1958
Publication numberUS 3067551 A, US 3067551A, US-A-3067551, US3067551 A, US3067551A
InventorsMaginnis James W
Original AssigneeBethlehem Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Grinding method
US 3067551 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 11, 1962 v J. w. MAGINNIS 3,067,551

GRINDING METHOD Filed Sept. 22, 1958 INVENTOR James 14 Magi/M125 ATTORNEY United States Filed Sept. 22, 1958, Ser. No. 762,583 7 Claims. (Cl. 51-281) This invention relates to a method of grinding, particularly a method for grinding cylindrical smooth surfaced rolls.

Although the method of this invention may be used to grind any type of roll, it is particularly directed to the grinding of chilled cast iron or alloy steel rolls used in steel mill operations to roll strip, sheet or foil, said rolls usually being cylindrical and smooth surfaced.

Rolls used in such operations rapidly lose their desired shape and finish due to the great pressures exerted upon them and the hardness of the material being rolled, and must be frequently reground to restore their shape and finish.

This method of restoration is acomplished by grinding with an abrasive wheel or wheels. The grinding wheels are cylindrical, with a flat peripheral grinding surface which grinds the roll as the wheel traverses back and forth across the roll surface from one end to the other.

Good grinding practice calls for the use of large coarse grained abrasive material to reshape the rolls, and small, fine grained abrasive material to supply the desired smoothness of finish. This need for both coarse grain and fine grain abrasive material to regrind rolls makes necessary the use of two or more grinding wheels of varying grain size ranging from coarse to fine, to get the shape and finish desired. However, the use of a multiple number of wheels involves halting of the grinding operation in order to change wheels, thus increasing the grinding costs and lowering production rates. To speed up the grinding operation, a common practice is to use a single wheel of intermediate grain size. This procedure increases production rates, but produces a poorer quality finish.

The object of this invention is a method of grinding rolls whereby the high quality finish obtained by the use of multiple wheels can be accomplished at the high production rates achieved by the use of a single wheel of intermediate grain size.

I have found that this object can be accomplished by using a sandwich or segmental type wheel whose grinding surface consists of adjacent parallel sections or segments of varying grain size so arranged that rough grinding and polishing of the roll is accomplished in each pass of the wheel across the roll surface. Such a wheel is, in effect, several abrasive cylindrical discs bonded together at their radial surfaces.

Thus, the peripheral grinding face of the wheel used in the method of my invention is comprised of side sections of fine grain abrasive, with coarser grained abrasive sandwiched between the two fine grain sections.

The grinding area lying between the two fine grain side sections may consist of coarser material of a uniform grain size, or it may be divided into adjacent, parallel sections of different grain size, provided that all of the abrasive material is coarser than the fine grained side sections.

The sections of varying grain size must be so arranged that in each pass of the wheel across the roll surface the grinding action progresses successively from fine to coarse and back to fine again.

FIGURES 1 and 2 illustrate two examples of wheels than can be used to practice my invention. S is the flat peripheral grinding surface, consisting of fine grained atent -.tion at their radial surfaces.

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sections F and coarse grained central portion C in FIG- URE l, and consisting of fine section F, intermediate grain size sections I, and coarse section C in FIGURE'Z. 3 indicates the point at which the sides and grinding face meet, and 4 shows the point at which the sections having different grain sizes are bonded together.

The wheels are cylindrical in shape, with the sections of varying grain size providing a straight, fiat, continuous grinding surface or face. The side section F should be of the same grain size. The grain sizes of the different sections may be varied to suit the particular grinding operation involved.

Any kind of abrasive material can be used, depending on the material to be ground, and the wheels can be made by any of the well known methods of manufacture.

My method not only permits reshaping and polishing to be accomplished in a single operation, but also effects a saving in wheel costs due to reduced wear on the wheels since the strain on the coarse material is reduced by the preceding grinding action of the fine material as the wheel passes back and forth across the roll surface.

An example of my grinding wheel used in my method is a silicon carbide wheel for grinding nickel grain iron mill rolls with an -85 Shore hardness. This wheel had a 3" peripheral grinding face, with a 2. center section of coarse 46 grain size silicon carbide, and two side sections of fine grain size silicon carbide, each section being /2" wide.

The fine section were bonded to the coarse center sec- My method of grinding produced a 6 micro finish on the roll, and produced a wheel life of about 200 rolls per wheel, whereas a standard 3 wide wheel of intermediate 54 grain size silicon carbide used previously had a wheel life of only rolls per wheel, and produced a poorer quality finish.

Although the grain size of the various sections or segments will vary according to the type of material to be ground and the type of finish desired, wheels used to grind iron or steel rolls should have a grain size not coarser than 100 in the finest sections, and a grain size not substantially finer than 50 in the coarsest section.

The width of each abrasive section will also vary according to the particular grinding operation involved.

I claim:

l. A surface grinding method which comprises the sequential steps of traversing the surface to be ground from one end to the other with a fine grained abrasive disc, traversing said surface in the same direction with a coarse grained abrasive disc and traversing said surface in the same direction with another fine grained abrasive disc.

2. The method of claim 1 in which each of said fine grain discs is bonded to a radial surface of said coarse grained disc.

3. A surface grinding method which comprises the sequential steps of traversing the surface to be ground from one end to the other with a fine grained abrasive disc, traversing said surface in the same direction with a coarse grained abrasive disc, traversing said surface in the same direction with another fine grained abrasive disc, and then repeating said traversing steps in the opposite direction.

4. The method of claim 3 in which each of said fine grained discs is bonded to a radial surface of said coarse grained disc.

5 A surface grinding method which comprises the sequential steps of traversing the surface to be ground from one end to the other with a fine grained abrasive disc, traversing said surface in the same direction with an intermediate grained abrasive disc, traversing said surface in the same direction with a coarse abrasive disc traversing said surface in the same direction with angrained disc is bonded 'to the inner radial surfaces of other intermediate grained abrasive disc, traversing said each f a intermediate grained discssurface in the same direction with another fine grained abrasive dim References Cited 1n the file of th1s patent 6. The method of claim 5 followed -by repeating said 5 TE TE NT sequential steps in the opposite direction. 1 1 531 King Feb. 8, 1927 7. The method of claim 5 in which each of-said fine 193 377 Dunbar et 1 A 23 71940 grained discs is bonded to the outer "radial surfaces of 2,224,423 Bi D 10, 1940 each of said intermediate grained discs and said coarse 2,396,505 Gumper Mar. 12, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1616531 *Aug 8, 1922Feb 8, 1927Norton CoCutting-off abrasive wheel
US2198377 *Apr 27, 1937Apr 23, 1940Norton CoLapping machine
US2224423 *Jun 8, 1939Dec 10, 1940Cincinnati Grinders IncProcess and apparatus for finishing preground articles
US2396505 *Jun 22, 1943Mar 12, 1946Bridgeport Safety Emery WheelGrinding
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3125836 *Oct 13, 1961Mar 24, 1964 Gem cutters dop
US3153884 *Aug 23, 1962Oct 27, 1964Landis Tool CoApparatus for grinding flexible workpieces
US3181283 *Dec 26, 1962May 4, 1965Hammond Machinery Builders IncMeans for cutting chip breaker grooves
US3220431 *Jun 18, 1963Nov 30, 1965E I M Company IncAutomatic regrinding valve apparatus
US3243922 *Jul 9, 1963Apr 5, 1966Engelhard Hanovia IncSurfacing of materials
US3284898 *May 21, 1964Nov 15, 1966Evan L HopkinsHand scraper
US3299579 *Jan 17, 1964Jan 24, 1967Heald Machine CoGrinding machine
US3490464 *Jan 26, 1966Jan 20, 1970Silberman Samuel JApparatus for distributing and regulating the flow of particulate material
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Classifications
U.S. Classification451/49, 451/544
International ClassificationB24D5/14, B24D5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB24D5/14
European ClassificationB24D5/14