|Publication number||US3067779 A|
|Publication date||Dec 11, 1962|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 1960|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 1960|
|Publication number||US 3067779 A, US 3067779A, US-A-3067779, US3067779 A, US3067779A|
|Inventors||Draper Jr John H|
|Original Assignee||Draper Brothers Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (19), Classifications (10), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 11, 1962 3,067,779
J. H. DRAPER, JR
ELECTROCONDUCTIVE PAPERMAKER s FELT Filed Feb. 4, 1960 II H II II 22 22 .\IS 2 Eli-.12 22 25 JOHN H. DRAPER, JR.
BY WW ATTORN EY United States Patent Office 3,067,779 Patented Dec. 11, 1962 3,067,779 ELECTROCONDUCTIVE PAPERMAKERS FELT John H. Draper, Jr., Canton, Mass., assignor to Draper Brothers Company, Canton, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Feb. 4, 1960, Ser. No. 6,706 2 Claims. (Cl. 139-383) This invention relates to papermakers felts for use upon papermaking machines such as those employed in the manufacture of paper, paper board, asbestos-cement products, and various types of insulating board, and more especially, it pertains to an electroconductive fabric apron or felt for use in the wet press section of a papermaking machine.
One important object of the invention is to produce a wet felt which incorporates on its bottom surface parallel sets of exposed bare wire electric conductors disposed in a longitudinal direction only therein and which will make use of an electrically induced current at the wet press section which passes from the electric conductors of the advancing and receding runs of the felt in operation through the felt apron and the wet paper web that is supported on the top surface thereof to a top press roll thereby effecting heating and faster removal flow of the water from the wet paper web and the wetfelt passing through the hips of the press rolls to permit faster operation and production of the papermaking machine.
In carrying out the invention, I construct my improved felt with a multi-ply structure having at least two superposed woven fabric plies each including a plurality of woven warp and filling yarns of non-conductive all-textile material, one of said woven fabric plies forming the back surface of the felt, and I further incorporate in this back ply a plurality of uninsulated and completely bare metallic electric conductors which are disposed therein in spaced parallel relationship and extend longitudinally in the direction of the warp yarns only thereof. Thus, the top ply of the felt which supports and transports the paper web has no electroconductive material while the bottom or back ply incorporates electroconductive material therein.
Furthermore, these bare metal electric conductor members not only lie in the plane of the back-face of this felt structure but they are further arranged so that they expose at definite intervals along their respective longitudinal runs a series of bare metal linear lengths which are to'be engaged with the outer metal surface of an electrically connected guide member for the felt and with which such exposed bare metal runs of each conductor member are brought serially into direct metal engagement therewith to effect good electrical connection between them in the course of normal travel of the moving felt over such guide member when in working use thereto.
An illustrative embodiment of the invention is described in detail in the following specification and shown in the drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of the upper or top face of such illustrative felt embodiment;
FIG. 2 is an inverted fragmentary bottom plan view of the lower or back face of the FIG. 1 illustrative felt embodiment;
FIG. 3 is an expanded view, on enlarged scale, of the area of the upper face of the felt fragment shown in FIG. 2 and contained within the rectangular outline R indicated therein by the dot and dash lines;
FIG. 4 is an expanded view, on enlarged scale, of the area of the inverted back face of the felt fragment shown in FIG. 2 and contained within the rectangular outline R indicated therein by the dot and dash lines;
FIGS. 5 through are enlarged sectional views taken 2 vertically on the lines 5-5', 66, 77, 8-8, 9-9, and 1010, respectively, of FIG. 3 looking in the direction of the arrows and showing the respective disposition of the warp strands and of the proximate filling pick at such respective sections;
FIG. 11 is a diagrammatic view of a papermaking machine embodying an electroconductive felt constructed according to the present invention; and
FIG. 12 is a pictorial view, on enlarged scale, showing structural details of a fragmental portion of one of the electric conductor wires used in the construction of my felt.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the improved papermakers felt apron according to the invention is generally designated by the reference letter F and comprises a multiply woven fabric which for the purpose of illustration is here shown as composed of two plies of woven construction and includes in each pattern repeat of the weave a plurality of longitudinal warp threads or strands 15 of wool or synthetic yarns, or blends thereof, and a plurality of transverse filling threads or strands 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 which may be composed of wool or synthetic yarns, or blends thereof. Additional longitudinal warp threads or strands are incorporated in the lower or inner ply which forms the back face of the Woven felt and these consist of a plurality of uninsulated and completely bare metallic electric conductors 22.
The metallic electric conductors 22 used in the felt are alike in that they comprise a flexible braided bare metal strand, which may be made up of groups of copper or aluminum wires. Also, these conductors are of flattened cross-section, as indicated at 25 and 26, see FIGS. 7 and 12, whereby they offer a line contact with the periphery of the rolls against and over which they run as they travel with the moving felt F around such rolls, see FIG. 11. These electric conductors additionally, if' de sired, may be provided with a coating of silver (not shown) in order to enhance their electrical conductivity as well as to prevent corrosion and detrimental staining effects which might result from oxidation of an uncoated or bare copper wire.
As depicted in FIGS. 2 and 4, each of the electric conductors 22 presents at definite linear intervals along its longitudinal extent in the lower ply of the felt and in the plane of its back or bottom surface a succession of exposed bare metallic sections 28 which are unattached by filling threads or strands and are close at and readily accessible to the surface of the back face of the felt for direct rubbing contact with a metallic'energizing member, such as, for example, the peripheral outer metal surface of one or more tail guide rolls operatively connected with a suitable source of electric current, see FIG. 11, as will be hereafter described. It will be noted from the weave arrangement as shown in FIGS. 5 to 10 inclusive that the bare metal electric conductors 22 are afiixed to the felt only at predetermined intervals of their respective lengths and they are held in place in the felt solely by the binder filling 1 picks 20, see FIG. 9, interlacing the upper and lower plies of the felt together to make this a unitary two-ply construction.
While the filling picks or strands 17 and 20 shown in FIGS. 6 and 9, respectively, are employed as binder strands for joining and binding the two plies together only the binder filling strands 20 on their downward and upward traverses pass under and engage the bare metal conductor wires 22 in the warp of the lower ply structure to secure and hold the bare wires 22 in the back surface or bottom face of my felt. I
Referring now to FIG. 11, I have shown a diagrammatic representation of certain of the press rolls which make up a typical wet press section of a papermaking machine. As there shown, this figure of the drawing includes an upper row of rotatable press rolls 30, 31 and 32 and a lower rotatable press roll 33 which is disposed beneath and in a cooperating relationship with the upper intermediate press. roll 31. The usual paper web 35 formed on the papermaking machine is depicted. as being disposed to travel in the direction of the arrows and in the course of such movement it is guided over, around and between the respective press rolls 30, 31 and 32 as it passes through the respective nips thereof as shown.
As is well known, the papermakers felts or aprons are endless when installed on the press rolls of a paper-making machine. In the present instance, an electroconductire felt F constructed in accordance with the invention is shown endless and running over, around and between the respective nips of the press rolls 30, 31, 33 and 32 under and along the paper web 35. It will be understood that the felt apron F is provided with a number of additional suitable guiding rolls'36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 and 42 which need not be described in detail since they form no part of the invention.
The electric current may be supplied in any suitable manner such as, for example, by means of a suitable generator 45, one pole of which is grounded, as indicated at 46, and the other pole of which is electrically connected to the upper intermediate press roll 31 as by means of leads' 47 and 48in. series with a rheostat 50. The tail guide rolls 37 and 41 are grounded as indicated in-FIG. 11.
The exposed bare metallic sections 28 of the electric conductors 22 on the surface of the felt passing in-succession between the nips of the press rolls 30, 31, 33, and 32 and bearing against and guided over the metal faces of the respective peripheries of the tail guide rolls cause electric current to flow from either or both grounded tail guide rolls 37 or 41 along the respectivelongitudinal advancing or receding runs of the metal conductors 22 to the sections thereof under the felt structure engaged at the aforementioned nips of said' coacting press rolls, where the electric current then passes to the roll 31 from the conductors 22 through the wet felt F and the wet paper web 35 carried thereon, thereby completing the electrical circuit to the generator 45 by reason of its ground 46.
The flow of electric current through the moving wet felt F and'the traveling wet paper web 35 supported thereon produces heating of the water content thereof and is effective to raise the viscosity of such water'so as to cause faster liquid drainage through the felt and away from the nips of the press rolls 30, 31 and 32 than otherwise would be extracted mechanically by the squeeze of the press'rolls alone. It will be understood that the metallic electric conductors 22 are situated entirely in the lower woven ply of the felt and do not come in direct contact at' any time with the paper web 35 as they are kept separated therefrom by the non-conductive textile strands or'threads of the woven structure of the felt F. Consequently, the drying of the paper web by the heating action of the electric current combined with the squeeze of the press rolls 30, 31, 32 and 33 permits faster extraction and more effective removal of water from the wet paper web and hence faster operation and production of the papermaking machine.
It is meant by the term non-conductive strands as used in this specification and the claims appended thereto that the all-textile yarns or threads which form the warp and the filling strands of the multi-ply woven fabric structure of the felt, as well as the filling yarns or threads used for binding the woven fabric plies together into a unitary felt structure, are characterized by all being of a nature as to be non-conductors of electricity.
While one specific form of the invention has been disclosed herein it will be apparent that various other forms and modifications can be made, including the number of plies in the felt structure, without departing from the spirit of the invention, and it is therefore intended that the invention include all modifications and equivalents which fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An electroconductive papermakers felt for supporting, transporting, and draining wet papermaking material, said felt having a multi-ply-fabric structure comprising at least two superposed woven fabric plies of which the bottom ply forms the back side of said felt and the top ply forms the front and outer side thereof for supporting and transporting Wet papermaking material to be drained, each of said plies having an open porous weave to provide rapid liquid drainage passages through the felt from the front side to the back side thereof, all warp and filling strands of said top ply as well as alternate Warp strands and all filling strands of said bottom ply being yarns of non-electroconductive all-textile fibers, and a plurality of completely bare linear metallic electric conductor warp elements extending longitudinally of the felt and alternating in the same plane with the all-textile warp yarns of the bottom ply and in spaced substantially parallel relationship therewith, said bare metallic electric conductor elements each being of flattened cross-section and firmly secured to said bottom fabric ply at definite intervals along its linear extent by certain filling strands effective to present readily engageable bare linear runs of said conductor elements lying in the plane of the bottom fabric ply, the said respective conductor-securing filling strands extending through the body of the felt and interlacing together said top and bottom fabric plies thereof at definite intervals across the felt to tightly bind them together into a resultant unitary felt structure.
2. An electroconductive papermakers felt for supporting, transporting, and draining wet papermaking material, said felt having a double-ply fabric structure comprising upper and lower'woven fabric plies of which the lower ply forms the back side of said felt and the upper ply forms the front and outer side thereof for supporting and transporting wet papermaking material to be drained, each of said plies having an open porous weave toprovide rapid liquid drainage passages through the felt from the front'side' to the back side thereof, all warp and filling strands of said upper ply as Well as alternate warp strands and all filling strands of said lower ply being yarns of non-electroconductive all-textile fibers, and a plurality of completely bare metallic electric conductor warp elements extending in a direction longitudinally of the felt and alternating in the same plane with the all-textile warp yarns of the bottom ply and in spaced substantially parallel relationship thereto and with each other, said metallic electric conductor elements each having bare linear runs exposed at definite intervals along its length and readily engageable for contact in the plane of the outer surface of said bottom fabric ply, certain of said respective filling yarns only extending through the body of the felt and interlacing togethersaid upper and lower woven fabric plies at definite intervals across the felt and in the longitudinal extent of said metallic electric conductor warp elements so as to secure the latter firmly in place in the weave of said bottom fabric ply of the felt and also tightly bind together the top and bottom plies thereof into a resultant unitary felt structure.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,178,556 Tompkins Apr. 11, 1916 1,739,766 Morris Dec. 17, 1929 1,925,917 Chalon Sept. 5, 1933 2,038,712 Brodin Apr. 28, 1936 2,327,756 Adamson Aug. 24, 1943 2,375,997 Larson May 15, 1945 2,680,079 Huebner June 1, 1954 2,955,969 Runton Oct. 11, 1960 3,000,106 Christgau Sept. 19, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 534,356 Canada Dec. 11, 1956 447,299 France Oct. 24, 1912 449,079 Germany Sept. '1, 1927
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1178556 *||May 25, 1908||Apr 11, 1916||John D Tompkins||Process of drying paper.|
|US1739766 *||May 11, 1927||Dec 17, 1929||George E Coblens||Method of making compressed dehydrated cellulose sheets|
|US1925917 *||Jun 7, 1932||Sep 5, 1933||Otto T Chalon||Paper press belt|
|US2038712 *||Nov 18, 1933||Apr 28, 1936||Brodin Carl Fridolf||Apparatus for pressing and dehydrating fibrous materials|
|US2327756 *||Oct 15, 1941||Aug 24, 1943||Us Rubber Co||Electrically conductive fabric|
|US2375997 *||Jun 3, 1944||May 15, 1945||Larson Werner J||Method of making woven resistance units|
|US2680079 *||Apr 4, 1951||Jun 1, 1954||Huebner Company||Method for making sheet or web material|
|US2955969 *||Mar 4, 1957||Oct 11, 1960||Russell Mfg Co||Conveyor belt for corrugated paper board|
|US3000106 *||Mar 20, 1957||Sep 19, 1961||West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co||Apparatus for drying paper by electrical conductivity|
|CA534356A *||Dec 11, 1956||Scheufelen Papierfab||Process for and device of wire shake for paper machinery|
|DE449079C *||Nov 26, 1924||Sep 1, 1927||Siemens Elektrowaerme Gmbh||Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Erwaermen und Trocknen plastischer Massen und Gewebe mittels elektrischen Stroms|
|FR447299A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3603354 *||Apr 10, 1968||Sep 7, 1971||Huyck Corp||Apparatus for use on papermaking machines|
|US4087320 *||Sep 3, 1976||May 2, 1978||Huyck Corporation||Apparatus for cleaning an endless belt having an affixed signal element|
|US4251928 *||Feb 5, 1979||Feb 24, 1981||Asten Group Inc.||Metal impregnated dryer fabric|
|US4420529 *||Aug 22, 1980||Dec 13, 1983||Scapa Dryers, Inc.||Anti-static dryer fabrics|
|US4672825 *||Dec 6, 1985||Jun 16, 1987||Katsura Roller Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Antistatic cover|
|US4838046 *||Sep 8, 1986||Jun 13, 1989||Katsura Roller Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Cover for a dampening roller of an offset press|
|US5876849 *||Jul 2, 1997||Mar 2, 1999||Itex, Inc.||Cotton/nylon fiber blends suitable for durable light shade fabrics containing carbon doped antistatic fibers|
|US6057032 *||Oct 10, 1997||May 2, 2000||Green; James R.||Yarns suitable for durable light shade cotton/nylon clothing fabrics containing carbon doped antistatic fibers|
|US6092579 *||Nov 18, 1998||Jul 25, 2000||Bhs Corrugated Maschinen-Und Anlagenbau Gmbh||Machine for the production of an at least single-face lined web of corrugated board|
|US7828019 *||Aug 12, 2008||Nov 9, 2010||Taiwan Textile Research Institute||Fabric for detecting vital signals from human body|
|US8133355 *||Oct 20, 2006||Mar 13, 2012||Savcor Process Oy||Method for use in the wet end of a paper machine, cardboard machine or an equivalent web forming machine|
|US20030208886 *||May 9, 2002||Nov 13, 2003||Jean-Louis Monnerie||Fabric comprising shaped conductive monofilament used in the production of non-woven fabrics|
|US20090114359 *||Oct 20, 2006||May 7, 2009||Savcor Process Oy||Method For Use In The Wet End Of A Paper Machine, Cardboard Machine Or An Equivalent Web Forming Machine|
|US20090277528 *||Nov 12, 2009||Taiwan Textile Research Institute||Fabric for detecting vital signals from human body|
|US20110121481 *||May 26, 2011||Jean-Louis Monnerie||Fabric Comprising Shaped Conductive Monofilament Used in the Production of Non-Woven Fabrics|
|CN100406631C||Apr 23, 2003||Jul 30, 2008||阿尔巴尼国际公司||Formingfabric comprising flat shaped conductive monofilamentused in the production of non-woven fabrics|
|EP0259294A1 *||Jul 7, 1987||Mar 9, 1988||Hutter & Schrantz AG||Double-layer cloth for a paper making machine|
|EP1026313A2 *||Nov 25, 1999||Aug 9, 2000||Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbH||Band for making a web material|
|WO2003095740A1 *||Apr 23, 2003||Nov 20, 2003||Albany Int Corp||Formingfabric comprising flat shaped conductive monofilament used in the production of non-woven fabrics|
|U.S. Classification||139/383.00R, 139/383.00A, 162/192, 139/425.00A|
|International Classification||D21F1/00, D21F1/10|
|Cooperative Classification||D21F1/105, D21F1/0036|
|European Classification||D21F1/00E2, D21F1/10B|
|Jan 7, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DRAPER FELT COMPANY INC., THE DRAPER LANE, CANTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:DRAPER BROTHERS COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004348/0001
Effective date: 19841231