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Publication numberUS3068970 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1962
Filing dateFeb 26, 1959
Priority dateFeb 26, 1959
Publication numberUS 3068970 A, US 3068970A, US-A-3068970, US3068970 A, US3068970A
InventorsNeal Harry B
Original AssigneeAmarlite Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wall structure
US 3068970 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 18, 1962 H. B. NEAL 3,068,970

WALL STRUCTURE Filed Feb. 26, 1959 v 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEYS Dec. 18, 1962 H. B. NEAL 3,068,970

WALL STRUCTURE Filed Feb. 26, 1959 v 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Err- .2.- T: -4 INVENZ'GRf HARRY a. NEAL I ATTORNEYS Dec. 18, 1962 NEAL 3,068,970

WALL STRUCTURE Filed Feb. 26, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 EE'.E.

1 52 47 55 54 45 i 5s 54 44,43 I v 4. ll IT [W H!!! 4 11- t-,5 W WTIMHU- l @1 H 1 I 11 W v La 15 I6 so 1 66 an? @J n 30 '6! 58/ i E If I9 I8 2o IIL WHHHW I lugulgmglm 'l I 5 5a n as 2/ a4 INVENTOR.

HARRY B. NEAL ATTORNEYS Dec. 18, 1962 H.'B. NEAL 3,063,970

' WALL STRUCTURE Filed Feb. 26, 1959 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR.

HARRY B. NEAL ATTORNEYS nite This invention relates to wall structures and more particularly to' wall structures made up of panel members and frame member assemblies which retain and support the panel members. As an example, the panel members may be panes of glass which are retained and supported by metal frame members, aluminum extrusions, for example. Such a wall structure may include one or more door frame assemblies.

The present invention is directed to the problem of providing a Wall structure which, as contrasted with conventional wood or masonry wall structures, may be relatively easily and quickly built, is relatively economical for the wall area obtained, and wherein a variety of architectural designs are possible. Such wall structures, incorporating panel members retained and supported by hori zontal and vertical metal frame members arranged in various types of grid designs, are finding increasing acceptance I.

in modern architecture. Thus, such a wall structure may be used in a building front in conjunction with a conventional masonry wall, the latter bounding the panel wall structure. The present invention provides new and improved frame assemblies and frame components for use in such a wall structure.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide new and improved frame assemblies for use in a wall structure made up of panel members Which are retained and supported by said frame assemblies.

It is another object of the present invention to provide new and improved components making up such frame assemblies.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide new and improved door frame assemblies for use in such a wall structure.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide such frame assemblies wherein the components making up the assemblies are relatively economical for the wall area obtained and the components may be assembled readily on the job.

Briefly described, a preferred embodiment of a frame member assembly according to the present invention comprises an elongated channel shape body member wherein the channel web faces to the front and the channel sides extend rearwardly from the channel web, an elongated channel shape face member which overlies the front surface of the body member with the face member channel web being located at the front and the face member channel sides extending rearwardly toward the body member,

and an elongated channel shape back member overlying the rear surface of the body member, the back member having a channel Web located at the rear of the assembly tained by opposed glaze strips. The face member is connected to the body member by a threaded connector having a head portion which engages the body member channel web and a threaded end portionwhich engages longitudinally extending ribs provided on a pair of spaced apart,

substantially parallel flange members which, project rear- States Patent i 3,068,970 Patented Dec. 18, 1962 ire wardly from the face member channel web. Interconnecting prong members at the ends of the body member channel sides and the ends of the back member channel sides detachably connect the back member'to the body member. The body member, face'mernber, and back member may be made of extruded aluminum and'the glaze strips may be made ofvinyl plastic. i

When used as a head, sill, or side jamb frame member assembly to be connected to a bounding 'wall or floor, such a frame assembly additionally includes an elongated substantially L-shaped peripherally extending bar member. The toe portion of the bar is engaged by opposed glaze strips, one mounted adjacent afront side edge of the body member channel web and the other mounted at the extremity of a face member channel side, and the long arm of the bar is connected to the bounding wall or floor surface with the body member being, in turn, connected with respect to the bar member. When used as a door frame assembly, the frame assembly will additionally include a door stop assembly having a. portion located between one of the face member channel sides and the opposed side edge portion of the body member channel web. The body member channel web has a pair of forwardly projecting spaced apart, substantially parallel flange members terminating in prong members whereby a temporary connector, or retainer clip, according to the present invention, may be utilized in retaining panel memhere with respect to erected body members prior to attachment of the face members with respect to the body members.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the attached drawings wherein:

E16. 1 is a front elevational view of a wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame member assemblies according to the present invention, said wall structure including door frame assemblies and being bounded by another wall structure;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 2'Z of FIG. 1, with the door and door sill being shown only in part;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 1 with the panel member and vertical frame members being broken away to shorten the figure;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 6-6 of KG. 1;

FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 7-7 of R6. 1 with the door and side jamb frame assembly being broken away to shorten the figure;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 88 of FIG. 1; i

FIG. 9 is an enlarged detail view, in section, of parallel flange members projecting from the face member Web shown in FIGS. 2-8; 7

FIG. 10 is an isotr etric view showing a temporary ,connector member utilized in conjunction with a frame assembly component to retain a panel member in place during erection of a wall structure;

FIG. 11 is a detail view, in section, showing how the temporary connector member is retained in place when it is utilized;

FIG. 12 is an isometric view showing a portion of a frame assembly component according to the present invention; and

FIG. 13 is a detail view showing how the door step assembly is connected with respect to the door frame assembly. a

Referring to the drawings and to FIG. 1 in particular, the reference numeral designates generally a Wall structure made up of panel members 11 which are retained and supported by frame member assemblies according to the present invention. These frame member assemblies include side jamb assemblies 12, head assembly 13, sill assembly 14, vertical mullion assemblies 15, and horizontal frame assemblies 16. As shown in FIG. 1, the horizontal frame assemblies 16 are arranged so as to provide an offset type of grid appearance but it is apparent, as will be more evident from the description which follows, that a variety of other frame member designs are possible. Also, the wall structure is shown as including two entrances, one being a single door and the other being a double door but, again, this is simply one example of how the wall structure may incorporate entrances since it will be apparent from the description which follows that the wall structure may include no entrances, a single entrance or plural entrances as shown in FIG. 1.

Again referring to FIG. 1, wall structure 10 is shown as being bounded by a masonry wall 17, a portion of which is shown in detail at the left of wall structure 10 as viewed in FIG. 1. It is to be understood that a masonry wall is simply an example of another type of wall by which panel wall structure 10 may be bounded since it is believed to be apparent to one skilled in the art that the panel wall structure may be bounded by other types of walls, wood, for example, or combinations of wood and masonry, or other materials. The bounding wall and floor thus define the space or wall area taken up by the panel wall structure 10 and it is believed to be further apparent to those skilled in the art that in some types of buildings, the panel wall structure may form one or more entire walls of the building. The showing of FIG. 1 is therefore not intended to limit the use of a panel wall structure to an area bounded by masonry walls, but instead, is intended to show how such a panel wall struc ture may be readily associated with masonry wall construction and, more particularly, how frame member assemblies according to the present invention may be readily and securely attached with respect to a surrounding wall of other material, such as masonry, whereby a variety of architectural effects may be obtained.

Referring now more specifically to FIGS. 1, 3 and 8, each vertically extending mullion frame assembly is shown as having three principal parts, these being a body member designated generally by reference numeral 18, a face member designated generally by reference numeral 19, and a back member designated generally by reference numeral (see FIG. 3). The body member, face member, and back member are each preferably substantially of channel shape and each is an elongated member in the sense that it extends substantially throughout the length of the mullion assembly of which it is a part. Thus, as seen in FIG. 1, the mullion assemblies extend from the head frame assembly 13 to the sill frame assembly 14 with the exception that one mullion assembly is shown as extending from the head assembly to the top of the double door frame. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the body member 18, face member 19, and back member 20 are each made of rust-proof metal having a pleasing exterior appearance. Thus, each member may be an aluminum extrusion since this metal provides the advantages of relative lightness, adequate strength, and weather resistance. It is apparent that such an extrusion may be cut readily into the desired length for a particular installation.

Referring to FIGS. 3 and 10, the elongated channel shape body member 18 comprises a channel web 21, which faces to the front, being bounded by longitudinally extending side edges 22. Channel sides 23 project rearwardly from channel web 21 and each channel side terminates in a prong member 24 having an abutment surface 25 which faces inwardly toward the interior of the channel shape body member.

A pair of longitudinally extending glaze strips 26 are mounted at the front of channel web 21, there being a glaze strip adjacent each longitudinally extending edge 22 as shown in FIGS. 3 and 10. Each glaze strip is preferably retained by a configuration of body member 18 which defines a dove-tail recess 27 located adjacent each side edge 22 of body member 18 and in which the stern portion 28 of glaze strip 26 is located as shown in FIGS. 3 and 11. The head portion 29 of the glaze strip has a longitudinally ribbed front surface formed by five sideby-side ribs, or prongs 29a as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 whereby the glaze strip may contact a panel member along a plurality of longitudinally extending lines of contact and thus retain and support the panel member effectively. The glaze strips may be made of any suitable material, vinyl plastic, for example.

A pair of spaced apart parallel flange members 30 project forwardly from body member web 21 as shown in FIGS. 3 and 10. Furthermore, each of these flangemembers terminates in a prong member 31, the function of which is described in greater detail hereinafter.

Face member 19 (see FIG. 3) also comprises a channel web 32, which faces to the front of mullion assembly 15, and channel sides 33 which project rearwardly from face member channel web 32 as shown in FIG. 3. Each face member side member 33 terminates in a configuration which defines a dove-tail recess similar to the recess 27 shown in FIG. 11 and to which is connected a glaze strip 26 in the manner in which the glaze strip is connected as shown in FIG. 11. Thus, it can be said that each face member channel side terminates in a glaze strip and it is to be noted that the respective widths of body member channel web 21 and face member channel web 32 are such that the respective pairs of glaze strips 26 are disposed opposite each other whereby they may engage opposite sides of panel members 11 to retain and support the panel members. In the usual type of installation, panel members 11 will be panes of glass but it is apparent that they may be made of other material.

Face member 19 is connected to body member 18 by threaded studs or screw members 34 which are located at desired intervals throughout the height of the mullion assembly. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 8, each connecting member 34 has a head portion 35 which engages the rear surface of body member web 21, and a threaded end portion 36 which has threads engaging longitudinally extending ribs 37 on spaced apart parallel flange members 38. Flanges 38 project rearwardly from face member web 32.

Each flange member 38 has longitudinally extending ribs 37 formed on the inner surface thereof so that the ribs 37 on one flange are disposed opposite the ribs 37 on the other flange. However, as shown in FIG. 9, one set of ribs 37 is offset with respect to the other set of ribs so that screw threads of predetermined helical pitch will engage the ribs in such a manner that the screw threads will be retained by the ribs as connecting member 34 is tightened to draw face member 19 toward body member 18. Since flange members 38 extend throughout the length of face member 32, the opposed sets of ribs 37 are thus available throughout the length of face member 19 (see PEG. 8) and it is therefore apparent that, by drilling openings in body member web 21 as desired, the connecting members 34 can be located at intervals throughout the height of the mullion assembly as desired. Furthermore, rib members 37 can be formed by extrusion, thus being a part of the entire extruded shape.

Head portion 35 of the connecting member 34 is provided with suitable kerfs or the like (not shown) for accommodating a screw driver bit, for example, whereby the connecting member may be turned to draw face member 19 toward body member 18. When this is done, it is apparent that the opposed pairs of glaze strips 26 will engage securely opposite sides of panel members 11 as shown in FIG. 3. It is apparent also that face member 19 can be detached readily from body member 18 by unscrewing connecting member 34 to free it from engagement with rib members 37.

Back member comprises a channel web 39 and channel sides so which project forwardly from web 39 as shown in FIG. 3. Each back member channel side 40 terminates in an inset portion 41 which, in turn, terminates in a prong member 42. Each prong member 42 engages the abutment surface of the corresponding prong member 24 of body member channel side 23 as shown in FIG. 3 whereby the back member is retained in place with respect to the body member. The resilience of back member channel sides is such that prong member 42 can be pressed into snap engagement with prong members 24 and, in turn, can be freed from such engagement by depressing the back member channel sides until prong members 42 are clear of engagement with the body member channel prongs. It is to be noted also that the amount of the inset of inset portion 41 is such that the outer surface of each back member channel side 40 is substantially flush with the outer surface of each body member channel side 23, thereby presenting a pleasing, substantially continuous side surface.

Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 4, each side jamb frame assembly 12. includes, like each mullion frame assembly 15, an elongated channel shape body member 18, an elongated channel shape face member 19, and an elongated channel shape back member 20. Since the body, face, and back members of the side jamb frame assembly are the same in construction and assembly as their respective counterparts in the mullion frame assembly, they have been given the same reference numerals and further detailed description with respect to them is deemed to be unnecessary in view of the description given above with respect to the mullion frame assembly. The side jamb frame assembly differs from the mullion frame assembly in that the side jamb frame assembly includes an elongated substantially L-shaped bar member, designated generally by the reference numeral 43, which extends substantially throughout the height of the side jamb frame assembly and is in contact with wall 17 as shown in FIG. 4.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 12, substantially L-shaped bar member 43 includes a first arm portion 44 and a second shorter arm portion 45 whichprojects substantially at right angles with respect to the first arm portion 44. First arm portion 44 includes a substantially flat surface 46 which is adapted to be placed against a substantially flat surface 47 of wall 17. Also, arm portion 44 includes a pair of spaced apart longitudinally extending grooves 48 which project inwardly from surface as so that when surface 46 is placed against wall surface 47 there is a space provided by each groove 48. The opposite surface 49 of arm 44 has a longitudinally extending channel shape recess 5t) extending inwardly therefrom and located, in a direction across the Width of bar 43, between grooves 4-8. Finally, the heel portion of substantially L-shaped bar 43 is cut away to defines recess 51 which extends longitudinally of bar 43.

Bar member 43 is attached to wall surface 47 by suitable connector means such as anchor screw member 52 shown in FIG. 4. Screw member 52 passes through a suitable opening provided in the channel portion 5% of arm 44 and contains a suitable collar 53 whereby arm 44 is retained securely against wall surface 47. Prior to tightening screw member 52-, any suitable sealing material 54 is placed in grooves 48 so that when the bar member is drawn up against Wall surface 47, the sealing material 54 extends throughout the length of the bar member along two substantially parallel locations. Addiitonally, the longitudinally extending recess 51 at the heel portion of the substantially L-shaped bar member is filled with a suitable sealing or caulking compound 55 which not only fills longitudinally extending recess 51 but is also preferably beveled out as shown in FIG. 4 to provide, in effect, a fillet of sealing material which extends 6 throughout the length of the exposed side of the side jamb frame assembly. It is thus seen that there is, in effect, three layers of sealing material, or sealant, to prevent moisture from passing between the bar 43 and the wall surface 47 to which the bar is attached.

As shown in FIG. 4, body member 18 of side jamb assembly 12' is connected with respect to substantially L-shaped bar member 43 by means of connector member, or anchor screw, 52. The head portion of anchor screw 52 passes through a suitable opening (not shown) in a channel side of body member 13, the location of the opening being so chosen that the short arm or toe 45 of substantially L-shaped bar 43 is located between opposed glaze strips 26 as shown in FIG. 4. The thickness of toe portion 45 of bar 43 is predetermined to be substantially the sarne as the thickness of the panel member 11 which is engaged by the other opposed pair of glaze strips 26 as shown in FIG. 4, whereby, when connector screw 34 is tightened, one of the opposed pairs of glaze strips engages panel member 11 firmly on opposite sides and the other pair of opposed glaze strips engages opposite sides of toe portion 45.

By suitable means, such as nut member 56, body member 18 is held toward bar 43 and, in the example shown in FIG. 4, shim means 57 is shown as being located between body member 18 and bar 43 to take up the space between these members, it being assumed that the overall width of the opening filled by wall structure In is such that shimming is required at the side jamb frame assemblies. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, shimming may or may not be required but, in the usual installation, the tolerances will be such that some slight slack will be taken up by shim means 57. Thus, nut member 56 will draw body member 13 against the shim means 57 to thus retain the assembly of body member 18, face member 19, and back member 20 firmly with respect to elongated substantially L'.-shaped bar member 43.

Referring to PEG. 5, the head frame assembly 13 shown in the upper portion of FIG. 5 is similar to the side jamb frame assemblies shown in FIG. 4. Accordingly, corresponding reference numerals have been applied to parts in the head frame assembly shown in the upper portion of FKGVS which correspond to parts shown in the side jamb frame assembly shown in FIG. 4, and further detailed description of the head frame assembly is deemed to be unnecessary in view of the detailed description given above in connection with the corresponding parts of the side jamb frame assembly shown in FIG. 4.

Referring now to the lower portion of FIG. 5, horizontal frame assembly 16 is shown as comprising a body member designated by the reference numeral in since it is the same in construction as the body member forming a part of the muili-on, side jamb, and head frame assemblies, a face member designated generally by the reference numeral 58, and a back member designated generally by the reference numeral 5%. Face member 555 differs from the face members 19 shown in mullion assembly 15, side jamb assembly 12, and head assembly 13, only in that the channel sides 60 of face member 58 are shorter than are the channel sides 33 of face member 19. Otherwise, face member 58 is similar to face member 19 and further detailed description thereof is deemed to beunnecessar'y. Back member 59 differs from back member 26 in that back member 5? does not have channel sides but, instead, prong members $1 project inwardly from web portion 62 of back member 59 as shown in the lower portion of FIG. 5. Prong members 61 are thus similar to the prong members 42 of back member 20 and engage corresponding prong members on the channel sides of body member 18 as has been described above in connection with muliion assembly 15' (see FIG. 3).

ltis apparent from aninspection of FIG. 5 that the 7 horizontal frame assemblies 16 are simply shorter in total depth than the vertical mullion, side jamb, and head frame assemblies. This is understandable since the hOIlzontal frame assemblies are shorter in length than the other frame assemblies just mentioned and consequently do not have to have the overall strength of the other assemblies. Nevertheless, it is believed to be apparent that the horizontal frame assemblies could havethe same total depth as the other frame assemblies and, indeed, apart from the frame assembly strength feature, the total depth of the various frame assemblies will depend upon the particular architectural effect desired.

Again referring to the lower portion of FIG. 5, a panel member 11 is shown as resting upon, and being supported upon, a shim member 63 which, in turn, rests upon one of the flange members 30 which projects from the front surface of body member 18 as shown in FIG. 5. In this manner, the desired spacing of the panel member can be obtained with respect to the horizontal frame assemblies.

The horizontal frame assembly 16 is supported with respect to the vertically extending mullion frame assemblies 15 by means of angle brackets 64, one of which is shown in the lower portion of FIG. 5. Thus, one arm 65 of angle bracket 64 is attached to a channel side of body member 18 of mullion frame assembly 15, and the other angle arm 66 is attached to a channel side of body member 13 of horizontal frame assembly 16 as shown in FIG. 5. Screw connectors may be used and, as is explained hereinafter in connection with the sill frame assembly, the horizontally extending angle arm 66 may include elongated slots whereby adjustment of the angle member is possible so that the vertical mullion frame assembly can be located precisely. As shown in FIG. 3, where a corresponding angle bracket 64 is shown, arm 66 of the bracket includes elongated slots 67 whereby the angle bracket may be adjusted horizontally in order to locate the vertical mullion assembly 15 on a desired center line.

Referring now to FIG. 6, the sill frame assembly 14 is similar to the head frame assembly 13 with the exception that a panel member 11 rests upon a shim member 63 whereby the panel member is spaced correctly with respect to the sill frame assembly. An additional difference between the sill frame assembly and the head frame assembly is that the body member 18 of the sill frame assembly rests directly upon substantia'ly L-shaped bar 43, thus eliminating any shim means 57 as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. Since the sill frame assembly is at the base of the wall structure 10, it is both logical and desirable to provide the shim means at the top and sides of the wall structure rather than at the base. Accordingly, no shim means is shown in FIG. 6. Otherwise, however, the sill frame assembly is similar to the head frame assembly shown in the upper portion of FIG. and therefore corresponding reference numerals have been applied to corresponding parts.

Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, door frame assemblies according to the present invention are shown as including a door jamb frame assembly, indicated generaily by the reference numeral 68, which is adapted to be located against a masonry wall or the like as shown in FIG. 1, and a door jamb frame assembly, indicated generally by the reference numeral 69, which is adapted to retain and support a wall panel member 11 as also shown in FIG. 1. Actually, door jamb frame assembly -68 is simply a continuation of side jamb frame assembly 12 which is on the left of the wall structure as viewed in FIG. 1, and door jamb frame assembly 69 is simply a continuation of the vertical mullion frame assembly with, in each case, a door adapter and stop frame assembly being added as shown in FIG. 2. This is believed to be readily apparent upon comparing FIG. 2 with FIGS.

3 and 4 of the drawings. In the arrangement shown in FIG. 2. door sill 70 extends between door jamb frame assemblies 68 .and 69 and the door 71, indicated by dotdash lines, is hinged (by suitable means not shown) with respect to door jamb frame assembly 69 whereby the other door jamb frame assembly 68 accommodates the strike edge of the door.

Referring now to the left portion of FIG. 2, door jamb frame assembly68 is seen to be similar to side jamb frame assembly 12 shown in FIG. 4 in that both frame assemblies include substantialy L-shaped bar member 43 which is attached with respect to masonry wall 17 as has been described above in connection with the side jamb frame assembly 12, and to which the assembly of body member 18, face member 19, and back member 20 is connected as has also been described in connection with side jamb frame assembly 12. Consequently, corresponding parts have been given the same reference numerals in both FIGS. 2 and 4 and further detailed description of these corresponding parts is deemed to be unnecessary.

The door jamb frame assembly 68 differs from side jamb frame assembly 12 in that assembly 68 includes a door stop assembly, designated generally by reference numeral 72. Thus, referring to FIGS. 2 and 13, door stop assembly 72 is shown as including a door adapter 73 and a door stop member 74. When the door adapter 73 is used, glaze strips 26 are omitted from one front edge portion of body member 18 and also from the oppositely disposed extremity of face member channel side- 33 as shown in FIG. 2. Furthermore, adapter 73 includes a pair of spaced apart flange members 75 whichhave an outside dimension such that when face member 19 is connected with respect to body member 18, and

opposed glaze strips 26 are drawn up against opposite sides of the toe portion 45 of substantially L-shaped bar 43 as shown in FIG. 2, the other opposed edge portions of body member 18 and face member 19 (which lack glaze strips) will be in contact with or at least substantially adjacent to flange members 75 as shown in FIG. 2.

The door stop member 74 is located with respect to adapter 73 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 13. As shown in FIG. 13, adapter 73 is connected by suitable means, such as connecting screws 76, to both channel side 23 of body member 18 and channel side 33 of face member 19 whereby the door stop assembly 72 is retained securely along the inner face of door jamb assembly 68. Stop member 74 is detachably connected to adapter 73 by any suitable means such as by stop 74 engaging, and being retained by, a spring arm connector 77 which, in turn is connected to adapter 73. Also, as shown in FIG. 2, stop 74 has a glaze, or weather, strip 26 mounted thereon and extending along the front of stop 74.

Door jamb frame assembly 69 is similar to door jamb frame assembly 68 in that assembly 69 likewise includes a door stop assembly 72 which is constructed and connected to the other frame components making up door amb frame assembly 69 similarly to stop assembly 72 described above in connection with door jamb assembly 66. Accordingly, further detailed description of door amb assembly 69 is deemed to be unnecessary other than to point out that instead of accommodating the portion 45 of substantially L-shaped bar 43, frame assembly 69 retains and supports a panel member 11 in the manner in which side jamb and mullion frame assemblies 12 and 15 retain and support panel members 11.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 7, the door head frame assembly, designated generally by the reference numeral 78, is essentially similar to the door jamb frame assembly 69 shown in the right hand portion of FIG. 2. Accordingly, corresponding reference numerals have been applied to corresponding parts in FIGS. 2 and 7 and, in view of the detailed description given above in connection with FIG. 2 and the horizontal frame assembly 16 shown in the lower portion of FIG. 5, further detailed description of FiG. 7 is deemed to be unnecessary.

To install a wall structure utilizing frame assemblies r aw and frame components according to the present invention, the following procedure, as described in general, may be used, it being assumed that the wall structure is to fill an opening defined by another wall or walls, masonry for example:

As a first step, the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the opening which is to be occupied by the panel wall structure are measured. Then, head and sill lengths of the peripherally located substantially L-shaped bar member 43 are cut so that these lengths extend the full width of the opening. Next, side jamb lengths of bar 43 are cut to a length the height of the opening less enough to allow for the bar 43 at the head and sill. In this way, the entire periphery of the wall structure is framed with the head and sill bars extending the full width of the opening and the side jamb bars extending the full height between the head and sill bars. If a doorway is involved, the sill bar is extended from a side wall of the opening to abut against the door jamb.

Lengths of elongated body member 18 are then cut so that the body members of the side jamb and mullion frame assemblies 12 and 15 will extend between bars 43 of the head and sill frame assemblies. Mullion frame assemblies 15' will be the same length as the side jamb frame assemblies except when the serve as door jambs, in which case they will extend to the finish floor line as shown in the lower portion of FIG. 7.

After locating the attachment holes for attaching the body members 18 to the respective peripherally extending bars 43 of the side jamb frame assemblies, these bar members are then attached to the wall surface 47 by means of connector members, or anchor screws 52, as has been described above in connection with FIG. 4. The corresponding body members 18 are then connected with respect to the bar members 43 as has been likewise described above in connection with FIG. 4. At this stage of the installation, the peripherally extending bars '43 are in place, the sill bar having been attached when the head bar was attached, and the side frame jamb assembly body members 18 are in place.

Angle members 64 are then connected to head and sill bars 43 so that the vertically extending mullion frame assemblies will be located as desired. Elongated slots 67 in arms 66 of angle members 6 (FIG. 3) enable precise adjustments to be made in order to locate the center line for each mullion frame assembly. With the mullion center line thus determined, mullion frame assembly body members 18 are cut to the necessary lengths and connected in place between the head and sill bars 43.

Horizontal frame assembly 16 body members 18 are then cut to the required length so that they will fit between vertically extending mullions in FIG. I. Likewise, the head and sill frame assembly body members 18 are cut to the required length so that they extend between vertically extending mullions as shown in FIG. 1.

The head and sill assembly body members 18 are connected with respect to bars 43 as shown in FIGS. and 6 While the body members 1.8 of the horizontal frame assemblies are connected to body members 18 of the mullion frame assemblies by means of angle connectors 64 as shown in the lower portion of FIG. 5. At this stage of the assembly, the peripherally extending head, sill and side jamb bars 43 are in place, and body members 18 of the head, sill, side jamb, mullion and horizontal frame assemblies are also in place. Longitudinally extending glaze strips 26 are also in place, extending longitudinally adjacent each front side edge of each body member 18 as has been described above, with the exception of those edges adjacent the inner top and inner sides of the door frame as shown in F168. 2 and 7.

Panel members 11 can then be cut and placed in position. the lower horizontal edges of the panel members resting on'suitable shim members 63 as shown in FIGS.

5 and 6. In order to retain the panel members While ver- 10 tical face members 19 are connected to body members 18 as has been described above in connection with mullion assembly 15, for example, temporary connector or retaining clips are utilized in connection with the horizontally extending body members 18. In fact, if face mern bers 19 are not to be attached immediately, these temporary retaining clips may be used in sutficient quantities in connection with both vertically extending body members 18 and horizontally extending body members 18 to I hold a panel or panels securely in place.

An example of such a temporary connector or retaining clip is shown in FIGS. 10 and ll, it being understood that, while such a clip is shown in connection with a vertically extending body member 18, such clips will also beused in connection with the horizontally extending body members 18, and may be used in connection with both vertically and horizontally extending body members 18 as a temporary retaining means for a panel member 11. The temporary retaining clip is designated generally by reference numeral 79 and is shown as comprising a body portion 80 from which a curved somewhat resilient finger portion 81 extends. A pair of prong members 82 extend from body portion 80 as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 and the spacing of these prong members in relation to flange members 30 which extend from web 21 of body member 18 is such that the prong members 82 engage prongs 31 on flange members 30 to hold clip 79 firmly in place with respect to body member 18. Moreover, the shape and curvature of finger portion 81 is such that it engages and biases panel member 11 against glaze strip 26 as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11.

If a door opening is provided in the wall structure, then, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, a door stop adapter 73 is connected with respect to a body member 18 and face member 19 forming the door jamb. The adapter takes the place of a panel member, with the glaze strips being omitted from the body member and the face member where the adapter prongs pass between these parts as shown in FIGS. 2 and 7. As has been explained above, the adapter is preferably screw connected to both body member 18 and face member 19 (see FIG. 13). The door stop assembly is completed by mounting door stop member 74 with respect to adapter 73, the mounting being preferably accomplished by a spring clip arrangement whereby member 74 may be held in place as shown in FIG. 13.

Vertical face members 19 are then measnred and cut so as to be coextensive with the vertical body members 18 to which they are to be connected. The connection is made by means of screw-threaded connectors 34 as described above in connection with FIG. 3. Of course, any temporary retaining clips 79 which are employed in connection with vertically extending body member 18 will 'be removed prior to attachment of the face members.

This is done by simply prying the clips loose with a screw driver or the like. Horizontally extending face members 18 are measured, cut and attached in a manner similar to the vertically extending face members. The necessary back members 2% are measured, cut and pushed into engagement with their associated body members 18 until they snap into place as has been described above in con nection with mullion assembly 15 (see P16. 3). As also explained above, a back member 28 may be removed from its associated body member 18 by prying in a side channel 49 until prong 4 2 clears prong 24 whereby access may be had to'a connector 34. This permits ready disconnection of the parts in order to replace a panel member 11.

From the description given above, it is apparent that the present invention provides new and improved frame assemblies and frame components for use in a wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame members. Components making up the frame assemblies may be readily assembled or disassembled, are attractive in appearance and are weathertight. The ready interchangeability of parts for horizontal and vertical arrangements makes possible a variety of architectural designs thus contributing materially to the overall appearance of a finished wall structure. Moreover, a wall structure constructed in accordance with the present invention is relatively economical for the wall area which may be obtained, particularly when the labor cost of putting up the wall is considered. Such a structure is adaptable in that a variety of panel materials may be employed and a variety of frame assembly materials may be employed. In the usual installation, however, the panel members will be glass panes and the frame members will be extruded aluminum shapes.

While I have described and illustrated embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not intend to be restricted solely thereto but that I do intend to cover all modifications thereof which would be apparent to one skilled in the art which come within the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim is:

1. For use in a wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame members, a frame member assembly adapted to be connected to a substantially flat wall surface, said assembly comprising an elongated substantially L-shaped bar having a first arm adapted to be placed against a substantially fiat wall surface and a second arm projecting away from such a wall surface when said first arm is placed against the surface; an elongated body member having a front surface bounded by longitudinally extending side edges, a glaze strip mounted on said front surface and extending longitudinally of said front surface adjacent a side edge of said front surface; an elongated face member overlying said body member front surface, said face member having a width corresponding substantially to the width of said body member front surface and including side members each projecting rearwardly with respect to the front of said face member toward a side edge -of said body member front surface, at least one of said rearwardly projecting face member side members terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite said glaze strip mounted on said body member front surface; means detachably connecting said body member to said substantially L-shaped bar so that said second arm of said bar is located between said glaze strip mounted on said body member front surface and said glaze strip located at the end of a face member side member; and detachable connecting means engaging and extending between said body member and said face member to maintain said face member in overlying relation with respect to the front surface of said body member and said opposed glaze strips in engagement with said second arm of said substantially L-shaped bar.

2. A frame member assembly according to claim 1 wherein said first arm of said substantially L-shaped bar has at least one longitudinally extending groove in the surface of said first arm which is adapted to be placed against a substantially flat wall surface whereby a sealing compound may be retained between said first arm and a substantially flat wall surface.

3. For use in a wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame members, a frame member assembly adapted to be connected to a substantially flat wall surface, said assembly comprising an elongated substantially L-shaped bar having a first arm adapted to be placed against a substantially flat wall surface, and a second arm which projects away from such a surface when the first arm is placed against the surface; an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the front of said body member and bounded by longitudinally extending side edges, channel sides projecting rearwardly from said channel web, and a longitudinally extending glaze strip mounted on said channel web adjacent each side edge of said channel web; an elongated channel shape face member overlying said body member channel web, said face memher including a channel web and channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each face member channel side terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite a corresponding glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web; means detachably connecting said body member with respect to said substantially L-shaped bar so that said second arm of said bar projects between a glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web and a glaze strip located at the end of a face member channel side; and detachable connecting means engaging and extending between said body member channel web and said face member channel web to maintain a glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web and a glaze strip located at the end of a face member channel side in engagement with said second arm of said substantially L-shaped bar, the other opposed pair of glaze strips being adapted to receive and retain a panel member therebetween.

4. A frame member assembly according to claim 3 including an elongated channel shape back member, and means detachably connecting said back member to said body member.

5. A frame member assembly according to claim 3 wherein said face member channel web has a pair of spaced apart parallel flanges extending rearwardly therefrom, each flange having internal ribs extending longitudinally thereof with the ribs on one flange being offset with respect to the ribs on the other flange so that the ribs are adapted to engage threads on a threaded connector, and said detachable connecting means includes a head portion engaging said body member channel web and a threaded end portion engaging said flange ribs to connect said face member in overlying relation with respect to said body member.

6. A door :frame assembly comprising an elongatedbody member having a front surface bounded by longitudinally extending side edges, body member sides extending rearwardly from said side edges, and a glaze strip mounted on said front surface and extending longitudinally of said front surface adjacent a side edge of said front surface; an elongated face member overlying said front surface, said face member having a width corresponding substantially to the width of said front surface and including means forming an integral part of said face member for connecting said face member to said body member, said connecting means being inaccessible from the front of said frame member assembly and being located substantially throughout the length of said face member, and said face member also including side members each projecting rearwardly with respect to the front of said face member toward a side edge of the front surface of said body member, one of the rearwardly projecting .face member side members terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite the glaze strip mounted on said body member front surface whereby a panel member or the like may be received between the opposed glaze strips and retained and supported thereby; a door stop having a portion located between a side edge of said body member front surface and the end of the face memher side member which does not terminate in a glaze strip; and a detachable connecting member engaging and extending between said body member and said face member connecting means to maintain said face member in overlying relation to said body member front surface and said opposed glaze strips in engagement with a panel member or the like located therebetween, with said door stop portion being located between a side edge of said body member front surface and an end of a face member side member.

7. A door frame assembly according to claim 6 including an elongated back member, and means detachably connecting said back member to said body member.

8. A door frame assembly comprising an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the front of said body member and channel sides .a assz extending rearwardly from said channel web, and a glaze strip connected to the front of said channel web adjacent a side edge of said web, said glaze strip extending longitudinally with respect to said channel web; a channel shape face member overlying said'body member channel web, said face member including a channel web and face member channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, one of said face member channel sides terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite the glaze strip connected to the front of said body member channel web whereby a panel member or the like may be received between a pair of opposed glaze strips and retained thereby, a pair of spaced apart parallel flanges projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each flange having longitudinally extending internal ribs thereon, the ribs on one flange being offset with respect to the ribs on the other flange whereby threads on a threaded connector may be received and engaged by said ribs; a door stop having a portion located between one side edge of said body member channel web and the end of the face member side member which does not terminate in a glaze strip; and a detachable conector extending between said body member channel web and said face member channel web, said connector having a head portion engaging said body member channel web and a threaded end portion engaging said flange ribs to maintain said face member in overlying relation to said body member channel web and said opposed glaze strips in engagement with a panel member or the like located therebetween, with said door stop portion being located between a side edge of said body member channel web and the end of the face member side member which does not terminate in a glaze strip.

9. A door frame assembly adapted to be connected to a substantially flat wall surface, said assembly comprising an elongated substantially L-shaped bar having a first arm adapted to be placed against a substantially flat wall surface and a second arm projecting. away from such a wall surface when said first arm is placed against the surface; an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the lflOIlt of said body member and channel sides extending rearwardly from said channel web, and a glaze strip connected to the front of said channel web adjacent a side edge of said web, said glaze strip extending longitudinally with respect to said channel web; a channel shape face member overlying said body member channel web, said face member including a channel web and face member channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, one of said face member channel sides terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite the glaze strip connected to the front of said body member channel web; means detachably connecting said body member to. said substantially L-shaped bar so that said second arm of said bar is located between said glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web front and the glaze strip at the end of said one face member channel side; a door stop having a portion located between one side edge of said body member channel web and the end of the face memher side member which does not terminate in a glaze strip; and detachable connecting means engaging and extending between said body member and said face member to maintain said face member in overlying relation with respect to the front surface of said body member, said opposed glaze strips being in engagement with said second arm of said substantially L-sha-ped bar, and said door stop portion being located between a side edge of said bodymember channel web andthe end of the face member side member which does not terminate in a glaze strip. a

10. A door frame assembly according to claim 9 wherein said first arm of said substantially L-shaped bar has at least one longitudinally extending groove extending inwardly from the surface of said first arm 14 which is adapted to be placed against a substantially flat wall surface whereby a sealing compound may be retained between said first arm and a substantially fiat wall surface, and said assembly also includes an elongated back member, and means detachably connecting said back member to said body member.

ll. For use in a wall structure made up of panels which are retained and supported by frame members, a frame member assembly comprising an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the front of said body member and boundm by longitudinally extending side edges, channel sides projecting rearwardly from said channel web, a non-metallic, resilient glaze strip mounted on said channel web adjacent each side of said channel web, and a pair of parallel spaced apart flanges projecting forwardly from said body member channel web and spaced inwardly of each said side edge, each flange including means for retaining a detachable panel retaining clip in position with respect to said body member to overlie a panel member and hold it temporarily in place alongside said body member; an elongated channel shaped face member overlying said body member channel web, said face member including a channel web and channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each face member channel side terminating in a non-metallic, resilient glaze strip disposed opposite the corresponding glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web whereby a pair of panel members may be retained between opposed glaze strips, and take up connecting means fixedly located between the rearwardly projecting channel sides of said face member so as to extend substantially continuously along its length and be accessible only from the rear of said face member at all points along its length for connecting said face member to said body member; and a plurality of detachable connecting members extending between said body member channel web and said face member, each of said connecting members having means at one end engaging said body member channel web and means at the other end engaging said face member take-up connecting means, said means at said other end of said connecting member cooperating with said take-up connecting mean-s to draw said face member into a closely overlying relation with said body member and press the panels tightly therebetween when said connecting member is actuated to assemble said frame members.

12. The frame assembly according to claim ll wherein said take-up connecting means on said face member comprises a pair of spaced apart parallel flanges projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each of said face member flanges having longitudinally extending internal ribs thereon with the ribs of one flange being offset with respect to the ribs on the opposite flange so that the flange ribs may engage the threads on a threaded connector, and said means at the other end of said connecting member comprises a threaded end portion engaging said flange internal ribs, whereby said threaded end portion cooperates'with said flange ribs to draw said face member into a closely overlying relation to said body member web and press the panels tightly therebetween when said connecting member is actuated to assemble said frame member.

13. A frame member assembly according to claim 12 wherein said body member flanges and said face member flanges are oppositely located with said face member flanges being spaced apart less than said body member flanges such that said face member flanges may be received between said body member flanges depending upon the depth of said face member.

, 14. For use in a Wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame members, a frame member assembly comprising an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the front of said body member and bounded by longitudinally extending side edges, channel sides projecting rearwardly from said channel web, a non-metallic, resil-' ient glaze strip mounted on said channel web adjacent each side of said Channel web, and a first pair of parallel spaced apart flanges projecting forwardly from said body member channel web and spaced inwardly from each said side edge; an elongated channel shape face member overlying said body member channel web, said face member including a channel web and channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each face member channel side terminating in a non-metallic, resilient glaze strip disposed opposite the corresponding glaze strip mounted on said body member channel Web whereby a pair of panel members may be retained between opposed glaze strips, and a second pair of spaced parallel flanges projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each of said second pair of flanges having longitudinally extending internal ribs thereon with the ribs on one flange being offset with respect to the ribs on the opposite flange so that the flange ribs may engage helical threads on a threaded connector, said first pair of flanges on said body member and said second pair of flanges on said face member being oppositely located with said second pair of flanges being spaced apart less than said first pair of flanges such that said second pair of flanges may be received between said first pair of flanges depending upon the depth of said face member; and a plurality of detachable connecting members extending between said body member channel web and said ribbed flanges of said face member channel web, each of said connecting members having a head portion engaging said body member channel web and a threaded end portion engaging said flange ribs, said threaded end portion cooperating with said flange ribs to draw said face member into a closely overlying relation to said body member channel web and press the panels tightly therebetween when said connecting member is actuated to assemble said frame members.

15. For use in a wall structure made up of panel members which are retained and supported by frame members, a frame member assembly comprising an elongated channel shape body member having a channel web facing to the front of said body member and bounded by longitudinally extending side edges, channel sides projecting rearwardly from said channel web with each channel side terminating in a prong member, a non-metallic,

resilient glaze strip mounted on said channel web adjacent each side of said channel web, and a first pair of parallel spaced apart flanges projecting forwardly from said body member channel Web and spaced inwardly from each said side edge, each flange of said first pair including means for retaining a detachable panel retaining clip mounted in position with respect to said body member to overlie a panel member and hold it temporarily in place alongside said body member; an elongated channel shape face member overlying said body member channel web, said face member including a channel web and channel sides projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each face member channel side terminating in a glaze strip disposed opposite a corresponding glaze strip mounted on said body member channel web whereby a pair of panel members may be retained between opposed glaze strips, and a second pair of spaced parallel flanges projecting rearwardly from said face member channel web, each of said second pair of flanges having longitudinally extending internal ribs thereon with the ribs on one flange being offset with respect to the ribs on the opposite flange so that the flange ribs may engage helical threads on a threaded connector, said first pair of flanges on said body member and said second pair of flanges on said face member being oppositely located with said second pair of flanges spaced apart less than said first pair of flanges such that said second pair of flanges may be received between said first pair of flanges depending on the depth of said face member; a plurality of connecting members extending between said body member channel Web and said ribbed flanges of said face member channel Web, each of said connecting members having a head portion engaging said body member channel web and a threaded end portion engaging said flange ribs and in cooperation with said flange ribs drawing said face member into a closely overlying relation to said body member channel web with the panels pressed tightly therebetween; and an elongated channel shape back member having a channel web and channel sides projecting forwardly from said back member channel Web toward said body member channel sides, each back member channel side terminating in a prong member engaging a corresponding prong member on a body channel side to detachably connect said back member to said body member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 24,133 Bloedow Mar. 20, 1956 2,015,447 Esser Sept. 24, 1936 2,475,885 Geyser July 12, 1949 2,771,970 Geyser Nov. 27, 1956 2,788,099 Geyser Apr. 9, 1957 2,800,983 Toney July 30, 1957 2,808,136 Hammitt et al. Oct. 1, 1957 2,885,040 Grossman May 5, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 636,852 Great Britain May 10, 1950 790,691 Great Britain Feb. 12, 1958 1,157,253 France May 28, 1958

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3160244 *Apr 11, 1960Dec 8, 1964Kushner Leonard HBuilding parttion systems
US3177989 *Dec 12, 1962Apr 13, 1965Di Chiaro Joseph ARefrigerator door construction
US3191729 *Jun 1, 1964Jun 29, 1965Lemual G BrownGrille or screen
US3266192 *Jul 24, 1963Aug 16, 1966Kolm Arthur HWindow sash assembly
US3774360 *Oct 22, 1971Nov 27, 1973American Metal Climax IncBuilding entrance
US4325204 *Jan 10, 1980Apr 20, 1982Martine Walter IDoor construction
US4884376 *Oct 13, 1987Dec 5, 1989Odl, IncorporatedSun porch
US5293723 *Jul 27, 1992Mar 15, 1994Canadian Heritage Window Mfg. Inc.Synthetic door frame
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/207, D25/121, 49/504, D25/59
International ClassificationE04B2/88, E04B2/96
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/96
European ClassificationE04B2/96
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 18, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: ATLANTIC RICHFIELD COMPANY, A PA CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ANACONDA COMPANY THE, A DE CORP;REEL/FRAME:003992/0218
Effective date: 19820115