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Publication numberUS3069100 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1962
Filing dateDec 14, 1959
Priority dateDec 14, 1959
Publication numberUS 3069100 A, US 3069100A, US-A-3069100, US3069100 A, US3069100A
InventorsSchuler Donald A
Original AssigneeSchuler Donald A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire fighting apparatus
US 3069100 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 18, 1962 D. A. scHULER 3,069,100

FIRE FIGHTING APPARATUS FiledDec. 14, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR DONALD A. SCHULER I?. I\ I l I I I l l l I l l I l l l I l I l I I l I Il www I II Il AT TORNEY nite States ice 3,069,100 FIRE FllGi-ITENG APEARAEUS Donald A. chuler, Monticello, Wis. Filed Dec. 14, 1959, Ser. No. 859,277 1 tliaiin. (fil. 239-522) This invention relates to re fighting apparatus, and in particular relates to devices and procedures for establishing water Walls to prevent the spread of fires.

One of the principal concerns of fire-fighters is to prevent the spread of a fire to a nearby building, or to another portion of a building that is burning. Often as much or more fire-ghting equipment and manpower is used to prevent the spread of the lire to other buildings, or other areas of the same building, as is used in extinguishing the initial fire. Thus, under present practices, it is common to find a number of hoses spraying water on nearby buildings to keep them wet and less ignitable.

It is an object of my invention to produce apparatus which will provide a wall of water practically to eliminate the spread of fire from one building to another, and to prevent spreading of fire within the same building.

An additional object of my invention is to pro-duce lire-lighting apparatus which is easily portable, both when in use and when not in use.

Another object of my invention is to produce tirefighting apparatus which is self-supporting and reduces the number of men and the amount of equipment required for the same protection under present practices.

A further object of my invention is to produce permanently installed lire-lighting apparatus for use in industrial plants warehouses or other relatively large buildings.

Further objects and advantages will become apparent Y from the following description and the drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of my invention in a porable form illustrating the water wall that is formed thereby.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of my invention without the hose connection and water.

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of my invention.

FIG. 4 is a rear plan view of my invention.

FIG. 5 is a top plan View of my invention illustrating its use in preventing the spread of a fire from one structure to another.

FlG. 6 is a top plan view of my invention illustrating its use in preventing the spread of a fire to other areas of the building in which the fire has started.

FlG. 7 is a schematic view of my invention illustrating a permanent installation of a system for preventing the spread of iire in a factory, warehouse or similar structure.

In the drawing, numeral 9 indicates the water -wall device in its entirety, with an angle iron 1@ having a flat side or base 11 resting on the ground or floor 12 and the other side member 13 in vertical position. Spray plate 14 having strips 15 and 16 of substantially the same thickness as side member 13, see FIG. 3, welded thereto to form a V, whereby the angle at the vertex is approximately 90. While some variation of this angle may be made I have found that a 90 angle for strips 15 and 16 provides for an effective and efficient spread of the water in the formation of a water wall. Such strips are of approximately the same thickness as side 13 of angle iron 10 and their lower edges 17 and 1S terminate at and are welded to the upper edge 19 of side 13 as shown in FIG. 4.

A conventional hose coupling 29 is welded to side 13 of angle iron l@ and to strips 15 and 16, so that the only escape for water entering coupling 20 is through slot 21 formed by strips 15 and 16, spray plate 14, and the upper portion 22 of coupling 26. Coupling 2t) has the usual threaded member 23 for ready connection to hose 24.

Handles 25 may be secured to angle iron 10 for carrying or moving the unit as desired.

ln the drawings, spray plate 14 is shown attached to the outside of side 13. Spray plate 14 may also be welded to the inside of side 13, so long as water passing through coupling 20 is forced between strips 15 and 16 and through slot 21.

FIG. 7 is illustrative of a permanent installation of such devices 9 in an industrial plant, Warehouse or other building. Parallel rows 26 of device 9 may be installed into the floor of the building in a manner to send up a wall of water 29, the water from each such device overlapping that from the next adjacent device. Other rows 27 of the device may be installed into the floor to provide a wall of water 29 substantially perpendicular to the wall of water of rows 26. Conventional automatic or manual controls may be used for turning on the water, either for the entire building or for specified areas or blocks 23 within the building.

in operation, fire hose 24 extending from the fire engine pumper (not shown) is connected to coupling 23. The pumper valve is opened forcing water or other fire extinguishing liquid 29 through hose 24 and through slot Z1 of water wall device 9. The water sprays upward and outward in fan-shape fashion as shown in FIG. 1 by reason of the angle of the junction of strips 15 and 16. As the water passes upward under pressure through slot 21 a force is exerted downwardly against angle iron 1t) so as to maintain the water wall device 9 in substantially stationary upright position. The re normally cannot penetrate the wall of water created by the rise and fall of the water. The water drops to the ground or floor, wetting the same so as to prevent burning of the floor or foliage on the ground. The radius of the water wall may be controlled by the amount of water pressure, the hose size, the orifice size of the coupling 20 and the size of slot 21. l have found that a standard size 2%. inch diameter hose coupling with 80 to 100 pounds of water pressure and a slot 21 having substantially parallel sides about 1%@ inch apart produces a satisfactory water wall for outdoor use. Under such conditions the water wall extends as high as about feet above the device 9 and approximately feet on each side of the device.

FIG. 5 illustrates the use of my invention in protecting a nearby building 3ft from spread of fire 31 in a building 32, by placing water wall 29 between the buildings. FIG. 6 shows the use of my invention to prevent the fire in a room 33 from spreading to other sections of the room by placing water wall 29 between the re 31 and other parts of the room. As stated, FIG. 7 demonstrates installation of a permanent system for protecting a factory, warehouse or other building 34 by isolating the fire 31 to a small section or block 28 of the room by placing a water wall 29 on all sides of the fire, and thereby preventing its spread. As mentioned the spray keeps any inflammable portion of the flooring wet where the water drops so that the fire cannot readily spread by burning the oor surface.

It is to be understood that the present invention is not confined to the specific form or method herein illustrated and described, but the principles thereof may be embodied in various modications within the scope of the following claim.

I claim:

Apparatus for preventing the spread of fires comprising a substantially fiat base, a side member extending vertically from said base, a substantially flat spray plate secured to said side member and extending upwardly therefrom, a flat V-shaped member of substantially the same thickness as said side member secured to the face of said spray plate and having arms, the arms of Said V- shaped member extending upwardly from said side mem- 3 ber and forming an angle of substantially 90, and a hose coupling having one end secured to said side member and said V-shaped member so as to form an arcuate slot between said spray plate and said hose coupling, said spray plate and said V-shaped member extending substantially beyond said slot.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS l Edge July 26, 1932 Allen Nov. 2, 1937 Thompson May 19, 1942 Paradise Aug. 11, 1942 Kleucker Sept. 8, 1942 Cowan Dec. 28, 1943 Trinity et al. June 5, 1956 Jelmeland Dec. 23, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS Austria Apr. l0, 1935 Germany Sept. 9, 1915 Canada July 7, 1959

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US571649 *Jun 22, 1896Nov 17, 1896 Street-sprinkler
US590780 *Aug 5, 1895Sep 28, 1897 Lawn-sprinkler
US1826072 *Apr 27, 1929Oct 6, 1931Automatic Sprinkler CoFire protection apparatus
US1868632 *Apr 28, 1930Jul 26, 1932Edge DexterSpraying system
US2097908 *Jan 10, 1936Nov 2, 1937C O Two Fire Equipment CoFire extinguishing system
US2283775 *Oct 17, 1940May 19, 1942Factory Mutual Res CorpFire extinguishing method and apparatus
US2292794 *Apr 29, 1940Aug 11, 1942Paradise Raymond PMethod of fire extinguishing
US2295088 *Mar 24, 1939Sep 8, 1942William P GrunerMeans for distributing liquid refrigerants
US2337710 *Nov 1, 1941Dec 28, 1943Rca CorpAntenna
US2748875 *Oct 23, 1953Jun 5, 1956Bates Richard EFire extinguishing apparatus
US2865674 *Oct 21, 1957Dec 23, 1958Jelmeland Mark CCombination sprinkling and fire extinguishing apparatus, and guttering
AT141345B * Title not available
CA578878A *Jul 7, 1959W. Kromer OrlandoSpray nozzle
DE286877C * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3252661 *Oct 10, 1963May 24, 1966Aldrich I KWater curtain nozzle
US4043397 *Sep 22, 1975Aug 23, 1977Glowienke Richard AFire fighting equipment
US4320072 *Feb 27, 1981Mar 16, 1982Ecodyne CorporationCooling tower spray nozzle
US4715535 *Apr 28, 1986Dec 29, 1987Nordson CorporationPowder spray gun
US4836291 *May 21, 1987Jun 6, 1989Amoco CorporationPortable sprinkler and process for fighting fires in oil refineries and the like
US5253811 *Nov 8, 1991Oct 19, 1993Kohler Co.Sheet flow spout
US5265802 *Oct 2, 1992Nov 30, 1993Wm. Hobbs, Ltd.Fluid projection screen system
US5368228 *Apr 20, 1993Nov 29, 1994The Walt Disney CompanyMethod and apparatus for forming a fluid projection screen
US5445322 *Oct 21, 1994Aug 29, 1995Aquatique U.S.A.Apparatus for projecting water to form an insubstantial screen for receiving images
US7832492Jun 8, 2007Nov 16, 2010Eldridge John PPortable fire fighting apparatus and method
US8807233 *Aug 18, 2004Aug 19, 2014Bronto Skylift Oy AbMethod and equipment for fire-fighting
US20060011750 *Jul 13, 2004Jan 19, 2006Eldridge John PPortable fire suppression apparatus
US20060202055 *Jul 15, 2003Sep 14, 2006Klopp Rainer LDevice and method for producing a protective liquid wall
US20070205005 *Aug 18, 2004Sep 6, 2007Esa PeltolaMethod and Equipment for Fire-Fighting
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/522, 169/48, 239/275, 239/525, 239/601, 239/598
International ClassificationA62C2/00, A62C2/08, B05B1/26
Cooperative ClassificationB05B1/267, A62C2/08
European ClassificationB05B1/26A2, A62C2/08