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Publication numberUS3069538 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1962
Filing dateJul 17, 1959
Priority dateJul 17, 1959
Publication numberUS 3069538 A, US 3069538A, US-A-3069538, US3069538 A, US3069538A
InventorsHarry E Hobson
Original AssigneeHarry E Hobson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Headlight
US 3069538 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. E. HOBSCN Dec. 18, 1962 HEADLIGHT 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed July 17, 1959 H. E. HOBSON Dec. 18, 1962 HEADLIGHT 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 17, 1959 United States Patent Oiiice 3,@69538 libatented Dec. 18, i952 3,069,538 HEADLEGHT Harry E. Hobson, 534 Sheridan Square, Evanston, ill. Filed July l', 1959, Ser. No. 827,737 6 Claims. (Cl. 24u-59) Th principal object of this invention is to provide an improved headlight adapted to be worn on the head, which is particularly adapted for sporting and industrial uses, iwhich is readily and conveniently applied to l the head of the wearer, which is light in weight, which accurately provides a sharp spot but which may be adjusted to produce a flood, which is hermetically sealed to prevent interior deteriorization but which allows ready replacement of the bulb, which is simple and rugged in construction and foolproof in operation, and which may be inexpensively manufactured.

Further objects of this invention reside in the details of construction of the headlight and in the cooperative relationships between the component parts thereof.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reference to the accompanying specification, claims and drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the headlight of this invention illustrated as being mounted on the head of the wearer by means of an adjustable headband.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view illustrating the headlight and headband shown in FIG. 1.

FlG. 3 is a vertical sectional view through the headlight of FlGS. l and 2.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 4 4 of FIG. 3.

FiG. 5 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 5-5 of FEiG. 3.

FIG. 6 is a perspective View illustrating the headlight as applied to the visor of a cap so as to be worn on the head of the wearer.

FlG. 7 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line 7-7 of PEG. 6.

FlG. 8 is a horizontal sectional View taken substantially along the line -S of FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is an enlarged vertical sectional view showing the manner of hermetically sealing the lens portion to the reflector portion of the reflector unit.

FlG. l is an exploded perspective view of the rubberlike plug and bulb utilized in the headlight.

HG. 1l is an enlarged sectional View showing the manner of adjustably securing the strap or headband to the headlight.

Referring first to FlGS. l to 5, the headlight of this invention is generally designated at ld, which is here illustrated as being mounted on the head of the wearer by means of an adjustable headband or strap 37. The headlight iti includes an integral hollow synthetic plastic reilector which has a substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall l terminating in a front edge l2, a sleeve portion l centrally arranged in the rear wall l1 and extending forwardly and rearwardly therefrom, and an internal shoulder l-/i in the forward end of the sleeve portion i3. The reflector may be molded from any suitable synthetic plastic material such as the polystyrenes, acrylics and the like. The inside surface of the rear wall ll of the reflector is preferably provided `with a reflecting coating such as an aluminum or silver coating or the like which may be applied thereto in any suitable manner. The interior of the sleeve portion 13 of the reflector is tapered as indicated in FIG. 3 from its rear end to the shoulder 14 in its forward end.

As shown more clearly in FIG. 9, the front edge l2 of the reflector 1l is provided with an annular groove 15 which receives an annular tongue 16 of a lens 17.

lso, the lens 1'7 is preferably formed from a synthetic plastic material such as the polystyrenes or acrylics and the lens i7 is secured and hermetically sealed to the reilector lll by a suitable adhesive or cement or by heat sealing or the like.

A two wire cord 2l? having rubber-like insulation terminates in a molded rubber-like plug 2l, the rubber-like insulation and plug preferably being formed from rubber or neoprene or the like.

The rubber-like plug 2l which is resilient and compressible is provided with a central cavity 22. One of the wires of the cord forms a central contact 23 in the bottom of the cavity and the other of the wires form a side contact 24 extending along the side of the cavity and also preferably over the end of the plug. A prefocused bulb 25 having a base is removably received in the cavity 22 of the plug, the base of the bulb having a center contact 26 which engages the central Contact 23 in the cavity and a sleeve contact 27 which engages the side contact 2d in the cavity. In this way, electrical connections from the wires of the cord 2li are readily and positively made with the bulb 25 for illuminating the same. The sleeve contact 27 is provided with a flange 28 which overlies the end of the plug 2l, and which also engages the Contact 24.

The bulb 25 and its base are first inserted in the cavity 22 of the rubberlike plug 2l to make the aforementioned electrical connections and then the rubber-like plug, which is also preferably externally tapered, is inserted in the tapered sleeve portion i3 of the reflector. When this is done, the rubber-like plug 21 is compressed and, as a result, good electrical contact between the contacts of the bulb and the plug is assured and hermetically sealing of the headlight is also assured. Preferably, the plug 2l is inserted all of the way into the sleeve portion 13 until the flange 28 of the bulb engages the internal shoulder ld of the sleeve portion. By reason of this, positive maintenance of the lamp in electrical Contact in the plug is brought about and the prefocused bulb 25 is accurately located with respect to the substantially para bolic reiiecting rear wall ll of the reflector. When the bulb is in this postiion, a sharp spot is accurately afforded. if it be desired to have a oodlighting effect as distinguished from a spotlighting effect, the plug 2l may be retracted somewhat to give the desired effect. There is, therefore, provided a headlight construction which is completely hermetically sealed so as to eliminate interior deterioration of the headlight by moisture, fumes or the like, and which prevents explosive atmospheres from coming into contact with the hot burning bulb. At the same time, it is also possible to remove and replace the 'bulb and to adjustably position the bulb for the desired lighting effect.

A clamping member 3d encompasses the rearwardly extending sleeve portion i3 of the headlight and the ends thereof are received between a pair of ears 3l formed on a supporting member 32, the clamping member and supporting member preferably being formed from a suitable synthetic plastic material such as Bakelite, linear polyethylene or the like. A screw 33 extends through holes in the clamping member 31d and the ears 3l and is drawn tight by a nut 3d so as to clamp the headlight in place and so as to adjustably position the headlight wtih respect to the supporting member 32. The rear face or the supporting member 32 is preferably provided with a pad 35 which may be made of sponge rubber, foamed plastic or the like suitably cemented thereto. The ends of the supporting member 32 are provided with Va pair of slots 36 which are adapted to receive the ends of a strap or headband 37 as shown more clearly in FlGS. 2 to 5 and ll. The headband 37 is preferably formed from a rubber-like material such as rubber or neoprene or the like and it is provided adjacent its ends with a plurality of projections 3b. Ey stretching ythe headband 37, the projections 3h may be drawn through the slots 36 so as to adjust the effective length of the headband 37. After the headband has been so adjusted, it remains in proper adjustment by reason of the projections 3S engaging the supporting member 32 adjacent lthe slots 364er. in this way, the headlight may be conveniently mounted on the head of the weare FIGS. 6 to 8 illustrate another manner of mounting the headlight l@ on the head of the wearer. Here, there is provided a cap eti having a visor el. A short strap l2 is inserted through the slots 36 in the base member 32 and the ends of the strap `are provided with the female 'parts 43 of snap fasteners which engage male parts ad of the snap fasteners carried by the visor Thus, in accordance with this arrangement, the headlight may be readily snapped on and off the visor of the cap worn by 'the wearer. The two wire cord 29 may extend to batteries carried in a suitable case 45 which, for example, may be carried by the belt of the wearer. Also, the cord 2o may be 'provided with a suitable switch d6 for turning on and off the bulb in the headlight.

While for purposes of illustration, one basic form of the headlight of this invention has been disclosed, other forms thereof may become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reference to this disclosure and, therefore, this invention is to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

l claim as my inventioni v l, A headlight adapted to be worn on the head co-mprising, an integral hollow synthetic plastic reflector having a substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall terrnihating in a front edge, a sleeve portion centrally arranged in the rear wall and extending forwardly and rearwardly therefrom and providing an opening therethrough, and an internal shoulder in the forward end of the sleeve portion, ya synthetic plastic lens hermetically sealed to the front edge of the reflector, a two Wire cord having rubberlike insulation terminating in a molded resilient rubberlike plug having a cavity therein, one of the wires of the cord forming a central contact in the bottom of the cavity of the plug and the other of the wires forming a side contact extending along the side of the cavity of the plug, and a bulb including a base removably carried within the cavity of the plug and having a center contact engaging the central contact in the cavity, a sleeve Contact engaging the side contact in the cavity, and a flange extending from the sleeve contact and -overlying the end of the plug, said resilient rubber-like plug being compressed and removably frictionally received, with the bulb in place therein, in the sleeve portion of the reflector for hermetically sealing the reflector and with the flange of the bulb engaging the internal shoulder for loca-ting the bulb forwardly of the sleeve portion with respect to the substantially parabolic reflecting rear Wall of the reflector.

2. A headlight adapted to be worn on the head comprising, a hollow synthetic plastic headlight unit including a synthetic plastic lens portion and a synthetic plastic reilector portion hermetically sealed together and the rellector portion being integrally provided with a synthetic plastic sleeve portion extending from within the unit to the rear thereof and providing an opening through the reflector portion into the unit, an electrical connector for the unit including a molded resilient rubber-like plug having a cavity therein provided with contacts, and a bulb of lesser diameter than the sleeve portion and including a base removably carried Within the cavity of the plug and electrically connected to the contacts therein, said resilient rubber-like plug substantially filling the sleeve portion of the headlight unit and being compressed and removably received with the bulb in place therein, in the sleeve portion of the headlight unit `from the rear thereof for hermetically sealing the unit and for locating the bulb within the sealed unit.

3. A headlight adapted to be worn on the head comprising, a hollow sealed synthetic plastic headlight unit including a lens portion and a reflector portion provided with a sleeve portion extending from within the unit to the rear thereof and providing an opening through the reflector portion into the unit, said sleeve portion having an internal shoulder at the inner end thereof, an electrical connector for the unit including a molded resilient rubber-like plug having a cavity therein provided with a central contact and a side contact, and a bulb including a base removably carried within the cavity of the plug and having a center conta-ct engaging the central contact in tne cavity, a sleeve contact engaging the side contact in the cavity, and a flange extending from the sleeve contact and overlying the end of the plug, said resilient rubber-like plug being compressed and removably re- Ceived with the bulb in place therein, in the sleeve portion of the reflector unit with the flange of the bulb engaging the internal shoulder of the sleeve portion for hermetically sealing the unit and for locating the bulb within the sealed unit.

4. A headlight adapted to be worn on the head comprising, an integral hollow synthetic plastic reflector having a substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall terminating in a front edge, and an integral synthetic plastic sleeve portion centrally arranged in the rear wall and extending forwardly and rearwardly therefrom and providing an opening therethrough, a synthetic plastic lens hermetically sealed to the front edge of the reflector, an electrical connector including a resilient rubber-like plug having a cavity therein provided with contacts, and a bulb of lesser diameter than the sleeve portion and including a base removably carried within the cavity of the plug and electrically connected to the contacts therein, said resilient rubber-like plug substantially filling the sleeve portion of the reflector and being compressed and removably received, with the bulb in place therein, in the sleeve portion of the reflector from the rear thereof for hermetically sealing the reflector and for locating the bulb forwardly of the sleeve portion with respect to the substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall of the reflector.

5. A headlight adapted to be worn on the head comprising, an integral hollow synthetic plastic reflector having a substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall terminating in a front edge, a sleeve portion centrally arranged on the rear wall and extending forwardly and rearwardly therefrom and providing an opening therethrough, and an internal shoulder in the forward end of the sleeve portion, a synthetic plastic lens hermetically sealed to the front edge of the reflector, an electrical connector including a molded resilient rubber-like plug having a cavity therein provided with a central contact and a side contact, and a bulb including a base removably carried within the cavity of the plug and having a center contact engaging the central contact in the cavity, a sleeve contact engaging the side contact in the cavity, and a flange extending from the sleeve contact and overlying the end of the plug, said resilient rubber-like plug being compressed and removably received, with the bulb in place therein, in the sleeve portion of the reflector with the flange of the bulb engaging the internal shoulder of the sleeve portion for hermetically sealing the reflector and for locating the bulb forwardly of the sleeve portion with respect to the substantially parabolic reflecting rear wall of the reflector.

6. A headlight adapted to be worn on the head comprising, a hollow synthetic plastic headlight unit including a synthetic plastic lens portion and a synthetic plastic rel flector portion hermetically sealed together and the reflector portion being integrally provided with a synthetic plastic sleeve portion extending from the rear thereof, and providing an opening through the reflector portion into the unit, a bulb of lesser diameter than the sleeve portion, an electrical connector including a molded resilient rubber-like plug removably carrying the bulb and making electrical Contact therewith and being compressed and removably received, with the bulb in place therein, within the sleeve portion of the headlight unit from the rear thereof for hermetically sealing the unit and for locating the bulb within the sealed unit, the resilient rubber-like plug substantially completely filling the sleeve portion, a clamping member encompassing the sleeve portion of the headlight unit, a supporting member, means for tightening the clamping member about the rearwardly extending sleeve portion and adjustably pivotally mounting the clamping member on the supporting member, and means for mounting the supporting member on the bead of the wearer.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Graves Mar. 27, 1923 Coulter May 11, 1926 Pratt Apr. 18, 1933 Boring May 26, 1936 Bertrand July 11, 1939 Ryder Iuly 8, 1947 Burchard Oct. 18, 1949 Chambers Oct. 10, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain May 13, 1953 Great Britain June 23, 1954

Patent Citations
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US1449509 *Aug 11, 1921Mar 27, 1923Graves Clarence EFlash-light holder for bicycles
US1584276 *Jul 12, 1924May 11, 1926Harrington M CoulterElectric headlight
US1904902 *Aug 16, 1930Apr 18, 1933Bond Electric CorpFlash light
US2042385 *Jun 26, 1935May 26, 1936Robert L BoringFlashlight attachment for gasoline hose nozzles
US2165531 *Jul 1, 1937Jul 11, 1939Burgess Battery CoElectric lantern
US2423664 *May 9, 1946Jul 8, 1947Ryder EarlHeadlight lens
US2485429 *Jan 11, 1946Oct 18, 1949Briggs Mfg CoElectric lamp
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3104788 *Sep 10, 1962Sep 24, 1963 Beverage-cup holder
US3250909 *May 7, 1964May 10, 1966Scovill Manufacturing CoRechargeable flashlight unit
US3350552 *Mar 5, 1965Oct 31, 1967Paul A LawrenceIlluminating device for a person's head
US3906216 *May 21, 1974Sep 16, 1975Eriksson Albert SamuelBattery-operated hand lamp
US4198989 *Nov 17, 1977Apr 22, 1980Eaton CorporationTransducer holder
US4353519 *Dec 22, 1980Oct 12, 1982The Boeing CompanySupport attachment for structural stringers
US4360930 *Jun 23, 1980Nov 30, 1982Blanchard Floyd WFlexible-headband attachment for a flashlight
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CN103661696A *Sep 4, 2012Mar 26, 2014双馀实业有限公司Water bottle cage suitable for water bottles with different sizes
CN103661696B *Sep 4, 2012Jan 20, 2016双馀实业有限公司可适用不同尺寸水壶的水壶架
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/105, 248/230.8, 362/267, 362/396
International ClassificationF21V21/084, F21L4/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V21/30, F21V21/145, F21V21/084
European ClassificationF21V21/14L, F21V21/084